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GMES - current status and potential link to agriculture


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Presentation by Mariusz Legowski of JRC-IES on the status and application potential of the Global Monitoring of the Environment and Security system of the EU.

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GMES - current status and potential link to agriculture

  1. 1. GMES – current status and potential link to agriculture Mariusz Legowski European Commission DG JRC
  2. 2. Outline of the Presentation <ul><li>Background and Recent GMES Milestones </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of the Commission’s Proposal </li></ul><ul><li>Governance context in 2011-2013 </li></ul><ul><li>GIO Implementation plan </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural dimension </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed approach for the Land service </li></ul>
  3. 3. Article 189 TFEU: Basis for space policy <ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>“ to promote scientific and technical progress, industrial competitiveness and implementation of EU policies” </li></ul><ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><li>“ promote joint initiatives, support research and technological development and coordinate efforts needed for the exploration and exploitation of space.” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why an EU lead GMES programme? <ul><li>EO is strategic </li></ul><ul><li>Security, risk and crisis management </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial planning </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring of natural resources, incl. raw materials </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere and Climate monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>>> European capacities make sense (autonomy where appropriate) </li></ul><ul><li>Synergies for a better use of EO capacities </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why an EU lead GMES programme? <ul><li>EO requires synergies </li></ul><ul><li>EO costs for a comprehensive programme like GMES go beyond resources of a single nation </li></ul><ul><li>EU profile internationally increased </li></ul><ul><li>Market potential for EU wide, regional and local applications services </li></ul><ul><li>>> Pooling of resources at EU level fosters innovation and competitiveness for all </li></ul>
  6. 6. EARTH OBSERVATION SYSTEMS PUBLIC POLICIES User Needs Technology push Service/ User pull Space + in-situ infrastructure operators: Space Agencies Scientific Community EO Industry National Governments and Agencies EU Institutions Downstream Users Information services for policy-makers and other users What is needed/wanted?
  7. 7. How will GMES be delivered? What is their need? Oil Spill Tracking Farming Flood Land Marine Atmosphere Emergency Policy Makers & USERS OBSERVATION Space Infrastructure In Situ Infrastructure & Air Quality Private, Commercial & Sustainable observation Surveillance Security Climate change Examples of Services Provided Information Services Climate Public
  8. 8. How will GMES be delivered? Centralised/Decentralised elements GMES COMPONENT – SPACE GMES COMPONENT – IN SITU INFRASTRUCTURE GMES COMPONENT – SERVICES CENTRALISED ESA EUMETSAT (GIO program) indirect benefits for regions: space industry and ground segment CENTRALISED & DECENTRALISED COM / EEA & MS (GIO program) in-situ data coordination and harmonization of data sets monitoring of accuracy of local/regional data MS (regional funds) in-situ infrastructure build up and maintenance CENTRALISED & DECENTRALISED COM / SERVICE PROVIDERS (GIO program) Core Services (UR federated at different level) MS / SERVICE PROVIDERS (CIP) Downstream Services
  9. 9. Some milestones Initiation of GMES, Baveno Manifesto Gothenburg EU Summit “establish by 2008 an operational European capacity for … GMES” Investments by ESA and EU on services GMES becomes ‘flagship’ of the European Space Policy ESA C-MIN in Berlin approves GMES Space Component programme GMES Bureau creation € 1 ,2 Billion in the period 2007-2013 EC-ESA agreement on GMES signed GMES services presented at Lille Forum Commission proposal for a GMES initial operations programme and Communication on the Space component Programme adopted by EP and EU Council; start of implementation Launch of first GMES Sentinels 1998 2000 2001+ 2005 2006 2008 2009 2010+ 2013+
  10. 10. GMES service component <ul><li>atmosphere monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>climate change monitoring in support of adaptation and mitigation policies </li></ul><ul><li>emergency management </li></ul><ul><li>land monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>marine environment monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>security </li></ul>
