I School 2008 talk notes

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The slide stack I work from during my February 2008 iSchool session.

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I School 2008 talk notes

  1. 1. Web 2.0, a new wave of teaching, and learning February 2008 UC Berkeley School of Information
  2. 2. Plan of the talk <ul><li>Pieces of Web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Pedagogies and publics </li></ul><ul><li>Storytelling </li></ul><ul><li>Policies, fears, and the great divide </li></ul>(Vermont trees and sky, winter 2008)
  3. 3. Thematics <ul><li>Emergence in </li></ul><ul><li>time and space </li></ul><ul><li>Pedagogy </li></ul><ul><li>Open determinism </li></ul>(“Sorpdragon,” Voicethread 2007)
  4. 4. One problem <ul><li>How does academia apprehend emerging technologies? </li></ul><ul><li>Panic/siege mode </li></ul><ul><li>Vendors </li></ul><ul><li>Futurism methods </li></ul><ul><li>Networks </li></ul>
  5. 5. One odd metaphor <ul><li>Web 2.0 and education is like gaming and education: awareness is challenging </li></ul><ul><li>Huge, financially and quantitatively successful worlds </li></ul><ul><li>Global and rapidly developing scope </li></ul><ul><li>Bad anxieties, policies, and media coverage </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived lack of seriousness </li></ul>
  6. 6. Five responses <ul><li>Web 2.0 and education is like gaming and education: intersections are happening </li></ul><ul><li>Take advantage of preexisting projects and services </li></ul><ul><li>Mod/warp/hack </li></ul><ul><li>DIY </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy: new media </li></ul><ul><li>Influence </li></ul>(World of Warcraft)
  7. 7. <ul><li>Too much information? </li></ul><ul><li>Early modern era </li></ul><ul><li>Gutenberg + religious struggle </li></ul><ul><li>Glossators (Franciscus Accursius, Denis Godefroi) </li></ul><ul><li>Then the Geneva Bible </li></ul>Another response: consider antecedents
  8. 8. <ul><li>Another response to overload </li></ul><ul><li>Cyclopedia (Ephraim Chambers, 1728) </li></ul><ul><li>Encyclopedie (1751-1772) </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>(Another precursor, lacking the technology: Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae , 636) </li></ul><ul><li>Another response to overload </li></ul><ul><li>Cyclopedia (Ephraim Chambers, 1728) </li></ul><ul><li>Encyclopedie (1751-1772) </li></ul>
  10. 10. I. Web 2.0 <ul><li>( http://emptybottle.org/bullshit/ ) </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The term’s history: Tim O’Reilly, 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Expands “social software” </li></ul><ul><li>Draws on Web history </li></ul>
  12. 12. I. Web 2.0 <ul><li>Microcontent, rather than sites or large documents </li></ul>(NITLE blog Liberal Education Today, http://b2e.nitle.org )
  13. 13. I. Web 2.0 <ul><li>Multiply authored microcontent </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Open content and/or services and/or standards… </li></ul>(Pepysblog, 2003-)
  15. 15. <ul><li>… leading to networked conversations </li></ul>(Pepysblog, 2003-)
  16. 16. <ul><li>O’Reilly: Web 2.0 is a platform for development </li></ul><ul><li>Open APIs </li></ul><ul><li>Access to data </li></ul><ul><li>Virtue of the lazyweb </li></ul>( http://www.hurricanearchive.org/ , Center for History and New Media,George Mason University) <ul><li>Programming staff </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived recognition </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Perpetual beta (O’Reilly, now history) </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Web 2.0 components, movements </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative writing platforms: the wiki way </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Web 2.0 components, movements </li></ul><ul><li>Consider the most notorious/famous </li></ul>
  20. 20. -Viégas, Wattenberg, Dave (Historyflow, IBM, 2004) Wikis are (often) textually productive
  21. 21. <ul><li>Web 2.0 components, movements </li></ul><ul><li>collaborative writing platforms: the blogosphere </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Addressable content chunks… </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>… leading to distributed and/or attached conversations </li></ul>(Radio Open Source blog/podcast)
  24. 24. <ul><li>“ Technorati is now tracking over 70 million weblogs, and we're seeing about 120,000 new weblogs being created worldwide each day. That's about 1.4 blogs created every second of every day.” </li></ul>(David Sifry, April 2007 )
  25. 25. <ul><li>State of the blogosphere, more </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity: diaries, public intellectuals, carnivals, knitters, moblogs, warblogs home and abroad… </li></ul><ul><li>12 people million using three platforms, including LiveJournal: majority women (Anil Dash, MeshForum 2006) </li></ul>NIH guidelines, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?rid=citmed.section.61024
