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Motivating Adult Learnersfinals


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Motivating Adult Learnersfinals

  1. 1. Created by Ivy Brown 08/13/09 <ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Research on Adult Learners 08/13/09 <ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul>Adult learners make up almost 40 percent of U.S. college students. These students are a small segment (6.5 million) of the more than 90 million adults 25 and older that participate in formal and informal education beyond high school.
  3. 3. <ul><li>According to Wlodkowski, Knowles identified adults by two criteria: an individual who performs roles associated by our culture with adults (worker, spouse, parent, soldier, responsible citizen) and an individual who perceives himself or herself to be responsible for his/her own life. </li></ul>08/13/09 <ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul>Defining Adult Learners
  4. 4. Characteristics of Adult Learners <ul><li>Have first-hand experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Have a great deal of pride, but their ways of “showing it” varies. </li></ul><ul><li>Have tangible things to lose so are very cautious in the educational environment. </li></ul><ul><li>` </li></ul><ul><li>Learn from reinforcement (thrive on it). </li></ul><ul><li>Wave a strong need to apply what is learned — and apply it now! </li></ul><ul><li>Want to be competent in their application of knowledge and skill. </li></ul><ul><li>Want a choice in what they learn. </li></ul>08/13/09 <ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Theory of Adult Learning <ul><li>Malcolm Knowles is considered the father of adult learning theory. Trainers and adult educators began to implement practical applications based on Dr. Knowles’ six assumptions. </li></ul>08/13/09 <ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Malcolm S. Knowles on Andragogy <ul><li>Knowles was convinced that adults learned differently to children - and that this provided the basis for a distinctive field of enquiry. </li></ul>08/13/09 <ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. 08/13/09 <ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul>The kind of teaching and coaching people get makes a big difference on how much they will remember. In general, people in a learning situation retain: 10% of what they read 20% of what they hear 30% of what they see 95% of what they teach someone else to do 80% of what they use and do in real life 70% of what they talk with others 50% of what they see and hear
  8. 8. How Do Adults Learn? <ul><li>Adults need to do something concrete or have an experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Adults observe, think about what they have </li></ul><ul><li>done (or about their </li></ul><ul><li>experience) and how they reacted to it. </li></ul>08/13/09 <ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. What’s your Motivation Style? <ul><li>Goal-oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship-oriented </li></ul><ul><li>learning-oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Thrill-oriented </li></ul>08/13/09 <ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Why Adults Learn? <ul><li>To learn a specific skill. </li></ul><ul><li>For entertainment or personal edification. </li></ul>08/13/09 <ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. To maintain certification or to obtain a degree 08/13/09 <ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Strategies to help motivate Adult Learners 08/13/09 <ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul>1. Put materials into “bite-size chunks” which people are able to understand. Make the material relevant, as close to the actual requirements of that person’s job.
  13. 13. Strategies to help motivate Adult Learners <ul><li>2. Provide plenty of documentation for the learner, usually in the form of hands-on experience and paper documentation. </li></ul>08/13/09 <ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Strategies to help motivate Adult Learners <ul><li>3. Let the students work in groups, since they would rather ask other students for assistance rather than ask the course instructor . </li></ul>08/13/09 <ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Strategies to help motivate Adult Learners <ul><li>4. Keep the course requirements in perspective to the amount of time for the course (credit hours, for example). </li></ul>08/13/09 <ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Strategies to help motivate Adult Learners 08/13/09 <ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul>5. Make certain the student is equipped with enough knowledge and skill to complete the assignment, rather than setting the person up for failure.
  17. 17. Strategies to help motivate Adult Learners <ul><li>6. Bend the rules, if necessary! </li></ul>08/13/09 <ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>[Adult education is] a co-operative venture in non-authoritarian, informal learning the chief purpose of which is to discover the meaning of experience; a quest of the mind which digs down to the roots of the preconceptions which formulate our conduct; a technique of learning for adults which makes education coterminous with life, and hence elevates living itself to the level of an experiment. </li></ul><ul><li>Eduard Lindeman, What is Adult Education? (1925). </li></ul>08/13/09 <ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul>QUOTE FOR THE DAY!
  19. 19. <ul><li>  Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. EnglewoodCliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. </li></ul><ul><li>Bloom, B. S. (Ed.), Engelhart, M. D., Furst, E. J., Hill, W. H., & Krathwohl, D. R. (1956). Taxonomy </li></ul><ul><li>of educational objectives: The classifi cation of educational goals . Handbook I: Cognitive </li></ul><ul><li>domain. New York: David McKay. </li></ul><ul><li>Knowles, M. (1980). The modern practice of adult education: From pedagogy to andragogy (2nd Ed.). New York: Cambridge Books. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>08/13/09 <ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul>References
  20. 20. <ul><li>References cont’d </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieved August 7, 2009 from </li></ul><ul><li>Solution for Future. Retrieved August 7, 2009 from </li></ul><ul><li>Eduard Lindeman, What is Adult Education? (1925). Retrieved August 7, 2009 from </li></ul>08/13/09 <ul><ul><li></li></ul></ul>