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Issues identificationped

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Issues identificationped

  1. 1. Engaging Parliamentarians Pursuing Development Issue Identification as Key Step in Policy Advocacy Ramon San Pascual, MPH Executive Director, Asian Forum of Parliamentarians on Population and Development
  2. 2. Engaging Parliamentarians Pursuing Development A Policy is • A plan or course of action • By a government, organization or individual
  3. 3. Engaging Parliamentarians Pursuing Development Linear Model of Policy Development Variously called the linear, mainstream, common-sense or rational model, this model is the most widely-held view of the way in which policy is made. It outlines policy-making as a problem solving process which is rational, balanced, objective and analytical. In the model, decisions are made in a series of sequential phases, starting with the identification of a problem or issue, and ending with a set of activities to solve or deal with it.
  4. 4. Engaging Parliamentarians Pursuing Development An Example of the Linear Model
  5. 5. Engaging Parliamentarians Pursuing Development NonLinear Model of Policy Process Politics Problems Solutions
  6. 6. Engaging Parliamentarians Pursuing Development Window of Opportunity for Policy Change Politics Solutions Problems Window of Opportunity
  7. 7. Engaging Parliamentarians Pursuing Development Starting with Information Politics Information Problems Solutions
  8. 8. Engaging Parliamentarians Pursuing Development Moving the Spheres Together Politics Problems Solutions Agenda Setting
  9. 9. Engaging Parliamentarians Pursuing Development The Policy Agenda • A set of issues • In a hierarchy of importance • At a given point in time
  10. 10. Engaging Parliamentarians Pursuing Development The Goal of Agenda Setting Gain attention, keep the interest, influence action of: • the media • the public • policymakers
  11. 11. Engaging Parliamentarians Pursuing Development Characteristics of Issues that get on the Policy Agenda • Clear, measurable indicators • Policy champions • Feasible policy or program alternatives • Attention-focusing events
  12. 12. Engaging Parliamentarians Pursuing Development Clear, Measurable Indicators • Give visibility to problems or solutions • Give relevance or importance to an issue • Stimulate action
  13. 13. Engaging Parliamentarians Pursuing Development Steps in Issue Identification • Outline the problem • Study the problem and its causes in detail • Determine how aware the public is of the issue, deciding who will participate in fixing it • Gauge which policy changes are needed to address the identified problem
  14. 14. Engaging Parliamentarians Pursuing Development Capable Champions Committed individuals or groups who • Define problem and keep attention focused continuously • Dramatize concern using indicators • Seize opportunities to focus attention
  15. 15. Engaging Parliamentarians Pursuing Development Policy Learning • The ongoing stream of information to policymakers and other actors in the policy making process • An understanding by all actors of complex power relations, changing institutional arrangements, policy results or impact
  16. 16. Engaging Parliamentarians Pursuing Development Monitoring and Evaluation We need evidence which show that: • • • Our issues have gained the attention of policy makers. (i.e.,gotten on the policy agenda) Our activities have enhanced coalition efforts to increase support to the policy agenda The information we disseminated was used for policy learning
  17. 17. Engaging Parliamentarians Pursuing Development Ultimately… We need evidence of changes in policies (national, sector, or program level), programs, strategies, or resource allocation
  18. 18. Engaging Parliamentarians Pursuing Development In Summary • Policy change is a complex, dynamic process • Three basic elements are agenda-setting, coalition building, policy learning • Issue identification is key • Information is a key but must be disseminated strategically; • Evaluate, evaluate, evaluate

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