  11. 11. In-situ coordination <ul><li>Non-space based installations in the GMES infrastructure component are generally referred to as &quot;in situ component“ </li></ul><ul><li>Measuring stations, seismographs, floats, shipboard instruments, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>EEA – GISC – 3 year, 3meuro FP7 project started January 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>To stimulate open access to all relevant in-situ data for operational GMES service provision </li></ul><ul><li>In-Situ Component relies on: facilities, instruments, networks and services at national, regional and intergovernmental levels inside and outside the EU </li></ul><ul><li>Make use of existing capacities </li></ul>
  12. 12. Technical implementation <ul><li>The technical implementation of the Space Component is delegated to ESA through a Delegation Agreement encompassing the development of satellites and data access from contributing missions, and operations from Sentinel together with EUMETSAT </li></ul>
  13. 13. Sentinels overview <ul><li>Sentinel-1 – 2013/2015 -polar-orbiting, all-weather, day-and-night radar imaging mission for GMES land and ocean services. </li></ul><ul><li>Sentinel-2 – 2013/2016 -a polar-orbiting, multispectral high-resolution imaging mission for GMES land monitoring to provide, for example, imagery of vegetation, soil and water cover, inland waterways and coastal areas. land-change detection maps and geophysical variables that use, for example, leaf area index, leaf chlorophyll content and leaf water content will be provided. The pair of Sentinel-2 satellites will routinely deliver high-resolution optical images globally, providing enhanced continuity of SPOT- and Landsat-type data. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Sentinels overview <ul><li>Sentinel-3 – 2013/2016-multi-instrument low resolution mission to determine parameters such as sea-surface topography, sea- and land-surface temperature, ocean colour and land colour with high-end accuracy and reliability, vegetation and crop monitoring. </li></ul><ul><li>Sentinel-4 – 2017 - devoted to atmospheric monitoring that will be embarked upon a Meteosat Third Generation (MTG) satellite in geostationary orbit. </li></ul><ul><li>Sentinel-5 – 2019 - devoted to atmospheric monitoring that will be embarked upon a Meteosat Third Generation (MTG) satellite in geostationary orbit. </li></ul><ul><li>Contributing missions </li></ul>
  15. 15. GMES status <ul><li>The present: GMES initial operations 2011-13 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GIO funding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FP7 funding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Program (CIP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional funds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Programmatic issues to be resolved until 2013: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security aspects of the system </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The future: GMES 2014+ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Space component </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Services: operational phase-in (atmosphere, marine, climate, security, complementing Land and Emergency) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In-situ: results and application of the GISC project; reference data </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. R&D phase <ul><li>1.2 B Euro invested through FP7 in the period 2007 – 2013 (in addition to previous investments in FP6) </li></ul><ul><li>Support to the development of services </li></ul><ul><li>Support to the development of infrastructures </li></ul><ul><li>Support to ensuring availability of data </li></ul>
  17. 17. GMES Regulation <ul><li>The GMES Programme Regulation entered into force on 09/22/2010 </li></ul><ul><li>The Commission adopts the annual work programme </li></ul><ul><ul><li>for implementing the actions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for financial commitment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Initial operations comprise </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency response, land monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Users uptake </li></ul><ul><li>Data access, including support to in situ data collection </li></ul><ul><li>pace component </li></ul><ul><li>Continuity with research activities </li></ul><ul><li>Organisational arrangements </li></ul><ul><li>Data policy (full and open access) </li></ul><ul><li>Participation third countries </li></ul>
  18. 18. Overall programmatic framework 2011-13 <ul><li>Total available budget GMES 2011-2013: 777 M € combining 3 sources : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FP7: 668 M € </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>502 M € Space component and data access </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>166 M € Services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GMES Regulation initial operation (GIO): 107 M € </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DG REGIO budget: Urban Atlas update (up to 2 M € ) as part of Land service </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Need to manage FP7 and GIO funding in a coordinated way </li></ul>
  19. 19. SME participation <ul><li>Priority for FP7, especially DG ENTR </li></ul><ul><li>Whilst (so far) not mandatory in our call topics, regarded always as a plus during evaluations </li></ul><ul><li>Last call statistics: </li></ul><ul><li>in ranked (successfull proposals) list </li></ul><ul><li>22% of participation </li></ul><ul><li>receiving 18% of EU budget </li></ul>
