Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
A Revolution in <br />Public-School Design:<br />Charles B. J. Snyder’s<br />Legacy<br />jean.arrington<br />@gmail.com<br />
“Radical and interesting<br />innovations in schoolhouse <br />architecture,”<br />Edmund Wheelwright, 1899<br />Snyder “w...
PS 8 (1887)<br />Debevoise,<br />King x Varick<br />PS 79, East<br />Village, now<br />condos<br />PS 25 (1871), East Vill...
“Three-quarters of the public school buildings in New York are defective or unsanitary to a greater or lesser degree.”  (N...
*Greater than the combined public day<br />school populations of the next 5 largest <br />cities in the country (Chicago, ...
PS 23 (1893), Bayard x Mulberry<br />Now Chinese community center<br />“In the first and most essential particular, the ne...
PS 73, 1921 addition to an 1888<br />Building by Naughton, landmarked,<br />Brownsville, Ocean Hill, Brooklyn<br />“Does a...
Public School 25, now  PS 751 (1894 with 1908 addition) , 4th St x 2nd Ave/1st Ave, East Village<br />
“Sincere appreciation <br />for your policy of using <br />the judgment of those <br />whom you expect to <br />occupy a p...
PS 67 (1894)<br />46th x 5th/6th<br />Landmarked<br />Later <br />High School <br />of the<br />Performing<br />Arts<br />...
PS 72 Annex<br />(1924)<br />Lexington Ave<br />x 105/106 Sts<br />
Morris High School, 1904, the Bronx<br />
Public School 188, 1903, East Houston St.<br />
PS 4 (1898 w 1917 addn)<br />On Crotona Park in the Bronx<br />
Morris<br />High<br />School, <br />1904, <br />Bronx<br />
Washington Irving High School, 1913, near Union Square<br />
DeWitt Clinton HS (1906), 10thAve x 58/59thSt, later <br />Haaren HS ,  now John Jay College of Criminal Justice/CUNY<br /...
“Snyder does that which no architect before his time ever did or tried, he “builds them beautiful.”  ...  Literally, he fo...
PS 158 (1899)<br />77th/78th x York Ave<br />PS 109 (1901) 99th/100th x 2nd/3rd NRHP<br />PS 4 (1898), Crotona Park, Bronx...
PS 169 (1900)<br />PS 32 Bronx (1900)<br />PS 31 Bronx (1900)<br />
Morris High School (1904), Bronx<br />
Erasmus HS (1906/1911), landmarked, Flatbush Ave x Church/Snyder Sts.<br />
Flushing HS (1915), landmarked<br />
Public School 189 (1923)<br />188/189 x Amsterdam, ws<br />
Hotel de Cluny, Paris<br />- possible inspiration<br />
Public School 165 (1900), 108/108 x Broadway/Amsterdam<br />
PS 170 (1901), 111th/112th x 5th/Lenox, demolished<br />
The original DeWitt-Clinton HS (1906), <br />the Haaren HS, now John Jay School of <br />Criminal Justice.  Behind Lincoln...
PS 109 (1901), 99th/100th x 2nd/3rd, NRHP<br />
PS 179 (1901, 1995), 101st/102ndx Columbus/Amsterdam<br />
PS 186 (1903) , Harlem, abandoned since 1975<br />
“We seek to make <br />the school building <br />itself quite as much<br />a factor in education <br />as the textbooks.” ...
Wadleigh HS for Girls 1902), Harlem, landmarked<br />“A beautiful and regal building, the Wadleigh school was a profound r...
Ideas Snyder Schools Convey / Morals They Inculcate<br /><ul><li> Students matter.
   Education is important and a big enterprise.</li></ul>PS 27 (1898), overlooking<br />St. Mary’s Park in the Bronx<br />...
<ul><li>Education is enlightening and uplifting.</li></ul>    It brings balance to your life.<br />
<ul><li>   Education, ideals, and beauty are for everyone equally.</li></ul>PS 7 (1893), Hester x Chrystie, se cor, demoli...
jean.arrington<br />@gmail.com<br />
Ideas Snyder Schools Convey / Morals They Inculcate<br /><ul><li>  Education is important and a big enterprise.
 Students are worthy.
  Education is uplifting.   </li></li></ul><li>
Public School 59 <br />(1871) with <br />1909 Snyder <br />addition (demolished)<br />“Does a silk mill or office building...
PS 27 (1898), now 277,<br />On St. Mary’s Park, Bronx<br />
PS 34 (1904), Staten Island (demolished)<br />PS 127 (1902), Brooklyn<br />PS 133 (1901)<br />Park Slope, Brooklyn<br />PS...
