Jay Ramkrishna Kashiv
Member Board of Studies IT, ICT, CS, CT
TO STUDY THE APPLICATIONS OF THE INTERNET :-
E - COMMERCE
E – MARKET
E – MAP
An interconnected system of networks that connects computers
around the world via the TCP/IP protocol.
Internet is the system through which one can submit
information that can be used for single or multiple operations.
Wired or wireless mode of communication / data transfer is
It is a huge network of several different interlinked networks;
communicate under specific guidelines i.e. called Internet
Protocol (IP) OR i.e. called Transmission Control Protocol (TCP).
Range of services being carried out through Internet is vast.
Internet applications includes Blogs & Forums, VoIP, e-
commerce, e-Governance & e-maps.
A word “Blog” is formed from “Web Log”. Similar to e-mail
accounts, user can create “Blog” at specific location on internet.
It is user’s own space where he / she can keep (post) certain
articles, ideas, news, facts, opinions, etc. which other visitors can
Blogs are usually structured, organized by category and can be
updated as and when required.
As compared to e-mails, communication is fast, as visitors (so
called bloggers) can quickly view the comments and even post his
/ her own thoughts on the subject.
With reference to a particular topic, as information sharing and
opinion forming can be collectively done, blog is considered as
one of the strongest tool to connect people on social ground.
Steps to create blog:
Step 1: Choose a free blogging software.
Step 2: Register for an account and create your blog
Step 3: Select Your Domain, Theme and Other Options.
Step 4: Start blogging.
Once you've completed steps 1-3, you're ready to join the BLOG
and start publishing content on your blog. There are many more
ways you can
customize your blog, but these four easy steps are all you need to
follow in order to start a simple blog.
Advantages of Blogs:
Quick posting & viewing of information is possible.
As blog is unlike e-mail communication, no threat of
No limit to create number of blogs. User can create any
number of blogs.
Typically recent developments / new information is posted
on blogs. Hence blogs are in a way help to search engines to
find new contents.
Blogging service and software are economical. Users
(bloggers) can visit blogs with either free of cost or with very
Forum is the space on internet used to communicate, interact
and collaborate with others. E.g. it is possible by means of discussions,
chat rooms, messaging windows, calendars.
Information posted on a particular topic can be saved and other
people can see at any time, creating a discussion environment.
Everything that gets posted can be read any time.
Forum differs from blog in a sense that blog allows only one
(owner) person to write and maintain the blog; whereas forum allows
multiple users (members of the blog) to post his / her views on the
subject and even change the subject.
Following are integral parts of forum:
•User Group: Members of the forum add up their views
about the topic, thus by expanding the discussions. The
users, who are not registered members of forum, are
commonly known as Guests OR Visitors. Visitors can usually
view the contents of the forum. They are typically granted
limited type of access to the functions that do not cause or
require database alterations or breach privacy.
•Moderator: The topic and discussion is monitored by a
moderator or group of moderators. These are also users (or
employees) of the forum. They are granted access to the post
and threads of all members registered in the forum.
Moderators are responsible for keeping the forum clean by
means of arresting spams attacks.
•Administrators: Administrators; who also act as moderator,
manage the technical details required for running the site.
Administrators manage the rules; create sections and sub-
sections as required and also perform any database
operations (database backup etc.). Administrators can change
or update the appearance (known as the skin) of a forum.
•Topic: Topic, also commonly known as thread is collection of
posts, i.e. displayed sequentially by means of dates. Thread is
defined by subject / title that summarize the particular
discussion. Popularity of thread is typically considered on
forums in reply counts.
Post: A post is nothing but the message submitted by forum
member; i.e. user. It also contains basic details of user, date &
time the message is submitted. Members can typically edit or
delete their own posts
Difference between Blogs and Forums:
1. A blog belongs to a personality (student,
teacher, any person)
1. A forum belongs to someone else (a
company, an online site, a non-profit
organization, or anyone who creates and runs
2. Blogs are devoted to a specific topic. 2. A forum is a collection of posts offered by
the general public, i.e. question-and-answer
3. While a blog may be a collection of one
person's writing on something.
3. A forum is more collection of the public's
shorter comments on a topic.
4. Blogs can not offer to go with membership. 4. Some forums offer separate blogs to go
Voice over IP (VoIP, abbreviation of voice over internet
Protocol) commonly refers to communication protocols,
technologies, methodologies, and transmission techniques
involved in the delivery of voice
communications and multimedia sessions over Internet
Protocol (IP) networks, such as the Internet. Other terms
commonly associated with VoIP are IP telephony, Internet
telephony, voice over broadband (VoBB), broadband
telephony, IP communications, and broadband phone.
Types of VoIP:
VoIP can be typically used in following ways:
Computer to Computer: This is the basic form of VoIP. Users can
simply talk to each other through a piece of software installed on
their computers using a headset.
Phone to Computer: Users can use a VoIP program installed on their
computer to call phones. They can call any number worldwide;
landline or mobile phone.
VoIP Phones: VoIP phones apparently look just like telephones.
