El I chaotic fiction presentation


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El I chaotic fiction presentation

  1. 1. Chaotic Fiction, Alternate Reality Games, and the World’s Cheapest MMOG: Web 2.0 Storytelling in Education
  2. 2. What is Web 2.0 storytelling? <ul><li>An emergent set of storytelling practices, growing out of Web 2.0 technologies and cultural forms. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What's web 2.0 about? <ul><li>Quick recap </li></ul><ul><li>Microcontent </li></ul><ul><li>Social software </li></ul><ul><li>Multiply authored content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>within content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>located externally </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Perpetual beta </li></ul><ul><li>Boundaries can be hard to find </li></ul>
  4. 4. But wait, what's storytelling? <ul><li>“The last man on Earth sat alone in a room.” </li></ul>
  5. 5. But wait, what's storytelling? <ul><li>“The last man on Earth sat alone in a room. </li></ul><ul><li>There was a knock on the door.” </li></ul><ul><li>(Fredric Brown, “Knock”, 1948) </li></ul>
  6. 6. But wait, what's storytelling? <ul><li>It was a bright cold day in April, and the clocks were striking thirteen. </li></ul><ul><li>Last night, I dreamt I went to Manderley again. </li></ul><ul><li>The sky above the port was the color of television, tuned to a dead channel. </li></ul><ul><li>As Gregor Samsa awoke one morning from uneasy dreams he found himself transformed in his bed into a gigantic insect. </li></ul>
  7. 7. But wait, what's storytelling? <ul><li>Delight and instruct </li></ul><ul><li>About someone important </li></ul><ul><li>About an important event </li></ul><ul><li>About what one does </li></ul><ul><li>CDS Cookbook. </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.storycenter.org/cookbook.html </li></ul>
  8. 8. But wait, what's storytelling? Exercise one: what isn’t storytelling? You may edit your wikis now.
  9. 9. What came before Web 2.0 storytelling? <ul><li>Web 1.0 storytelling, of course </li></ul><ul><li>Hypertext </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia </li></ul><ul><li>Browser-focused </li></ul><ul><li>Connected with offline, analog content (textbooks) </li></ul><ul><li>Evanescent </li></ul>
  10. 10. Web 1.0 storytelling <ul><li>Example: Dreaming Methods (2000ff) </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.dreamingmethods.com / </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Example: “Ted’s Caving Journal” (circa 2001) </li></ul>(one copy, from http://www.angelfire.com/trek/caver/page1.html )
  12. 12. <ul><li>Features: </li></ul><ul><li>Multilinear </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia </li></ul><ul><li>Browserish </li></ul><ul><li>Serial structure </li></ul>
  13. 13. Web 1.0 era storytelling <ul><li>Email chain letters, jokes </li></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><li>Boundaries fuzzy </li></ul><ul><li>Microcontent </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual community facilitation (1980s on) </li></ul>(Snopes.com)
  14. 14. ( http://www.thenation.com/blogs/jstreet/363133/bailout_satire ) Dear American: I need to ask you to support an urgent secret business relationship with a transfer of funds of great magnitude. I am Ministry of the Treasury of the Republic of America. My country has had crisis that has caused the need for large transfer of funds of 800 billion dollars US. If you would assist me in this transfer, it would be most profitable to you. I am working with Mr. Phil Gram, lobbyist for UBS, who will be my replacement as Ministry of the Treasury in January. As a Senator, you may know him as the leader of the American banking deregulation movement in the 1990s. This transactin is 100% safe. This is a matter of great urgency…
  15. 15. Digital storytelling roots <ul><li>Digital Storytelling movement </li></ul>Digital Storytelling at Ukaiah, 2006
  16. 16. Digital storytelling roots <ul><li>Educational projects growing </li></ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul><ul><li>Curricula </li></ul><ul><li>Support </li></ul>( http://connect.educause.edu/Library/Abstract/StorytellingintheAgeofthe/42327 )
  17. 17. So why Web 2.0 storytelling? <ul><li>It’s already being done. </li></ul>http://delicious.com/tag/web2storytelling
  18. 18. <ul><li>She's a Flight Risk http://esquire.com/features/articles/2003/030922_mfe_isabella_1.html </li></ul>Blog as story diary
