Curriculum for Excellence and Books for All

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Books for All is about learning materials in accessible, alternative formats, for people who have difficulty reading ordinary printed books.

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  • An interesting, encouraging definition. I wonder where that came from? Click again and shows from CfE Literacy & Learning
  • HOW will John read books if he can’t pick them up, hold them or turn the pages? What might the ‘set of skills’ to access literacy mean for John?
  • HOW will John read books if he can’t pick them up, hold them or turn the pages? What might the ‘set of skills’ to access literacy mean for John?
  • Mechanical page turner - note problems Google books - Google are busy scanning millions of books onto its massive server farms. Links to Metro pour Ecosse good things: it’s there; can increase the size, turn pages - bad things: pages are deliberately missing; not accessible to John - he can’t turn the pages. Cannot find text - why? Because it’s an image, he needs an Internet connection - interesting but not enough Digital text - ask the publisher. - Biology Standard Grade text Introduce switch - Show Page up/ Down , - Copyright statement - F6 Navigation Panel (Index TOC, click to go, Arrow keys to navigate - Enter to select - Shift+Ctrl+N?? - go to page [56] - F5 - Navigate to Main Window - Switch access I bed!
  • You’re allowed to make ‘accessible copies’ of books, free of charge, under the the new CLA licence which now applies to any disabled pupil
  • … blind or partially sighted (or physically disabled). But if you’re dyslexic, it’s illegal. How unfair is that!?
  • The Books for All database is a collaboration between CALL, LTS and Scran. It’s a database of books in alternative formats.
  • Here’s some sites where you can get more info.
  • Curriculum for Excellence and Books for All

    1. 1. Curriculum for Excellence and Books for All
    2. 2. Curriculum for Excellence <ul><li>'Our aspiration is to enable all children to develop their capacities as successful learners, confident individuals, responsible citizens and effective contributors to society.' </li></ul><ul><li>A Curriculum for Excellence: The Curriculum Review Group (2004). </li></ul>
    3. 3. How can you be a… <ul><li>Successful learner - if you can’t access books and other materials </li></ul><ul><li>Confident individual - if you depend on others to read to you or write for you </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible citizen - if you don’t have access to information </li></ul><ul><li>An effective contributor - if you can’t find out what’s going on in your community or in the world at large </li></ul>
    4. 4. Successful learner? <ul><li>Literacy: </li></ul><ul><li>“ The set of skills which allows an individual to engage fully in society and in learning, through the different forms of language, and the range of texts, which society values and finds useful.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Curriculum for Excellence ‘Literacy and learning’ </li></ul></ul>The Monks
    5. 5. Meet John <ul><li>Severe physical impairment </li></ul><ul><li>Third year at secondary school </li></ul><ul><li>Accesses his laptop with a chin pointer (he’s an expert) </li></ul>
    6. 6. John’s books <ul><li>He needs access to 28 textbooks this year (cost ~ £307) </li></ul><ul><li>Plus teachers’ materials, worksheet, NABs, prelims, exams, etc </li></ul>
    7. 7. Standard Grade English Bytesize Revision (BBC) Britain at War 1914-1919 (Hodder) Standard Chemistry (Collins) Biology: Revision Notes (Leckie & Leckie) Forza! uno workbook (Heinemann) Chemistry: Revision Notes (Leckie & Leckie) Forza! uno (Heinemann) English: Revision Notes (Leckie & Leckie) Scottish History for Standard Grade (Heinemann) French: Success Guide (Leckie & Leckie) Metro Pour l'Ecosse (Heinemann) History: Success Guide (Leckie & Leckie) Scottish Secondary Mathematics (Heinemann) Mathematics: Revision Notes (Leckie & Leckie) Standard Grade English Credit (Heinemann) Physics: Revision Notes (Leckie & Leckie) Standard Grade English General (Heinemann) Success Guide SG History (Leckie & Leckie) Germany 1918-1939 Standard Grade History (Hodder) Alliances and the Developing World (Pulse) Standard Grade Biology  (Hodder) Elderly: Changing Society (Pulse) Standard Grade Chemistry (Hodder) The Great War 1914-1918 (Pulse) Standard Grade Physics (Hodder) UK Government  Living in a Democracy (Pulse) How to pass Standard Grade History (Hodder) USA Ideology and Emerging Nation (Pulse)
    8. 8. How? <ul><li>Get someone to hold the book/turn the pages for him so he can read it himself </li></ul><ul><li>Get someone to read the book to him (a reader, his mum or dad) </li></ul><ul><li>Buy a mechanical page turner </li></ul><ul><li>Use a digital book </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Get an eBook version / Google books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get a digital file from the publisher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scan the book into the computer </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Example: Hodder Gibson Biology Standard Grade PDF
