Web 2.0: Pedagogies…

 December, 2006
Wesleyan University
Plan of the talk

1. Web 2.0 in late
   2006
2. Web 2.0 rich
   media
3. Pedagogies
4. Web 2.0
   storytelling


         ...
Thematics

• Emergence in
  time and space
• Pedagogy
• Dynamic
  information
  ecologicy

                   (Radio Open ...
One metaphor

Web 2.0 and education is like gaming and
  education: awareness is challenging
• Huge, financially and quant...
One metaphor

Web 2.0 and education is like gaming and
  education: intersections are possible
• Take advantage of preexis...
I. Web 2.0
The term: Tim O’Reilly, 2005
• Expands “social software”
• Draws on Web history
I. Web 2.0

• Microcontent, rather than sites or large
  documents
I. Web 2.0

• Multiply authored microcontent, rather
  than sites or large documents
I. Web 2.0

• Open content
  and/or services
  and/or standards




     (Pepysblog, 2003-)
I. Web 2.0
• Network
  constructivism




  (Pepysblog, 2003-)
I. Web 2.0
• Data mashups
I. Web 2.0
• O’Reilly: perpetual beta
I. Web 2.0
• AJAX-based projects
I. Web 2.0
• O’Reilly: platforms for development
I. Web 2.0

Web 2.0 components, movements
• Collaborative writing platforms: the wiki way
I. Web 2.0




Research: wikis are textually productive
      -Viégas, Wattenberg, Dave (IBM, 2004)
I. Web 2.0




News-gathering: wikis are textually productive
         (OhMyNews! , WikiNews)
I. Web 2.0
Web 2.0 components, movements
• collaborative writing platforms: the blogosphere
I. Web 2.0

• Addressable content chunks
I. Web 2.0

• Distributed,
  attached
  conversations
I. Web 2.0

State of the blogosphere
• 57 million blogs tracked by Technorati:
    “As of October 2006, about 100,000 new
...
I. Web 2.0
I. Web 2.0

State of the blogosphere, more
• 12 people million using three platforms,
  including LiveJournal: majority wo...
I. Web 2.0

   Web 2.0 components, movements: social
    objects

•Photo sharing:
     Flickr


  http://flickr.com/
I. Web 2.0

Reach of Flickr
• 100 million images, as of Feb 2006
• As of October 2006, 4 million Flickr
  members (3/4 not...
I. Web 2.0
Reach of Flickr
• 26 million
  searchable,
  shareable images
  in Flickr (December
  2006)
• Metadata is good
...
I. Web 2.0

Web 2.0 enables the Web office
• Example: Google Spreadsheets




         http://spreadsheets.google.com/
I. Web 2.0

What can we learn from this? Ton Zylstra:
 “In general you could say that both
 Flickr and delicious work in a...
I. Web 2.0

“…In every triangle there always
needs to be a person and an object
of sociality. The third point of the
trian...
I. Web 2.0

What can we learn from this?
Jyri Engesrom is succinct:
  “The fallacy is to think that social
  networks are ...
I. Web 2.0

 Social object principles: tagging

Flickr is one
influential and
leading tagging
project
I. Web 2.0
“Home
Owain
Hestia
Chickens
Ripton”
I. Web 2.0

Folksonomy
User benefit
• Search
• Retrieval
• Self-awareness


http://del.icio.us/
for DoctorNemo
I. Web 2.0

Community surfacing   • Concepts
• Ontology            • Collaborative research
I. Web 2.0

Case study, tagging
  museums:
the Steve project
I. Web 2.0

Tagging museums: the Steve project
• Expert discourse, controlled vocab
I. Web 2.0

Tagging museums:
  the Steve project
• Users tag differently
• Curators get it



(Metropolitan Museum
  of Ar...
I. Web 2.0
Tagging libraries:
  PennTags
• Coded locally
• Also tags the
  open web




                       http://tags...
I. Web 2.0

Components, movements
• Mixing and mashing:
  the RSS feed
I. Web 2.0

Social object: the person
• FaceBook
• MySpace
• LinkedIn
• ZoomInfo
• CyWorld
  “Less than four years after i...
I. Web 2.0

Social news:
• Memeorandum,
  Tailrank, Digg,
  TechMeme
II. Rich media and Web 2.0

Web 2.0
  influences rich
  media
• Podcasting
II. Rich media and Web 2.0

How old is the term?
  “With the benefit of hindsight, it all seems
     quite obvious. MP3 pl...
II. Rich media and Web 2.0

How old is the term? “… all the
   ingredients are there for a new boom
   in amateur radio.
 ...
II. Rich media and Web 2.0

What’s happened since February 2004?
II. Rich media and Web 2.0

What’s happened since?