  19. 19. Bookblogging <ul><li>http://www.pulsethebook.com/ - “networked book” (Institute for the Future of the Book) </li></ul>And others http:// simonofspace.blogspot.com /
  20. 20. <ul><li>Republish content via blog </li></ul><ul><li>Pedagogy </li></ul><ul><li>Social feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Publicity </li></ul><ul><li>Pepys Diary </li></ul><ul><li>Dracula Blogged </li></ul><ul><li>Ulysses and da Vinci per day </li></ul>( http://hdt.typepad.com/henrys_blog/ )
  21. 21. ( http://spoonriver.metblogs.com/ ) <ul><li>Creative writing in response to document: </li></ul><ul><li>Spoon River Metblog </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Second-person narrative </li></ul>( http://redcanary.ca/about/about-you/ )
  23. 23. Platforms <ul><li>Blogosphere and nonfiction character </li></ul><ul><li>“ As one day’s posts build on points raised or refuted in a previous day’s, readers must actively engage the process of “discovering” the author, and of parsing from fragment after fragment who is speaking to them, and why, and from where whether geographically, mentally, politically, or otherwise.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Steve Himmer, “The Labyrinth Unbound” (2003) </li></ul>
  24. 24. Platforms <ul><li>Blogosphere and nonfiction character </li></ul><ul><li>“ As one day’s posts build on points raised or refuted in a previous day’s, readers must actively engage the process of “discovering” the author, and of parsing from fragment after fragment who is speaking to them, and why, and from where whether geographically, mentally, politically, or otherwise.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Steve Himmer, “The Labyrinth Unbound” (2003) </li></ul>
  25. 25. Microbloglosphere <ul><li>Twitter: a single narrative </li></ul><ul><li>Good Captain </li></ul><ul><li>http://twitter.com/goodcaptain </li></ul><ul><li>http://loose-fish.com/ </li></ul>
  26. 26. Microbloglosphere <ul><li>Twitter: a sin gle author’s aphorisms </li></ul><ul><li>Jenny Holzer </li></ul><ul><li>http://twitter.com/jennyholzer </li></ul>
  27. 27. Microbloglosphere <ul><li>Twitter: class en masse </li></ul><ul><li>http://twitter.com/manyvoices </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Twitter: republishing content </li></ul>http://twitter.com/novelsin3lines
  29. 29. http://twitter.com/oscarwilde
  30. 30. Wikistorytelling <ul><li>The Penguin novel </li></ul>( http://www.amillionpenguins.com/wiki/index.php/Main_Page )
  31. 31. Wikistorytelling Can a collective create a believable fictional voice? How does a plot find any sort of coherent trajectory when different people have a different idea about how a story should end – or even begin? And, perhaps most importantly, can writers really leave their egos at the door? “ About”, http://www.amillionpenguins.com/wiki/index.php/About
  32. 32. <ul><li>Flickr and storytelling </li></ul><ul><li>Tell a story in 5 frames group </li></ul>“ The Chase” ( Benjamin! , 2009) http://flickr.com/groups/visualstory/discuss/72157611666013264/
  33. 38. <ul><li>Flickr and storytelling </li></ul><ul><li>In the Tell a story in 5 frames group, 'Alone With The Sand' </li></ul>(moliere1331, 2005)
  34. 39. Social photo stories Example: « Farm to Food », Eli the Bearded (2008)
  35. 40. Social photo stories
  36. 41. Social photo stories
  37. 42. Social photo stories <ul><li>Flickr, Tell A Story in Five Frames group ( http://www.flickr.com/groups/visualstory/ ) </li></ul>Example: &quot;Food to Farm&quot;, Eli the Bearded (2008)
  38. 43. Social photo stories Example: &quot;Food to Farm&quot;, Eli the Bearded (2008)
  39. 44. Social photo stories <ul><li>Pedagogies: </li></ul><ul><li>Remix </li></ul><ul><li>Archive work </li></ul><ul><li>Social presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Visual literacy </li></ul>( http://www.flickr.com/groups/visualstory/discuss/72157603786255599/ ; http://www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/ )
  40. 45. Social slides <ul><li>Barbara Ganley, “Into the Storm” (2007) </li></ul>( http://www.slideshare.net/bgblogging/intothestorm http://bgexperiments.wordpress.com/2007/07/13/into-the-storm/ )
  41. 46. <ul><li>Embedded within Slideshare Web platform apparatus </li></ul>
  42. 47. <ul><li>Embedded within blog </li></ul>
  43. 48. Easy to start <ul><li>Web 2.0 is a brainstorming tool, a starting story service, a platform for quickly getting into the thing. </li></ul>Exercise two: back to your wiki, and start writing in response to the prompt.
