Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Alternative Fuels and High-Efficiency VehiclesUpdate For FleetsBill Van Amburg, CALSTART1Fleet Sustainability TrackPresent...
SUSTAINABILITY TRACK Advanced Fuels, Vehicles and Strategiesfor Fleets – Making Sustainability Work 4 Session Track for ...
VISIT OUR BOOTH TO FOLLOW UP CALSTART – Booth 7243
Agenda CALSTART Background The Pace of Change – Why so Fast? The Options Landscape for Fleets Ethanol Natural Gas (ga...
CALSTART is a national, non-profit,clean transportation organization.Mission:Support andexpand cleantransportationtechnolo...
What CALSTART DoesMission:Support andexpand cleantransportationindustryRole:Speeddevelopment,validation anduse of cleantra...
Title is here7
CALSTART National OfficesCALSTART HQNor CalOffice Colorado OfficeMidwest OfficePlannedNE Office
More Choices than Ever for Fleets! Light-duty (cars and light trucks) OEM-produced natural gas (dedicated and bi-fuel),hy...
Why the Rapid Change? ENERGY SECURITY: FUEL SUPPLY AND COSTS –Traditional fuel supplies more expensive The need for alt ...
Efficiency is Huge Driver Big move in light duty to add improvedcombustion, turbocharging, multi-speedtransmissions, aero...
Options Landscape: ExamplesFuels TechnologiesEthanol: avail now; regional;process and feedstockimproving; small CO2 gain b...
 Chrysler MD RamProMaster Ford MD Transit RedesignedTransit Connect Nissan NVOEMs Go Aero, Efficient
Ethanol Growth in production slowing, fuel price dropping Drought, loss of incentives, ~40% of US corn cropgoes to ethan...
Ethanol Prices, Production Down15
Natural Gas Renaissance, growth of natural gas continues Large surge in domestic supply has meant low pricerelative to d...
Four LD Natural Gas OEM Products Honda Civic NG Dodge Ram 2500 Chevy Silverado Ford F-250 Ford’s Transit will beshipp...
Bi-fuel is Back! CNG and Gasoline18 17 GGE NG fuel tank 36 GGE gasoline tank NG-ready engine (hardened valves, valvesea...
NG Upfitters/QVMs-QCMs19 Ford uses QVMs for alt fuels– provides gaseous fuelready engine Clean Energy Fuels-BAF Altech-...
Excitement Over Engines 8.9 liter CW ISL G 15 liter Westport HPDI NEW: 12 liter CW ISX 12 G Volvo developing own 13L20
Freightliner Natural Gas Cascadia NG –ISX12G M2 112 NG (LNG& CNG) ISL 6 G 114SD NG ISL G8.9 FCCC NGchassis21
Kenworth Natural Gas T 800 (LNG) T 440, T470,W900S – CNGor LNG22
Peterbilt Natural Gas Models 384, 365and 320 innatural gas ISL G; addingISX 12 G23
Volvo Natural Gas Developing OWN 13 literD13 LNG engine for 2014 Adding natural gas optionfor VNL tractor (ISX12 G) ISL...
Mack Natural Gas Adding Mack Pinnacleon highway NG truck,using ISX 12 G; NGGranite in late 2013 UPS buying 700 LNGtracto...
Navistar Natural Gas – Still Coming TransStar, ISL G Had hoped tolaunch in Fall 2012;aiming for limitedproduction in 201...
Renewable Natural Gas –Lowest Carbon Fuel Trucks driving on naturalgas produced from dairymanure operating in SanJoaquin ...
Why Are Fleets Paying Attention?28Courtesy: CNGPrices.Com
NG Prices Down with Fracking Up29US Energy Information Agency, 2013 Factors moderating this: Big increase in powerplant d...
Ultra Low Emitting Engines California needs even lower NOx emissionsthan current EPA engine standards – 80%lower by 2030!...
Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Volumes still low but production and usejumped in 2012 though incentives lapsed – someimpa...
Electric Technology – Many Options Plug in vehicles expanding – multiple Electric Vehiclesnow available GM sales highest...
Plug in market growth chart33
EVs: Growth Continues ~50,000 PEVs sold in2012 Most popular? GM VoltEREV: Extended RangeElectric Vehicle - Electricdrive...
Do You Know What’s Available? Honda Fit EV Ford Focus EV Mitsubishi i Toyota iQ Tesla Model S RAV 4 EV Chevy Spark ...
Did You Know What’s Coming? BMW i3 Carbon fiberbody, dedicatedEV platform Fiat 500 e 87 miles range 108 mpge Free lo...
