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Blockchain in Enterprise


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Startups are working (and ICOing) systems that will impact shipping containers, M2M payments, IoT sensors, cybersecurity, and food production. Meanwhile, corporate giants like Walmart, Nestle, UPS, and even oil & gas companies are testing blockchain pilots of their own.

In this briefing we look at:

- the hype behind blockchain, and why corporations are investing in blockchain-based solutions
- blockchain startups and interesting projects
- pilots tested by corporations such as Walmart
- potential use cases in heavy industry

Published in: Technology
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Blockchain in Enterprise

  1. 1. 1 Where decentralized technologies will impact non-financial industries Blockchain in Enterprise
  2. 2. 2 The presentation will also be sent to you. Feel free to share with colleagues. The resolution of some slides may be suboptimal due to the webinar software. Those slides will look fine in the presentation that we send you. Webinar recording will be distributed W I T H I N 2 4 H O U R S
  3. 3. 33 @cbinsights @NpappaG #CBICO J O I N T H E C O N V E R S A T I O N O N T W I T T E R
  4. 4. 4 W H O W E A R E The technology market intelligence platform. CB Insights software lets you predict, discuss, and communicate emerging technology trends using data in ways that are beyond human cognition. We are a leader in the Expert Automation & Augmentation Software (EAAS) space.
  5. 5. 5 T R U S T E D B Y T H E W O R L D ’ S L E A D I N G C O M P A N I E S “We use CB Insights to find emerging trends and interesting companies that might signal a shift in technology or require us to reallocate resources.” Beti Cung, Corporate Strategy, Microsoft
  6. 6. 6 The Disruption of Financial Services The Future of Fintech is an exclusive gathering of the world's largest financial institutions, best fintech startups, and most active venture investors. New York, NY June 19-21, 2018
  7. 7. 7 Nicholas Pappageorge Nick Pappageorge is an intelligence analyst at CB Insights, where he produces data-driven research on private market companies' financing, exit, and performance trends across emerging industries — specifically, industrial IoT, AR/VR, robotics, and drones. Prior to joining CB Insights, Nick held a research role at MakerBot Industries, a 3D printing company. Most popular analyses by Nick include: Apple Strategy Teardown Industrial IoT Market Map Amazon Strategy Teardown @NpappaG | Senior Intelligence Analyst, Industrials & Frontier Tech
  8. 8. 8 Contents 9 1 6 27 3 2 37 4 2 48 Background Underlying technology Industrial process Supply chain management Identity & security Back office & IT Where do we go from here?
  9. 9. 9 Background on blockchain
  10. 10. 10 Blockchain media interest skyrockets Blockchain technology took 2017 by storm. CB Insights Trends mines a massive corpus of media articles to enable a data-driven, real-time method to discover, predict, and plot the arc of rising expectations and excitement. CB Insights media mentions soar 2012 – 2017 (12/13/2017)
  11. 11. 11 Far-ranging use cases Blockchain and distributed ledger technology is being explored across verticals, from capital markets to healthcare to media. Blockchain and distributed ledger market map 2012 – 2018 (1/18/2017)
  12. 12. 12 Blockchains go beyond banking Blockchain and distributed ledger technology is being explored across verticals, from capital markets, to healthcare, to media. Blockchain and distributed ledger market map 2012 – 2018 (1/18/2017)
  13. 13. 13 Ledgers spanning sectors Blockchain and distributed ledger technology is being explored across verticals, from capital markets, to healthcare, to media. Sources: CB Insights Non-financial blockchain and DLT market map 2012 – 2018 (1/18/2017)
  14. 14. 14 2017 saw VC uptick alongside mass speculation in ICOs With some companies raising upwards of $200M via ICOs (and subsequently reaching billion-dollar market capitalizations), total ICO funding quickly surpassed venture funding. Sources: CB Insights, TokenData Blockchain equity dollars pale in comparison to ICOs Quarterly equity and ICO financings ($B), Q1’16 – Q4’17
  15. 15. 1515 "I see 5 highly qualified teams a week [in blockchain] now. Whereas I would see 5 in the entire year of 2014. To me, it feels how the iPhone felt in 2009- 11...of course 99% won't work, but the ones that do will do extraordinarily well." C A M B R I A N E X P L O S I O N I N Q U A L I T Y P R O J E C T S Chris Dixon, a16z
  16. 16. 16 The underlying technology A L O O K U N D E R U N D E R T H E H O O D
  17. 17. 1717 Blockchain allows untrusted parties to reach consensus on a shared digital history, without a middleman. M A K E D A T A B A S E S G R E A T A G A I N
  18. 18. 18 A collaborative public database Because the ledger is digital, all copies of the ledger could sync together. If a majority of participants agree that the transaction is valid (e.g. confirm that Alice owns the units and wants to send them), it gets added to this decentralized ledger.
  19. 19. 1919 When everyone holds a copy of the ledger, it’s harder to cheat; there is no single point of failure. D E C E N T R A L I Z A T I O N M A K E S S E N S E
