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Research for Development (R4D):       For Whose Benefit         Bruce Currie-Alder
Why do funders define and fund R4D differently?
1991 Empowerment through knowledge:              1996 fund policy relevant research ofresearch capacity in developing regi...
H1: Adjust to expectations & experience                                  Funder• Sets policy context                      ...
Home Country               Cabinet       Parliament                                                           Granting    ...
Performance Regime Host society        Home governmentForeign policy          Science policySelf-governed         Market-o...
Adaptive OrganizationElement       Definition                                   Theory              Identify research prog...
Context                         Government                         Performance Regime                         • Position  ...
Priority              Programs          Patterns            Grantees                ResultsWHY                   ON WHAT  ...
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Research for development (R4D): For whose benefit

Research-for-development (R4D) has been viewed as generating evidence on the effectiveness of foreign aid, inventing new technologies that serve poor people, and strengthening research capabilities in poor countries. What determines which of these policy goals are pursued?

Public research funders adjust their approach based on past experience and on the expectations within their home governments. These dynamics influence how R4D is defined and funded, which carry implications for researchers at home and abroad.

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Research for development (R4D): For whose benefit

  1. 1. Research for Development (R4D): For Whose Benefit Bruce Currie-Alder
  2. 2. Why do funders define and fund R4D differently?
  3. 3. 1991 Empowerment through knowledge: 1996 fund policy relevant research ofresearch capacity in developing regions in value to the development communityresponse to (their) needs 2000 make faster progress in fightingCS+PF 2005 poverty and achieving the MDGs• strengthen and mobilize local research capacity 2004 strengthen the capacity of• foster research leading to changed developing countries to acquire, use practices, technologies, policies, and laws and generate knowledge SF 2010 Using research and evidence to drive• Build knowledge and new fields value for money and get the best• Build research capacity of individuals and results from development organizations programmes• Enable partners to influence policy and practice • support new technologies • find better ways of delivering aid • support best policy choices
  4. 4. H1: Adjust to expectations & experience Funder• Sets policy context • Competes for funds• Provides resources • Conducts research • Designs programs• Assess performance • Reports progress • Provides incentives • Monitors progress Home Researchers Government
  5. 5. Home Country Cabinet Parliament Granting Central Councils Agencies Home Universities One-world Inform Mobilize donor talent Academic R4D Funder Communities Empower Build new host society capabilities Poor-world RecipientsHost Country NGOs & S&T Ministry Practitioners Executive Public Private
  6. 6. Performance Regime Host society Home governmentForeign policy Science policySelf-governed Market-orientedFunder autonomy Government sets priorities Core grants Targeted funding Peer review Selection criteria Peer recognition Performance assessment
  7. 7. Adaptive OrganizationElement Definition Theory Identify research programsPERSPECTIVE Policy Narrative e.g. strategies, ideas of leaders Actions contribute to outcomesPROGRAMS Program Evaluation e.g. prospectuses Set organizational routinesPATTERNS Economics of Innovation e.g. ethos, PO duties, grant portfolio
  8. 8. Context Government Performance Regime • Position • Fit with policy R4D Funders Adaptive Researchers Organization • Incentives • Programs • VALUE of research • PatternsMechanism Outcome
  9. 9. Priority Programs Patterns Grantees ResultsWHY ON WHAT HOW WHO FOR WHATInform policy Economic policy Core funding Practitioners Assess interventions Governance Policy researchers Project grants Reduce povertyBuild capacity Health systems Local intuitions Think tanks Scholarships Improve well-being In-house research Connect to globalDesign technology Vaccines Tap scientific talent Seeds Prizes Raise productivity ASSUMPTIONS EXTERNAL FACTORS Programs Position within government Patterns Fit with policy environment

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Research-for-development (R4D) has been viewed as generating evidence on the effectiveness of foreign aid, inventing new technologies that serve poor people, and strengthening research capabilities in poor countries. What determines which of these policy goals are pursued? Public research funders adjust their approach based on past experience and on the expectations within their home governments. These dynamics influence how R4D is defined and funded, which carry implications for researchers at home and abroad.

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