“More than 22 million American adults own
  iPods or MP3 players and 2...
II. Rich media and Web 2.0

                  •
What’s happened       podsafe
  since?          •   podspamming
  Neologis...
II. Rich media and Web 2.0
Web 2.0 influences rich media: video
II. Rich media and Web 2.0

   Videoblogging
   (vlog?
    vog?)



Rocketboom, Amanda Congdon
     (already moved on)
II. Rich media and Web 2.0
    Web 2.0 influences rich media: audio
Freesound archive
•DIY copyright
•Social networking
va...
II. Rich media and Web 2.0
Web 2.0 influences rich media: social
 gaming and Web 2.0?




       (Second Life, 2004-present)
III. Pedagogies

Teaching with Web 2.0: it’s not all new
Web 1.0, internet pedagogies
• Hypertext
• Web audience
• Discuss...
III. Pedagogies

Teaching with Web 2.0: it’s not all new
Earlier pedagogies
• Journaling
• Media literacy
III. Pedagogies

Teaching with Web 2.0: CMS involvement
• Moodle modules
III. Pedagogies

Teaching with Web 2.0: Blackboard
 Beyond
  “Chief Executive Officer Michael Chasen...
    explained, "Ju...
III. Pedagogies

Teaching with Web 2.0: Blackboard
 Beyond




        (Kevin Creamer, March 10 2006)
III. Pedagogies

Teaching with Web 2.0: principles
• Distributed
  conversation
• Collaborative
  writing
• Object-oriente...
III. Pedagogies

Teaching with Web 2.0: more
  principles
• Ease of entry
• Personalization
III. Pedagogies

Teaching with Web 2.0: “net.gen”:
“Fully half of all teens and 57 percent of
  teens who use the Internet...
III. Pedagogies

Teaching with Web 2.0: “net.gen”:
• “33 percent of online teens share their
  own creative content online...
III. Pedagogies

Teaching with Web 2.0: “net.gen”:
• “22 percent report keeping their own
  personal webpage.
• 19 percent...
III. Pedagogies

Teaching with Web 2.0: “net.gen”:
“Teens are often much more enthusiastic
  authors and readers of blogs ...
III. Pedagogies

Teaching with Web 2.0: blogging
• Distributed
  conversation
• Collaborative
  writing
• Object-oriented
...
III. Pedagogies
 University of British Columbia uses:
 • “as personal logs/ journals to keep track of
   work/learning act...
III. Pedagogies
“…Currently, UBC is using weblogs…:
• as course web pages, encouraging discussion
  and collaboration
• as...
III. Pedagogies
Blog problem: privacy
• Contrary to class safe space (Gary Kornblith)
• Culture of too much disclosure
• P...
III. Pedagogies

Wiki pedagogies
• Collective research
• Group writing
• Document editing
• Information literacy
• Discuss...
III. Pedagogies

Social object pedagogies
• Prompts
• Discussion object
• Composition materials
III. Pedagogies

Social object pedagogies
• Annotate details
• Remix (“Make it mine”)




Edugadget
http://www.edugadget.c...
III. Pedagogies

RSS pedagogies
• Shaping Web reading
• Pushing student-created content (mother
  blog, Feed to Javascript...
III. Pedagogies

                         • Learning objects:
Podcasts and teaching:
  profcasting              Gardner Ca...
III. Pedagogies

                        • Trudi Abel, “Digital
Podcasts and
                          Durham and the
  re...
III. Pedagogies

                        • Trudi Abel, “Digital
Podcasts and
                          Durham and the
  re...
IV. Web 2.0 storytelling
Web 2.0 storytelling
• Nonfiction (Pulse)
• Fiction (“I Found a
  Camera…”)
• ARGs
• Public intel...
IV. Web 2.0 storytelling
Lonelygirl15
• One YouTube
• Another YouTube
• Myspace
• Blogs
• Discussion frenzy
• Media attent...
IV. Web 2.0 storytelling
  Flickr and
  storytelling
• Tell a story in 5
  frames group




                      “Gender ...
IV. Web 2.0 storytelling
IV. Web 2.0 storytelling
IV. Web 2.0 storytelling
IV. Web 2.0 storytelling




“Gender Miscommunication” (Nightingai1e, 2006)
IV. Web 2.0 storytelling
Flickr and
   storytelling
• In the Tell a
   story in 5
   frames
   group,
   'Alone With
   Th...
National Institute for Technology and
  Liberal Education http://nitle.org