PS 157 (1900) <br />St Nicholas, ws x 126/127<br />
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Nysha 6 4-10

701 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Nysha 6 4-10

  1. 1. A Revolution in <br />Public-School Design:<br />Charles B. J. Snyder’s<br />Legacy<br />jean.arrington<br />@gmail.com<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. “Radical and interesting<br />innovations in schoolhouse <br />architecture,”<br />Edmund Wheelwright, 1899<br />Snyder “was hired to reform <br />school design and instead <br />created a revolution, setting <br />a standard for municipal <br />architecture that has proved <br />hard to match.” <br />Christopher Gray, <br />New York Times 1998<br />
  4. 4. PS 8 (1887)<br />Debevoise,<br />King x Varick<br />PS 79, East<br />Village, now<br />condos<br />PS 25 (1871), East Village (demolished)<br />1884 Real Estate Record and Guide: “There is not a public school in New York<br />which is even a decently creditable piece of architecture.”<br />
  5. 5. “Three-quarters of the public school buildings in New York are defective or unsanitary to a greater or lesser degree.” (New York Times 3 January 1895)<br />JacobRiis, The Battle with the Slum (1902)he Slum. 1902.   <br />Ch XIII. Justice to the Boy <br />
  6. 6. *Greater than the combined public day<br />school populations of the next 5 largest <br />cities in the country (Chicago, Philadelphia,<br />St. Louis, Boston, and Cleveland)<br />**An additional $105 million had been<br />expended for school sites and buildings.<br />
  7. 7. PS 23 (1893), Bayard x Mulberry<br />Now Chinese community center<br />“In the first and most essential particular, the new buildings are fireproof throughout, of steel skeleton construction, with steel beams and brick arches for the foundation of the floor system,<br />terra cotta partitions, iron and stone stairs, and an abundance of light and air. “<br />(1898 Edu’l Review)<br />
  8. 8.
  9. 9.
  10. 10.
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
  13. 13.
  14. 14. PS 73, 1921 addition to an 1888<br />Building by Naughton, landmarked,<br />Brownsville, Ocean Hill, Brooklyn<br />“Does a silk mill or office building need more light than a school room? Is the work more important? You will answer “no” to both questions. Then let us...have the funds [for buildings] that will not be a menace to the eyesight and health of the pupils and teachers, and a reproach to the system.” <br />
  15. 15. Public School 25, now PS 751 (1894 with 1908 addition) , 4th St x 2nd Ave/1st Ave, East Village<br />
  16. 16. “Sincere appreciation <br />for your policy of using <br />the judgment of those <br />whom you expect to <br />occupy a projected <br />building. …The usual <br />attitude of a school <br />architect toward a <br />teacher is “Mind your <br />own business, this is <br />mine.” It seems to me <br />that your policy of <br />interchange of views <br />corrects and broadens <br />both the builder and <br />the occupant.”<br />Washington Irving High School (1913),<br /> Irving Place x 15th/16th (East of Union Sq)<br />
  17. 17. PS 67 (1894)<br />46th x 5th/6th<br />Landmarked<br />Later <br />High School <br />of the<br />Performing<br />Arts<br />Now<br />Jackie K.<br />O’nassis<br />High School<br />for<br />International<br />Careers<br />
  18. 18. PS 72 Annex<br />(1924)<br />Lexington Ave<br />x 105/106 Sts<br />
  19. 19.
  20. 20. Morris High School, 1904, the Bronx<br />
  21. 21. Public School 188, 1903, East Houston St.<br />
  22. 22. PS 4 (1898 w 1917 addn)<br />On Crotona Park in the Bronx<br />
  23. 23.
  24. 24. Morris<br />High<br />School, <br />1904, <br />Bronx<br />
  25. 25. Washington Irving High School, 1913, near Union Square<br />
  26. 26.
  27. 27. DeWitt Clinton HS (1906), 10thAve x 58/59thSt, later <br />Haaren HS , now John Jay College of Criminal Justice/CUNY<br />Wadleigh HS for Girls<br />(1902), Harlem<br />landmarked<br />Morris HS (1904)<br />169th St x Boston Rd<br />Bronx, landmarked<br />Former<br />Stuyvesant HS (1908)<br />15th/16th St<br />X 1st/2nd Ave,<br />landmarked<br />
  28. 28. “Snyder does that which no architect before his time ever did or tried, he “builds them beautiful.” ... Literally, he found barracks, where he is leaving palaces to the people.”<br />“The man who builds our beautiful schools”<br /> Jacob Riis, The Battle with the Slum (1902)<br />
  29. 29. PS 158 (1899)<br />77th/78th x York Ave<br />PS 109 (1901) 99th/100th x 2nd/3rd NRHP<br />PS 4 (1898), Crotona Park, Bronx<br />PS 31 (1900), 144th x <br />Grand Concourse, Bronx<br />) PS 175 (1914)<br />Brownsville, Bk<br />
  30. 30.
