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HBTF Broadband Update Oct09


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A presentation by David Lassner, former Chair of the Hawaii Broadband Task Force. This presentation was delivered on Oct. 9, 2009 at the monthly meeting of the Hawaii Science and Technology Council.

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HBTF Broadband Update Oct09

  1. 1. Broadband:  Required Infrastructure for Hawaii’s 21 st Century Economy  David Lassner University of Hawaii VP for IT & CIO (Former) Hawaii Broadband Task Force Chair [email_address]
  2. 2. Hawaii Broadband Task Force: Background & Charge <ul><li>Established through Act 2 of the First Special Session of 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Primary aims </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Removing barriers to broadband access, including gaining wider access to public rights-of-way </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying opportunities for increased broadband development and adoption, including very high speed broadband services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enabling the creation and development of new advanced communication technologies in Hawaii </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Task Force Members <ul><li>Senator Will Espero </li></ul><ul><li>Senator Carol Fukunaga </li></ul><ul><li>Senator David Ige </li></ul><ul><li>Representative Marcus Oshiro </li></ul><ul><li>Representative Gene Ward </li></ul><ul><li>Representative Kyle Yamashita </li></ul><ul><li>Gordon Bruce, CIO Honolulu </li></ul><ul><li>Gary Caulfield, Vice Chair FHB </li></ul><ul><li>David Lassner, CIO UH </li></ul>Joel Matsunaga / Ken Hiraki Hawaiian Telcom Henk Rogers, BluePlanet Wireless Jennifer Goto Sabas, Office of Senator Inouye Nate Smith/Kiman Wong Oceanic Time Warner Clyde Sonobe, DCCA Nam Vu, ShakaNet (resigned)
  4. 4. Hawaii Broadband Task Force Work Schedule <ul><li>Startup: July-Sep 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>First meeting: Oct 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Interim Report: December 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>(Slow season: Jan-May 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Final Report: Dec 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative Session: Jan-May 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Sunset: June 2009 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Task Force Vision Hawaii understands that advanced broadband services are an essential infrastructure for an innovation economy and a knowledge society in the 21st century.  As a result of proactive policy initiatives, Hawaii residents and businesses throughout the State have access to advanced broadband services of the caliber and at the pricing available in the leading developed nations of the world.
  6. 6. Why Broadband Matters “ Broadband matters because broadband communications have become the great economic engine of our time. Broadband deployment drives opportunities for business, education, and healthcare. It provides widespread access to information that can change the way we communicate with one another and improve the quality of our lives. This is why our discussion today is not about pipes and providers. It is about people; our citizens stand to gain the most from universal broadband adoption. By some estimates, universal broadband adoption would add $500 billion to the U.S. economy and create more than a million new jobs. … Add to this hundreds of millions of dollars in savings through e-government and telemedicine initiatives and untold riches we can reap by tapping the genius of web-based entrepreneurs in every corner of this country. The case for better broadband is clear.” Senator Daniel K. Inouye, Sept 16, 2008
  7. 7. US Lagging Other Nations <ul><li>Three main measures of a country’s broadband capability are: </li></ul><ul><li>Broadband penetration, </li></ul><ul><li>Speed of generally available technology, and </li></ul><ul><li>Price per megabit per second. </li></ul><ul><li>The data paints a grim picture for the United States in all areas. </li></ul><ul><li>- HBTF Final Report </li></ul>
  8. 8. US Lags in Bband Penetration <ul><li>“ The United States (U.S.) is ranked 15th in the world in broadband penetration, behind most of Europe, Japan, Korea and Canada. Denmark is first with 31.9 subscribers per 100 inhabitants while the U.S. had 19.6. The OECD has been tracking this data over time and the U.S. has been losing ground since it was 4th in 2001, 8th in 2002, and 9th in 2003. The U.S. also ranked 19th in the world in the growth rate of subscribers at 4.21 percent, while the fastest growth rate came from Ireland at 6.6 percent.” </li></ul><ul><li>HBTF Interim Report Dec 2007, Data from OECD, 2007 </li></ul>
  9. 9. US Lags in Broadband Speeds <ul><li>“ The U.S. ranked 19th with an average advertised download speed of 8.86 mbps. Japan was 1st at 93.693 mbps followed by France (44.157 mbps) and Korea (43.301 mbps). ” </li></ul><ul><li>HBTF Interim Report Dec 2007, Data from OECD, 2007 </li></ul>
  10. 10. U.S. Lags in Broadband Pricing <ul><li>“ Purchasing Power Parity, as defined by the OECD adjusts prices to equalize the purchasing power of different currencies measured against a fixed basket of goods. The U.S. ranked 18th in price per mbps per month with a $2.83 Pricing Power Parity (PPP). Japan had the lowest prices with a PPP of $0.13 per mbps per month. Finland has the lowest Average Subscription Price at $31.18 PPP, while the U.S. is ranked 22nd at $53.06. ” </li></ul><ul><li>HBTF Interim Report Dec 2007, Data from OECD, 2007 </li></ul>