   NITLE blog http://b2e.nitle.org
           ...
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Web 2.0 and pedagogy overview, Wesleyan 2006

  1. 1. Web 2.0: Pedagogies… December, 2006 Wesleyan University
  2. 2. Plan of the talk 1. Web 2.0 in late 2006 2. Web 2.0 rich media 3. Pedagogies 4. Web 2.0 storytelling (Middlebury waterfall, spring 2006)
  3. 3. Thematics • Emergence in time and space • Pedagogy • Dynamic information ecologicy (Radio Open Source blog/podcast, 2006)
  4. 4. One metaphor Web 2.0 and education is like gaming and education: awareness is challenging • Huge, financially and quantitatively successful worlds • Global and rapidly developing • Bad anxieties, policies, and media coverage • Perceived lack of seriousness
  5. 5. One metaphor Web 2.0 and education is like gaming and education: intersections are possible • Take advantage of preexisting projects • Mod/warp/hack • DIY • Literacy: IF/audience
  6. 6. I. Web 2.0 The term: Tim O’Reilly, 2005 • Expands “social software” • Draws on Web history
  7. 7. I. Web 2.0 • Microcontent, rather than sites or large documents
  8. 8. I. Web 2.0 • Multiply authored microcontent, rather than sites or large documents
  9. 9. I. Web 2.0 • Open content and/or services and/or standards (Pepysblog, 2003-)
  10. 10. I. Web 2.0 • Network constructivism (Pepysblog, 2003-)
  11. 11. I. Web 2.0 • Data mashups
  12. 12. I. Web 2.0 • O’Reilly: perpetual beta
  13. 13. I. Web 2.0 • AJAX-based projects
  14. 14. I. Web 2.0 • O’Reilly: platforms for development
  15. 15. I. Web 2.0 Web 2.0 components, movements • Collaborative writing platforms: the wiki way
  16. 16. I. Web 2.0 Research: wikis are textually productive -Viégas, Wattenberg, Dave (IBM, 2004)
  17. 17. I. Web 2.0 News-gathering: wikis are textually productive (OhMyNews! , WikiNews)
  18. 18. I. Web 2.0 Web 2.0 components, movements • collaborative writing platforms: the blogosphere
  19. 19. I. Web 2.0 • Addressable content chunks
  20. 20. I. Web 2.0 • Distributed, attached conversations
  21. 21. I. Web 2.0 State of the blogosphere • 57 million blogs tracked by Technorati: “As of October 2006, about 100,000 new weblogs were created each day… the doubling of the blogosphere has slowed a bit (every 236 days or so…” (David Sifry, November 2006) Chart follows…
  22. 22. I. Web 2.0
  23. 23. I. Web 2.0 State of the blogosphere, more • 12 people million using three platforms, including LiveJournal: majority women (Anil Dash, MeshForum 2006) • Diversity: diaries, public intellectuals, carnivals, knitters, moblogs, warblogs home and abroad…
  24. 24. I. Web 2.0 Web 2.0 components, movements: social objects •Photo sharing: Flickr http://flickr.com/
  25. 25. I. Web 2.0 Reach of Flickr • 100 million images, as of Feb 2006 • As of October 2006, 4 million Flickr members (3/4 not in the US) • 1 million photos uploaded each day ( http://www.radioopensource.org/photography )
  26. 26. I. Web 2.0 Reach of Flickr • 26 million searchable, shareable images in Flickr (December 2006) • Metadata is good enough • Gaming inspiration (Ben Harris-Roxas, 2006)
  27. 27. I. Web 2.0 Web 2.0 enables the Web office • Example: Google Spreadsheets http://spreadsheets.google.com/
  28. 28. I. Web 2.0 What can we learn from this? Ton Zylstra: “In general you could say that both Flickr and delicious work in a triangle: person, picture/bookmark, and tag(s). Or more abstract a person, an object of sociality, and some descriptor...”
  29. 29. I. Web 2.0 “…In every triangle there always needs to be a person and an object of sociality. The third point of the triangle is free to define[,] as it were.” -http://www.zylstra.org, 2006 (emphases added)
  30. 30. I. Web 2.0 What can we learn from this? Jyri Engesrom is succinct: “The fallacy is to think that social networks are just made up of people. They're not; social networks consist of people who are connected by a shared object.” -http://www.zengestrom.com/, 2005
  31. 31. I. Web 2.0 Social object principles: tagging Flickr is one influential and leading tagging project
  32. 32. I. Web 2.0 “Home Owain Hestia Chickens Ripton”
  33. 33. I. Web 2.0 Folksonomy User benefit • Search • Retrieval • Self-awareness http://del.icio.us/ for DoctorNemo
