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Kuliah 4 2 pendekatan baru ewk


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Kuliah 4 2 pendekatan baru ewk

  1. 1. PERSPEKTIF BARU PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI WILAYAH/KOTA Oleh: Mohammad Muktiali PWK Undip Semarang ©200 7 All rights reserved
  2. 2. Pokok Bahasan <ul><li>Model Leadership Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Regional </li></ul><ul><li>Model Regional Learning Infrastructure </li></ul>
  3. 3. Model Leadership Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Regional <ul><li>Pengantar </li></ul><ul><li>Dalam perspektif baru teori pertumbuhan ekonomi regional, sumber daya regional/lokal dan kapasitas kelembagaan regional dipandang sebagai faktor penting dlm pertumbuhan. </li></ul><ul><li>Lebih lanjut disebutkan bahwa social capital merupakan faktor utama yg mempengaruhi kepemimpinan regional ( regional leadership ) dan kapasitas kelembagaan regional dalam kaitannya dengan pertumbuhan ekonomi regional. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Exogenous growth theory vs Endogenous growth theory <ul><li>Menurut exogenous growth theory , faktor yg mempengaruhi pertumbuhan ekonomi regional mrpk variabel-variabel ekonomi, yaitu : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Modal/investasi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tenaga kerja </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inovasi teknologi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kegiatan perdagangan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bussiness cycle, dst. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sementara menurut endogenous growth theory , yg mempengaruhi pertumbuhan ekonomi regional meliputi sistem sosial dan kelembagaan masyarakat serta variabel yg bersifat non-ekonomi berupa kepemimpinan ( leadership ) dan modal sosial ( social capital ). </li></ul>
  5. 5. Pengertian Leadership <ul><li>Burns (1978) : </li></ul><ul><li>“ (the act) of persons with certain motives and purpose to mobilize, in competition or conflict with the others, institutional political, psychological, and other resources so as to arouse, engange, and satisfy the motives of followers” </li></ul><ul><li>Gardner (1990) : </li></ul><ul><li>“ process of persuasion or example by which an individual (or groups) induce a group to pursue objectives held by the leader or shared by the leader and his followers” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Kerangka Model Leadership LEADERSHIP Resource Endowment Regional Economic Performance Extra-Local Factors Local Economic- Structural Factors Sumber : Stimson,, 2002 Resources Endowment  the agregat concentration or mass of public, private and non-profit organization’s capacity to voluntarily commit resource to economic development”
  7. 7. Model Regional Learning Infrastructure <ul><li>Daya saing industri wilayah dipengaruhi oleh regional learning infrastructure. </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Learning Infrastructure, meliputi : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication dan information infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technological and knowledge infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dense bussines network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional infrastruktur (social capital) </li></ul></ul>