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A Revolution in <br />Public-School Design:<br />The Legacy of<br />New York City’s<br />Charles B. J. Snyder<br />
PS 169 (1900)<br />168/169 x Audubon Ave<br />demolished<br />
PS 169 (1900)<br />168/169th x Audubon<br />demolished <br />
PS 5 (1895), 140 x 141st x Edgecombe x Fred Douglass (demolished)<br />
PS 5 (replaced 1895 building), 140/141 x Edgecombe Ave, es<br />
“The number of contracts to be let for new buildings will not only be the largest in the history of the city but of the wo...
“Radical and interesting<br />innovations in schoolhouse <br />architecture,”<br />Edmund Wheelwright, 1899<br />Snyder “w...
PS 73, 1921 addition to an 1888<br />Building by Naughton, landmarked,<br />Brownsville, Ocean Hill, Brooklyn<br />“Does a...
Public School 188, 1903, East Houston St.<br />
PS 4 (1898 w 1917 addn)<br />On Crotona Park in the Bronx<br />
Morris<br />High<br />School, <br />1904, <br />Bronx<br />
DeWitt Clinton HS (1906), 10thAve x 58/59thSt, later <br />Haaren HS ,  now John Jay College of Criminal Justice/CUNY<br /...
“Snyder does that which no architect before his time ever did or tried, he “builds them beautiful.” Literally, he found ba...
PS 169 (1900), demolished<br />PS 32 Bronx (1900)<br />PS 31 Bronx (1900)<br />
Morris High School (1904), Bronx<br />
Erasmus HS (1906/1911), landmarked, Flatbush Ave x Church/Snyder Sts.<br />
Flushing HS (1915), landmarked<br />
Public School 165 (1900), 108/108 x Broadway/Amsterdam<br />
PS 159 (1900)<br />119/120 x 2/3rd<br />demolished<br />
PS 119 (1901), 133rd/134th x ACPowell/Fred Douglass, demolished<br />
PS 170 (1901), 111th/112th x 5th/Lenox, demolished<br />
PS 109 (1901), 99th/100th x 2nd/3rd, NRHP<br />
PS 179 (1901, 1995), 101st/102ndx Columbus/Amsterdam<br />
Wadleigh HS for Girls (1902)<br />114/115th St <br />x 7/8thAve<br />Landmarked<br />Now Wadleigh Secondary School <br />f...
PS 184 (1902), 116th/117th x 5th/Lenox, demolished<br />
PS 90 (1907), 147th/148th x ACPowell/Fred Douglass<br />
PS 81 (1908), 119th/120th x ACPowell/Fred Douglass<br />
PS 100 (1909), 138th/139th x 5th/Lenox, demolished<br />
“We seek to make <br />the school building <br />itself quite as much<br />a factor in education <br />as the textbooks.” ...
Wadleigh HS for Girls (1902), Harlem,<br />landmarked<br />“A beautiful and regal building, the Wadleigh school was a prof...
George Washington HS (1925) <br />Northern Manhattan<br />
Ideas Snyder Schools Convey / Morals They Inculcate<br /><ul><li>   Students are worthy; they’re respected as individuals ...
   Education is important and a big enterprise.</li></ul>PS 27 (1898), overlooking<br />St. Mary’s Park in the Bronx<br />...
Snyder Schools Teach that<br /><ul><li>Students are worthy.
Education is important.
Education is uplifting.   </li></ul>PS 157 (1900) <br />St Nicholas Ave x 126/127<br />
<ul><li>  School is healthy and liberating: it brings balance and light to life;</li></ul>      it involves community and ...
<ul><li>Education, ideals and beauty are for </li></ul>        everyone equally, not just for the privileged.<br />GS 1 (1...
Public School 6 (1894), 85th x Madison, demolished<br />Architecture and Building, August 5, 1893<br />New York Times, Oct...
PS 158 (1899)<br />77/78 x York Ave<br />PS 96 (1895)<br />81/82 x York Ave<br />demolished<br />PS 7 (1893)<br />Hester x...
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Com bd 9 5-20-10 - 15m v3