Do You Know What’s Coming? VW E-Up VW E-Golf Smart for Two EV Top speed 78 ~$26,000 w/o incentives37
Nissan Beyond the Leaf Nissan e-NV200concept Near futureproduction 24 kwh battery Base vehicle is basisof NYC cabs In...
Workplace Charging:Employer EV Initiative Fills a critical gap in PEVInfrastructure needs Extends the range of PEVsand b...
Electric Truck Sales Improving EVI delivering first 100 toUPS Smith redesign enteringservice featuringredesigned driveli...
Electric TrucksSmith EVIBoulder DV 500
E-TrucksUS HybridZero TruckBalqonVision IndustriesCapacity
EVI – FCCC E-Truck» Closer relationship betweenEVI and FreightlinerCustom Chassis» EVI truck in FCCC booth» Support to EVI...
Battery Swap System» 100 buses operating in Beijing since 2008;similar system also in Shanghai» Automated system provided ...
Battery Swap System» Buses swap packs several times per day» 240 9kw charging units» When not needed for buses, batteries ...
Fast Charge Buses» 30 buses operating in Chongqing Transit» State Grid facility refueling Hengtong buses withMicrovast bat...
Best Uses for E-Truck Business CaseTo get sufficient payback, need todrive maximum miles possible (ormaximum use of energy...
Best General Use/ Duty Cycles1. Fixed route applications - 70%• Stop and go• Localized, dedicated routes• Short haul• Limi...
www.calstart.org/Projects/E-Truck-Project.aspx
Full Battery Electric Balqon drayage trucksin demonstration at port Proterra all-electric busoperating with Foothilltran...
Road-Connected Power Well known in transitindustry (electric trolley-bus) Used widely in mining withextremely heavyequip...
Hybrid Technology Platform types expanding, incremental cost in carsdropping, multiple models now available Over a decad...
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles They’re here! Limited production and highcost, but expanding choice, multiple OEMs inmar...
Still the Hybrid Leader54
Toyota Expands Variants of Prius Plug in Prius55
New Challengers Ford offersdedicated hybridplatform (C-Max),redesigns Fusionhybrid Honda maintainsCivic and Accordhybrid...
Start-Stop – Mild Hybrids GM offering amild hybridcalled “eAssist” Belt drivenstarteralternator Saves fuel byturning of...
Ford Develops PHEV Architecture Fusionhybrid,FusionEnergi(PHEV) C-MaxEnergi(PHEV)58
New PHEV (E-REV) Options Coming Cadillac ELR Volt driveline MitsubishiOutlander PHEV 2 liter gasengine, twin 60kw e-mo...
Volvo Diesel PHEV V60 PHEV Coming to US?Decision in 2013 Diesel electric; 70 hpe-motor 31 mile EV range 60
Fisker Karma PHEV with highperformance (Not a fleetvehicle!) Pushing themarket place andtechnology, butfacing productio...
Light PHEV or Extended Range E-Trucks VIA; ALT-e REEP;Quantum Chevy Silvarado; F-150Class (4 cylinder 2 literengine 25 k...
Hybrid electric, hybridhydraulic, plug-in, all-electric and advancedsystems – 75% ofthese trucks are inproduction!
Hybrid Sales Picking Up Hino Class 5 Cab-overhighly competitive for priceand selling well Eaton new battery systemshowin...
Allison Hybrid H 3000» Parallel electric hybrid» 100 kw motor, scalablebattery pack (1.7 kwhmodules)» Fits in same space a...
Hydraulic Hybrid – Class 6 Parker Hannifin, Freightliner Custom Chassis,Morgan Olson moving into production of aseries hy...
Hydraulic Hybrid: Autocar-Parker E3 Hydraulic hybridrefuse truck uses Parker“Runwise” system Up to 30-50% reductionin fu...
DSNY/Bosch Rexroth HRB HybridHRB pre-production deployed(15- MY2011 Mack LEU 613)FirstHRB/DSNYcooperationHRB retrofitsdepl...
XL Hybrid Hybrid retrofit start up Targeting Class 2b Post transmission,simple upfit In testing69
New Hybrid Offering: BAE Focus on heavy-dutyvocational truck (Class 6-8)segment Adapts their system toparallel design wi...
Dual-Mode Hybrids (w/ ZE Mode)• Meritor – Navistar testing advanceddual-mode hybrid design• Electric drive at lower speeds...
CALSTART Success StoriesEarly field deployment helped CAT movehydraulic hybrid to market as much as 1 yearearlierCaterpill...
Commercial ConstructionEquipment• HTUF/TARDEC Hybrid-ElectricBulldozer – Data Collection,Evaluation and Verification– Goal...
Plug In Work Trucks - Odyne Commercial work trucks showpotential for PHEVfunctionality Extra energy storage boostsidle r...
