(20) 14.00 Rossana de Souza e Silva (Louvre I, 25.04)
The Capital of the Diversity of Culturesand Languages in the Internationalization ofUniversities: Cooperation and Partnerships Professor Rossana Valéria de Souza e Silva University of Brasilia (UnB) Coimbra Group of Brazilian Universities
Ladies and Gentlemen,My first words are of thank you tothe organizers for the kind invitationto participate in this Seminar.I will try to explain here someknowledge and ideas for reflection withinthe proposed topic and the time available.My presentation is divided into three parts:
Summary1. The internationalization of the university in the contemporary world order2. Cooperation between international organizations and networks3. Principles to be followed and the challenges GCUB Instituional 2012
I- The internationalization of universities in the contemporary world order The type of international university cooperation that is built especially from the two final decades of the twentieth century has significantly changed some of the pillars of the university, namely:• Teaching and research. It also affects: the concept of curriculum and the university degree. These changes also alter the legal apparatus that governs and regulates academic procedures.
I- The internationalization of universities in the contemporary world order Regarding Education: The experiences of international mobility allow students:• to develop part of their studies at institutions other than their own, with different languages than their own; in different educational systems that evaluate differently; that teach distinctively and addresses different issues of those in their home institution.
I- The internationalization of universities in the contemporary world orderOne example found in the double-degree, in whichstudents perform half of the studies in their homeinstitution, the other half at the host institution ... andreceive two diplomas. A few decades ago it was unthinkable ... Moreover, the international institutionalizedmobility , affects something that was always very harmfulto the university: academic arrogancethat made more difficult to see that the opening up to othersystems is not only possible but desirable to improvethe quality of higher education.
I- The internationalization of universities in the contemporary world orderInstitutionalized mobility represents an act of trust in the other... in the other institution, in the other teacher, in the other education system in the other culture ...).
I- The internationalization of universities in the contemporary world orderHowever, international university cooperation ismuch more than the mobility of students atdifferent levels: undergraduate or graduate.The cooperation implies in partnerships and the establishment of partnerships involves choices and these choices are made based on interests.Moreover, the partnerships need to be plannedand developed from well defined strategies.
I- The internationalization of universities in the contemporary world order Regarding the development of research. In order not to dwell on this issue, we just need to observe that research has always been regarded as an isolated act and individual, it is now seen as something of a collective character, shared, multidisciplinary and multi-institutional. The research team composed of researchers from institutions in different countries and continents become increasingly common.
I- The internationalization of universities in the contemporary world orderSome conclusions about this first topic:I – The international university cooperation makes the university more dynamic, more open and more universal.II – In the last two decades it is observed that the bilateral partnerships are expanded and shared with multilaterals partnerships... Many teaching or research projects are developed through multilateral partnerships.
I- The internationalization of universities in the contemporary world orderIII - Exchange of students, teachers or researchers do not occur as the result of individual initiatives of unsystematic character, but as part of elaborated policies at the institutional level or at government level. In Brazil we have an important example such as Science without Borders Program.IV- These have been some reasons why universities start to value the participation in networks with common objectives and collective goals and strategies. I´m going to talk about this topic next.
II - Working in university networksNETWORKS:• Strong trend in the XXI century.•Set of institutions usually organized with the samepurpose and under a single goal, with strategicobjectives and that develop joint actions.• The networks seek collective search for solutionsto identified problems.• The networks seek openness, cooperationand reciprocity.
II - Working in university networksSome objectives of networks can be defined as follows:• Produce and socialize knowledge generated in institutions of different countries, aiming to broaden and deepen experience in research.• Promote closer cooperation and communication between different institutions in different geographic regions.
II - Working in university networksOBJECTIVES:• Contribute to mutual understanding on higher education systems in each region, thus contributing to its development.• Promote the mobility of professionals, teachers and students.• Promote mechanisms for strengthening the quality of higher education.
II - Working in university networksThe university networks in The Americas and theCaribbean region have, in my view, commonchallenges that must be faced and overcome, forinstance:1- Find mechanisms for development of AcademicMobility Program, with funding (regular funding).2- Create mechanisms for recognition of studies anddegrees.
II - Working in university networks3- Provide spaces that allow the knowledgeof higher education systems of each country.5- Support joint scientific production.6-Develop projects and actions aimedat overcoming the language barrier.7- Value the geographical, cultural andacademic space in the America and the Caribbean.
II - Working in university networksBENEFITS OF NETWORKS:-Facilitate communication between the partsinvolved, since it has the basis for the disseminationof information.-Involve large number of institutions in a singleprogram.-Enable a more balanced participation ofinstitutions and people, in terms of: regionaldistribution, equality of opportunity and others…
67 Universities in Canada 40 Universities in Europe165 Universities in Mexico 83 Universities in Colombia 52 Universities in Brazil
II - Working in university networksBENEFITS THAT NETWORKS CAN CONTRIBUTE:-Improved equity: allow a more balancedparticipation of both institutions and people byestablishing priorities and defining strategies.- Greater regional balance - institutions that are faraway from big cities, less developed or less insertedin the context of international programs, nowhave the same opportunities.
II - Working in university networks-Greater social inclusion: participation on academicmerit to students, teachers and researchers,supported by well-developed scholarshipprograms, allows the international experience is notlimited to those who can afford it.-Finally: the international universitycooperation should be socially relevant, based onprinciples of inclusion, tolerance, respect andsolidarity, and therefore can not serve to reinforcesocial inequalities, but to overcome them.
The Capital of the Diversity of Culturesand Languages in the Internationalization ofUniversities: Cooperation and Partnerships
3. Principles and Challenges Social Inclusion Diversity of actions PartnershipInternalizing internation Transparency and alization equal opporttunities Diversify partners Evaluation and monitoring of the actions Train leaders and teams taken
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