  34. 34. I. Web 2.0 Community surfacing • Concepts • Ontology • Collaborative research
  35. 35. I. Web 2.0 Case study, tagging museums: the Steve project
  36. 36. I. Web 2.0 Tagging museums: the Steve project • Expert discourse, controlled vocab
  37. 37. I. Web 2.0 Tagging museums: the Steve project • Users tag differently • Curators get it (Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2004)
  38. 38. I. Web 2.0 Tagging libraries: PennTags • Coded locally • Also tags the open web http://tags.library.upenn.edu/
  39. 39. I. Web 2.0 Components, movements • Mixing and mashing: the RSS feed
  40. 40. I. Web 2.0 Social object: the person • FaceBook • MySpace • LinkedIn • ZoomInfo • CyWorld “Less than four years after its launch, 15 million people, or almost a third of the country's population, are members.” (BusinessWeek, September 2005)
  41. 41. I. Web 2.0 Social news: • Memeorandum, Tailrank, Digg, TechMeme
  42. 42. II. Rich media and Web 2.0 Web 2.0 influences rich media • Podcasting
  43. 43. II. Rich media and Web 2.0 How old is the term? “With the benefit of hindsight, it all seems quite obvious. MP3 players, like Apple's iPod, in many pockets, audio production software cheap or free, and weblogging an established part of the internet…”
  44. 44. II. Rich media and Web 2.0 How old is the term? “… all the ingredients are there for a new boom in amateur radio. But what to call it? Audioblogging? Podcasting? GuerillaMedia?” (Ben Hammersley, The Guardian February 12, 2004)
  45. 45. II. Rich media and Web 2.0 What’s happened since February 2004?
  46. 46. II. Rich media and Web 2.0 What’s happened since? “More than 22 million American adults own iPods or MP3 players and 29% of them have downloaded podcasts from the Web so that they could listen to audio files at a time of their choosing.” -Pew Internet and American Life study, April 2005
  47. 47. II. Rich media and Web 2.0 • What’s happened podsafe since? • podspamming Neologisms: • podvertising • godcasting • porncasting • nanocasting • podfading
  48. 48. II. Rich media and Web 2.0 Web 2.0 influences rich media: video
  49. 49. II. Rich media and Web 2.0 Videoblogging (vlog? vog?) Rocketboom, Amanda Congdon (already moved on)
  50. 50. II. Rich media and Web 2.0 Web 2.0 influences rich media: audio Freesound archive •DIY copyright •Social networking values http://freesound.iua.upf.edu/
  51. 51. II. Rich media and Web 2.0 Web 2.0 influences rich media: social gaming and Web 2.0? (Second Life, 2004-present)
  52. 52. III. Pedagogies Teaching with Web 2.0: it’s not all new Web 1.0, internet pedagogies • Hypertext • Web audience • Discussion for a • Collaborative document authoring • Groupware
  53. 53. III. Pedagogies Teaching with Web 2.0: it’s not all new Earlier pedagogies • Journaling • Media literacy
  54. 54. III. Pedagogies Teaching with Web 2.0: CMS involvement • Moodle modules
  55. 55. III. Pedagogies Teaching with Web 2.0: Blackboard Beyond “Chief Executive Officer Michael Chasen... explained, "Just as the Web 2.0 is facilitating a change in the way people interact online, e-Learning 2.0 represents a transformational shift for how the Internet can improve education. Blackboard is excited to work with our clients to help shape and accelerate this transformation.“”
  56. 56. III. Pedagogies Teaching with Web 2.0: Blackboard Beyond (Kevin Creamer, March 10 2006)
  57. 57. III. Pedagogies Teaching with Web 2.0: principles • Distributed conversation • Collaborative writing • Object-oriented discussion http://smarthistory.blogspot.com/
  58. 58. III. Pedagogies Teaching with Web 2.0: more principles • Ease of entry • Personalization
  59. 59. III. Pedagogies Teaching with Web 2.0: “net.gen”: “Fully half of all teens and 57 percent of teens who use the Internet could be considered Content Creators, according to a survey by the Pew Internet & American Life Project.” http://www.pewtrusts.com/pdf/PIP_Teens_1105.pdf