    10. 10. Digital books from publishers? Publisher Books needed Digital copies available? Hodder Gibson 6 books 4 PDFs (cost £77.60 ) Leckie and Leckie 8 books 3 PDFs so far (the other 5 may come; no charge provided we bought a paper copy) Heinemann 7 books none Pulse 5 books none BBC 1 book none Collins 1 book none = 7 out of 28 available as PDF
    11. 11. Making PDF files accessible <ul><li>Crop pages to remove galleys marks </li></ul><ul><li>Some are images and so need optical character recognition to convert the image into text </li></ul><ul><li>Combine pages into the correct order </li></ul><ul><li>Insert permission statement </li></ul><ul><li>Insert bookmarks / table of contents </li></ul><ul><li>Insert hyperlinks </li></ul><ul><li>Process takes from 20 mins to 3 hours </li></ul>
    12. 12. PDFs from publishers Save as PDF Get a PDF from the publisher <ul><li>Use Acrobat Pro to: </li></ul><ul><li>combine files together </li></ul><ul><li>crop to remove galleys </li></ul><ul><li>insert permission page </li></ul><ul><li>add bookmarks (structure) </li></ul><ul><li>fix page numbering </li></ul><ul><li>add text for images </li></ul>
    13. 13. PDFs from publishers Publisher Policy Collins May provide PDFs for visually impaired students. Hodder Gibson PDFs of some of their titles. They usually charge you for the cost of providing the file. The charge can vary from zero, to £80. Nelson Thorne Nelsons can provide PDFs of some titles. TJ Maths TeeJay can provide PDFs of books (different sections of the books as different PDFs) for the same price as the paper book. Pulse Publications Pulse say they cannot provide PDFs of their books. Leckie and Leckie Leckie and Leckie can usually provide PDFs of their books. Most titles are available. There is no charge provided you have bought a paper copy. Ask for a ‘VIP PDF’ which will have editable text. An ordinary PDF is usually just an image file. Heinemann Heinemann will provide PDFs free of charge if they are available.
    14. 14. Can’t get the PDF from the publisher? Scan it. <ul><li>21 books </li></ul><ul><li>2,776 pages to scan </li></ul><ul><li>+ time to edit, make it accessible, check it, put it on John’s computer…. </li></ul><ul><li>+ do the same for teachers’ resources, worksheets etc </li></ul><ul><li>(Last year John’s assistant scanned and adapted 1,010 resources for S2 – mainly teacher produced materials. This took a day a week for 1 session to prepare…) </li></ul>
    15. 15. How to avoid brain death <ul><li>Use your school’s networked printer/photocopier to scan the material to PDF </li></ul><ul><li>Send your book to DDSR ( www.DDSR.com ) or another scanning bureau (6p/page) </li></ul>
    16. 16. Scanning and image files Scan the paper copy (preferably with a multisheet scanner that produces an ‘image’ PDF) OCR with FineReader OmniPage ReadIris to convert the PDF image file into editable text; check and correct any errors Save as PDF if you want a digital copy that looks exactly like the paper book Get a PDF (image only) from the publisher <ul><li>Save as Word (DOC) or Text (TXT) and open in Word / OpenOffice / etc if you want to: </li></ul><ul><li>edit the font or size to make Adapted or Large Print; </li></ul><ul><li>make a Braille copy, </li></ul><ul><li>make a digital LIT or Daisy version; </li></ul><ul><li>create a synthetic audio version; </li></ul><ul><li>make a symbolised version - copy and paste from Word to Communicate: In Print or Boardmaker. </li></ul>Get the book scanned by a Document Scanning company who will give you a PDF
    17. 17. OCR software <ul><li>FineReader Pro 10, £68 </li></ul><ul><li>OmniPage 17 Standard £45, Pro £187 </li></ul><ul><li>ReadIris Pro 12, £100 </li></ul>
    18. 18. Not just John! <ul><li>34,577 pupils identified with RoN or IEP in Scotland, 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>1,314 with a physical impairment (3.8%) </li></ul><ul><li>7,227 specific learning difficulty (20.9%) </li></ul><ul><li>7,365 moderate learning difficulty (21.3%) </li></ul><ul><li>1,349 severe/profound learning difficulty (3.9%) </li></ul><ul><li>519 visual impairment (1.5%) </li></ul>
    19. 19. Money money money…
    20. 20. What the law says <ul><li>Disability strategies places three duties on authorities, to improve: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to the physical environment of schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to the curriculum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication and the delivery of school information </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. Improving communication and the delivery of school information <ul><li>“ In particular, this communication duty covers the delivery of information normally provided to pupils in writing. This ‘school information’ includes any information given to pupils by the school, such as: handouts and worksheets, textbooks, timetables, handbooks, test and examination papers, posters around the school, information about school events. Responsible bodies should ensure that any information that is important to enable pupils to learn or to be able to participate in school activities can be provided in an alternative form if the pupil may have difficulty reading information provided in standard written form.” </li></ul><ul><li>Scottish Executive (2002) Planning to Improve Access to Education for Pupils with Disabilities; Guidance On Preparing Accessibility Strategies . http://www.scotland.gov.uk/library5/education/gpas-00.asp </li></ul>
