Workplace charging best practices (calstart) pasadena workshop 10-25-133


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Workplace charging best practices (calstart) pasadena workshop 10-25-133

  1. 1. Best Practices for Electric Vehicle Charging Electric Vehicle Charging Workshop – Pasadena October 25, 2013 1
  2. 2. Agenda 2
  3. 3. Introduction Why EV Charging? 3
  4. 4. Los Angeles Tops ‘Dirty Air’ List for 13th Time in 14 Years “Car-obsessed Los Angeles once again tops the list for the worst ozone pollution in the country for the 13th time in the 14 years the report has been issued. Californians, in general, tend to inhale the dirtiest air: seven of the top-10 most air polluted cities on the list are in that state.” ABC News, April, 2013 4
  5. 5. Los Angeles County GHG Emission Sources Street Lights, Traffic Signals, and Outdoor Lighting 2% Employee Commute 33% Other Sources* 4% Vehicle Fleet 10% Building Energy Use 35% Cogeneration Facilities 16% * Other sources include Owned Landf ills, Ref rigerants, Wastewater Treatment Plants, Water Pumps, Miscellaneous (Ammunition, Ethylene Oxide, CO2, and Acetylene), Waste Generation, and Water Consumption. 5
  6. 6. Cars - Big Contributor to Air Pollution 6
  7. 7. Growing Number of PEV Models 7
  8. 8. Monthly Sales 8
  9. 9. PHEVs vs Hybrids 9
  10. 10. Commuters Can Charge at Work 60% of vehicles on road are commuter vehicles We need to focus on workplace charging 10
  11. 11. Importance of Workplace Charging  Fills a critical gap in PEV Infrastructure needs  Extends the range of PEVs and builds the market  Allows for more electric only miles for PHEV’s  Creates local ‘PEV showrooms’ for info sharing on vehicles  EV’s can act as ‘employee pool cars’ for day trips
  12. 12. Funding and Program Parameters » » » » Site Eligibility Funding Amount and Purpose Accessing the funding SB 454: New Regulations on EV Charging and Billing 12
  13. 13. Site Eligibility » Mixed-use sites with min of 25k square feet of non-residential gross floor area or more » Multifamily residential sites with 25 units or more » Commercial sites with minimum of 25k square feet of gross floor area 13
  14. 14. Funding Amount » $10,000 maximum per property owner, on a first come-first served basis » Property owners can use funding for multiple sites subject to proximity to other planned EV sites » Sites must be located in the City of Pasadena » The total program has a cap of 50 new/replacement charging stations. » Federal tax credits may also be available (expiring soon, check with your tax advisor.) 14
  15. 15. Funding Purpose » For costs of hardware (Level 2, and/or fast charging EVSE) and/or the cost of installation. » 2 to 3 charging stations per site, with "district" caps to ensure equitable distribution of new chargers » Property owner is responsible for the maintenance and operation of the charging stations. » Charging stations need not have "intelligent charging" options, but must be upgradeable to include such options as data monitoring, communications, and demand control capability (to facilitate possible future demand response program). » Only commercial retail/entertainment/hospitality/residentialsites that are served by PWP electric are eligible. » Property owners should consult with their Account Managers at PWP regarding potential demand costs associated with EV charging. » Charging stations must be accessible to the public during normal business hours. » Time limit EV parking should be implemented and enforced during mid-day hours (i.e. 10 am to 3 pm) to ensure turn over. 15
  16. 16. Accessing the Funding » Submit 3 bids from approved vendors list to the City of Pasadena to start the process. » Submit bids to: Mike Bagheri City of Pasadena Transportation Manager (626) 744-7208 » The cut-off date for submitting bids is January 15, 2015. All installation must be completed by June 30, 2014. July 07, 2014 is the deadline for submitting invoices. » A MOU will be executed between the City of Pasadena and grant recipient. » The City of Pasadena will issue Purchase Orders for payment to contractors. 16
