Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Women and Inclusivity of Growth, Pakistan @100


Published on

Ayesha Khan's presentation on "Policies and Affirmative Action for Achieving Gender Equity," at the World Bank workshop Pakistan@100 Initiative at Lahore University of Management Sciences.

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Women and Inclusivity of Growth, Pakistan @100

  1. 1. Women and Inclusivity of Growth Pakistan @100 Ayesha Khan Collective for Social Science Research
  2. 2. Challenges facing Pakistan • How will increased female labour force participation help to redress gender inequality? • Benefits of affirmative action – can the state lead in opening doors for women, and does it work? • How best to tackle entrenched patriarchal order – systematically and consistently.
  3. 3. Empowerment and Paid Work • Purdah norms limit women’s access to work opportunities outside the home. • Paid work outside the home associated with better health and education outcomes for children, but double burden with domestic work may have neg impact on daughters. • Is women’s unpaid work within the home of too valuable to economy to change these norms?
  4. 4. What is the role of public policy and can it work? • Protection and rights for home-based women workers • Recognition for agricultural women workers • Rights and protections for women in the workplace
  5. 5. Lady Health Workers • Cadre of 100,000 working women in underserved areas across Pakistan. • Improved health outcomes • Leaders in their communities • Led to successful collective action by LHWs
  6. 6. Affirmative action: Reserved seats for women in elected bodies • Raised standard of parliamentary debate proved track record of women • Worked across party lines for progressive legislation • Linkages forged btw civil society, NCSW & provincial CSWs, pol parties, HR bodies
  7. 7. Affirmative Action • Finding: public policy needed for implementation • Quotas needed at all levels of public service (bureaucracy, police, judiciary) - matched with quotas in political parties (seat allocation, decision- making positions, etc)
  8. 8. Today’s girls @100 • Parents’ and daughters’ own aspirations for education, work and age at marriage are gendered & restricted. • Gendered norms are shaped by age, ethnicity, location, and the real/perceived threat of violence on roads, at schools/colleges & workplace.
  9. 9. Public policy and adolescents Being Adolescent in Karachi (2015) found: 1. Transition to adulthood happening with limited support from public policy, heavily mediated by family alone. They need: 1. School system to be a potential enabling platform eg [Life Skills Education curriculum] 2. A road to socialisation outside of family 3. Proactive health system, better security, and support for working adolescents.
  10. 10. Patriarchy in Pakistan @100 • Breaking the public / private divide. • Bringing women into public spaces at the same time as confronting VAW. • Reframing learned acceptance of male dominance to stop its inter-generational transmission.