(7) 09.00 Raquel Santini Leandro Rade (Louvre IV, 25.04)
STUDENT MOBILITY WITHIN MERCOSUL CAIE 2012 Profa. Raquel Santini Leandro Rade Director of International and Interinstitutional Relations Universidade Federal de Uberlândia – Brasil
Student Mobility ↨ Internationalization of theHigher Education Institutions ↓ Policies of the Governments Policies of the Institutions
QUESTIONS• Why should you participate?• How to proceed to participate?• Are the Universities prepared to receive and send students?• Are the faculties prepared to give classes to foreign students?
- To be internationalized, a University must havenot only a sufficient number of cooperationagreements, but should make sure that they worksatisfactorily; also, it should be prepared or bepreparing to give courses in English, speciallygraduate courses.- The internationalization must happen in all fieldsof knowledge approached by the University:education, research and outreach.-It must have regulations for the validation of creditsacquired abroad, double-degree agreements, an soon.-etc.
Student MobilityStrategic element to achieve the goal of regional integration;Main instrument for the transfer of knowledge and experiences among MERCOSUL countries.
EDUCATIONAL MERCOSUL• Created in 13th December of 1991, the member countries of the regional alliance have been developing the Educational Mercosul by means of the Protocol of Intentions signed by the Ministry of Education of the Mercosul Countries, with the objective of being a strategic instance for the effective movement of integration.• Integration process of the Higher Education Systems;• Propose to be more than a Commercial Strategy;• Convergence of the national higher education fields to a field of regional higher education, respecting the autonomy of the Higher Education Institutions;• Higher Education: strategic area, composes part of the integration project, of the appreciation of the local knowledge and of the institutionalization of the joint internationalization in the field of Higher Education and Scientific Production.
GOALS OF THE EDUCATIONAL MERCOSUL Contribute to the regional integration through educational policies that promote a regional citizenship, a peace culture and the respect to democracy, human rights and environment;Promote the good education to all citizenn as a factor of social inclusion, human development and productive development;Promote the joint cooperation and the exchange, in order to improve educational systems;Stimulate and strengthen mobility programs for students, educators, researchers, managers and professionals;Improve policies that articulate education with the MERCOSUL process of integration .
How to achieve the goals?• Reciprocal knowledge of the national educational policies;• Stimulate research that allows the knowledge of the regional educational reality;• Organization and strengthening of the networks (institutional and academics) which facilitate the exchange of information and educational experiences in order to secure the national capacities and contribute to a reduction of asymmetries;• Promotion and strengthen of the educational nuclei and regional excellence centers;• Exchange of knowledge and technology transfer on the basis of strengths and existing complementarities.
Why Internationalize?- Formation of professionals more qualified and better prepared to an increasingly globalized and competitive market ;- The academic mobility (of students and professors) is considered one of the most important tendencies in the process of education internationalization;- Basic strategy for the promotion and integration of higher education in the regions which promote regional integration processes.
INTERNATIONALIZATION STRATEGIES FOR HIGHER EDUCATIONS INSTITUTIONS- Student Mobility;- Mobility of Professors and Researchers;- Creation of networks of regional and internationalcharacter ;- International Educational Offers;- Joint Qualifications (Double Degree, co-advising);- Bilateral Agreements;- Joint research with international groups;- Offer of programs for language teaching;- Curriculum Internationalization.
ACTORS Students → Mobility Home Institution Host Institution Management Unit Focal PointInstitutional Coordinator Academic Coordinator
UNIVERSITIES’ ROLE Academic and Institutional Coordinator: responsible forthe Program Management.Guarantee transparency in the information diffusion, studentselection, management and communication with theUniversities and the Units of Program Management andFocal Point from each country.Monitor the students during the entire mobility period.Issue certificates of studies.
INSTITUTIONAL COORDINATORResponsible for the institutional management, andfor the development and monitoring of theorganizational aspects of the Program.
ACADEMIC COORDINATOR Responsible for the coordination of all theacademic aspects of the exchange program.
MAIN MERCOSUL MOBILITY PROGRAMS• MARCA Mobility Program;• PMM – Mercosul Mobility Program;• Association of Universities from Montevideo Group (AUGM).
MARCA Mobility Program• First program of undergraduate students mobility promoted by governments in the Educational Sector of MERCOSUL.• Participants: member countries and block associates, encouraging regional integration.• The mobility is realized in regular school periods of an academic semester.• The Program is related to the accredited careers by the Experimental Mechanism of undergraduate Careers Accreditation of MEROCUSL (MEXA) /ArcuSul.
GENERAL GOALS● Contribute to the improvement of Higher Education quality;● Stimulate the inter-institutional and international cooperationin Higher Education;● Promote the mobility and academic exchange of students,professors, researchers, managers and coordinators.
EXPECTED OUTCOMES Improvement of education, research and educational management in the Accredited Careers. Increase of the academic and institutional cooperation between the Accredited Careers. Reduction of the barriers and resistance that complicate the inter-institutional exchange with greater mutual understanding results. Greater possibilities for regional integration as a result of the cultural diversities comprehension. Permanent improvement of the Program through the evaluation of the results and of the produced impacts, and through recommendations for its segment.