    22. 22. Access to the Curriculum <ul><li>41 . “… Similarly, they [responsible bodies] could consider implementing a strategy to make curriculum resources, that are currently paper-based (such as textbooks or worksheets), available in common electronic forms to assist pupils with visual or learning difficulties.” </li></ul><ul><li>Scottish Executive (2002) Planning to Improve Access to Education for Pupils with Disabilities; Guidance On Preparing Accessibility Strategies . http://www.scotland.gov.uk/library5/education/gpas-00.asp </li></ul>
    23. 23. CLA Scottish Schools Scanning/Photocopying Licence 2009 <ul><li>“ where an Authorised Person is visually impaired or otherwise disabled and by reason of such visual impairment or disability is unable to read or access a Licensed Copy...” </li></ul><ul><li>the Licensee (the local authority or employee of the authority) may make a copy: </li></ul><ul><li>“ in any alternative format that is more accessible…whether in digital or audio format, large or small print copies…or in other formats” </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cla.co.uk/Schools_licences.php </li></ul>
    24. 24. Who are “Visually Impaired Persons”? <ul><li>Taken to include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>blind and partially sighted people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>those whose sight cannot be improved by the use of corrective lenses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>those who are unable through physical difficulty to hold or manipulate books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>those who are unable through physical difficulty to focus or move their eyes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Or who are physically unable to use published formats” </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. “ or otherwise disabled” <ul><ul><li>“ a person has a disability for the purposes of this Act if he has a physical or mental impairment which has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on his ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities ” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>s1, DDA 1995 </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. CLA ‘VIP’ or Print Disability’ licence <ul><ul><li>Launched on 28 th May 2010 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your authority may have this licence (currently 15 out of 32) – check with a high heid yin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You can make an accessible copy of a printed work in any accessible print, audio or digital format </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You can share it with other councils </li></ul></ul>
    27. 27. Books are Brilliant Alistair McNaught, TechDis
    28. 28. Formats needed <ul><li>Printed formats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different fonts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large print </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coloured paper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Braille </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coloured lenses / film </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Magnifier / LVA Simplified language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With symbols </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Audio formats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MP3 / digital audio file </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Computer formats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital resources on computer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scanned in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Text to speech </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Word processor or other writing software </li></ul></ul>
    29. 29. Teachers need to be able to… <ul><li>Find out if the book or resource is available in Accessible Formats </li></ul><ul><li>Check it’s in the right format </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure copyright is not infringed </li></ul><ul><li>Make it in the right format, if not available </li></ul><ul><li>Provide it at the same time as other pupils </li></ul><ul><li>If they make one, let the publisher know </li></ul>
    30. 30. Books for All web site www.Books4All.org.uk
    31. 31. Books for All Scotland Database http://w ww.BooksForAllScotland.org.uk
    32. 32. Accessing the Books for All Scotland Database <ul><li>Via Glow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Glow LogIn > National Groups > Additional Support for Learning > Books for All Scotland Database > Request to Join </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Via Scran </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If your school does not have access to Glow, or as a home user, through Scran http://www.BooksforAllScotland.org.uk </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contact: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maggie Smith, Inclusion Development Officer, LTS; [email_address] </li></ul></ul>
    33. 33. Books for All <ul><li>www.books4allscotland.org.uk </li></ul><ul><li>www.adapteddigitalexams.org.uk </li></ul><ul><li>www.wordtalk.org.uk </li></ul><ul><li>www.thescottishvoice.org.uk </li></ul><ul><li>www.callscotland.org.uk </li></ul>

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