Plug-in Energy Storage Bodies Growing interest from fleets iffuel saving not needed fromdriving cycle Altec, Terex, Time...
Series Electric/Hybrid –Range Extender Artisan – Parker prototypeelectric drive system withturbine extender (multi-fueltu...
Hydrogen / Fuel Cell Technology Longer term technology for vehicles – stilldevelopmental US DOE had halted vehicle-based...
FCEVs Honda has been aleader in fuel cell andvehicle integration,along with Daimler GM and Toyota activebut silent – FC ...
FC Commercial Vehicles Investment anddemonstration continuefor zero-emission transitbuses Emerging businesscase for fork...
Significant Improvements On-road durability growth at AC Transit > 12,000 hrs Significant increase in life cycle nearing...
FC Durability in CALSTART Testing81
Commercialization Vision for HD82HD Fuel CellsFuel CellAPUs (Delphi)LD Fuel CellsHD PropulsionFuel CellsRangeExtenderFuel ...
Develop a Strategic Fleet Plan:We Can Help You Do ItTechnology/Fuel/OperationalApplication/ RegionLD UrbanSupportLD Region...
QUESTIONS?Before my last thoughts….84bvanamburg@calstart.org
Regional Meetings First Regional HTUF Meeting – Birmingham, AL Barber Motor Sports Park Date: May 22, 2013 Interest in...
Summary Rapid pace of change, driven by efficiencyand energy security, is changing the vehiclelandscape for fleets More ...
SUSTAINABILITY TRACK Next Session in Track: Myths, Facts &Misperceptions Visit CALSTART in Booth 72487Alt Fuels & HighEf...
Thank youPlease complete and submit your evaluationforms!88
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Alt fuels and hi efficiency vehicles update calstart - 4-24-13

1,899 views

Published on

Session 1 at NAFA, presented by Bill Van Amburg, April 24, 2013
Alternative Fuels and High-Efficiency Vehicles – Update for Fleets
Wednesday, April 24 10:15 – 11:45 am

The landscape of alternative fuels and advanced vehicles is rapidly changing, capabilities are improving and it is hard for fleets to keep up. This session will provide a valuable 10-thousand foot overview of the latest products available today, the technology emerging in the near term and what these technologies and fuels can mean to fleet operations. This is a valuable session both for fleets just trying to get up to speed on this arena, and as an update for fleets already active but wanting to stay current.

Published in: Automotive, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

Alt fuels and hi efficiency vehicles update calstart - 4-24-13

  1. 1. Alternative Fuels and High-Efficiency VehiclesUpdate For FleetsBill Van Amburg, CALSTART1Fleet Sustainability TrackPresented by CALSTART
  2. 2. SUSTAINABILITY TRACK Advanced Fuels, Vehicles and Strategiesfor Fleets – Making Sustainability Work 4 Session Track for 2013 Presented byCALSTART2Myths, Facts &Misperceptions: TheStraight Scoop on NewFuels & TechApril 25 10:00 – 11:30 amSmart Alt Fuels & TechWorkshop: Making itWork for YouApril 25 3:30 – 5:00 pmFleet Sustainability/Greening: The KeySteps to Plan Your PathApril 26 9:30 – 10:45 amFleet Sustainability TrackPresented by CALSTARTAlt Fuels & HighEfficiency Vehicles:Update for FleetsApril 24 10:15 – 11:45 am
  3. 3. VISIT OUR BOOTH TO FOLLOW UP CALSTART – Booth 7243
  4. 4. Agenda CALSTART Background The Pace of Change – Why so Fast? The Options Landscape for Fleets Ethanol Natural Gas (gaseous fuel) Biodiesel Electric Hybrid (including Plug in) Hydrogen Fleet Impacts – Dealing with Change Conclusions4
  5. 5. CALSTART is a national, non-profit,clean transportation organization.Mission:Support andexpand cleantransportationtechnologyindustryTech and fuelneutralGoals:• Create high-quality jobs;• Clean the air;• Reduce dependence on foreign oil; and• Reduce global warming emissions
  6. 6. What CALSTART DoesMission:Support andexpand cleantransportationindustryRole:Speeddevelopment,validation anduse of cleantransportationsystemsActivities:TECH: Help partnersstructure, manage andvalidate technologyprojectsPOLICY: Develop policiessupporting cleantransportation developmentand useUSE: Help fleets and otherschoose and use cleantransportationSUPPORT: Providemembers access toopportunities, connections,info, trends
