Student handout holocaust


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Student handout holocaust

  1. 1. World War II The Holocaust
  2. 2. World War II: The Holocaust <ul><li>History of Jews : </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1100s, Rumor has it that would steal kids and kill the kids for religious purposes. Usually around holidays. </li></ul><ul><li>1144- 1 st case of Ritual murder- Norwich, England. A little boy turns up dead in the woods. The body sits in the woods for days and starts to decompose. A local pastor finds the body and associates the death to Jews. Jews don’t drink red wine because it deals with blood, so they only drink white wine. </li></ul>
  3. 3. World War II: The Holocaust <ul><li>History of Jews : </li></ul><ul><li>Jews are going to be blamed for such as the black death/plague in the 1300s. </li></ul><ul><li>Jews had and connections. The Jews would help one another to try to defeat the Christians. Most people during this time period hated money lenders. charged interest and that was seen as a sin. People decided that if you got rid of the money lender, then your debt is gone. </li></ul>
  4. 4. World War II: The Holocaust <ul><li>History of Jews : </li></ul><ul><li>Martin Luther ( ) wanted Jews to join him in the Protestant Reformation. </li></ul><ul><li>He claimed Jesus was born a Jew and everyone needs to be nicer to hoping that they would join. </li></ul><ul><li>Not many joined Martin Luther causing him to get frustrated and shout out lies. </li></ul>
  5. 5. World War II: The Holocaust <ul><li>History of Jews : </li></ul><ul><li>Martin Luther starts lying about Jews claiming “Jews commit murders” and that they “poison wells and worship Satin.” </li></ul><ul><li>He states “People should set fire to Jewish Synagogues, destruct , burn houses, prayer books, laws should be passed to stop Jews from moving. Confine them to cities. Jews have robbed people and should have their money taken. Jews do know physical labor so men and women should do physical labor. Stay away from Jews.” </li></ul>
  6. 6. World War II: The Holocaust <ul><li>History of Jews : </li></ul><ul><li>Jews were not allowed in towns. If so, Jews could not stay overnight. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Nuremburg and </li></ul><ul><li>Nuremburg- Jews can come in, but thru a certain gate paying a toll. An older German lady would follow the Jew around so it was someone who couldn’t get pregnant. Jews had to tip the old lady. </li></ul>
  7. 7. World War II: The Holocaust <ul><li>History of Jews : </li></ul><ul><li>Frankfort- 3,000 have the right to live there. </li></ul><ul><li> tried to control this area by locking gates at certain times. </li></ul><ul><li>Jews had to pay and re-new contracts to live there. </li></ul><ul><li>These housing communities were called Judengasse. (Gasse= German for alley/street) </li></ul>Example of a Judengasse
  8. 8. World War II: The Holocaust <ul><li>History of Jews : </li></ul><ul><li>In the late 1700s Jews started to move into and becoming the backbone of the middle class in . (Poland is an independent country but gets gobbled up by ) </li></ul><ul><li>Catherine the decides to move the Jews to a confined area because she didn’t trust them </li></ul>
  9. 9. World War II: The Holocaust <ul><li>This is called the Pale of Settlement, which is a large area where Jews are to stay in Russia. (Poland to Baltic Sea) Many Jews already live in this area. In the early 1800s, Tsar takes over Russia and states that Jews cannot live in villages or near the border of because they might help other countries. </li></ul>Pale of Settlement
  10. 10. World War II: The Holocaust <ul><li>History of Jews : </li></ul><ul><li>Tsar Nicholas I (1825-55) made start to serve in the Russian starting at the age of 12 and ending at 25. Every Jewish community had a where a certain amount of Jews were needed. </li></ul><ul><li>This was a way to keep the younger Jews together and try to commit them to Russian ways </li></ul>
  11. 11. World War II: The Holocaust <ul><li>History of Jews : </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander III in the late 1800s decides to sponsor which are anti-Jewish riots </li></ul><ul><li>During a , people would throw rocks, burn and rape Jewish women </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander III argued that all Jews are liberal and he used massive pogroms against the Jews </li></ul>Victims of a Pogrom
  12. 12. World War II: Adolph Hitler
  13. 13. World War II: Adolph Hitler <ul><li>Hitler was born in 1889, in Austria </li></ul><ul><li>His (Alois) was rough and tough. He used to beat his kids. </li></ul><ul><li>His (Klara) tried to make up for the beating from Alois. </li></ul>
  14. 14. World War II: Adolph Hitler <ul><li>Hitler had no Jewish in him. </li></ul><ul><li>Adolph was only 14 when his died. He drops out of school at age because he is still ill about his fathers death. </li></ul><ul><li>Adolph’s favorite subjects were and Geography. He failed many classes and told the teachers they were wrong a lot. </li></ul>
  15. 15. World War II: Adolph Hitler <ul><li>He takes 2 years off to “goof” around. He then decides he wants to be an . He moves off to Vienna to attend a school. School him for no reason. He goes to the director to find out why he was rejected and they told him he couldn’t draw humans well. They told him to apply for architecture school. He does and gets rejected. </li></ul>
  16. 16. World War II: Adolph Hitler <ul><li>At this point, he feels like he can’t tell anyone. He gets a call back home because his mother is dying from breast cancer and she </li></ul><ul><li>Rumor has it that the taking care of Hitler’s mom was a Jew. </li></ul><ul><li>Adolph stated “I respected my father but I loved my mother.” </li></ul><ul><li>He inherits money from Aunt, Mom and Dad so he heads back to </li></ul>
  17. 17. World War II: Adolph Hitler <ul><li>By 1913, Hitler held the belief that the Arian race is pure while the are worst because its opposite of Arian. </li></ul><ul><li>Also, in 1913, Hitler tries to leave Austria because he has to serve in the Austrian . He does not want to be in the military. </li></ul><ul><li>He is searched for and found. He was arrested. He claims he had to take care of his siblings. Austria decided to make him unfit for the army and let him go. They really didn’t need him. </li></ul>
  18. 18. World War II: Adolph Hitler <ul><li>At age 25, Hitler is drifting around and ends up in . He really likes the people and how everyone is linked together. Immediately, he joins the German </li></ul><ul><li>He feels accepted and found his purpose in life. </li></ul><ul><li>His job was to relay messages to Front Line through wars, trenches. All the military people hated Hitler. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler found a and that is the only friend he has. </li></ul>
  19. 19. World War II: Adolph Hitler <ul><li>While in the war, Hitler was hit with some chemical that temporarily blinded him. While in the hospital, German signs armistices on Nov. 11 stating they lost the war. This cuts him to the core. </li></ul><ul><li>He fought for Germany and didn’t want to believe they lost the war so he takes the point of view that stabbed Germany in the back during W.W.I. </li></ul>
  20. 20. World War II: Adolph Hitler <ul><li>In 1932, it was time to elect a new Hindenburg was President and he is old. Out of respect, no one was going to run against him. </li></ul><ul><li>decides he is going to run against him. </li></ul><ul><li>Hindenburg got 17 million votes and Hitler got 13 million votes. </li></ul>
  21. 21. World War II: Adolph Hitler <ul><li>It looks as if Hindenburg won but Hitler has the most representatives in the </li></ul><ul><li>He goes to Hindenburg and asks to be chancellor and Hindenburg sends him packing. </li></ul><ul><li>years later, (1934) Hindenburg dies and Hitler is able to take over as President. </li></ul>