  26. 26. <ul><li>Web 2.0 components, movements: social photos </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Reach of Flickr </li></ul><ul><li>26 million searchable, shareable images in Flickr (December 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Global, not national </li></ul><ul><li>Metadata is good enough </li></ul><ul><li>Gaming inspiration </li></ul>(Ben Harris-Roxas, 2006)
  28. 28. <ul><li>Social news : </li></ul><ul><li>Memeorandum, Tailrank, Digg, TechMeme </li></ul><ul><li>Google News </li></ul>
  29. 29. Web 2.0 and rich media <ul><li>Web 2.0 influences rich media, </li></ul><ul><li>or social media </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasting </li></ul>
  30. 30. Web 2.0 and rich media <ul><li>Web 2.0 influences rich media, </li></ul><ul><li>or social media </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasting </li></ul>(Orson Wells, hero to podcasters everywhere)
  31. 31. <ul><li>How old is the term? </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>How old is the term? </li></ul><ul><li>“… all the ingredients are there for a new boom in amateur radio. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>But what to call it? Audioblogging? Podcasting ? GuerillaMedia?” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(Ben Hammersley, The Guardian </li></ul><ul><li>February 12, 2004) </li></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>How old is the term? “… all the ingredients are there for a new boom in amateur radio. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>But what to call it? Audioblogging? Podcasting ? GuerillaMedia?” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(Ben Hammersley, The Guardian </li></ul><ul><li>February 12, 2004) </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>What’s happened since “podcasting” in 2004? Neologisms: </li></ul><ul><li>godcasting </li></ul><ul><li>nanocasting </li></ul><ul><li>podfading </li></ul><ul><li>podsafe </li></ul><ul><li>podspamming </li></ul><ul><li>podvertising </li></ul><ul><li>porncasting </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>Web 2.0 influences rich media: video </li></ul>(Gootube? Suetube?)
  36. 36. <ul><li>Web 2.0 influences rich media: video </li></ul>(Gootube? Suetube?)
  37. 37. <ul><li>Videoblogging </li></ul><ul><li>(vlog? </li></ul><ul><li>vog?) </li></ul>(Ask a Ninja; Rocketboom; Howard Rheingold)
  38. 38. <ul><li>Social object: the person </li></ul><ul><li>FaceBook </li></ul><ul><li>MySpace </li></ul><ul><li>LinkedIn </li></ul><ul><li>ZoomInfo </li></ul><ul><li>CyWorld… </li></ul>“ Less than four years after its launch, 15 million people, or almost a third of the country's population, are members.” ( BusinessWeek , September 2005)
  39. 39. (Le Monde, 2008)
  40. 40. <ul><li>Social organization of information, new forms: folksonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Search </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieval </li></ul><ul><li>Self-awareness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://del.icio.us/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for DoctorNemo </li></ul></ul>
  41. 41. <ul><li>Community surfacing </li></ul><ul><li>Ontology </li></ul><ul><li>Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative research </li></ul>
  42. 42. <ul><li>Tagging museums: </li></ul><ul><li>the Steve project </li></ul><ul><li>Users tag differently than professionals </li></ul><ul><li>Curators get it </li></ul>(Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2004)
  43. 43. <ul><li>Folksonomic libraries: PennTags </li></ul><ul><li>Coded locally </li></ul><ul><li>Collection awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Also tags the open web </li></ul>( http://tags.library.upenn.edu/ )
  44. 44. <ul><li>Extrapolating principles: Ton Zylstra on the social object: </li></ul>“ In general you could say that both Flickr and del.icio.us work in a triangle: person, picture/ bookmark, and tag(s). Or more abstract a person, an object of sociality , and some descriptor...” (Zylstra in Second Life, 2007)
  45. 45. <ul><li>“… In every triangle there always needs to be a person and an object of sociality . The third point of the triangle is free to define[,] as it were.” </li></ul><ul><li>- http://www.zylstra.org , 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>(emphases added) </li></ul>
  46. 46. <ul><li>(“Online Communities”, XKCD, April 2007 )… </li></ul>For academia, this can seem a bit overwhelming
  47. 47. <ul><li>(“Online Communities”, XKCD, April 2007 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Already out of date </li></ul>For academia, this can seem a bit overwhelming
  48. 48. Pedagogies and publications <ul><li>Teaching with Web 2.0: it’s not all new </li></ul><ul><li>- Web 1.0, internet pedagogies </li></ul><ul><li>Hypertext </li></ul><ul><li>Web audience </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion fora </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative document authoring </li></ul><ul><li>Groupware </li></ul>