  7. 7. Title is here7
  8. 8. CALSTART National OfficesCALSTART HQNor CalOffice Colorado OfficeMidwest OfficePlannedNE Office
  9. 9. More Choices than Ever for Fleets! Light-duty (cars and light trucks) OEM-produced natural gas (dedicated and bi-fuel),hybrid, plug in hybrid, electric and other fuelvehicles Medium and heavy-duty OEM and smallmanufacturer natural gas, propane, hybridand electric vehicles and plug in technologyfor work site engine-off operations Hybrid construction equipment enteringmarket9
  10. 10. Why the Rapid Change? ENERGY SECURITY: FUEL SUPPLY AND COSTS –Traditional fuel supplies more expensive The need for alt and biofuels is increasing Huge supply of low cost NA natural gas from new production (hydrofracturing) Regional fuel variation and choice becoming more prevalent GLOBAL WARMING – Push to reduce GHGs intensifying andpushing fuel economy – CAFÉ revised to match CA CO2 rules: CAFÉ for med & heavy trucks heads tophase 2 Energy efficiency reduces GHG impact; Fuel switching and blending reduces GHGimpact; Modal split (transit and rail) has long term role EMISSIONS REDUCTIONS – World population increasinglyurban and world emission standards increasingly move to CA/Eurostandards Fine particulates (nano particles) will be of increasing concern from combustion Diesel fuel still challenged in dirtiest regions (ports, Southern California)
  11. 11. Efficiency is Huge Driver Big move in light duty to add improvedcombustion, turbocharging, multi-speedtransmissions, aerodynamic features to cars andtrucks – partly based on new Fed CAFE In big rigs, tractor and trailer aerodynamics, lowrolling resistance tires are current focus – butnext gen includes turbo-compounding, thermalenergy recovery, idle reduction In vocational trucks, some hybrid and electricoptions, big interest in natural gas (for pricerather than efficiency) Current truck FE standards not tough but newand more stringent standard under development11
  12. 12. Options Landscape: ExamplesFuels TechnologiesEthanol: avail now; regional;process and feedstockimproving; small CO2 gain butgrowingPropane: vehicle modelsavailable; special fueling;small CO2 gainsBiodiesel: feedstockconcerns; CO2 gains; NOxissueRenewable diesel:emerging optionPlug-in hybrid: first LD productsavailable; first pilot products inM/HD; business case varies basedon fuel prices; strong policy supportHydrogen: longer termoption; transit; blendingElectric: LD products expanding,multiple makers; MD productsemerging for delivery/ urban nicheFuel Cell: still early demos; limitedtesting; some deployments 2015?Hybrid: models of ALL typesincluding start-stop expanding inLD; OEM production in MD/HD andprices dropping; 20-50%carbon/fuel reductionStrategiesPlatform/enginesize reduction:“right-sizing”platformsDispatchchanges, workchanges toreduce/optimizevehicle useRoutingefficiencies:VMT reductionNatural gas: low price, highproduction/jobs; controversy onproduction; limitedinfrastructure but expanding;CO2 benefits; BiomethaneAdv. Engine/Powertrain: cylinderon demand; improved combustion;;turbocharging; transmissions
  13. 13.  Chrysler MD RamProMaster Ford MD Transit RedesignedTransit Connect Nissan NVOEMs Go Aero, Efficient
  14. 14. Ethanol Growth in production slowing, fuel price dropping Drought, loss of incentives, ~40% of US corn cropgoes to ethanol – but it is off setting oil today;required by Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) Clear limits seen on corn-only based production Other feedstocks and advanced production (such ascellulosic) are in active development – secondgeneration production methods have already started Lower in energy than gasoline, price a bit lower Lower GHG impact than gasoline; lower for most(not all) emissions – low % blends an emissionsconcern in some areas Infrastructure growing quickly but still limited; mostflex fuel vehicles still do not use E-85!
