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Hon unit 4 day 5 ppt

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Hon unit 4 day 5 ppt

  1. 1. PETER THE GREAT Unit 4, Day 5
  2. 2. Peter the Great 1.Czar of Russia 2.Sought to westernize (modernize) Russia, especially military
  3. 3. 3. Military Reforms A. Built professional army based on infantry B. Built schools staffed by Western Europeans to teach artillery, engineering and military medicine
  4. 4. C. First navy in Russian history D. Branded left hand of peasant draftees to prevent desertion (required to serve for life)
  5. 5. 5. Political Changes A. Required nobles to either serve in military or civil administration for life
  6. 6. B. Created military-civilian bureaucracy with 14 ranks and forced everyone to start at bottom - Led to rise of non-nobles to high positions C. Tax increases– TRIPLE for peasants
  7. 7. 6. Economic Changes A. Beginning of industrialization - Mines/factories almost always owned by the state B. Serfs reassigned from fields to work in mines or factories C. People replaced land as unit for determining taxes
  8. 8. 7. Social Changes A. Westerners began to come to Russia for first time B. New class of educated Russians emerged C. More power concentrated in hands of czar D. Idea of “common good” began to rise over “what czar wants”
  9. 9. 8. Cultural Changes A. Western ideas came to Russia - Academy of Sciences - Book of manners - Arabic numerals - Julian calendar - Newspapers - Nobles forced to shave beards and wear western fashions
  10. 10. B. St. Petersburg built as symbol of power and new capital (further west than Moscow)
  11. 11. Enlightened Despots - A king or queen that rules absolutely but does incorporate one or several enlightened ideas into his/her government - Enlightened Rulers began to: A. Increase religious tolerance B. Make legal and economic reforms C. Justify rule by usefulness to people - Goal was to reform society from the TOP down.
  12. 12. 1. Catherine the Great of Russia (ruled 1762-1796) A. Put power in hands of nobility B. Expanded Russia’s borders C. Promoted continued westernization of Russia
  13. 13. 2. Frederick the Great of Prussia A. Friends with Voltaire (promoted tolerance) B. Expanded Prussian borders C. Reformed judicial and civil systems D. Did NOT allow free press
  14. 14. 3. Joseph II of Austria A. Hapsburg B. Tried to unify different nationalities into one nation C. Did not believe in organized religion
  15. 15. Classwork: 1.Make sure you have ALL of the notes from this unit. 2.Complete review assignment

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