Dr. SUN Feng-chun, Vice President, Beijing Institute of Technology
Commercial EV Technologies and Applications in Beijing Prof. Dr. SUN Feng-chun Chief Expert , Beijing New Energy Projrct Director National Engineering Laboratory for Electric Vehicles Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT) Oct. 30, 2012
City Vehicles in BeijingTotal Vehicles in Beijing： 5,168,000 (2012-09-31)Cars： 4,447,000 (2012-09-31)Trucks： 425,000 (2011-12-31)Busses： 42,887 (2011-12-31)Public Transit Busses ： 21,628 (2011-12-31)Taxies： 66,646 (201112-31)Sanitation Vehicles ： 7,400City Trucks for Goods and Materials: 42,000
Why? …… City CO2 ReductionIn Beijing, each transit bus runs 200km per day averagelywith an average fuel consumption of 45liter/100km. If it isreplaced by an electric bus and runs 350 days per year,there would save fuel by 31,500 liters and reduce CO2emission by 63 tons after the consideration of 11 tons CO2emission during the electricity generation process. E-Buses Fuel Saving CO2 Reduction Net CO2 Reduction In Beijing /Year (liter) /Year (ton) /Year (ton) 2008 (50 EVs) 1,575,000 3,701 3,1502009 (100 EVs) 3,150,000 7,402 6,3002011 (300 EVs) 9,450,000 22,206 18,9002012(500EVS) 15,750,000 37,010 31,500
BIT EV Bus & Truck System for China Three sub. systems EM-ITS Application Remote CommunicationCharge Management & Diagnosis, Dispatching Vehicles Infrastructure Charge/Exchange Station E-Buses
EV for 2008 Beijing OlympicsA fleet of 50 E-buses ran 24 hours a day, 7 days a week inthe zero-emission central Olympic zone. The target ofzero-failure operation is achieved. Media Village GPS GPRS North Loop Olympics park Central Loop Charge/change Station
EV for 2010 Shanghai Expo1230 EVs including 120 E-busesoperated in Shanghai Expo. Herethe largest charging/Swap stationin the world provided service forpure electric buses, amounting to60,000 times of charging andbattery exchange. An averageof 500,000 passengerstook the buses each day. Shanghai Expo Charging station
EV in 2010 Asian Games in Guangzhou26 electric buses also operated successfullyin the 2010 Asian Games in Guangzhou. Charging Station Service in Guangzhou
National Projects: 2011-2015The “Ten Cities with 1000 EVs Each” Program hasbeen launched by the national government. Actually26 cities have received national support. Stimuluspolicies for private EVs are being tried out in 6 citieslike Beijing, Shanghai, Hefei, Shenzhen, Hangzhou,Changchun.
EV Application Projects in BeijingBeijing launched the pure electric Busses1994 & sanitation vehicle program in 2008.The EV Lab at BIT developed 30 sanitationvehicles and started EV application inBeijing.
EV Plan in BeijingAnnual plan for commercial EVs in Beijing 2009 2010 2011 2012 TotalE-Buses 100 50 50 350 550Hybrid ElectricBuses 870 870E-Sanitation Trucks 30 1000 1300 100 2430E-MPV or Taxis 50 400 800 1250Total 1000 1100 1750 1250 5100
EV Infrastructure Plan in BeijingCharging infrastructure development plan 2010 2011 2012 TotalCharging Point 100 1300 2500 3900Charging Station 1 3 8 12Charg. /ExchangeStation 0 1 0 1Batt. Recycle St. 1 3 7 11Mantan. Station 1 1 3 5Info. Center 1 - 1 2
Commercial EV in BeijingBatt. Package fast Exchange in 6 Minutes
30 Electric Sanitation Vehicles in 2009Sweeper Vacu. SWP Garbage Compres. Sprinkler Total 12 2 10 6 30 vacuum sweeper vacuum sweeperCompressor & Transportation sprinkler
Preferential Policies in Beijing Subsidies for Demonstration Vehicles sources Sum `Details (￥1000) state BP Cars：23000×60,000/p.car =1,380,000,000 government 1,730,000 Plug-in ：7000×50,000/p. car = 350,000,000 Local BP Cars： 23000×60,000/p.car =1,380,000,000 government 1,730,000 Plug-in ：7000×50,000/p. car = 350,000,000Subsidies for Charging Infrastructure Construction Infrastructure Sum (￥1000) Details funding 36000×7,000×30% Charging point： 75,600 =75,600,000 Charging 12,000 100×400,000×30% Station =120,000,000 Charge/exchange 3,000 1×10,000,000×30% Station =3,000,000
Preferential Policies in BeijingPopularization and promotion of EV applications Increase public awareness of the importance of new energy vehicles Organize public activities and events such as new energy vehicle trial drive, fairs and exhibitions, symposiums etc. to create a social and marketing environment that would contribute to the popularization and promotion of new energy vehicles
BIT EV Development HistoryThe National EV Lab at BIT has dedicated to the integrationand the development of E-buses and other environment-friendly vehicles for 20 years and has received threeNational Prizes for Science and Technology. It is playing akey role in the battery-powered EV development in China. 2nd Generation 5th Generation 3rd Generation 4th Generation Prototyping 1st Generation Standard Platform & Ultra low- floor E -Bus Model mass mass YW6120 DD BJD 6100 EV E-Bus Products E-Bus Model for Olympics Products Applications 自主创新 1992 引进消化 1994 - 1994 2000 2000 2001 2001 2003 2003 2005 2006 2007 2008 2008 2010 2010 2008 2011 2010 2008 运行考核与推广应用
BIT E-Bus Platform1) Replacement of thetraditional convertingmethod with theoverall system designto adapt to thecharacteristics of EVs2) Establishment of BIT EV Platformoverall EV technicalplatform, integrationand systematization ofEV technologies
BIT E-Bus Cooperation BIT E-Bus Platform, with standardized design of thekey components based on an ultra-low floor bus Chassis.The platform and key technologies are applied on 17 E-bus models by 12 manufacturers such as FOTON Bus,SUNWIN Bus, FAW Bus and YUTONG, etc. they are alsoapplied on other vehicles such as sanitation vehicles inBeijing.
BIT Motor-Controll System The high-Efficiency PMSM motor drive system with aliquid-cooling and a multi-motor integrated controllerdesign, and with the characteristics of high powerdensity (2.35kW/kg), large torque and high efficiency,high dynamic performance.
BIT AMT & Power-Train System Integrated motor and transmission systemwith a two-shift or three-shift AMT that ischaracteristics of no-clutch design, automaticshifting and systematic integration.
BIT EV Battery Pack System Standard Battery Packs: characteristic of dust prevention, waterprevention, fire prevention, ventilation, heat dissipation a n dinsulation against the vehicle body. Compatible to Battery Pack Charge/Exchange station:characteristic of aotumatic positioning, automatic and synchronousexchange & connection of the power line and communication line.
BIT EV - Auxiliary System High-efficiency electric auxiliary systems with electrichydraulic power steering system, electric air pump andelectric air conditioner system ……
BIT C/S Station SystemBattery Pack automatic Swapesystem: the ten-battery packsfor one bus can be exchanged bytwo robots in only 6 minutes. Olympics E-bus Charge/Swape station
Thank You For Your Attention!National Engineering Laboratory for Electric VehiclesBeijing Institute of Technology5 South Zhongguancun Street, Haidian DistrictBeijing 100081TEL: +86-10-68913992FAX:+86-10-68940589E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org