CHARACTERISTICS ANDPROCEDURES OF MARCA PROGRAM
CONVOCATION PROCEDURES AND REQUIREMENTSProgram Convocation: first semester of each year;Beginning of mobility: second semester;Home Institution: full recognition of studiescompleted in the host Institution, as long as academicsuccess is achieved.
Specific Conditions for Mobility- STUDENTS Requirements for Application- Be enrolled as an undergraduate student in one of theaccredited careers by ARCU- SUR;-Have completed 40% of the curriculum.
Specific Conditions for Mobility - STUDENTS Obligations- Realize the activities established in the Learning Agreement;- Contract health and life insurance;- Fulfill the sanitary exigencies (vaccination, etc.) established bythe country of destination;- Obey local laws;- Realize procedures for obtaining a student visa for the mobilityperiod.
Specific Conditions for Mobility - STUDENTS Rights-Exemption of payment of tuition fees;- Maintain other fellowships or national loans;- Be recognized as exchange student with the same rights andresponsibilities as regular students at the Host Institution;- Receive all the needed information regarding the Program bythe Home Institution ;- Receive a Certification of Studies and incorporate in theacademic hours the studies approved in the Host Institutionaccording to what is stipulated in the Learning Agreement.
GUARANTEED BENEFITS OF THE PROGRAM- Transportation;- Accommodation;- Food;- Exemption from academic costs;- Travel insurance and medical insurance.
CHALLENGES- Motivate all the academic community to participate in the programs, through public announcements and international projects.- Improve the informative transparency of universities;- Create a Mobility Student Informative Guide;- Elaborate institutional resolutions for the recognition and recovery of the studies;- Solve the problem of foreign language.
ACADEMIC DIFFICULTIES - Adaptation to the teaching method; - Language comprehension; - Mobility duration: when the students are adapting and could have a better academic performance it’s already time to return. (Mobility is just one semester) NON ACADEMIC DIFFICULTIES - Problems with visa and fight tickets; - Incompatible periods: annual courses xsemiannual courses.
MERCOSUL Mobility Program– PMM Project ‘‘ Apoyo al Programa de Movilidad MERCOSUR en Educación Superior’’• Pilot Phase.• European Union and MERCOSUL (MERCOSUL Educational Sector).• Public and Private Universities from the Mercosul Countries (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay e Uruguay).
MAIN GOALSupport the conformation of a commoneducational environment, with qualityeducation for all, stimulating the mobility, theexchange and the formation of an identity anda conscious of regional citizenship along witha feeling of regionality.
GENERAL GOALS• Promote the quality of Higher Education in the countries from the region;• Stimulate the achievement of academic excellence in the Higher Education of the regional countries;• Support the establishment of academic cooperation between universities of the region in the aims of education, research and extension.
REQUIREMENTS FOR APPLICATION:- Have the nationality of one of the four MERCOSUL Member States;- Be enrolled as a regular student in the University participant of PMM/Pilot Phase;- Student of undergraduate level with a minimum of 40% of successfully accomplished courses approved and who, returning from the exchange, will still have to spend at least one year of courses in the Home Institution;- Not have previously received a benefit from an equivalent program in the MERCOSUL countries;- Demonstrate a satisfactory academic performance. Present academic and scholar background and certification of other requirements considered relevant ;- Demonstrate interest, motivation and commitment with and experience of mobility;- Demonstrate sensibility to the connection between mobility and regional integration;- In the selection, will be fomented the respect to the criteria of social inclusion, prioritizing students who have a less favored socioeconomic condition. At least 30% of the students will be from this condition.
Mobility Program MERCOSUL - PMMMobility Financing:- International transportation;- Food and accommodations during the entireexchange period; Total Grant:- Local transportation; Tickets costs- Health Insurance; +- Banking expenses. € 1.400Duration of the exchange: 6 months.
International Experience ↓Enrichment of integral formation + Creation of regional feeling
PMM offers• Incorporation to new knowledge and experiences;• New cultures;• Development of Values: – Solidarity; – Respect for differences; – Social Commitment; – Citizen awareness for integralization.
• Full recognition of the activities successfully developed in the Host Institution.• Duration: 1 academic semester• Non accredited courses in the System of ARCU-SUL.
ASSOCIATION OF UNIVERSITIES FROM MONTEVIDEO GROUP - AUGM- Created in1998;- Network of public universities from the south region of Latin America with the objective of academic integration and cooperation among institutions;- Mobility of students and professors;- Student Mobility: one semester in a country different country from the home country.- 28 Universities: Argentina (10), Brazil (10),Bolivia (2), Chile (2), Paraguay (3) e Uruguay (1).
GOALS- Allow the exchange of principles and values from each Network University, with its individual identity, to all the spots of the network;- Strengthening and consolidation of human resources, of scientific and technological research, and of continuing education and the interaction if its members with the society.
• Financing in charge of the participating universities;• Since 2006 has economic support from OEI;• Since 2008 has partial support from Santander Central Hispanic Bank.