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Attracting Wildlife Food Fruit Bearing  Nectar Plants Larval Plants Cover Water Puddling Station Birdbaths  Managing For W...
All Animals Need: <ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cover </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
Food <ul><li>Fruit </li></ul><ul><li>Seeds </li></ul><ul><li>Insects </li></ul><ul><li>Nectar </li></ul><ul><li>Larval </l...
Fruit Bearing Plants   for North Florida Beautyberry  Calicarpa americana Tupelo  Nyssa ogeche Wild grape   Vitis sp.
Mulberry   Morus rubra <ul><li>Large native tree ~ 40 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun </li></ul><ul><li>Throughout Florida <...
Chickasaw Plum   Prunus  angustifolia <ul><li>Native tree  ~10 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Full to  partial sun </li></ul><ul><li...
Holly  Ilex spp. <ul><li>Native shrubs  and trees </li></ul><ul><li>Sun to partial shade </li></ul><ul><li>Range varies </...
Virginia Willow   Itea virginica   (USDA Zone 6-10A) <ul><li>Native shrub  ~ 7 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Full to partial sun </...
Fruit Bearing Plants   for South Florida Photo by Joe Schaefer Sea Grape  Coccoloba uvifera McCabe Bluestem Palm  Sabal mi...
Elderberry   Sambucus canadensis   (USDA Zone 3-7) <ul><li>Native shrub  ~15 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Full to partial sun </li...
Florida Privet   Forestiera segregata   (USDA Zone 9-11) <ul><li>Native shrub  ~10 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Full to partial su...
Wild Coffee   Psychotria nervosa   (USDA Zone 11) <ul><li>Native shrub  ~8 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Partial to full shade tole...
Nectar Plants   for North Florida Buttonbush  Cephalanthus occidentalis Cardinal flower   Lobelia cardinalis Coneflower   ...
Golden Dew Drop Duranta repens   ( USDA Zone 8-11) <ul><li>Shrub ~ 14 feet </li></ul><ul><li>Full to partial sun </li></ul...
Porterweed  Stachytarpheta jamaicensis   (USDA Zone 8-11) <ul><li>Native and non-native perennial  ~ 4 ft </li></ul><ul><l...
Coral Honeysuckle Lonicera sempervirens   (USDA Zone 6-9A) <ul><li>Native vine </li></ul><ul><li>Full to partial sun </li>...
Nectar Plants   for South Florida Mexican Flame Vine   Senecio confusis Firebush  Hamelia patens Yellow Shrimp Plant   Pac...
Necklace Pod Sophora tomentosa   (USDA Zone 10B-11) <ul><li>Native shrub  ~ 8 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun </li></ul><ul>...
Jatropha  Jatropha integerrima   (USDA Zone 10B-11) <ul><li>Shrub ~ 8 feet </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun </li></ul><ul><li>Bl...
Larval Plants   for North Florida <ul><li>Willow,  Salix caroliniana  is a larval host of the Viceroy. </li></ul>Matchweed...
Red Bay   Persia borbonia   (USDA Zone 7-10B) <ul><li>Native tree  ~ 40 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Full to partial sun </li></ul...
Milkweed  Asclepias spp.   (USDA Zone 8-10A) <ul><li>Shrub ~ 4 ft  </li></ul><ul><li>Natives available </li></ul><ul><li>F...
Passion flower  Passiflora spp.    (USDA Zone 6-11) <ul><li>Vine </li></ul><ul><li>Native varieties available </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>Native shrub  ~ 3 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Full-partial sun </li></ul><ul><li>Salt and drought tolerant </li></ul><ul>...
Larval Plants   for South Florida Wild Tamarind   Lysiloma latisiliquum  larval host  of  Cloudless Sulphurs Green Shrimp ...
<ul><li>Native tree ~25 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Full to partial sun </li></ul><ul><li>Blooms year-round </li></ul><ul><li>Sal...
<ul><li>Vine </li></ul><ul><li>Full to  partial sun </li></ul><ul><li>Blooms  summer-fall </li></ul><ul><li>Medium drought...
Senna   (syn. Cassia)   Senna spp .  (USDA Zone 10-11)   <ul><li>Native and non-native shrubs ~ 6-10 ft </li></ul><ul><li>...
Cover <ul><li>Vertical layers  </li></ul><ul><li>Evergreen species  for winter cover </li></ul><ul><li>Standing dead  tree...
Water <ul><li>Permanent water feature </li></ul><ul><li>Sound of running water attracts many animals </li></ul>Puddling-Bu...