  49. 49. <ul><li>Teaching with Web 2.0: it’s not all new </li></ul><ul><li>Earlier pedagogies </li></ul><ul><li>Journaling </li></ul><ul><li>Media literacy </li></ul>
  50. 50. <ul><li>Teaching with Web 2.0: principles </li></ul>http://smarthistory.blogspot.com/ Distributed conversation Collaborative writing Object-oriented discussion Connectivism (G. Siemens, 2004)
  51. 51. <ul><li>Wiki pedagogies </li></ul><ul><li>Collective research </li></ul><ul><li>Group writing </li></ul><ul><li>Document editing </li></ul><ul><li>Information literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge accretion </li></ul>(Romantic Audiences project Bowdoin College, 2005-present <ul><li>Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge accretion </li></ul>
  52. 52. <ul><li>Social object pedagogies </li></ul><ul><li>Prompts </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion object </li></ul><ul><li>Composition materials </li></ul>
  53. 53. <ul><li>More social object pedagogies </li></ul><ul><li>Annotate details </li></ul><ul><li>Remix (“Make it mine”) </li></ul>Edugadget http://www.edugadget.com/2005/05/07/flickr-creative-commons
  54. 54. <ul><li>Teaching with Web 2.0: “ net.gen ”: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Fully half of all teens and 57 percent of teens who use the Internet could be considered Content Creators, according to a survey by the Pew Internet & American Life Project.” </li></ul>http://www.pewtrusts.com/pdf/PIP_Teens_1105.pdf
  55. 55. <ul><li>“ [S]tudents… write words on paper, yes— but… also compose words and images and create audio files on Web logs (blogs), in word processors, with video editors and Web editors and in e-mail and on presentation software and in instant messaging and on listservs and on bulletin boards—and no doubt in whatever genre will emerge in the next ten minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>Note that no one is making anyone do any of this writing .” </li></ul>Kathleen Blake Yancey, &quot;Made Not Only in Words: Composition in a New Key.&quot; CCC 56.2 (2004):297-328. Emphasis added.
  56. 56. <ul><li>RSS pedagogies </li></ul><ul><li>Pushing student-created content (mother blog, Feed to Javascript) </li></ul>(Bloglines) <ul><li>Shaping Web reading </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 wrangling </li></ul>
  57. 57. <ul><li>Academic open archives for social media </li></ul><ul><li>Freesound archive </li></ul><ul><li>DIY copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Social networking values </li></ul><ul><li>University of Pompeu Fabra (Barcelona) </li></ul>( http://freesound.iua.upf.edu/ )
  58. 58. <ul><li>Podcasts and teaching: profcasting </li></ul><ul><li>Bryn Mawr College: Michelle Francl, chemistry </li></ul><ul><li>Duke: “Classroom recording” </li></ul><ul><li>Learning objects: Gardner Campbell, University of Richmond </li></ul><ul><li>Duke: “Course content dissemination” </li></ul><ul><li>Information literacy </li></ul>
  59. 59. <ul><li>Student program podcasting on campus </li></ul><ul><li>War News Radio </li></ul><ul><li>(Swarthmore College) </li></ul><ul><li>PEPI courses (University of British Columbia, department of Land and Food Resources) </li></ul>
  60. 60. <ul><li>Media to enhance other media </li></ul><ul><li>Podcast + pdfs: Allegheny College, Gothcast </li></ul>
  61. 61. <ul><li>Podcasts and research </li></ul><ul><li>Public intellectual </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Out of the Past </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engines of Our Ingenuity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In Our Time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University Channel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Missing Link </li></ul></ul>
  62. 62. <ul><li>New forms of scholarly communication </li></ul>CommentPress implementation, Institute for the Future of the Books McKenzie Wark, Eugene Lang College
  63. 63. <ul><li>More bookblogging </li></ul>
  64. 64. <ul><li>Still more bookblogging </li></ul>Siva Vaidhyanathan, University of Virginia
  65. 65. <ul><li>Combining Web 2.0 forms </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasting </li></ul><ul><li>Blogging </li></ul><ul><li>Digital storytelling </li></ul><ul><li>Web-based photography </li></ul><ul><li>YouTube </li></ul><ul><li>Video mashups </li></ul><ul><li>Middlebury College, Jason Mittell and Barbara Ganley </li></ul><ul><li>Blend teaching with research </li></ul><ul><li>BG now involved in rural community media </li></ul>
  66. 66. <ul><li>Web 2.0 problems: privacy </li></ul><ul><li>Contrary to class safe space (Gary Kornblith, Oberlin College) </li></ul><ul><li>Culture of too much disclosure </li></ul><ul><li>Problem increasing archivally </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright? </li></ul>
  67. 67. <ul><li>Some responses </li></ul><ul><li>Can block comments and/or readers </li></ul><ul><li>Teachable moment: what is privacy in 2007? </li></ul><ul><li>Complement other practices </li></ul><ul><li>Create academic networks </li></ul>