  60. 60. III. Pedagogies Teaching with Web 2.0: “net.gen”: • “33 percent of online teens share their own creative content online, such as artwork, photos, stories or videos. • 32 percent say that they have created or worked on webpages or blogs for others, including groups they belong to, friends or school assignments.” http://www.pewtrusts.com/pdf/PIP_Teens_1105.pdf
  61. 61. III. Pedagogies Teaching with Web 2.0: “net.gen”: • “22 percent report keeping their own personal webpage. • 19 percent of online teens keep a blog, and 38 percent of online teens read blogs. • 19 percent of Internet-using teens say they remix content they find online into their own artistic creations.” http://www.pewtrusts.com/pdf/PIP_Teens_1105.pdf
  62. 62. III. Pedagogies Teaching with Web 2.0: “net.gen”: “Teens are often much more enthusiastic authors and readers of blogs than their adult counterparts. Teen bloggers, led by older girls, are a major part of this tech- savvy cohort.” (Pew Internet and American Life, November 2005) http://www.pewtrusts.com/pdf/PIP_Teens_1105.pdf
  63. 63. III. Pedagogies Teaching with Web 2.0: blogging • Distributed conversation • Collaborative writing • Object-oriented discussion
  64. 64. III. Pedagogies University of British Columbia uses: • “as personal logs/ journals to keep track of work/learning activities” •as digital photo albums •as potential e- portfolio tools…”
  65. 65. III. Pedagogies “…Currently, UBC is using weblogs…: • as course web pages, encouraging discussion and collaboration • as private management and communication tools for large campus groups, administrative teams, and communities of practice • to easily update online newsletters • to keep a collection of useful, searchable links” (http://weblogs.elearning.ubc.ca/home/about.php)
  66. 66. III. Pedagogies Blog problem: privacy • Contrary to class safe space (Gary Kornblith) • Culture of too much disclosure • Problem increasing archivally Some responses • Can block comments and/or readers • Teachable moment: what is privacy in 2007? • Complement other practices
  67. 67. III. Pedagogies Wiki pedagogies • Collective research • Group writing • Document editing • Information literacy • Discussion • Knowledge accretion
  68. 68. III. Pedagogies Social object pedagogies • Prompts • Discussion object • Composition materials
  69. 69. III. Pedagogies Social object pedagogies • Annotate details • Remix (“Make it mine”) Edugadget http://www.edugadget.com/2005/05/07/flickr-creative-commons
  70. 70. III. Pedagogies RSS pedagogies • Shaping Web reading • Pushing student-created content (mother blog, Feed to Javascript) • Web 2.0 wrangling
  71. 71. III. Pedagogies • Learning objects: Podcasts and teaching: profcasting Gardner Campbell, University of • Bryn Mawr College: Richmond Michelle Francl, • Duke: Course chemistry content • Duke: Classroom dissemination recording • Information literacy
  72. 72. III. Pedagogies • Trudi Abel, “Digital Podcasts and Durham and the research New South” (Duke • Public intellectual University, 2006) – Out of the Past • Duke: Field – Engines of Our recording Ingenuity – Napoleon 101 – In Our Time
  73. 73. III. Pedagogies • Trudi Abel, “Digital Podcasts and Durham and the research New South” (Duke • Public intellectual University, 2006) – Out of the Past • Duke: Field – Engines of Our recording Ingenuity – Napoleon 101 – In Our Time
  74. 74. IV. Web 2.0 storytelling Web 2.0 storytelling • Nonfiction (Pulse) • Fiction (“I Found a Camera…”) • ARGs • Public intellectuals
  75. 75. IV. Web 2.0 storytelling Lonelygirl15 • One YouTube • Another YouTube • Myspace • Blogs • Discussion frenzy • Media attention (2006-)
  76. 76. IV. Web 2.0 storytelling Flickr and storytelling • Tell a story in 5 frames group “Gender Miscommunication” (Nightingai1e, 2006)
  77. 77. IV. Web 2.0 storytelling
  78. 78. IV. Web 2.0 storytelling
  79. 79. IV. Web 2.0 storytelling
  80. 80. IV. Web 2.0 storytelling “Gender Miscommunication” (Nightingai1e, 2006)
  81. 81. IV. Web 2.0 storytelling Flickr and storytelling • In the Tell a story in 5 frames group, 'Alone With The Sand' (moliere1331, 2005)
  82. 82. National Institute for Technology and Liberal Education http://nitle.org NITLE blog http://b2e.nitle.org NITLE Lab http:// nitle.org/index.php/nitle/laboratory

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