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What is a Distributor? What is an ignition distributor and how does it work?source: http://www.buyautoparts.com/howto/repa...
Ignition  Distributor    Layoutsource: http://www.buyautoparts.com/howto/what-is-a-diesel-turbocharger.htm
What is an Ignition Distributor?• The ignition distributor is a crucial electrical  component in any car engine.   – The d...
Ignition Distributor Problems• Cap and rotors are a common problem in most  vehicles. They begin to wear down over time fr...
How Does a Distributor Work?• The distributor handles several jobs. Its first job is to distribute the  high voltage from ...
How Does a Distributor Work?• Older distributors with breaker points have another section in the bottom  half of the distr...
Ignition Timing• The point at which the spark fires and ignites the mixture is critical to  ensure maximum torque output.•...
source: http://www.buyautoparts.com/howto/ignition-timing.htm
What is a Distributor?                                The EndFor more Auto How To Tips visit, http://www.buyautoparts.com/...
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What is an Ignition Distributor?

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What is an ignition distributor and what does it do?

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What is an Ignition Distributor?

  1. 1. What is a Distributor? What is an ignition distributor and how does it work?source: http://www.buyautoparts.com/howto/repair-distributor.htm
  2. 2. Ignition Distributor Layoutsource: http://www.buyautoparts.com/howto/what-is-a-diesel-turbocharger.htm
  3. 3. What is an Ignition Distributor?• The ignition distributor is a crucial electrical component in any car engine. – The distributor carries out several different functions. • The first and foremost responsibility of the ignition distributor is to distribute the high voltage from the ignition coil to the appropriate cylinder. The voltage is distributed with help from the cap and rotor mechanism. The coil is attached to the rotor, which spins inside the cap. The rotor spins inside the distributor passing each contact for each corresponding cylinder. When the rotor spins past one of the contacts it distributes an electrical pulse from the coil. The pulse continues down the spark plug wire to the spark plug of the respective cylinder. source: http://www.buyautoparts.com/howto/what-is-a-distributor.htm
  4. 4. Ignition Distributor Problems• Cap and rotors are a common problem in most vehicles. They begin to wear down over time from spinning and passing the electric charge to the cylinders.• It is important when you are having your engine serviced to have your mechanic inspect your ignition distributor to make sure that is in good working condition.• Spark plug wires will also wear down over time, losing their insulation. Problems with your ignition distributor can cause all sorts of engine problems so it must be replaced with a quality part as soon as possible. source: http://www.buyautoparts.com/howto/what-is-a-distributor.htm
  5. 5. How Does a Distributor Work?• The distributor handles several jobs. Its first job is to distribute the high voltage from the coil to the correct cylinder. This is done by the cap and rotor. The coil is connected to the rotor, which spins inside the cap. The rotor spins past a series of contacts, one contact per cylinder. As the tip of the rotor passes each contact, a high-voltage pulse comes from the coil. The pulse arcs across the small gap between the rotor and the contact (they dont actually touch) and then continues down the spark-plug wire to the spark plug on the appropriate cylinder. When you do a tune-up, one of the things you replace on your engine is the cap and rotor -- these eventually wear out because of the arcing. Also, the spark-plug wires eventually wear out and lose some of their electrical insulation. This can be the cause of some very mysterious engine problems. source: http://www.buyautoparts.com/howto/how-does-a-distributor-work.htm
  6. 6. How Does a Distributor Work?• Older distributors with breaker points have another section in the bottom half of the distributor -- this section does the job of breaking the current to the coil. The ground side of the coil is connected to the breaker points.• A cam in the center of the distributor pushes a lever connected to one of the points. Whenever the cam pushes the lever, it opens the points. This causes the coil to suddenly lose its ground, generating a high-voltage pulse.• The points also control the timing of the spark. They may have a vacuum advance or a centrifugal advance. These mechanisms advance the timing in proportion to engine load or engine speed.• Spark timing is so critical to an engines performance that most cars dont use points. Instead, they use a sensor that tells the engine control unit (ECU) the exact position of the pistons. The engine computer then controls a transistor that opens and closes the current to the coil. source: http://www.buyautoparts.com/howto/how-does-a-distributor-work.htm
  7. 7. Ignition Timing• The point at which the spark fires and ignites the mixture is critical to ensure maximum torque output.• Too early and the piston, which is compressing the air/fuel charge, will meet gas expanding from the explosion causing excessive pressures.• Too late and there will be a waste of compression and hence output.• The trick is to find the optimum point to fire the mixture. This is typically at the point on the torque curve called mean best torque and is the maximum torque output, against varied timing.• Typically, the spark is fired 10-30 degrees before the piston reaches the "top dead center" (TDC), the very top of its travel, The spark advance will increase with the engine speed, because the mixture will burn at roughly the same rate, irrespective of the engine speed and therefore needs to be ignited earlier to achieve maximum pressure at the same point in the engine cycle. source: http://www.buyautoparts.com/howto/ignition-timing.htm
  8. 8. source: http://www.buyautoparts.com/howto/ignition-timing.htm
  9. 9. What is a Distributor? The EndFor more Auto How To Tips visit, http://www.buyautoparts.com/howto/If you need to purchase an auto part- Visit www.buyautoparts.com- Call 1-888-907-7225- Or send an email to sales@buyautoparts.com THANKS source: http://www.buyautoparts.com/howto/repair-distributor.htm

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