  15. 15. Ethanol Prices, Production Down15
  16. 16. Natural Gas Renaissance, growth of natural gas continues Large surge in domestic supply has meant low pricerelative to diesel and gasoline, due to expansion ofhydrofracturing – “fracking” – though controversial Fleets now have several options in light trucks andvans; only one OEM car (Honda Civic GX), but can getupfits for several passenger car models ALL medium and heavy-duty OEMs now offer naturalgas (Freightliner, Mack, Volvo, Kenworth, Peterbilt,Navistar) Additional engine families now available (6, 8.9, 12,13, 15 liter) Domestic and lower carbon – particularly biomethane Niches remain strong: transit, refuse, now ports Infrastructure still barrier, though fuel partnersavailable and corridors are growing; strongest growthin regions with good infrastructure
  17. 17. Four LD Natural Gas OEM Products Honda Civic NG Dodge Ram 2500 Chevy Silverado Ford F-250 Ford’s Transit will beshipping withgaseous fuel-readyengines17
  18. 18. Bi-fuel is Back! CNG and Gasoline18 17 GGE NG fuel tank 36 GGE gasoline tank NG-ready engine (hardened valves, valveseats)
  19. 19. NG Upfitters/QVMs-QCMs19 Ford uses QVMs for alt fuels– provides gaseous fuelready engine Clean Energy Fuels-BAF Altech-Eco Impco Automotive Landi Renzo USA withLeggett and Platt Venchurs Vehicle Systems Westport LD Roush CleanTech
  20. 20. Excitement Over Engines 8.9 liter CW ISL G 15 liter Westport HPDI NEW: 12 liter CW ISX 12 G Volvo developing own 13L20
  21. 21. Freightliner Natural Gas Cascadia NG –ISX12G M2 112 NG (LNG& CNG) ISL 6 G 114SD NG ISL G8.9 FCCC NGchassis21
  22. 22. Kenworth Natural Gas T 800 (LNG) T 440, T470,W900S – CNGor LNG22
  23. 23. Peterbilt Natural Gas Models 384, 365and 320 innatural gas ISL G; addingISX 12 G23
  24. 24. Volvo Natural Gas Developing OWN 13 literD13 LNG engine for 2014 Adding natural gas optionfor VNL tractor (ISX12 G) ISL G engine in VNM Has unique diesel-methanebi/dual-fuel trucks in Europe FM 460, 13 liter engine Can operate up to 75%methane, 25% diesel Global partnership withShell Oil on LNG marketing 24
  25. 25. Mack Natural Gas Adding Mack Pinnacleon highway NG truck,using ISX 12 G; NGGranite in late 2013 UPS buying 700 LNGtractors Have TerraPro lowentry and cab-over NGfor refuse25
  26. 26. Navistar Natural Gas – Still Coming TransStar, ISL G Had hoped tolaunch in Fall 2012;aiming for limitedproduction in 2013 Had originallyplanned ownengine partnershipbut that did notsucceed, delayedentry26
  27. 27. Renewable Natural Gas –Lowest Carbon Fuel Trucks driving on naturalgas produced from dairymanure operating in SanJoaquin Valley Ohio becoming big leader Process produces andrefines manure biogas to“biomethane” – essentiallyrenewable natural gas Lowest carbon emission fuelaccording to CARB scoring Dairy partners – HilaridesDairy, Hilmar Cheese
  28. 28. Why Are Fleets Paying Attention?28Courtesy: CNGPrices.Com
  29. 29. NG Prices Down with Fracking Up29US Energy Information Agency, 2013 Factors moderating this: Big increase in powerplant demand, LNG export and frackingrestrictions may increase prices but still stablecompared to petroleum
  30. 30. Ultra Low Emitting Engines California needs even lower NOx emissionsthan current EPA engine standards – 80%lower by 2030! Has proposed a voluntary low emissionstandard to allow engine makers to certify upto 80% below EPA 2010 levels Natural gas looks like the leader to be able tomeet new lower levels – several developmentprojects underway30
  31. 31. Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Volumes still low but production and usejumped in 2012 though incentives lapsed – someimpact from feedstock switching to produceethanol, drought Most OEMs accepting increased biodiesel use –fuel spec has now been developed for B1-B20levels Fuel quality improving but still varies Little or no performance drop off fromconventional diesel; some operating concerns(such as cold weather) Reduced greenhouse gases and particulatesfrom diesel, but increased NOx for biodieselremains issue
  32. 32. Electric Technology – Many Options Plug in vehicles expanding – multiple Electric Vehiclesnow available GM sales highest with Volt extended range EV (or is it aplug in hybrid?) and now Spark EV; Nissan Leaf expandsmarkets; Ford, Toyota, Honda, Mitsubishi, Tesla selling;Chrysler, VW, BMW products coming Medium-duty all-electric trucks available in NorthAmerica from Smith Trucks, EVI (FCCC partnership),Boulder - but Navistar drops out Improving battery technology partly thanks to hybrids(lithium ion) Still expensive, range limited but energy storage costsdropping steadily Increased petroleum prices makes an improvingbusiness case in right applications Criteria and GHG emissions very low; varies dependingon fuel source of power plants, each region different However: powerplant emissions improving over timeeverywhere