  44. 49. Storytelling by p odcast <ul><li>The Yellow Sheet , by Librivox team (2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Text then podcast </li></ul><ul><li>http://librivox.org/the-yellow-sheet-by-librivox-volunteers/ </li></ul><ul><li>More: Podiobooks, http://www.podiobooks.com/ </li></ul>
  45. 50. Web video storytelling <ul><li>Connect with I ( http://www.connectwithi.com/ ) </li></ul><ul><li>Serial video </li></ul><ul><li>Fan content </li></ul><ul><li>Physical content </li></ul>
  46. 51. Web video storytelling <ul><li>lonelygirl15 ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lonelygirl15 ) </li></ul><ul><li>YouTube serial video content </li></ul><ul><li>Local fan content </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed response </li></ul><ul><li>Hoax plot </li></ul>
  47. 52. Storytellerster <ul><li>MySpace, Facebook as platform </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Silver Ladder </li></ul>(Two of Clubs character on Myspace)
  48. 53. <ul><li>Already used for humor </li></ul>http://www.much-ado.net/austenbook/
  49. 54. Multiplicity of platforms New forms combining categories into one?
  50. 55. Multiplicity of platforms <ul><li>New forms combining categories into one? </li></ul>Voicethread Storybox ( http://www.story-box.co.uk/index.php )
  51. 56. Multiplicity of platforms <ul><li>New forms combining categories into one? </li></ul>Jaycut, web-based video editing
  52. 57. Multiplicity of platforms <ul><li>New forms combining categories into one? </li></ul>http://wetellstories.co.uk/stories/week2/ Twitter feeds, blogs (different platforms), MySpace “ Slice”, from We Tell Stories anthology, Penguin (2008)
  53. 58. So why Web 2.0 storytelling? <ul><li>It’s a light but functional form of social gaming. </li></ul>Eve Online, from site <ul><li>Persistent world </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed players </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Very low cost </li></ul><ul><li>Some portability </li></ul>
  54. 59. <ul><li>Example: social Twitter storytelling: retelling The War of the Worlds </li></ul>Described http://infocult.typepad.com/infocult/2008/08/alien-invasion-via-twitter.html
  55. 60. A certain loss of control <ul><li>Social storytelling is user-generated content… which means some other user’s content next to yours. Which, like too much of a good thing, can be wonderful. </li></ul>Exercise three: edit someone else’s wiki page. Pick the group after you in the alphabet.