  20. 20. Foreseen draft timeline for the 5th Space call: <ul><li>19 July 2011 publication </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>23 November 2011 deadline </li></ul><ul><li>Dec-Feb 2011/2012 evaluation by REA </li></ul><ul><li>Proposal negotiation in 2012 </li></ul>
  21. 21. Overall programmatic framework 2011-13 <ul><li>Proposed to focus on 4 activities ( Indicative Budget ): </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency Management service 12 M € </li></ul><ul><li>Land monitoring service 26 M € (4 M € for Global) </li></ul><ul><li>User uptake 5 M € </li></ul><ul><li>Space component 61 M € </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative Expenditures 3 M € </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GIO total (2011-2013) 107 M € </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Budget breakdown 2011 <ul><li>Emergency Management Service 2.7 M€ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mapping 2.3 M € </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Early Warning Systems 0.4 M € </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Land Monitoring Service 2.7 M€ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pan-EU Land Cover monitoring 2.7 M € </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Space Component 3.6 M€ </li></ul><ul><li>Support for GMES Policy Measures 1.0 M€ </li></ul><ul><li>Potential Contributions: - </li></ul><ul><li>EEA (2.38%)+other </li></ul>TOTAL 10 M€
  23. 23. <ul><li>AGRI has made use of remote sensing and similar sophisticated tools for quite a while </li></ul><ul><li>AGRI in favour of pooling data so as to allow appropriate use of resources </li></ul><ul><li>Forecasts necessary for CAP budget </li></ul><ul><li>Part of the data needs could potentially be procured directly through GMES provided that technical specifications are met and costs acceptable </li></ul>AGRI needs
  24. 24. <ul><li>GMES should contribute to: </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting policy priorities (biodiv., resources, water, air…) </li></ul><ul><li>Defining the “bigger picture” (policy links; EU / global) </li></ul><ul><li>Underpin long-term sustainability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GMES will create space observation infrastructure responsive to user needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GMES will coordinate in-situ infrastructures (transboundary issues, gaps in European-wide monitoring, harmonisation efforts etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Delivering on needs in Member States (compliance monitoring/reporting needs, implementation of legislation ...), regions, citizens, education </li></ul><ul><li>Complementing other efforts: </li></ul><ul><li>INSPIRE Directive, SEIS, etc. </li></ul>What is needed/wanted? Supporting EU Policy
  25. 25. <ul><li>Products at different scales (Global, EU, Local)… </li></ul><ul><li>Land Cover information – and land use changes - essential to many areas of environment policy: IMPACTS… </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Resource Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>International issues </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Forests </li></ul><ul><li>Soils </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>What is needed/wanted? Supporting EU Policy
  26. 26. <ul><li>The Land service addresses </li></ul><ul><li>a wide range of resources and policies at EU and international level (e.g. soils, water, agriculture, forestry, biodiversity, transport etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Very diverse user communities with various requirements. </li></ul><ul><li>Land use </li></ul><ul><li>Forests </li></ul><ul><li>Urban planning </li></ul><ul><li>Water quality </li></ul><ul><li>Crop production </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>GMES Land Services
  27. 27. Summary of user requirements <ul><li>Very diverse user communities, need common ‘multi-purpose’ to specific information: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Common need for land cover/land cover change information at various scales (Global, European, national, sub-national) and periodicity (periodic and dynamic information) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Common need for better access to reference data (carto/topographic, soil, geological, cadastral, transport network etc.) -> link to INSPIRE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More specific thematic information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Modular approach required </li></ul>
  28. 28. Components of GMES Land service <ul><li>Three components: </li></ul><ul><li>Global : Essential Terrestrial Variables for vegetation monitoring, biogeophysical parameters in support to Climate Change monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Continental : Pan-EU products (e.g. Pan-EU land cover and land cover change) </li></ul><ul><li>Local : ‘hot spot’ - areas at interest at European level (e.g. urban areas, protected area, coastal areas etc.) </li></ul>