  31. 31.
  32. 32. PS 169 (1900)<br />PS 32 Bronx (1900)<br />PS 31 Bronx (1900)<br />
  33. 33. Morris High School (1904), Bronx<br />
  34. 34. Erasmus HS (1906/1911), landmarked, Flatbush Ave x Church/Snyder Sts.<br />
  35. 35. Flushing HS (1915), landmarked<br />
  36. 36. Public School 189 (1923)<br />188/189 x Amsterdam, ws<br />
  37. 37. Hotel de Cluny, Paris<br />- possible inspiration<br />
  38. 38. Public School 165 (1900), 108/108 x Broadway/Amsterdam<br />
  39. 39.
  40. 40. PS 170 (1901), 111th/112th x 5th/Lenox, demolished<br />
  41. 41.
  42. 42. The original DeWitt-Clinton HS (1906), <br />the Haaren HS, now John Jay School of <br />Criminal Justice. Behind Lincoln Center<br />
  43. 43. PS 109 (1901), 99th/100th x 2nd/3rd, NRHP<br />
  44. 44. PS 179 (1901, 1995), 101st/102ndx Columbus/Amsterdam<br />
  45. 45. PS 186 (1903) , Harlem, abandoned since 1975<br />
  46. 46.
  47. 47. “We seek to make <br />the school building <br />itself quite as much<br />a factor in education <br />as the textbooks.” <br />New York Tribune 9 April 1892<br />
  48. 48. Wadleigh HS for Girls 1902), Harlem, landmarked<br />“A beautiful and regal building, the Wadleigh school was a profound reminder to students of individual and collective dignity… All over Harlem Snyder reinforced the notion of the specialness of young citizens with splendid new buildings.”<br />Michael Henry Adams, Harlem Lost and Found<br />
  49. 49. Ideas Snyder Schools Convey / Morals They Inculcate<br /><ul><li> Students matter.
  50. 50. Education is important and a big enterprise.</li></ul>PS 27 (1898), overlooking<br />St. Mary’s Park in the Bronx<br />Normal College (1913), now Hunter College, UES<br />
  51. 51. <ul><li>Education is enlightening and uplifting.</li></ul> It brings balance to your life.<br />
  52. 52. <ul><li> Education, ideals, and beauty are for everyone equally.</li></ul>PS 7 (1893), Hester x Chrystie, se cor, demolished<br />PS 158 (1899)<br />77/78 x York Ave<br />PS 96 (1895)<br />81/82 x York Ave<br />demolished<br />“The style symbolized the fact that the education received by New York’s poor and immigrant residents was every bit as good (if not better) than that at the <br />nation’s most prestigious schools.” --Andrew Dolkart<br />
  53. 53.
  54. 54. jean.arrington<br />@gmail.com<br />
  55. 55.
  56. 56. Ideas Snyder Schools Convey / Morals They Inculcate<br /><ul><li> Education is important and a big enterprise.
  57. 57. Students are worthy.
  58. 58. Education is uplifting. </li></li></ul><li>
  59. 59. Public School 59 <br />(1871) with <br />1909 Snyder <br />addition (demolished)<br />“Does a silk mill or office building need more light than a school room? Is the work more important? You will answer “no” to both questions. Then let us...have the funds [for buildings] that will not be a menace to the eyesight and health of the pupils and teachers, and a reproach to the system.” <br />
  60. 60. PS 27 (1898), now 277,<br />On St. Mary’s Park, Bronx<br />
  61. 61. PS 34 (1904), Staten Island (demolished)<br />PS 127 (1902), Brooklyn<br />PS 133 (1901)<br />Park Slope, Brooklyn<br />PS 85 (1908), Long Island City, Queens<br />PS 19 (1893), Bronx (demolished)<br />
  62. 62.
  63. 63. PS 157 (1900) <br />St Nicholas, ws x 126/127<br />
  64. 64. PS 175 (1914), Brownsville,<br />Brooklyn<br />
  65. 65. A Revolution in <br />Public-School Design:<br />The Legacy of<br />New York City’s<br />Charles B. J. Snyder<br />jean.arrington@gmail.com<br />

×