Design a Puddling Station <ul><li>Layer sand in saucer </li></ul><ul><li>Add layer of compost </li></ul><ul><li>Place pebb...
Birdbath <ul><li>Shallow with mildly sloping sides </li></ul><ul><li>Rough surface </li></ul><ul><li>Keep clean </li></ul>...
Managing for Wildlife <ul><li>Vertical layers of vegetation </li></ul><ul><li>Plant natives </li></ul><ul><li>No pesticide...
Wild Wonderful Weeds Pokeweed Phytolacca americana Horsemint  Monarda punctata Blanket flower   Gaillardia pulchella Coreo...
Tolerance of Nuisance Animals <ul><li>Diggers   (moles, gophers, squirrels, armadillos, tortoises) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>B...
More Wild Information <ul><li>Florida Cooperative Extension Service - Wildlife Program </li></ul><ul><li>www.wec.ufl.edu/e...
Further Reading Http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu <ul><li>WEC-20  Dealing with Unwanted Wildlife in an Urban Environment </li></ul>...
Thanks for your attention! <ul><li>The following presentation was made possible through  a grant from FL DEP and EPA. Spec...
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FYN Principle #5 - Attract Wildlife

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FYN Principle #5:
Right Plant, Right Place

Rebecca McNair & Allison Steele
Florida Yards & Neighborhoods Program
http://charlotte.ifas.ufl.edu

Published in: Self Improvement, Business
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FYN Principle #5 - Attract Wildlife

  1. 1. Attracting Wildlife Food Fruit Bearing Nectar Plants Larval Plants Cover Water Puddling Station Birdbaths Managing For Wildlife Weeds Nuisance Animals More Information Author: Rebecca McNair
  2. 2. All Animals Need: <ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cover </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Space </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Animals will only reside or forage in an area that contains enough of these four essential elements to maintain daily activities. </li></ul>Habitat
  3. 3. Food <ul><li>Fruit </li></ul><ul><li>Seeds </li></ul><ul><li>Insects </li></ul><ul><li>Nectar </li></ul><ul><li>Larval </li></ul><ul><li>Meat </li></ul><ul><li>Remember to provide food year-round, especially in winter. </li></ul>Attract a variety of birds, reptiles, bats, butterflies and other insects
  4. 4. Fruit Bearing Plants for North Florida Beautyberry Calicarpa americana Tupelo Nyssa ogeche Wild grape Vitis sp.
  5. 5. Mulberry Morus rubra <ul><li>Large native tree ~ 40 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun </li></ul><ul><li>Throughout Florida </li></ul><ul><li>Edible fruit in spring </li></ul><ul><li>Brittle bark, messy </li></ul>(USDA Zone 5-9)
  6. 6. Chickasaw Plum Prunus angustifolia <ul><li>Native tree ~10 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Full to partial sun </li></ul><ul><li>Blooms early spring </li></ul><ul><li>Edible fruit </li></ul><ul><li>Suckers tend to form thickets </li></ul>(USDA Zone 8-10)
  7. 7. Holly Ilex spp. <ul><li>Native shrubs and trees </li></ul><ul><li>Sun to partial shade </li></ul><ul><li>Range varies </li></ul><ul><li>Fruit remains through winter, attracting birds </li></ul><ul><li>Salt, drought and shade tolerant </li></ul><ul><li>Suckers </li></ul>Gallberry Ilex glabra Dahoon Holly Ilex cassine (USDA Zone 6-9)
  8. 8. Virginia Willow Itea virginica (USDA Zone 6-10A) <ul><li>Native shrub ~ 7 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Full to partial sun </li></ul><ul><li>Blooms spring </li></ul><ul><li>Drought and flood tolerant </li></ul><ul><li>Suckers tend to form thickets </li></ul>
  9. 9. Fruit Bearing Plants for South Florida Photo by Joe Schaefer Sea Grape Coccoloba uvifera McCabe Bluestem Palm Sabal minor Southern Red Cedar Juniperus silicicola Bryan
  10. 10. Elderberry Sambucus canadensis (USDA Zone 3-7) <ul><li>Native shrub ~15 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Full to partial sun </li></ul><ul><li>Throughout Florida </li></ul><ul><li>Fragrant flowers year-round </li></ul><ul><li>Edible fruit </li></ul>