  11. 11. Consistency Across Data Sources U.S. is fifteenth in broadband, new study shows 10.06.09 - Posted By: Speedmatters Blog Team The United States is behind Denmark, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, and eleven other countries in terms of broadband speed and latency, according to a new study from the University of Oxford. The second annual Broadband Quality Study (BQS) measured broadband services in 66 countries and 240 cities. South Korea and Japan topped the list of countries and Yokohama, Japan topped the city list . Unfortunately, no American city broke the list of the top twenty cities, which included Bucharest, Romania and Kosice, Slovakia.
  12. 12. Hong Kong FTTH
  13. 13. High Speed in Japan
  14. 14. Korea’s Commitment
  15. 15. Hawaii Services
  16. 16. Hawaii’s Throughput? <ul><li>“ According to Akamai, Delaware is the fastest state in the union, with 60% of users hitting the Akamai network at speeds greater than 5Mbps. Rhode Island, New York, Nevada and Oklahoma round out the top five. … According to Akamai, seven states had less than 10% of their connections occur at speeds greater than 5 Mbps, with Hawaii coming in last place at 2.4%.” </li></ul><ul><li>Akamai Data, May 2008 </li></ul>
  17. 17. Speedmatters Ranks Hawaii 47th out of 50 States August 2009
  18. 18. What would we do with more? <ul><li>Imagine high-definition videoconferencing enabling you to participate in office meetings from home so you can avoid traffic and reduce your carbon footprint. Imagine your father consulting from home with his physician about early-onset Alzheimers, with the physician able to see confusion on his face. Imagine your son uploading the high-definition video he just finished editing to complete his high school capstone assignment. Imagine your daughter remotely operating a telescope located at the top of a mountain, while watching the massive amounts of data being collected in real time. </li></ul>Now, imagine all this going on in your home – at once! 4
  19. 19. Estimated Economic Impact <ul><li>A seven percentage point increase in broadband adoption could result in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$92 billion through 2.4 million jobs created or saved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$662 million saved per year in healthcare costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$6.4 billion per year in mileage saving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$18 million in carbon credits associated with 3.2 billion fewer lbs of CO2 emissions per year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$35.2 billion in value from 3.8 billion more hours saved per yr from accessing broadband at home </li></ul></ul><ul><li>$134 billion per year in total direct economic impact of accelerating broadband across the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Estimate for Hawaii: $578m per year </li></ul><ul><li>Connected Nation, Feb 2008 </li></ul>
  20. 20. Hawaii’s Network Infrastructure <ul><li>Vibrant Duopoly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hawaiian Telcom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Independent incumbent carrier </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Extensive DSL Coverage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Video Franchise Pending </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time Warner Oceanic Cable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Extensive Cable Modem Coverage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Isolated/rural areas underserved by both </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other Facilities-Based Players </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sandwich Isles Communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Focused on services to Hawaiian Homelands </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PLNI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>twtelecom </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wireless </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AT&T, Sprint, Verizon, mobi 3G in populated areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clearwire, Sprint & Oceanic rolling out 4G (WiMax) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hawaii has lost our role as fiber cross-roads of the Pacific </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advances in engineering (just like planes) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reputation as difficult to deal with permitting </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Hawaii’s Additional Barriers <ul><li>Need 2500 miles of submarine fiber optic cable to get anywhere else </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hawaii not perceived as “friendly” to new cables that would increase global connectedness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Population dispersed on 6 different islands </li></ul><ul><li>Mountains on each island </li></ul>