  29. 29. Local component <ul><li>Local component: large scale mapping (<1ha MMU) using VHR data </li></ul><ul><li>Focus for the moment on Urban Atlas </li></ul><ul><li>Project for DG REGIO launched in January 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Land cover / Land use mapping of 300 cities (  100,000 inh.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on Very High Resolution images ( ≤ 2.5m) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimum Mapping Units 0.25ha in urban areas, 1 ha in other areas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Further extension possible to protected sites, coastal areas, risk areas etc. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Urban Atlas Delivery <ul><li>More than 200 agglomerations available </li></ul><ul><li>Freely available </li></ul><ul><li>Data download: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Map viewer: </li></ul>
  31. 31. Continental component <ul><li>Wall-to-wall Pan-EU (38 countries) land cover mapping, using HR images -> 5 HR layers under GIO </li></ul><ul><li>Precursor EEA activities: Corine Land Cover (CLC) and Corine Land Cover Change (CLCC) </li></ul><ul><li>Objective: improve spatial resolution (from 25ha to 1ha), temporal resolution (3-5 years updates) and timeliness </li></ul><ul><li>Mid-long term approach: more synergies with MS activities, synchronisation and harmonisation between Pan-EU and National products </li></ul>
  32. 32. The 5 HR Layers under development Legend Degree of Imperviousness (in %) Vegetation Intensity Indicator Water Wetlands Other (e.g. Agriculture) Forest Crown Cover Density (in %) Forest Crown Cover Density / Forest Types Sealed Area / Imperviousness Vegetation Intensity / Grassland Indicator Water Wetlands Combination of selected HR layers by a GIS model approach (Example from Alpine test site)
  33. 33. Continental component forest monitoring
  34. 34. Soil sealing example Copenhagen
  35. 35. Global component <ul><li>Support specific EU policies at international level </li></ul><ul><li>Climate change, including Carbon fluxes </li></ul><ul><li>Land degradation and desertification </li></ul><ul><li>Forest resources </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Water resources </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture and food security </li></ul>
  36. 36. Global land component • Global Terrestrial Variables and integration into land assimilation models for Carbon fluxes and water monitoring • Building on Geoland FP 7 BIOPAR products • Selection of variables according to maturity, existing activities and user needs (ESA CCI, GCOS/GTOS..) • Set up a dynamic vegetation monitoring (intra inter-seasonal) based on MR datasets • Additional Glob-Land elements to be considered later
  37. 37. Examples of products for agriculture/food security <ul><li>Forecast/estimates of major food crops and crop production </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture cover per group of crops, changes in the extent and productivity of agricultural lands </li></ul><ul><li>Early warning of harvest shortfalls </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerability mapping and assessments </li></ul>
  38. 38. Examples of products for desertification/ land degradation <ul><li>Land degradation risk index </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of degradation hot spots (state and trends in time) </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated dryland condition assessments (e.g. rain use efficiency) </li></ul><ul><li>Desertification syndromes </li></ul><ul><li>Drought susceptibility </li></ul>
  39. 39. GMES User Forum <ul><li>Assisting COM in implementing GMES Regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Preparatory workshop for land monitoring 9 March 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Definition and validation of user and service data requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Will be gradually implemented for all GMES services </li></ul><ul><li>First official meeting planned for mid May 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>The community of potential (public) users is very broad with various needs and various scales </li></ul><ul><li>Consultation processes need to be intensified </li></ul><ul><li>-> the place to influence the debate and the GMES services </li></ul>
  40. 40. Conclusions <ul><ul><li>GMES is a challenge, an EU space flagship: it is an ambitious programme with great expectations and involves several partners and funding's. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GMES is still a good value for money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of GMES data for agriculture is a process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GIO Land Global: with an agricultural orientation (crop production monitoring) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GIO Land Pan European: no direct agricultural orientation but maybe some layer of interest </li></ul></ul>
  41. 41. <ul><li>Thank you for your attention </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>