  17. 17. New Regulations on EV Charging and Billing SB 454: The Electric Vehicle Charging Stations Open Access Act » Requires that all public charging stations which require payment accept a simple credit card transaction or provide access with a phone call. » Requires pricing transparency so that drivers know costs associated with particular charging stations. » Goal is to ensure that the entire public charge infrastructure—much of which is funded at least in part by public money—is available to anyone in need of a charge. 17
  18. 18. Best Practices for Workplace and MUD Charging » How Best Practices were developed » Elements of the Best Practices » Gain Internal Support – Survey – What to Install Charging Equipment Options and Costs - Establish Internal Procedures – Monitor and Evaluate » Employer Policies Supportive of EVs » Taxes and Incentives » Examples of Workplace Charging 18
  19. 19. How Best Practices for Workplace Charging Were Developed EEVI – Employer EV Initiative Workshop I (July 2012 – Google) Survey of companies 7 Interactive Monthly Web Meetings Interviews with Pioneering and Interested Companies Review of Relevant Reports and Literature 19
  20. 20. Elements of Best Practices for Workplace Charging Gain Internal Support Employee Survey & Site Electrical System Evaluation Choose Appropriate System Install System Establish Internal Procedure Monitor and Evaluate 20
  21. 21. Gain Internal Support Company Management Interested Employees 21
  22. 22. Employee Survey & Site Electrical System Evaluation Employee Survey • No. of vehicles leased or purchased • Commuting distances • Interest to charge at work Electrical System Evaluation • Electrical Panel • Circuit Breakers • Wiring 22
  23. 23. Choose Appropriate System EVSE Options & Hardware Costs • Level 1 • Level 2 • Fast Charging ? • How many EVSEs? Installation Cost • Siting • Power requirements • Permits Operational Costs • Electricity Cost • Facility/Demand Charge • Network costs 23
  24. 24. How Many Chargers? 24
  25. 25. Costs » Hardware costs » Level 1… just the cord to ~$1,000 » Level 2: $500 - $5,000 » DC Fast charging: $15,000 » Installation costs » Can vary greatly depending on site conditions » Few $100 to $5,000 per EVSE » Operating costs » Commercial el rates in US $ 0.8 -0.15/kWh » Network costs – site host, monthly charge $30/EVSE, membership for user » Demand charges – can be avoided if managed, cost $1030/kW 25
  26. 26. Install System Determine recharging site(s) Closer to existing electric utility equipment is cheaper, adding new circuits and conduit can increase capital costs significantly Review traffic, pedestrian flow, parking requirements, and ADA compliance issues Consider such safety, proper and sufficient lighting, potential shelter from weather, general personal/ property security, and signage Determine additional retrofit needs, including landscaping Estimate electrical load at site(s) Determine whether to use Level 1 or 2 charging or other Obtain charger requirements from vehicle and charger suppliers Determine the appropriate number of EVSE units Consider expectations for future expansion now, taking into account the facility’s electrical capacity Contact EVSE suppliers Confirm charging needs, types, and costs. A listing of suppliers ories. Buy equipment that takes advantage of the total time employees are parked to minimize your equipment and utility costs Contact Utility Assess existing electricity supply - is it adequate? If no, determine necessary electrical service upgrades Review metering requirements and elective options Consider using load management equipment. Contact pertinent permitting agencies and obtain all pertinent building and use permits. Identify special local fire, construction, environment al, or building requirements Obtain all applications Determine additional permitting costs Determine site plan requirements Check with utility if they offer special daytime EV charging rates Hire the prime contractor and verify contractor subcontractor credentials. 26
  27. 27. Establish Internal Procedures Level of Access Combine with fleet use System Optimization Payment options EVs vs PHEVs Integrate DG $/h, $kWh Employees and Guest Public or Private Access Priority Consider total building load Flat monthly rate Fleet vehicles Vehicle Building – Grid (V2G) Free 27
  28. 28. Monitor & Evaluate Understand Usage • Number of vehicles • Frequency & duration of charging • Electricity use kWh Future Plans • Expansion • Billing • System Optimization Evaluate Cost • Operating • Maintenance • Management 28