  33. 33. Plug in market growth chart33
  34. 34. EVs: Growth Continues ~50,000 PEVs sold in2012 Most popular? GM VoltEREV: Extended RangeElectric Vehicle - Electricdrive system with a smallgasoline engine generatorwhen batteries get low Roughly half of PEV saleswere Volts (~23,000) Plug in Prius #2, ~13,000 Nissan Leaf EV drops to#3, ~10,000
  35. 35. Do You Know What’s Available? Honda Fit EV Ford Focus EV Mitsubishi i Toyota iQ Tesla Model S RAV 4 EV Chevy Spark EV 110 kw motor35
  36. 36. Did You Know What’s Coming? BMW i3 Carbon fiberbody, dedicatedEV platform Fiat 500 e 87 miles range 108 mpge Free loaner forlong trips36
  37. 37. Do You Know What’s Coming? VW E-Up VW E-Golf Smart for Two EV Top speed 78 ~$26,000 w/o incentives37
  38. 38. Nissan Beyond the Leaf Nissan e-NV200concept Near futureproduction 24 kwh battery Base vehicle is basisof NYC cabs In testing inSingapore38
  39. 39. Workplace Charging:Employer EV Initiative Fills a critical gap in PEVInfrastructure needs Extends the range of PEVsand builds the market Creates local ‘PEVshowrooms’ for infosharing on vehicles EV’s can act as ‘employeepool cars’ for day tripswww.evworkplace.org
  40. 40. Electric Truck Sales Improving EVI delivering first 100 toUPS Smith redesign enteringservice featuringredesigned driveline andmodular battery packs
  41. 41. Electric TrucksSmith EVIBoulder DV 500
  42. 42. E-TrucksUS HybridZero TruckBalqonVision IndustriesCapacity
  43. 43. EVI – FCCC E-Truck» Closer relationship betweenEVI and FreightlinerCustom Chassis» EVI truck in FCCC booth» Support to EVI for “glider”purchase
  44. 44. Battery Swap System» 100 buses operating in Beijing since 2008;similar system also in Shanghai» Automated system provided by DianbaTechnology, funded by State Grid44
  45. 45. Battery Swap System» Buses swap packs several times per day» 240 9kw charging units» When not needed for buses, batteries also provide gridsupport 45
  46. 46. Fast Charge Buses» 30 buses operating in Chongqing Transit» State Grid facility refueling Hengtong buses withMicrovast batteries» 10 minute fast charge gives ~50 kwh of storage 46
  47. 47. Best Uses for E-Truck Business CaseTo get sufficient payback, need todrive maximum miles possible (ormaximum use of energy)• Dedicated, return-to-base routes withknown daily mileage highly valuableHigh Utilization/Daily miles (5-7 daysa week) seems important70-100 miles/day seems like aninitial “sweet spot” for fuel savingspayback (sufficient miles togenerate fuel savings needed)
  48. 48. Best General Use/ Duty Cycles1. Fixed route applications - 70%• Stop and go• Localized, dedicated routes• Short haul• Limited range• ‘Spoke and hub’• Urban Delivery, Refuse, Mail trucks, Transit Buses2. Facility vehicles – 19%• Airports, seaports, railyards, military bases, parks, resorts• Warehouse support and maintenance• Cargo handling3. High idle, work site applications – 11%• Aerial devices• PTO• Utility vehicles
  49. 49. www.calstart.org/Projects/E-Truck-Project.aspx
  50. 50. Full Battery Electric Balqon drayage trucksin demonstration at port Proterra all-electric busoperating with Foothilltransit Reduced battery packsize augmented withfast charge
  51. 51. Road-Connected Power Well known in transitindustry (electric trolley-bus) Used widely in mining withextremely heavyequipment Now beginning testing inEurope (Siemens) forheavy-haul trucks Other tests looking at in-road power alternativeSiemens eHighways Concept (from2/17/11 CalHEAT Forum briefing)
  52. 52. Hybrid Technology Platform types expanding, incremental cost in carsdropping, multiple models now available Over a decade experience in cars: decent andgrowing market penetration (3%); automakercompetition growing (Toyota, Ford, Honda) Products in market for medium- and heavy-dutyvehicles and new products coming (Hino, BAE,Volvo, Parker, Rexroth) First focus is urban work trucks: Class 4-8 refuse,utility, delivery; class 8 drayage, line-haul andconstruction equipment are in demonstration Hybrids multiply benefits when combined with lowcarbon fuels (biofuels, NG, electricity – plug-in)
