University Librarianship in the Open Access World and the Changing Roles
University Librarianship in theOpen Access World and the Changing RolesDr. Burcu Keten, ODTÜGültekin Gürdal, İYTEİlkay Holt, ÖzÜBOBCATSSS Conference 23-25 January 2013 , Hacettepe University
Scope• Scholarly Communication & Open Access (OA)• OA in Academic Environment• University Libraries• University Librarians• Changing Roles• Required Skills• Changing Roles: Cooperation with Management• Changing Roles: Cooperation with Academics• Changing Roles: Cooperation with IT Units• Changing Roles: Cooperation with LIS Departments• Changing Roles: Changing Information Services• Conclusion
Scholarly Communication & OA“Scholarly communication is the process ofacademics, scholars and researchers sharing andpublishing their research findings so that theyare available to the wider academic communityand beyond.”Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scholarly_communication, 15th January 2013“Open-access (OA) literature is digital, online, freeof charge, and free of most copyright andlicensing restrictions.”Retrieved from http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/overview.htm 15th January 2013
OA in Academic Environment• Increases visibility, usage and impact• No cultural, geographical, financial restrictions• Ensures publicly funded research available toanyone• Frees most copyright & licensing barriers• Brings alternative business models• Encourages self archiving• Involves policy makers, funders, executives,researchers, publishers, librarians, readers...
University Libraries• 3rd generation universities: a cycle betweenresearch-industry-public.“...Institutions where interdisciplinary researches would beprominent, joint projects would be developed, and productswould be designed and produced to make them cradle ofeconomic activities...” Wissema, J. G. (2009). Üçüncü Kuşak Üniversitelere Doğru: Geçiş DönemindeÜniversiteleri Yönetmek (N. Devrim & T. Belge, Trans.). İstanbul : Özyeğin Üniversitesi Yayınları.• Its libraries: advanced technology, attached toresearch & teaching, hi-tech services, learningcommons, liaison services
University Librarians• Creates an information ecosystem and offersinformation services based on expectations oftheir users within the framework of theuniversity’s vision• Establishes and maintains a realible informationenvironment• Enables the accessibility of scholarly information• Ensures that scholarly communication takes place• Adapts to their changing roles• Develops new skills and expertise
Changing RolesThe support given to open access initiatives leadsto new service fields in the libraries and imposenew roles on librarians.Librarians’ awareness imposes new responsibilitieson librarians for scholarly communication,scholarly circles, national and internationalplatforms, and institutions and libraries they workfor.
Required Skills• Understanding of scholarly communication andits dynamics at policy making level• Effective communication skills• Understanding of copyright and licensing issues• Expertise in collection development• Project management, team work• Data management• System implementation and maintenance
Changing Roles:Cooperation with Management• Gain executives and relevant committees’support for OA related activities bothinstitutionally and publicly• Participate in the development of universitypolicy on scholarly communication• Communicate the value of depositing scholarlyand creative output into OA sites• Monitore scholarly communication trends andissues both nationally and internationally
Changing Roles:Cooperation with Academics• Inform them about how OA can increasevisibility, usage and impact of their research• Consult them in copyrigh and licensing issues• Encourage them to self-archive• Feed them with regular usage statistics• Provide them OA resources for teaching &research purposes• Offer them info-lit sessions for their classes
Changing Roles:Cooperation with IT Units• Develop policy for institutional repository (IR)• Create and maintaine IR• Show leadership in metadata and OAI standars• Encourage use and creation of open educationalmaterials• Measure the impact of OA output• Preserve institution’s cultural heritage• Set up OA journal publishing
Changing Roles:Cooperation with LIS Departments• Need for continues education programs onscholarly communication and its related topics• Need for post graduate programs specializing insubjects such as scholarly communication, OA, IR,data management, copyright & IP• Need for in-house training for university librarians• Need to play an active role in the change processwhich the scholarly publication system undergoes
Changing Roles:Changing Information Services• Proactive approach to the research community• Developing value added discovery tools• Cooperating and working closely with researchers internally• Creating reliable information environments• Managing metadata and the repository content• Educating and supporting authors in copyright related issuesand author addendums to the publishing contracts.• Playing a more active role in compiling and distributingcollection contents• Taking role in promoting intellectual output of the theinstitution• Enhancing current information literacy programs
Conclusion• Librarians’ high awareness triggered number ofgood practices in OA world and they continue tobe a key player, make a great impact in this area.• It is an opportunity to bring the universitylibrary world much closer to the researchcommunity.• New area of expertise and skills are nowrequired.• Change can be frightening but it is challenging.