  20. 20. 20 Blockchain technology solves a specific problem Blockchain technology makes sense when: 1. Everyone needs a record of ownership 2. A 3rd party isn’t trusted to administer this record 3. The database needs to be encrypted Otherwise, distributed ledgers are better suited. Source: Tim Swanson Ledgers Distributed Ledgers Blockchains
  21. 21. 21 Distributed ledger technology as an alternative If a trusted 3rd party could administer the ledger, then a blockchain would be unwieldy, slow, and a poor solution. Distributed ledger technology (DLT) might be better suited for many business use cases. Source: Do you need a blockchain? Do you need a ledger? Possible blockchain implementation (permissioned, permissionless, public, private) Are there multiple writers? Can you use a trusted 3rd party? Are all writers known? Are all writers trusted? Do you need to verify publicly? No blockchain
  22. 22. 22 A new database Instead of siloed, private databases, the future of enterprise could employ blockchains to manage a unified, public log. This could immediately impact IT, legal, and compliance processes, as well as help track the physical world with IoT sensors. Decentralization
  23. 23. 23 Select blockchain use-cases Where else could a “shared digital history” bear fruit? I D E N T I T Y S U P P L Y C H A I N I . T . S T A C K
  24. 24. 24 B U Y E R B E W A R E These are risky ventures
  25. 25. 2525 What are some of the major challenges facing blockchain technology? W H A T ’ S T H E C A T C H ?
  26. 26. 26 Blockchain technology faces technical obstacles What does it take to scale? N E T W O R K S P E E D N E W I . T . C O S T S N O N - P A R T I C I P A T I N G P A R T N E R S
  27. 27. 27 Industrial process G R I D S , M I N E S , A N D S I L O S M A K E F O R S I L O E D D A T A
  28. 28. 28 UK-based Electron recently saw investment from TEPCO, which is Japan’s largest utility provider. Currently, the energy industry uses disparate infrastructure for balancing, settlement, and registration, and Electron hopes to encourage the industry to shift these functions to shared blockchains. Electron could serve as the place of record where energy providers go to get information on assets and record transactional changes. Electron’s smart meter service could also be deployed to other utilities including telecom and water. J A P A N ’ S L A R G E S T U T I L I T Y S E E S V A L U E Similar projects: +
  29. 29. 29 The internet of energy Enabling a photovoltaic ecosystem Siemens LO3 Energy is working with Siemens to create a pilot microgrid in Brooklyn. The Brooklyn Microgrid aims to create a local, neighborhood-powered grid that could operate in parallel to the main grid. Preliminary tests of P2P transactions between neighbors were successfully completed in April 2016. The cryptographic process and distributed storage process means manipulation is “virtually eliminated.” In addition, authentication processes guarantee the confidentiality of user data. +
  30. 30. 30 Largest mining company Simplifying complicated handoffs CoinDesk With the help of Blockapps and Consensys, mining company BHP Billiton will use blockchain to record the movements of wellbore rock and fluid samples and better secure the real-time data. BHP relies on vendors at nearly every stage in the mining process, contracting with geologists and shipping companies to collect samples and conduct analyses, with parties across continents. BHP will insist its contractors use the system, which will benefit its internal efficiency. +
  31. 31. 31 Industrial-focused cybersecurity Industrial IoT can mean new vulnerabilities TC Xage secures and simplifies device management at the Industrial Edge, enabling M2M and human-machine authentication, secure data sharing, device life cycle management, and autonomous operation. The company boasts ABB and Itron as early clients.
  32. 32. 32 Supply chain management A N E W D A T A B A S E F O R N E W C O M P L E X I T I E S
  33. 33. 33 The DLT alternative: powering food safety Walmart successfully tested a pilot of Hyperledger Fabric’s DLT, IBM’s blockchain framework to quickly track food through the supply chain. One immediate implication is for food-borne illnesses — with DLT, it is easier to launch investigations and recall products. Walmart began using the technology in 2016 to track how pigs from China moved through the supply chain to the American table.
  34. 34. 34 Supply chain startups specializing into niches V I A N T S E R V E S A N U M B E R O F C A P I T A L - I N T E N S I V E A R E A S E V E R L E D G E R T R A C K S 1 M D I A M O N D S , A N D I S T A R G E T I N G F I N E W I N E P R O V E N A N C E F O C U S E S O N F O O D & D R I N K O R I G I N
  35. 35. 35 Maersk + Hyperledger start joint venture Aiming to solve shipping complexity with new startup Fortune Yet to be named, the NYC-based company will aim to help shippers, ports, customs offices, banks, and other stakeholders in global supply chains track freight and replace related paperwork with tamper- resistant digital records. Presently, shipping supply chains are bogged down by paperwork shuffled between a glut of middlemen. Documentation, when lost or delayed, causes perishable goods lying in wait to spoil. +