  53. 53. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles They’re here! Limited production and highcost, but expanding choice, multiple OEMs inmarket, more coming Until recently most PHEVs were conversionsfrom small firms – very few on road Benefits: increased fuel economy, GHGreductions, possible zero emission driving Cost and life cycle of energy storage(batteries) are prime limiter: but, infrastructureless of an issue (can plug in off 110 V at home,do not need high rate charging) Most focus is on passenger cars – howeverwhile trucks offer additional challenges, theremay be possible business case benefitsbefore cars
  54. 54. Still the Hybrid Leader54
  55. 55. Toyota Expands Variants of Prius Plug in Prius55
  56. 56. New Challengers Ford offersdedicated hybridplatform (C-Max),redesigns Fusionhybrid Honda maintainsCivic and Accordhybrid, adds AccordPHEV GM expandingoptions Hyundai Nissan
  57. 57. Start-Stop – Mild Hybrids GM offering amild hybridcalled “eAssist” Belt drivenstarteralternator Saves fuel byturning offengine at stops Chevy,Buick57
  58. 58. Ford Develops PHEV Architecture Fusionhybrid,FusionEnergi(PHEV) C-MaxEnergi(PHEV)58
  59. 59. New PHEV (E-REV) Options Coming Cadillac ELR Volt driveline MitsubishiOutlander PHEV 2 liter gasengine, twin 60kw e-motors 20-25 mile EVrange in US? Honda AccordPHEV59
  60. 60. Volvo Diesel PHEV V60 PHEV Coming to US?Decision in 2013 Diesel electric; 70 hpe-motor 31 mile EV range 60
  61. 61. Fisker Karma PHEV with highperformance (Not a fleetvehicle!) Pushing themarket place andtechnology, butfacing productionchallenges – didit miss itsmarket?61
  62. 62. Light PHEV or Extended Range E-Trucks VIA; ALT-e REEP;Quantum Chevy Silvarado; F-150Class (4 cylinder 2 literengine 25 kwh pack; 52mile EV range; 32 mpgpossible FE Many fleets interested inthis capability but OEMsnot yet responding62
  63. 63. Hybrid electric, hybridhydraulic, plug-in, all-electric and advancedsystems – 75% ofthese trucks are inproduction!
  64. 64. Hybrid Sales Picking Up Hino Class 5 Cab-overhighly competitive for priceand selling well Eaton new battery systemshowing 4-5% increasedfuel economy overprevious design, betterbusiness case
  65. 65. Allison Hybrid H 3000» Parallel electric hybrid» 100 kw motor, scalablebattery pack (1.7 kwhmodules)» Fits in same space as3000 transmission
  66. 66. Hydraulic Hybrid – Class 6 Parker Hannifin, Freightliner Custom Chassis,Morgan Olson moving into production of aseries hydraulic hybrid for delivery cycles Just starting field validation testing – have seen40-60% fuel economy improvement Major delivery fleets in first deployments66
  67. 67. Hydraulic Hybrid: Autocar-Parker E3 Hydraulic hybridrefuse truck uses Parker“Runwise” system Up to 30-50% reductionin fuel use High cost – but goodbusiness case in intenseduty cycles Now in early productionafter pre-productionvalidation in Florida
  68. 68. DSNY/Bosch Rexroth HRB HybridHRB pre-production deployed(15- MY2011 Mack LEU 613)FirstHRB/DSNYcooperationHRB retrofitsdeployed(2- Mack LEU 613)First HRBs deployed(3- Crane Carrier LET2)HRB full productiondeployed(32- MY2012 Mack LEU 613)20122008 2009 2010 2011 20132007ConceptProduction20062005HTUF RefuseWorking GroupFormed68
  69. 69. XL Hybrid Hybrid retrofit start up Targeting Class 2b Post transmission,simple upfit In testing69
  70. 70. New Hybrid Offering: BAE Focus on heavy-dutyvocational truck (Class 6-8)segment Adapts their system toparallel design withCaterpillar transmission Long experience in transitmarket (over 3,000systems) with seriesdesign In field demonstration
  71. 71. Dual-Mode Hybrids (w/ ZE Mode)• Meritor – Navistar testing advanceddual-mode hybrid design• Electric drive at lower speeds (up to48 mph), blended mode at higherspeeds• Can greatly reduce fuel use, cut idleemissions, provide partial zeroemissions• Eaton also testing a dual modehybrid – zero emission driving forshort range, low speed driving• Dual mode systems already exist intransit
  72. 72. CALSTART Success StoriesEarly field deployment helped CAT movehydraulic hybrid to market as much as 1 yearearlierCaterpillar employs hydraulic hybrid technology that is 98%common with the conventional 336E excavator to boost fuelefficiency of the 336EH hybrid 50%. Connected Caterpillar with
  73. 73. Commercial ConstructionEquipment• HTUF/TARDEC Hybrid-ElectricBulldozer – Data Collection,Evaluation and Verification– Goals are to verify fuel savings &productivity gains– CAT D7E diesel-electric track-typebulldozer w/down-sized 9.3L engine– Conventional D7R & D6T tested at thesame time as baseline– Results: up to 22% improvement inproductivity, 60% improvement in fuelconsumption– Partners: U.S. Army, U.S. Navy,Caterpillar
