Principles of writing…
Effective teachers understand how students learn…
Effective teachers support student use of the cueing
Effective teachers create a community of learners…
Effective teachers adopt a balanced approach to
Effective teachers scaffold student reading, writing,
viewing, speaking and listening…
Effective teachers organise for language, literature
and literacy instruction…
Effective teachers link instruction and assessment…
5ive stage process of
Assessment & Evaluation…
Running records, examination of students work,
conferences rubrics, pro forms, checklists and rating scales
1. Determine student writing levels
2. Monitor student progress
3. Diagnose strengths and weaknesses and;
4. Document student learning
• Do students think of writing topics easily or do they have
trouble thinking of something to write?
Do students write quickly enough to complete the
assignment, or do they write slowly or try to avoid
♥ Do students spell most words automatically, or do they
stop to figure out the spelling of many words?
ⱷ Do students write easily, or do they complain that their
How to creatively teach writing…
∞ Reading and Writing stories
∞ Story cards
∞ Shared reading tasks
♥ Introduce writing groups
Create a community of learners
♥ Word walls
♥ Literacy centres
♥ Posting signs in the classroom
♥ Making a list of classroom rules
Using reading and writing materials in literacy play centres
Exchanging messages with classmates
Labelling classroom items
Drawing and writing in journals
Writing notes to parents
Exploring print within the environment -signs,
(ACARA) Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority. (2014).
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Bull, G. & Anstey., M. (2005). The literacy landscape. Frenchs Forest, N.S.W.: Pearson.
Killen, R. (2005). Programming and assessment for quality teaching and
learning. South Melbourne: Thompson.
McMillan, J.H. (2011). Classroom assessment: principles and practice for
effective standards-based instruction (5th ed.). Boston, MA:
Scherer, M. (2009). The tests that won't go away. Educational Leadership, 67(3), 5.
Retrieved from https://www.curtin.edu.au.
Tompkins, G., Campbell, R., & Green, D. (2012). Literacy for the 21st century: A
balanced approach. Frenchs Forest, NSW: Pearson Australia.
Tompkins, G., Campbell, R., & Green, D. (2012a). Assessment [Video file]. Retrieved
Tompkins, G., Campbell, R., & Green, D. (2012b). Linking sound and sight words
[Video file]. Retrieved from
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Google. (2014). Apple [image]. Retrieved from
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