  36. 36. 36BiTA, Bloomberg BiTA is uniting big logistics and freight players UPS, FedEx, BNSF Railway (owned by Berkshire Hathaway), and Schneider Trucking are just a few of the big names in an alliance to explore blockchain technologies in freight transport. 2 0 0 + M E M B E R S
  37. 37. 37 Enabling identity on the internet D A T A P O R T A B I L I T Y
  38. 38. 38 The promise of user-controlled identity Companies are using blockchain technology to allow users to control their own identities. In a not-too-distant future, this might allow users to grant and revoke access on a case- by-case basis.
  39. 39. 3939 “There may be many corporate entities that I don’t want seeing that data, but maybe I’d like to donate that data to a medical study. I could use my blockchain-based self- sovereign ID to [allow] one group to use it and not another. Or I could sell it over here and give it away over there.” N O S W I T C H I N G C O S T S T O L E A V E B A D S E R V I C E S Amanda Gutterman, Consensys
  40. 40. 40 Blockstack Labs is building new internet protocol where users control their data and decentralized apps run independently on users’ devices. By eliminating the traditional model of centralized servers and cloud services, the company hopes to remove middlemen and central network attacks, effectively changing the nature of internet privacy. A P R O T O C O L F O R I D E N T I T Y P O R T A B I L I T Y Funding: $6.7M in VC Similar projects:
  41. 41. 41 Civic Technologies offers a platform of decentralized architecture with blockchain and biometrics that enables users to share and manage their fully verified identity data. Using biometrics on the mobile device, Civic’s platform provides multi- factor authentication without a username, password, third-party authenticator, or physical hardware token. D E C E N T R A L I Z I N G K N O W Y O U R C U S T O M E R ( K Y C ) Funding: $2.7M in VC, $33M in ICO Partners:
  42. 42. 42 Back office & IT stack A N E W C O M P U T I N G P A R A D I G M
  43. 43. 43 Dubbed “Airbnb for file storage,” Filecoin is a high-profile crypto project that rewards network participants for hosting files. This could help create a decentralized version of S3 from Amazon Web Services. The company behind it, Protocol Labs, has garnered investment from Union Square Ventures, Naval Ravikant, and Winklevoss Capital in a venture round, and also completed a $257M ICO in late 2017. T H E F I L E S A R E I N T H E C O M P U T E R Funding: $3.7M of VC, $257M via ICO $86M $513MMarket Cap: Storj SiaCoin Similar tokens:
  44. 44. 44 A decentralized Slack is raising $2B Popular among cryptocurrency enthusiasts, encrypted messaging app Telegram is raising an initial coin offering to fund development of a blockchain platform. The decentralized messaging platform is an obvious threat to apps like Slack, with Telegram planning to raise the largest ICO in history, totaling $2B for its ecosystem of 170M users. The smart money investors rumored to be participating in the ICO include Benchmark, Sequoia Capital, and Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers.
  45. 45. 45 Enterprise-ready blockchains Bloq provides blockchain technology for global enterprises. Bloq's platform allows companies to build, manage, and scale robust blockchain- enabled ecosystems, backed by enterprise- grade service and support.
  46. 46. 46 Helping the healthcare back office D A T A S E C U R I T Y I N T E R O P E R A B I L I T Y R E I M B U R S E M E N T Blockchain technology could enable patient-owned records, giving the patient control to grant and revoke data on an as-needed basis. A single distributed EMR system could replace siloed data across different hospitals and medical facilities. Blockchain technology might enable instantaneous insurance claims verification and fulfillment of prior authorization requests.
  47. 47. 47 Helping the healthcare back office P H Y S I C I A N L I C E N S I N G S H A R E I N M E D S T U D I E S G E N E R A L P U R P O S E D A T A S T A N D A R D S
  48. 48. 48 Where do we go from here? H O W T H I S N E W T E C H N O L O G Y P L A Y S O U T
  49. 49. 49 BLOCKCHAIN IN INDUSTRY ROADMAP CORPORATE PILOTS TEST WATERS FROM AUTOMATION TO ADOPTION NEAR OPTIMAL PRODUCTION AND SUPPLY CHAINS Timehorizonthreats/opportunities Scenario Unknowns  Enables automation of back-office work into a unified shared ledger  Aims to eliminate the complexities of uniting disparate data, ownership, and suppliers  B2B commerce begins to rely largely on contributing to a blockchain  IoT will start to abstract a 1:1 version of the physical world  Physical goods are made nearly without waste, bringing prices down drastically  How fast will industrial organizations adopt the technology? Will they be able to get partners on board?  Will there be industry-wide protocols? Or just a blockchain-enabled version of the same data silos?  Will blockchains and DLTs be resilient to errors and black swan events?
  50. 50. 50 Questions? Twitter: @NpappaG
  51. 51. 51 The CB Insights platform has the underlying data included in this report W H E R E I S A L L T H I S D A T A F R O M ? CLICK HERE TO SIGN UP FOR FREE
  52. 52. 52 @cbinsights