  11. 11. Florida Privet Forestiera segregata (USDA Zone 9-11) <ul><li>Native shrub ~10 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Full to partial sun </li></ul><ul><li>Throughout Florida </li></ul><ul><li>Fast grower </li></ul><ul><li>Drought and salt tolerant </li></ul><ul><li>Dense cover and fruits attract birds </li></ul>
  12. 12. Wild Coffee Psychotria nervosa (USDA Zone 11) <ul><li>Native shrub ~8 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Partial to full shade tolerant </li></ul><ul><li>Blooms spring- summer </li></ul><ul><li>Attracts butterflies and birds </li></ul>
  13. 13. Nectar Plants for North Florida Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis Cardinal flower Lobelia cardinalis Coneflower Echinacea purpurea
  14. 14. Golden Dew Drop Duranta repens ( USDA Zone 8-11) <ul><li>Shrub ~ 14 feet </li></ul><ul><li>Full to partial sun </li></ul><ul><li>Blooms year- round </li></ul><ul><li>Throughout Florida </li></ul><ul><li>High drought tolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Attracts butterflies </li></ul>
  15. 15. Porterweed Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (USDA Zone 8-11) <ul><li>Native and non-native perennial ~ 4 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Full to partial sun </li></ul><ul><li>Blooms year-round </li></ul><ul><li>Medium salt and drought tolerance </li></ul>Red variety is non-native
  16. 16. Coral Honeysuckle Lonicera sempervirens (USDA Zone 6-9A) <ul><li>Native vine </li></ul><ul><li>Full to partial sun </li></ul><ul><li>Blooms spring- fall </li></ul><ul><li>Throughout Florida </li></ul><ul><li>Attract butterflies and hummingbirds </li></ul>
  17. 17. Nectar Plants for South Florida Mexican Flame Vine Senecio confusis Firebush Hamelia patens Yellow Shrimp Plant Pachystachys lutea Red Shrimp Justicia spicigera
  18. 18. Necklace Pod Sophora tomentosa (USDA Zone 10B-11) <ul><li>Native shrub ~ 8 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun </li></ul><ul><li>Blooms year-round </li></ul><ul><li>High salt and drought tolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Attracts humming-birds and butterflies </li></ul><ul><li>Poisonous to humans </li></ul>
  19. 19. Jatropha Jatropha integerrima (USDA Zone 10B-11) <ul><li>Shrub ~ 8 feet </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun </li></ul><ul><li>Blooms year- round </li></ul><ul><li>Drought tolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Fruit is poisonous to humans </li></ul>
  20. 20. Larval Plants for North Florida <ul><li>Willow, Salix caroliniana is a larval host of the Viceroy. </li></ul>Matchweed, Phyla nodiflora is the larval host of the Buckeye.
  21. 21. Red Bay Persia borbonia (USDA Zone 7-10B) <ul><li>Native tree ~ 40 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Full to partial sun </li></ul><ul><li>Throughout Florida </li></ul><ul><li>Drought and salt tolerant </li></ul><ul><li>Blooms in spring attract butterflies </li></ul><ul><li>Purple fruit attract birds </li></ul>Bays are larval food for the spicebush swallowtail. Joe Schaefer
  22. 22. Milkweed Asclepias spp. (USDA Zone 8-10A) <ul><li>Shrub ~ 4 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Natives available </li></ul><ul><li>Full to partial sun </li></ul><ul><li>Blooms year-round </li></ul><ul><li>Throughout Florida </li></ul><ul><li>Drought tolerant </li></ul><ul><li>Nectar attracts hummingbirds and butterflies </li></ul>Larval host of Monarch and Queen
  23. 23. Passion flower Passiflora spp. (USDA Zone 6-11) <ul><li>Vine </li></ul><ul><li>Native varieties available </li></ul><ul><li>Full to partial sun </li></ul><ul><li>Blooms year-round </li></ul><ul><li>Throughout Florida </li></ul>Larval host of Gulf Fritillary
  24. 24. <ul><li>Native shrub ~ 3 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Full-partial sun </li></ul><ul><li>Salt and drought tolerant </li></ul><ul><li>Throughout Florida </li></ul><ul><li>Insignificant bloom </li></ul>Coontie Zamia pumila (USDA Zone 9-11) Larval host of Atala butterfly, found only in southeast Florida.