  56. 61. <ul><li>Alternate reality games </li></ul><ul><li>Permeability of game boundary (space and time) </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on distributed, collaborative cognition </li></ul><ul><li>Increased ephemerality </li></ul>So why Web 2.0 storytelling, again? (Perplex City, 2003-2006)
  57. 62. <ul><li>Political ARG </li></ul>(World Without Oil, May 2007)
  58. 63. <ul><li>ARG pedagogy </li></ul><ul><li>Creation for constructivism </li></ul><ul><li>Information literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Object of study </li></ul>(Nine Inch Nails game, 2007)
  59. 64. Practices and principles <ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><li>Wilkie Collins: &quot;Make 'em cry, make 'em laugh, make 'em wait&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>keep it coming (cf ask a Ninja) </li></ul><ul><li>Big time: serial </li></ul><ul><li>Little time: accretive </li></ul>
  60. 65. Practices and principles <ul><li>Character </li></ul><ul><li>You: persona </li></ul><ul><li>Creative or historical character </li></ul><ul><li>Blog as character (Kathleen Fitzpatrick) </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter as character (Eric Rice) </li></ul>
  61. 66. Practices and principles <ul><li>Setting </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes ambient </li></ul><ul><li>Or use linked services (maps) </li></ul>
  62. 67. But wait, what's storytelling? Exercise four: write about the feet. You will be assigned fiction or nonfiction. Use the Web.
  63. 68. Practices and principles <ul><li>Fab your lexia chunks </li></ul><ul><li>Recap/summary of story </li></ul><ul><li>Cliffhanger </li></ul><ul><li>Internal organizing statement </li></ul><ul><li>Discrete argument point </li></ul><ul><li>Shift in Lego pieces </li></ul><ul><li>POV </li></ul><ul><li>Timeline </li></ul><ul><li>Embedded story </li></ul><ul><li>Meta, help, disclaimer </li></ul><ul><li>(And they move without you.) </li></ul>
  64. 69. Futures <ul><li>Stories about Web 2.0 storytelling </li></ul><ul><li>Ken Macleod, The Execution Channel (2008) </li></ul>( http://www.wired.com/techbiz/it/magazine/15-07/local ) -Bruce Sterling, Wired , 2007
  65. 70. Futures <ul><li>Copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 accelerates opportunities for copyright practices, from fair use (quotes, snippets) to infringement (copying whole texts) </li></ul><ul><li>Emerging practices: snippet+link, Wikipedia notice </li></ul><ul><li>Other practices: using TEACH, Creative Commons </li></ul>
  66. 71. Futures <ul><li>Mobile devices -> &quot;interstitial fiction”? </li></ul><ul><li>it can be fiction or nonfiction, but it is unlikely to be a single isolated five-minute item, as it would be hard to market or to find such an item. More likely short items will be strung together in an anthology; the thesis of the anthology (&quot;brief bursts about the new administration&quot;; &quot;101 short poems about transistors and current&quot;) will suffuse each item with a sense of being part of a whole. </li></ul>Joseph Esposito, http://toc.oreilly.com/2008/12/interstitial-publishing.html
  67. 72. Digital storytelling roots <ul><li>One theory </li></ul>http://www.unfiction.com/compendium/2006/11/10/undefining-arg/2/ <ul><li>Chaotic fiction , including ARGs </li></ul>
  68. 73. Digital storytelling roots <ul><li>One model </li></ul><ul><li>Embedded in media history, old, current, and emergent </li></ul>
  69. 74. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS <ul><li>-blog commentators Andy Havens, Steve Kaye, H Pierce, D'Arcy Norman </li></ul><ul><li>-Alan Levine! </li></ul><ul><li>-all Web 2.0 storytellers and participants </li></ul><ul><li>-all NITLE 2008-2009 workshop participants </li></ul><ul><li>-Teddy Diggs, Educause Review </li></ul><ul><li>-ELI 2008 conference workshop participants </li></ul><ul><li>(Photos uncredited are mine) </li></ul>
  70. 75. <ul><li>National Institute for Technology and Liberal Education (NITLE): </li></ul><ul><li>http://nitle.org </li></ul><ul><li>Liberal Education Today blog: </li></ul><ul><li>http://b2e.nitle.org </li></ul><ul><li>And: </li></ul><ul><li>http://web2storytelling.wikispaces.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>And </li></ul><ul><li>http://delicious.com/tag/web2storytelling </li></ul>