Amino Acid Divergences at COI for Diploid Hemiptera
Amino Acid Divergences at COI for All Hemiptera Diploid Haplodiploid
Haplodiploidy Greatly Accelerates Mt EvolutionWHY? It aids co-evolution of nuclear and mitochondrial genomesBASIS FOR CO-EVOLUTION 10% of nuclear gene products are exported to the mitochondrion. Nuclear and mitochondrial gene products interact strongly Male haploidy provides perfect screening system for nuclear variants improving mitochondrial performanceEVIDENCE FOR CO-EVOLUTION Molecular analysis shows residue by residue substitutions Studies on cybrids
Evidence for Co-evolution ATP generation in Cybrids 0% 0% 80 % 80 %Lower Primate mt Orangutan mt Chimpanzee mt Gorilla mt Human Nucleus +
Does the accelerated rate of mtDNA evolution inhaplodiploids provide insight into general patterns of mtDNA evolution?CONSIDER: 1. Land Plants 2. Cnidarians 3. Fungi 4. Protists
Why Does Haplodiploidy Evolve?Might rapid mitochondrialevolution convey an advantagein Red Queen situations? Now, here, you see, it takes all the running you can do to keep in the same place. If you want to get somewhere else, you must run at least twice as fast as that!