  25. 25. Larval Plants for South Florida Wild Tamarind Lysiloma latisiliquum larval host of Cloudless Sulphurs Green Shrimp Blechum brownei Larval host of the Malachites
  26. 26. <ul><li>Native tree ~25 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Full to partial sun </li></ul><ul><li>Blooms year-round </li></ul><ul><li>Salt and drought tolerant </li></ul>Wild Lime Zanthozylum fagara (USDA Zone 11) Larval host of Giant Swallowtail
  27. 27. <ul><li>Vine </li></ul><ul><li>Full to partial sun </li></ul><ul><li>Blooms summer-fall </li></ul><ul><li>Medium drought tolerance </li></ul>Dutchman’s Pipe Aristolochia spp. (USDA Zone 8-11) Larval host of Pipevine swallowtail
  28. 28. Senna (syn. Cassia) Senna spp . (USDA Zone 10-11) <ul><li>Native and non-native shrubs ~ 6-10 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Full to partial sun </li></ul><ul><li>Blooms fall- spring </li></ul><ul><li>Fast growing, short-lived </li></ul>(non-native) Desert Cassia Senna polyphylla Larval host of Sulphurs Chapman’s Senna Senna mexicana var. chapmanii
  29. 29. Cover <ul><li>Vertical layers </li></ul><ul><li>Evergreen species for winter cover </li></ul><ul><li>Standing dead trees, or “snags” </li></ul><ul><li>Brush pile </li></ul>
  30. 30. Water <ul><li>Permanent water feature </li></ul><ul><li>Sound of running water attracts many animals </li></ul>Puddling-Butterflies obtain water and minerals from liquid in pore spaces. Puddling station Sandra Granson
  31. 31. Design a Puddling Station <ul><li>Layer sand in saucer </li></ul><ul><li>Add layer of compost </li></ul><ul><li>Place pebbles on top </li></ul><ul><li>Add water slowly (to pebble layer) </li></ul><ul><li>Place saucer on upside down pot </li></ul>
  32. 32. Birdbath <ul><li>Shallow with mildly sloping sides </li></ul><ul><li>Rough surface </li></ul><ul><li>Keep clean </li></ul><ul><li>Rinse off any soap residue </li></ul>Audubon Society recommends changing the water and cleaning bird baths weekly to avoid spreading avian diseases.
  33. 33. Managing for Wildlife <ul><li>Vertical layers of vegetation </li></ul><ul><li>Plant natives </li></ul><ul><li>No pesticides! </li></ul><ul><li>Stop mowing- Weeds add wildlife value to your yard! </li></ul>Long-tailed skipper feeding on Spanish needle. Bidens alba
  34. 34. Wild Wonderful Weeds Pokeweed Phytolacca americana Horsemint Monarda punctata Blanket flower Gaillardia pulchella Coreopsis Coreopsis spp.
  35. 35. Tolerance of Nuisance Animals <ul><li>Diggers (moles, gophers, squirrels, armadillos, tortoises) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bring nutrient to surface </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loosen & aerate soil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feed on turf and landscape pests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trapping and deterrents </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Herbivores </li></ul><ul><li>(deer, rabbits, ducks) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contribute to food web, circle of life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nets and fencing may protect fruits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harassment or nest removal for non-natives </li></ul></ul>Pocket Gopher Marsh rabbit Armadillo
  36. 36. More Wild Information <ul><li>Florida Cooperative Extension Service - Wildlife Program </li></ul><ul><li>www.wec.ufl.edu/extension </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Print on demand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Links and information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational programs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Florida Wildlife Habitat Program </li></ul><ul><li>Local Audubon Society </li></ul>
  37. 37. Further Reading Http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu <ul><li>WEC-20 Dealing with Unwanted Wildlife in an Urban Environment </li></ul><ul><li>SS-WEC-70 Threats to Florida's Biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>WEC-72 Saving Endangered Species: How You Can Help </li></ul><ul><li>WEC-44 Water for Wildlife </li></ul><ul><li>SS-WIS-09 Native Plants that Attract Wildlife: Central Florida </li></ul><ul><li>SS-WIS-22 Butterfly Gardening in Florida </li></ul><ul><li>SS-WIS-21 Hummingbirds of Florida </li></ul>
  38. 38. Thanks for your attention! <ul><li>The following presentation was made possible through a grant from FL DEP and EPA. Special thanks to the following reviewers for their valued contributions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FL114 ELM Design Team and the FYN Subcommittee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, UF </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agriculture Education and Communication Department </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental Horticulture Department </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entomology and Nematology Department </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soil and Water Sciences Department </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Florida Cooperative Extension Service in: Alachua, Broward, Clay, Hillsborough, Lake, Miami-Dade, Orange, Pinellas Sarasota, and Volusia Counties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Florida Organics Recycling Center for Excellence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Center For Wetlands, UF </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United States Department of Agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Division of Plant Industry </li></ul></ul>

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