Users speak and hear through them just like a phone connected to
the internet; hence the name is VoIP system. Dialing the number is
same as that of normal phone.
VoIP Adapters: VoIP adapters can connect existing telephone to
VoIP system. This means users can use their current phone to use
E-Commerce (Electronic Commerce), it is about
sharing business information, maintaining business
relationship and carrying out business transactions
using computer systems which are connected to
telecommunication network. It is an emerging concept
that describes the process of buying, selling or
exchanging of product, services and information over
electronic system such as computer network or
Examples of e-Commerce:
Auction sites where advertisements about
any products to be auctioned are put in e-
making banking transactions through
e-filing of tax returns
(airlines, trains, bus, cinema, etc.)
E-commerce is the establishment of multiple functions that include
selling products or information over the Internet and the processes
that are established to support a company. As with physical
commerce, the trade cycle is more or less categorized into four
Identification of a supplier by a consumer and the agreement of
terms for supply.
Selecting the goods and taking delivery.
Payment and invoicing is usually executed along with the selection
of goods in e-commerce.
After-sales services including maintenance, in which complaints
are addressed, support given, and any further involvement of the
supplier with the product as specified in the terms of supply is
E-Market (Electronic Market) is inter-organizational
information system that provides facility for both buyers
and sellers to exchange information about product
offerings and price, payments and services using
Internet, networks and digital technologies.
Any transfer of goods or services from seller to buyer that
involves one or more electronic methods or media can be
considered electronic marketing. E-market is the virtual
representation of physical market.
By utilizing ICT, necessary e-marketing related
information can be exchanged i.e. very beneficial for the
traders who are geographically dispersed
Electronic Data Interchange (EDI):
Electronic data interchange (EDI) is the electronic transfer of
a standardized business transaction between a sender and
receiver computer, over some kind of private network or
Value Added Network (VAN). EDI is based on a set of
standardized messages for the transfer of structured and
formatted data between computer applications.
EDI is primarily used by multiple and repeat operations like
supermarkets, automobile industries. Inventory (stock)
control and material management is possible through EDI.
EDI can define multiple transaction sets corresponding to
each type of business document such as invoice, purchase
order, etc. It is most commonly applied in the execution and
settlement phase of trade cycle.
EDI system requires EDI standards, EDI Software, EDI
network and trading community.
Internet banking (or E-banking) means any user with a personal
computer and a browser can get connected to his bank’s
website to perform any of the virtual banking functions. In
internet banking system, banks have their own centralized
database that is web-enabled. The services the bank has
allowed to perform on the internet can be selected and further
transaction is dictated by the nature of service. Since last few
years, most commonly used service is ATM (All Time Money)
from where customer can get required cash. ATM system is
based on intranet i.e. network within the organization which
connects various locations and having connectivity with central
Once can invest amount in stocks market using the
websites. By sitting at home you can transfer money in fixed
deposit or in any other person’s bank account. you can see
your bank balance, bank transactions on website and no need
to go in bank physically.
The system by which citizens can access Government
information while visiting the required sites on internet is e-
Governance. It refers to the use of ICT (Information &
Communication Technology) by government agency for
various reasons as under:
Exchange of information with citizens / business OR other
government departments / functions.
Fast & efficient delivery of public services
Improve internal efficiency
Reduce cost & increase revenue
Restructuring and administrative process
E- map means Electronic map or digital map. E- maps are
virtual images along with navigation facility. The spatial
information of a region or a landmark is displayed using
simple graphics, symbols and lines. Users can move or
browse the map to locate particular region. In case of regular
maps landmark is generally a building while in e-maps it can
be a location, building or a dessert vendor or may be soothing
else having user’s interest. Google Earth is one of the best
examples for Digital Mapping.
A Google map is a web mapping service application and
technology provided by Google. It is also called as “Google
Local”. Google map provides that provides many map-based
services, including the Google Maps website, Google Ride
Finder, Google Transit and maps embedded on third-party
websites via the Google Maps API. It offers road maps, a route
planner for traveling by foot, car, bike]or public transport and
an urban business locator for numerous countries around the
world. Google Maps satellite images are not updated in real
time; they are several months or years old. Google Maps uses a
close variant of the Mercator projection, so it cannot show
areas around the poles.
Google Earth is a useful application for viewing almost any
location in the world from a bird’s-eye view. It is a stand-alone
program which offers more globe-viewing features, including
showing polar areas. The free version of Google Earth
software can be downloaded at: http://earth.google.com/. By
using Google Earth, we can find a specific place, location
(such as a city, landmark, or address)
Wikimapia for finding places, routes:
Wikimapia website provides Google Maps interactive web
map that consists of user-generated information layer on top
of Google Maps satellite imagery and other resources. In
December 2009 Wikimapia launched an API (Application
Programming Interface) and made its content available in
several formats for non-commercial use. It allows selecting
any marked object and viewing its description. Apart from
this and the search tool, user can filter and highlight objects
Visitors can add location by drawing its outline on top of
satellite photo, write a description for it, choose its category
and upload referring pictures. To edit existing tag user need
to register on website.