Classical China<br />Development and Accomplishments<br />By Brittany Michaud<br />
History<br />Dynasties:<br /><ul><li>Zhou   1029 – 258 BCE
Qin      221 -202 BCE
Han     202 BCE – 220 CE</li></li></ul><li>Zhou Dynasty<br /><ul><li>Did not establish strong government,
But started Mandate of Heaven political concept
Expanded settlement to “Middle Kingdom”
Cultivated rice and wheat
Attempted to bring cultural unity
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Classical China

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Classical China Development and Contributions

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Classical China

  1. 1. Classical China<br />Development and Accomplishments<br />By Brittany Michaud<br />
  2. 2. History<br />Dynasties:<br /><ul><li>Zhou 1029 – 258 BCE
  3. 3. Qin 221 -202 BCE
  4. 4. Han 202 BCE – 220 CE</li></li></ul><li>Zhou Dynasty<br /><ul><li>Did not establish strong government,
  5. 5. But started Mandate of Heaven political concept
  6. 6. Expanded settlement to “Middle Kingdom”
  7. 7. Cultivated rice and wheat
  8. 8. Attempted to bring cultural unity
  9. 9. Banning human sacrifice
  10. 10. Standard language
  11. 11. 402 – 201 BCE Era of Warring States
  12. 12. Downfall of Zhou
  13. 13. Regional rulers rebelled </li></li></ul><li>Qin Dynasty<br /><ul><li>Qin Shi Huandi, first Emperor, brutal but effective
  14. 14. Assumed control of central feudal estates
  15. 15. Established centralizing government
  16. 16. Powerful armies protected Chinese territory
  17. 17. Built the Great Wall of China
  18. 18. Over 3,000 miles long, wide enough for chariots
  19. 19. Largest construction project in human history
  20. 20. Established national census; standardization of coins, </li></ul>weights, measures; uniform written script; irrigation; silk<br /><ul><li>Unpopular because of high taxes and attack on intellectuals</li></li></ul><li>Han Dynasty<br /><ul><li>Lasted over 400 years
  21. 21. Centralized but less brutal than Qin
  22. 22. Expanded territory, expanded contact with other civilizations
  23. 23. Wu Ti (140 – 87 BCE) most famous Han ruler
  24. 24. Enforced peace through Asia
  25. 25. Brought great prosperity to China
  26. 26. Government had formal training based on Confucianism
  27. 27. Invasion by nomadic Huns ended dynasty</li></li></ul><li>Philosophical Contributions<br /><ul><li>Confucianism
  28. 28. System of ethics
  29. 29. Creator: Kung Fuzi (Confucius)
  30. 30. Confucian order in book called Analects
  31. 31. Emphasized respect, obedience, proper hierarchy
  32. 32. Daoism
  33. 33. More religious philosophy
  34. 34. Laozi furthered and popularized Daoism
  35. 35. Produced division in religion and philosophy
  36. 36. Had own set of ethics
  37. 37. Emphasized nature and harmony, mystery and magic</li></li></ul><li>Other Contributions<br /><ul><li>Gunpowder
  38. 38. Paper
  39. 39. Compass
  40. 40. Printing Press
  41. 41. Accurate calendar
  42. 42. Movement of planets Saturn, Jupiter
  43. 43. Seismograph to register earthquakes
  44. 44. Advanced acoustics</li></li></ul><li>Works Cited<br />&quot;Chapter Two: Classical China.&quot; East-Asian-History. Web. 04 Oct. 2009. &lt;http://www.east-asian-history.net/textbooks/PM-China/ch2.htm&gt;.<br />&quot;Classical Civilization: China.&quot; World Civilizations. Pearson Longman, 1995-2008. Web. 4 Oct. 2009. &lt;http://wps.ablongman.com/long_stearns_wcap_4/18/4646/1189489.cw/index.html&gt;.<br />Smart, Richard. &quot;Classical China And India.&quot; Upload & Share PowerPoint presentations and documents. 2007. Web. 04 Oct. 2009. &lt;http://www.slideshare.net/learningsmart/classical-china-and-india&gt;.<br />

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