  22. 22. Environmental Scan: Summary <ul><li>Broadband is essential in the 21st century </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Health, education, public safety, cultural preservation, sustainability, economic development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(Notwithstanding Akamai data) Hawaii is doing ok relative to other States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>But not compared to other countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not when compared to leading communities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We’re all hampered by the (lack of) federal broadband policy relative to other countries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Change is in the air with the new Administration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wide range of initiatives at the community and state level in other parts of the country </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most of these are too new for us to understand which are most effective in what settings </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Personal Observations <ul><li>In the current environment, our providers are economic agents that behave in accord with our market structures and regulations -- which are the result of our public policy </li></ul><ul><li>The countries and communities that have advanced have done so through intentional public policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We don’t leave it to “the market” to decide whether or where to build roads, sewers (or the intelligent power grid?) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Competitive access to shared infrastructure is a common element of success; Otherwise consumers pay for multiple (duplicate) infrastructures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unbundling failed in the U.S.; Sharing is unnatural here </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many countries subsidize broadband infrastructure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. subsidy programs have been substantial but narrow </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Influential Ideas <ul><li>Hawaii needs a shared vision and leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Per Wayne Gretzky (“I skate to where the puck is going to be”): Aim for 100Mbps leading to Gbps </li></ul><ul><li>It’s not about wired vs. wireless, but wired (fiber) AND wireless </li></ul><ul><li>Rural areas will always lag, but a rising tide raises all boats </li></ul><ul><li>Upstream bandwidth matters too </li></ul><ul><li>Need to understand and stimulate demand as well as supply </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government can lead by example </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low income families and children can’t be left behind </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Maximizing access to next-gen submarine fiber is critical for Hawaii </li></ul><ul><li>We need streamlining of regulation and permitting across multiple state and county entities </li></ul><ul><li>New developments may be the easiest environments in which to create infrastructure models for the future </li></ul>
  25. 25. Task Force Recommendations <ul><li>Establish a forwarding-looking vision that recognizes the importance of broadband as critical infrastructure for the 21 st century and works toward 100Mbps symmetric capability at globally competitive prices </li></ul><ul><li>Merge disparate regulatory functions to create a single, statewide, proactive advocate for broadband in Hawaii </li></ul><ul><li>Become welcoming of Trans-Pacific submarine fiber project </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulate demand for broadband in Hawaii </li></ul>
  26. 26. Executive & Legislative Activity <ul><li>Importance of Broadband embraced by all </li></ul><ul><li>Similar bills introduced to implement task force recommendations by </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Administration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate Majority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>House Majority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>House Minority </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lively hearings in multiple committees in both chambers </li></ul><ul><li>Last bill standing, HB984, never made it into Conference </li></ul><ul><ul><li>But still alive for 2010 session! </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Along Comes ARRA <ul><li>Provides funding for a grant program for state-based data collection efforts to implement the Broadband Data Improvement Act of 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Charges the Federal Communications Commission to create our nation’s first national broadband strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Creates new grant and loan programs in the Department of Commerce and Department of Agriculture to deploy broadband in accord with a clearly defined set of statutory purposes and to provide support for broadband adoption and usage </li></ul>
  28. 28. Current ARRA Status <ul><li>Data Collection proposals submitted and being evaluated </li></ul><ul><li>FCC conducting workshops and processes relating to strategy </li></ul><ul><li>BIP & BTOP Grant & Loan Programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Round 1 Closed and proposals under review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$28b proposed so far </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proceedings expected this fall to gather input for Round 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Round 3 may be rolled into Round 2 </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. References <ul><li>State </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Federal </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>