  74. 74. Plug In Work Trucks - Odyne Commercial work trucks showpotential for PHEVfunctionality Extra energy storage boostsidle reduction/work siteengine-off Odyne first into market; Goodpartners in Johnson Controls,Allison Several models Plug-in hybrid utility buckettrucks PHEV “digger-derrick”version 6/08, a higherpower-demand work truck PHEV undergroundcompressor truck
  75. 75. Plug-in Energy Storage Bodies Growing interest from fleets iffuel saving not needed fromdriving cycle Altec, Terex, Time, Azure andothers with systems Stored energy to operate lift,tools at work site Separate from and does notchange conventional driveline Fuel savings and idlereduction benefits
  76. 76. Series Electric/Hybrid –Range Extender Artisan – Parker prototypeelectric drive system withturbine extender (multi-fuelturbine) Much development inturbines, focus on NG Vision Industries prototypeseries electric with fuel cellrange extender
  77. 77. Hydrogen / Fuel Cell Technology Longer term technology for vehicles – stilldevelopmental US DOE had halted vehicle-based fuel cell developmentfunding – but has now started re-investing US DOT still investing in technology for transit buses,costs have reduced by about half In medium term, good applications in stationary/distributed generation; fork lifts; Auxiliary power units(APUs) for system power, idle reduction, range extensionon some vehicles/equipment A few hundred vehicles built worldwide for technicalassessment to date - Still could be a launch of smallvolumes in 2015 Costs still very high, though significant technicaladvancement has occurred in cost, reliability, durability,size Benefit in near term from blending hydrogen with naturalgas (NOx reductions)
  78. 78. FCEVs Honda has been aleader in fuel cell andvehicle integration,along with Daimler GM and Toyota activebut silent – FC fitsGM’s Volt architecture Most OEMsresearching to someextent 2015 will see a smallnumber offered78
  79. 79. FC Commercial Vehicles Investment anddemonstration continuefor zero-emission transitbuses Emerging businesscase for forklifts andother industrial vehicles Many companiesincorporating inwarehouses79
  80. 80. Significant Improvements On-road durability growth at AC Transit > 12,000 hrs Significant increase in life cycle nearing life of bus Availability >83% Reduced cost >40%, size >50%80LatestPC 58EarlyPC40Former UTC Power design, now Clear Edge
  81. 81. FC Durability in CALSTART Testing81
  82. 82. Commercialization Vision for HD82HD Fuel CellsFuel CellAPUs (Delphi)LD Fuel CellsHD PropulsionFuel CellsRangeExtenderFuel Cells
  83. 83. Develop a Strategic Fleet Plan:We Can Help You Do ItTechnology/Fuel/OperationalApplication/ RegionLD UrbanSupportLD RegionalVehicleReduce vehicle countthrough processimprovementRight size platformsto job needsNEVs for on-sitetransportMix of natural gasor propane vehiclesin regions withinfrastructureHybrids for urbandriving Some hybrids forstop and go drivingE85/Flexfuel forlonger distance if fuelavailableRight size platformsto job needsMD WorkVehicle - UrbanMix of hybrids forurban, stop-go orhigh idle workRight size platformsdispatched for jobneedsNatural gas orpropane vehicles incities withinfrastructureBiodiesel blends(check spec andsource)MD WorkVehicle - RuralRight size platformsdispatched for jobneedsBiodiesel blends(check spec andsource)Chassis energystorage for worksite idleNatural gas orpropane vehicles incities withinfrastructure
  84. 84. QUESTIONS?Before my last thoughts….84bvanamburg@calstart.org
  85. 85. Regional Meetings First Regional HTUF Meeting – Birmingham, AL Barber Motor Sports Park Date: May 22, 2013 Interest in California Regional Meeting(s) fromseveral organizations Timing: SoCal – July, NoCal - TBD New York Regional Meeting Timing: Aug/Sep 2013Co-Host & Sponsorship opportunities still available!
  86. 86. Summary Rapid pace of change, driven by efficiencyand energy security, is changing the vehiclelandscape for fleets More options today than ever – in multipleplatforms and technology Not every option works best in everyapplication – fleets need to look at how theyuse their vehicles, match use, infrastructureto options that fit their need Three more sessions to help you walk thatpath86
  87. 87. SUSTAINABILITY TRACK Next Session in Track: Myths, Facts &Misperceptions Visit CALSTART in Booth 72487Alt Fuels & HighEfficiency Vehicles:Update for FleetsApril 24 10:15 – 11:45 amSmart Alt Fuels & TechWorkshop: Making itWork for YouApril 25 3:30 – 5:00 pmFleet Sustainability/Greening: The KeySteps to Plan Your PathApril 26 9:30 – 10:45 amFleet Sustainability TrackPresented by CALSTARTMyths, Facts &Misperceptions: TheStraight Scoop on NewFuels & TechApril 25 10:00 – 11:30 am
  88. 88. Thank youPlease complete and submit your evaluationforms!88

×