  68. 68. Support strategies <ul><li>Local hosting </li></ul><ul><li>Campus identity </li></ul><ul><li>Stability </li></ul><ul><li>Integration into other services </li></ul><ul><li>Preservation </li></ul><ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><li>Offshore hosting </li></ul><ul><li>Third party identity </li></ul><ul><li>Stability </li></ul><ul><li>Integration into their other services </li></ul><ul><li>Preservation </li></ul><ul><li>Different time </li></ul>
  69. 69. Add ubicomp <ul><li>All of Web 2.0, just more so </li></ul><ul><li>Ambient </li></ul><ul><li>Accelerating </li></ul><ul><li>Annotating </li></ul>http:// www.phonebashing.com /
  70. 70. <ul><li>(Found on BBC site, June 2005) </li></ul>Except for American unilateralism
  71. 71. <ul><li>Pedagogies: new forms </li></ul>(John Schott, Carleton College, 2006)
  72. 72. <ul><li>Pedagogies: new forms </li></ul>University of Umea, 2004
  73. 73. <ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Platform profusion </li></ul><ul><li>Walled gardens </li></ul><ul><li>Network limitations </li></ul><ul><li>Student privacy </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty/staff privacy </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright poaching </li></ul><ul><li>(Blackbelt Jones, </li></ul><ul><li>November 2007; </li></ul><ul><li>Open Handset Alliance) </li></ul>
  74. 74. Virtual worlds as social software <ul><li>Pedagogy: team and community formation </li></ul><ul><li>“ Emotional bandwidth” (Linden Labs) </li></ul><ul><li>Social presence </li></ul><ul><li>Self-expression </li></ul>Second Life scene, Bryan Zelmanov
  75. 75. <ul><li>Pedagogy: good old virtual reality </li></ul><ul><li>Visualization </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative objects </li></ul>Metaverse; Croquet, UBC
  76. 76. <ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Walled gardens </li></ul><ul><li>Material limitations </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural anxieties </li></ul><ul><li>Preservation </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy </li></ul><ul><li>Research 101 </li></ul>(Brazil)
  77. 77. III. Web 2.0 Storytelling <ul><li>Lonelygirl15 </li></ul><ul><li>One YouTube </li></ul><ul><li>Another YouTube </li></ul><ul><li>Myspace </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion frenzy </li></ul><ul><li>Media attention </li></ul>(2006-)
  78. 78. <ul><li>Alternate reality games ( ARG s) </li></ul><ul><li>Permeability of game boundary (space and time) </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on distributed, collaborative cognition </li></ul><ul><li>Increased ephemerality </li></ul>(Perplex City, 2003-2006; Silver Ladder, 2007-)
  79. 79. <ul><li>Political ARGs </li></ul>(World Without Oil, May 2007)
  80. 80. <ul><li>ARG pedagogy </li></ul><ul><li>Creation for constructivism </li></ul><ul><li>Information literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Object of study </li></ul>(Trinity University library, 2007-; University of North Texas, 2007-)
  81. 81. <ul><li>Flickr and storytelling </li></ul><ul><li>Tell a story in 5 frames group </li></ul>“ Gender Miscommunication”, Nightingai1e, 2006
  82. 85. “ Gender Miscommunication” (Nightingai1e, 2006)
  83. 86. Social photo stories <ul><li>Or remix social media into narratives </li></ul><ul><li>Example: &quot;Food to Farm&quot;, Eli the Bearded (2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Library of Congress collections </li></ul>
  84. 87. Social photo stories
  85. 88. Social photo stories
  86. 89. Social photo stories <ul><li>Flickr, Tell A Story in Five Frames group ( http://www.flickr.com/groups/visualstory/ ) </li></ul>Example: &quot;Food to Farm&quot;, Eli the Bearded (2008)
  87. 90. Social photo stories Example: &quot;Food to Farm&quot;, Eli the Bearded (2008)
  88. 91. Social photo stories <ul><li>Pedagogies: </li></ul><ul><li>Remix </li></ul><ul><li>Archive work </li></ul><ul><li>Social presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Visual literacy </li></ul>( http://www.flickr.com/groups/visualstory/discuss/72157603786255599/ ; http://www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/ )
  89. 92. <ul><li>Social workshopping </li></ul>In the Tell a story in 5 frames group, 'Alone With The Sand' , moliere1331 (2005)
  90. 93. <ul><li>Folksonomizing stories: ManyEyes Project </li></ul>
  91. 94. IV. Policies, fears, and the great divide (Valdis Krebs, 2004)
  92. 95. (Blackboard) <ul><li>Huge market share </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy </li></ul><ul><li>Familiarity </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Other online environments </li></ul>
  93. 96. C.S. Mott Children's Hospital National Poll on Children’s Health, May 2007
  94. 97. CMSes approach Web 2.0 Scholar.com, from Blackboard Beyond
  95. 98. Keeping up <ul><li>NITLE workshop tag cloud, 2008 </li></ul>
  96. 99. National Institute for Technology and Liberal Education (NITLE) http://nitle.org Liberal Education Today blog http://b2e.nitle.org

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