  29. 29. Employee Policies Supportive of PEVs » Cash incentives up to $4,000 for purchasing or leasing a qualified PEV » Company paid monthly lease – HOV access » Free charging at work 29
  30. 30. Incentives » Local and regional incentives – employee commute reduction programs (large cities) » 13 states have pending incentives for EVs » HOV lanes » Tax exemption or credits » December 31, 2013, can deduct cost of the equipment and installation, up to $30,000, under the Alternative Fuel Vehicle Refueling Property Credit Act. » Up to 3 LEED credits 30
  31. 31. MUD Charging (Multi-Unit Dwelling) 31
  32. 32. Other Tools and Resources  CALSTART  Website to share resources across regions and showcase case studies » California Plug-In Electric Vehicle Collaborative » Case Studies Report » AMPING UP CALIFORNIA'S WORKPLACES: 20 case studies on plug-in electric vehicle charging at work (November, 2013) » Decision Guides » Why Employers Should Install Workplace Charging for Plug-in Electric Vehicles (November, 2013) » Employer's Guide to Installing Workplace Charging for Plug-in Electric Vehicles (November, 2013) » How Can I Get Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging at My Workplace (November, 2013) » Workplace Charging How and Why? (2012) » See more at:
  33. 33. Headers, Blue, Bold, Calibri 44 Local Business Actions with EV Charging
  34. 34. Grant Dawdy » Manager, Environment and Conservation, TDM » The Walt Disney Company 34
  35. 35. Kristina Valenzuela California Institute of Technology 626-395-4729
  36. 36.        Are you buying an EV this year? Do you already own an EV? Do you have a charging station installed at home? Do you have an outlet higher than 120 volts? Do you currently use the existing stations on Campus? If charging stations are updated or new ones installed would you use them on Campus? If there was a charge for the use of charging stations would you pay to use them?
  37. 37.    Call surrounding locations Caltech charges $1.25 per hour, $1.00 min. and 4 hour limit. The public is charged $2.00 per hour, $1.00 min. and a 4 hour limit.
  38. 38.     2 charging stations in the South Wilson Parking Structure/1 in Holliston Parking Structure Staff and Students were already used to these locations. What output specs will be needed? Schedule a walk through with the company
  39. 39.     Is this coming from your budget? Do you have the budget to take this on? Can other departments help? Caltech went through the ChargePoint America Program (Free Charging Stations) still had expenses.
  40. 40.      Use your research on the surrounding companies and what they are charging. Staff/Students are charged $1.25 per hour Public is charged $2.00 per hour Online membership Registration of all Caltech ChargePoint Cards online before registering and distributing to Caltech Community
  41. 41.    Very easy online programming Had to call customer services once Have good relationship with installing company
  42. 42.    Decide ahead if you will be keeping the old charging stations or removing them from your location If you remove and the decide to re-install can cost you more. Will you charge for the use of the old charging stations?
  43. 43.  Make sure you have signage explaining rules Instructions posted and laminated by machine. Just a Thought!!! Liability Clause in case of injury
  44. 44. From the ChargePass account you can set up SMS and email alerts for:  Vehicle Fully Charged  Plug out Detection The ChargePass account will collect all usage history for your public charging with:  Start and end times  Energy used  Greenhouse gases saved  Occupied time  Location
  45. 45.  Go to and click find stations, or download the ChargePoint apps for your smart phone.
  46. 46.   Timeline Some people still charging with 110 outlet from their office buildings to charge or not to charge.  Stick to your rules
  47. 47. EVSE Panel » » » » Joe Cannon – EV Connect Joseph Shinn– Clean Fuel Connection Dexter Turner – OpConnect Jordan Vannini – Construction Business Consulting 47
  48. 48. Questions? Please indicate your level of interest on Sign-Up Sheet before leaving today. Thank you! 48
  49. 49. CALSTART Clean Transportation Technologies and Solutions Whitney Pitkanen