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Com bd 9 5-20-10 - 15m v3

  1. 1. A Revolution in <br />Public-School Design:<br />The Legacy of<br />New York City’s<br />Charles B. J. Snyder<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. PS 169 (1900)<br />168/169 x Audubon Ave<br />demolished<br />
  4. 4. PS 169 (1900)<br />168/169th x Audubon<br />demolished <br />
  5. 5. PS 5 (1895), 140 x 141st x Edgecombe x Fred Douglass (demolished)<br />
  6. 6.
  7. 7. PS 5 (replaced 1895 building), 140/141 x Edgecombe Ave, es<br />
  8. 8. “The number of contracts to be let for new buildings will not only be the largest in the history of the city but of the world.” 1897Annual Report <br />“The Board of Education is conducting the most extensive building operation of any firm or corporation in the country.” 1904 Annual Report <br />
  9. 9. “Radical and interesting<br />innovations in schoolhouse <br />architecture,”<br />Edmund Wheelwright, 1899<br />Snyder “was hired to reform <br />school design and instead <br />created a revolution, setting <br />a standard for municipal <br />architecture that has proved <br />hard to match.” <br />Christopher Gray, <br />New York Times 1998<br />
  10. 10.
  11. 11. PS 73, 1921 addition to an 1888<br />Building by Naughton, landmarked,<br />Brownsville, Ocean Hill, Brooklyn<br />“Does a silk mill or office building need more light than a school room? Is the work more important? You will answer “no” to both questions. Then let us...have the funds [for buildings] that will not be a menace to the eyesight and health of the pupils and teachers, and a reproach to the system.” <br />
  12. 12.
  13. 13. Public School 188, 1903, East Houston St.<br />
  14. 14. PS 4 (1898 w 1917 addn)<br />On Crotona Park in the Bronx<br />
  15. 15. Morris<br />High<br />School, <br />1904, <br />Bronx<br />
  16. 16. DeWitt Clinton HS (1906), 10thAve x 58/59thSt, later <br />Haaren HS , now John Jay College of Criminal Justice/CUNY<br />Wadleigh HS for Girls<br />(1902), Harlem<br />landmarked<br />Morris HS (1904)<br />169th St x Boston Rd<br />Bronx, landmarked<br />Former<br />Stuyvesant HS (1908)<br />15th/16th St<br />X 1st/2nd Ave,<br />landmarked<br />
  17. 17. “Snyder does that which no architect before his time ever did or tried, he “builds them beautiful.” Literally, he found barracks, where he is leaving palaces to the people. “<br />“The man who builds our beautiful schools”<br /> Jacob Riis, The Battle with the Slum (1902)<br />
  18. 18. PS 169 (1900), demolished<br />PS 32 Bronx (1900)<br />PS 31 Bronx (1900)<br />
  19. 19. Morris High School (1904), Bronx<br />
  20. 20. Erasmus HS (1906/1911), landmarked, Flatbush Ave x Church/Snyder Sts.<br />
  21. 21. Flushing HS (1915), landmarked<br />
  22. 22. Public School 165 (1900), 108/108 x Broadway/Amsterdam<br />
  23. 23. PS 159 (1900)<br />119/120 x 2/3rd<br />demolished<br />
  24. 24. PS 119 (1901), 133rd/134th x ACPowell/Fred Douglass, demolished<br />
  25. 25.
  26. 26. PS 170 (1901), 111th/112th x 5th/Lenox, demolished<br />
  27. 27.
  28. 28. PS 109 (1901), 99th/100th x 2nd/3rd, NRHP<br />
  29. 29. PS 179 (1901, 1995), 101st/102ndx Columbus/Amsterdam<br />
  30. 30. Wadleigh HS for Girls (1902)<br />114/115th St <br />x 7/8thAve<br />Landmarked<br />Now Wadleigh Secondary School <br />for the Performing and Visual Arts<br />
  31. 31. PS 184 (1902), 116th/117th x 5th/Lenox, demolished<br />
  32. 32.
  33. 33. PS 90 (1907), 147th/148th x ACPowell/Fred Douglass<br />
  34. 34.
  35. 35. PS 81 (1908), 119th/120th x ACPowell/Fred Douglass<br />
  36. 36.
  37. 37. PS 100 (1909), 138th/139th x 5th/Lenox, demolished<br />
  38. 38.
  39. 39. “We seek to make <br />the school building <br />itself quite as much<br />a factor in education <br />as the textbooks.” <br />New York Tribune 9 April 1892<br />
  40. 40. Wadleigh HS for Girls (1902), Harlem,<br />landmarked<br />“A beautiful and regal building, the Wadleigh school was a profound reminder to students of individual and collective dignity… All over Harlem Snyder reinforced the notion of the specialness of young citizens with splendid new buildings.”<br />
  41. 41. George Washington HS (1925) <br />Northern Manhattan<br />
  42. 42.
  43. 43. Ideas Snyder Schools Convey / Morals They Inculcate<br /><ul><li> Students are worthy; they’re respected as individuals with potential.
  44. 44. Education is important and a big enterprise.</li></ul>PS 27 (1898), overlooking<br />St. Mary’s Park in the Bronx<br />Normal College (1913), now Hunter College, UES<br />
  45. 45.
  46. 46.
  47. 47. Snyder Schools Teach that<br /><ul><li>Students are worthy.
  48. 48. Education is important.
  49. 49. Education is uplifting. </li></ul>PS 157 (1900) <br />St Nicholas Ave x 126/127<br />
  50. 50. <ul><li> School is healthy and liberating: it brings balance and light to life;</li></ul> it involves community and abundance.<br />
  51. 51. <ul><li>Education, ideals and beauty are for </li></ul> everyone equally, not just for the privileged.<br />GS 1 (1898)<br />Henry/Catherine/Oliver<br />
  52. 52.
  53. 53. Public School 6 (1894), 85th x Madison, demolished<br />Architecture and Building, August 5, 1893<br />New York Times, Oct 1, 1893<br />
  54. 54. PS 158 (1899)<br />77/78 x York Ave<br />PS 96 (1895)<br />81/82 x York Ave<br />demolished<br />PS 7 (1893)<br />Hester x Chrystie, se cor<br />demolished<br />
  55. 55.
  56. 56. Wadleigh HS for Girls (1902) Harlem Former DeWitt HS for Boys (1906), behind Lincoln Center<br />“The style symbolized the fact that the education received by New York’s poor <br />and immigrant residents was every bit as good (if not better) than that at the <br />nation’s most presigious schools.” --Andrew Dolkart<br />
  57. 57.
  58. 58. PS 186 (1903) , Harlem, abandoned since 1975<br />

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