Pixar research


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Pixar research

  1. 1. PixarAnimation Studios Bryn Hughes
  2. 2. Brief HistoryIt was founded in 1979 as Graphics Group buton February 3rd, 1986 changed the companiesname to Pixar. The founders of the companywhere Ed Catmull, Alvy Ray Smith and SteveJobs (incorporation as Pixar). Theirheadquarters are based inEmeryville, California, United States. Theindustry is CGI animation and motion picturessoftware.
  3. 3. Key Films / Creations - UP• UP was released on the 29th May 2009. It was directed by Pete Docter, produced by Jonas Rivera, edited by Kevin Nolting and starred Edward Asner, Christopher Plummer, Jordan Nagai and Bob Peterson. by tying thousands of balloons to his home, 78-year-old Carl sets out to fulfill his lifelong dream to see the wilds of South America. Russell, a wilderness explorer 70 years younger, inadvertently becomes a stowaway. Animating the balloons, May said that the animation department at Pixar never even considered hand-animating the balloons. But even standard computer animation wouldnt be up to the task, because of the N- squared complexity involved in the thousands of interdependent balloons. Instead, the studios computer whizzes figured out a way to turn the problem over to a programmed physical simulator, which, employing Newtonian physics, was able to address the animation problem.
  4. 4. Key Films / Creations – WALL-EWALL-E was released on 23rd June 2008, it was directed by AndrewStanton, produced by Jim Morris, edited by Stephen Schaffer and starredBen Burtt, Elissa Knight, Jeff Garlin, Fred Willard, John Ratzenberger, KathyNajimy, Sigourney Weaver and MacIn Talk. Disney and Pixar join forces forthis computer-animated tale about a wide-eyed robot who travels to thedeepest reaches of outer space in search of a newfound friend. The year is2700, and planet Earth has long been uninhabitable. For hundreds ofyears, WALL-E (Waste Allocation Load Lifter Earth-Class) has been takingout the trash, and collecting precious knick-knacks in order to stave off theboredom of his dreary routine. Little does WALL-E realize that he hasrecently stumbled onto a secret that could save planet Earth, and onceagain make the ravaged planet safe for all humankind. “Life is nothing butimperfection and the computer likes perfection, so we spent probably 90%of our time putting in all of the imperfections, whether its in the design ofsomething or just the unconscious stuff. How the camera lens works in [areal] housing is never perfect, and we tried to put those imperfections[into the virtual camera] so that everything looks like youre in familiar[live-action] territory”.
  5. 5. Key Films / Creations – A Bug’s Life• A Bug’s Life was released on 25th November 1998, it was directed by John Lasseter, produced by Darla K. Anderson and Kevin Reher, edited by Lee Unkrich and starred Dave Foley, Kevin Spacey, Julia Louis-Dreyfus and Hayden Panettiere. A misfit ant, looking for "warriors" to save his colony from greedy grasshoppers, recruits a group of bugs that turn out to be an inept circus troupe.
  6. 6. Key Films / Creations – Toy Story• Toy Story was released on 22nd November 1995, directed by John Lasseter, produced by Ralph Guggenheim and Bonnie Arnold, edited by Robert Gordon and Lee Unkrich, starring Tom Hanks, Tim Allen, Don Rickles, Jim Varney, Wallace Shawn, John Ratzenberger, Annie Potts, John Morris, Laurie Metcalf and Erik von Detten. Toy Story was the first feature-length film animated entirely by computer. If this seems to be a sterile, mechanical means of moviemaking, be assured that the film is as chock-full of heart and warmth as any Disney cartoon feature. The star of the proceedings is Woody, a pull-string cowboy toy belonging to a wide-eyed youngster named Andy. Whenever Andys out of the room, Woody revels in his status as the boys number one toy. His supremacy is challenged by a high-tech, space-ranger action figure. From the first frame of the original Toy Story, 15 years ago, the marriage of eerily realistic computer animation and old-fashioned, emotionally plausible storytelling was a bountiful one. Add to that the studios sparkling wit, manifested in gags or allusions often accessible only to older viewers, as well as a wealth of incidental detail that positively demands repeated study, and its no wonder that Pixars movies can withstand tens, even hundreds, of viewings by any age group. Take it from me: my familys copies of titles by rival outfits such as DreamWorks Animation (Shrek, Madagascar) or Blue Sky Studios (the Ice Age trilogy) have mysteriously vanished to the back of the DVD collection, while The Incredibles, Ratatouille and Up remain on constant rotation.
  7. 7. Key CharactersJohn Alan Lasseter (born January 12, 1957) is an American animator, film director and the chief creative officer at Pixar and Walt Disney Animation Studios. He is also currently the Principal Creative Advisor for Walt Disney Imagineering. Lasseters first job was with The Walt Disney Company, where he became an animator. Next, he joined Lucasfilm, where he worked on the then-groundbreaking use of CGI animation. After the Graphics Group of the Computer Division of Lucasfilm was sold to Steve Jobs and became Pixar in 1986, Lasseter oversaw all of Pixars films and associated projects as executive producer and he directed Toy Story, A Bugs Life, Toy Story 2, Cars, and Cars 2.He has won two Academy Awards, for Animated Short Film (for Tin Toy), as well as a Special Achievement Award (for Toy Story).
  8. 8. Links / sources• http://www.pixar.com/howwedoit/index.html• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pixar• http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1049413/• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WALL-E• http://movies.amctv.com/movie/379342/WALL-E/overview• http://kottke.org/08/07/walle-animation-techniques• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Bug%27s_Life• http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0120623/• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toy_Story• http://movies.msn.com/movies/movie/toy-story/• http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2010/jun/30/toy-story-3- pixar-animation• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Lasseter