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PhDs for Africa
Prof Wim de Villiers, Rector and Vice-Chancellor,
Stellenbosch University, South Africa
15 May 2019, at Going Global (Berlin),
Session: ‘Building PhD Power in Sub-Saharan
Africa’ © The content of this presentation is confidential.
Contents
1. About Stellenbosch University
2. Challenges and opportunities for scholarship
development
3. Africa Centre for Scholarship at SU
4. African Doctoral Academy (ADA)
5. Joint Schools in Africa
6. Way forward
1. Stellenbosch University (SU)
• Located in the historic town of
Stellenbosch, 50 km from Cape Town,
in the Winelands region of South
Africa’s Western Cape Province.
• Achieved university status in 1918.
Stellenbosch University profile
2. Challenges and opportunities
for scholarship development
South Africa:
• 126/157 - Human Capital Index (World Development Report 2019)
• 87/130 - Global Human Capital Report (World Economic Report, 2017)
• 67/140 (down 5 places) - Global Competitiveness Index (World Competitiveness Report
2018)
Africa:
• 48% of population younger than 25 years of age
• Graduate enrolment ratio lower than rest of world (30%)
• Only 0.4% of the GDP is spent on R&D.
• Only 0.7% of the world’s scientific research,
• 1.1% of publications
• 0.1% of global patents are produced in Africa.
(UNESCO, 2011 & 2017; World Bank 2019; World Economic Forum 2017, 2018)
3. Africa Centre for Scholarship
• Part of Stellenbosch University International
• Led by Prof Sarah Howie
Vision and Mission:
To develop new and emerging scholars in Africa in order to
contribute to the development of the continent and its
people through connecting scholars globally and creating
opportunities
for research and HE teaching and learning development.
African Centre for Scholarship (ACS)
Current and new programmes under development
4. African Doctoral Academy
• Celebrating 10 years in 2019
– Established in Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences in 2009
– Moved to SU International (institution-wide) in 2014
• Annual Summer (January) & Winter (July) Schools in Stellenbosch
• 10 years: 210 workshops; 4 526 participants; 53 nationalities
• 2019: First Spring School
African Doctoral Academy (ADA)
Objectives:
Expand,
diversify
PhD
capacity
develop-
ment
offerings
Capacitate
super-
visors on
the
African
continent
across
disciplines
Address
strategic
elements
of the
"leaky
pipeline"
Establish
sustained
collabora-
tive
networks &
partner-
ships to
enhance
African
scholarship
Produce
high quality
researchers
on PhD
education in
Africa
Firmly
establish
governance &
management
structure
African Doctoral Academy (ADA)
Generic and specialist skills training:
Research
Designs and
Methods (from
beginner to
advanced)
Proposal writing
Grant writing
Project management
Academic writing for
thesis and publication
Postgraduate
supervision
Teaching and
learning in HE
Research Ethics
Digital
Technology
Typical ADA School
(Winter, Spring, Summer)Preparatorycourse
(3days)
e.g.:
creating a
successful
dissertation
Week1
e.g.
Introduction
to
Quantitative
Research
Saturday1day
e.g.:
Project
management
Week2
e.g:
Disseminating
my research –
writing an
article
ADA Summer School 2019
• Received 329 applications for 25
scholarships to attend ADA Summer
School 2019
• 90% from outside South Africa
• Most African applicants did not have
sufficient funds to attend
• South African delegates outside
Stellenbosch battled with funding for
travel and accommodation
Origin of ADA Summer
School 2019 delegates:
Trends for ADA Schools
Trends:
Number of participants (2012-2018)
776
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Numberofparticipantsinworkshops
Total No. of participants in workshops
+ 50% embarking on or already busy with PhD
Trends:
% of subsidised delegates (2015-2019)
0%
9%
19% 20%
24%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
2015 2016 2017 2018 SS2019
%ofdelegatessubsidised
% of subsidised delegates
Trends:
Participants’ age & gender (2016-2019)
7.0%
5.0%
14.2%
20.4%
17.6%
15.4%
11.2%
6.5%
0.7%
1.5%
0.1% 0.4%
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
ADA Attendees by Age, 2016 - 2019
80% mature students: 30+ years
61
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
Gender distribution: 2014 - 2019
Male
Femal
e
More female than male delegates
Trends:
Nationality of delegates (2016-2019)
19
45% outside SA
Most from
Southern and
East Africa
Nigeria, 5%
Zimbabwe, 5%
Namibia, 4%
Kenya , 3%
Ghana, 2%
Uganda, 2%
Malawia, 2%
Zambia, 2%
Tanzania, 1%
Other, 11%
Other - North America,
Europe, the East and the
Caribbean -11% of the
delegates
55 % from within
South Africa
Trends:
Participants’ disciplines (2016-2019)
Areas of subject fields (2016-2019)
Arts and Social
Sciences
25%
Economics and
Management
Sciences
18%
Agrisciences
16%
Medicine and Health
Sciences
12%
Science
11%
Education
9%
Engineering
5%
Theology
2% Law
2%
¼ delegates from the Arts
and Social Sciences – the
traditional and original base
44% from STEM
disciplines
Trends:
Presenters (2016-2019)
Presenters 2014-2019
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
Belgium
Germany
Netherlands
Switzerland
USA
Canada
Ireland
SouthAfrica
Tanzania
Belgium
Germany
Netherlands
Switzerland
USA
Canada
Ireland
SouthAfrica
Tanzania
Belgium
Germany
Netherlands
Switzerland
USA
Canada
Ireland
SouthAfrica
Tanzania
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
NumberofPresenters
Origin of Presenters per year
Mostly South African presenters (several Stellenbosch presenters)
Belgium, Canada, Germany, Ireland, Switzerland, USA, Tanzania, Netherlands
from mainly partner institutions
5. Joint Schools in Africa
Joint Schools in Africa
Institution Focus Target group Delegates
Ardhi University,
Tanzania
PERIPERI_U/
Advanced Research
methods
Disaster Risk
Management
researchers &
practitioners
7
(34)
Makerere University,
Uganda
Workshop on publishing Lecturers 44
Strathmore
University, Kenya
Doctoral Supervision
Writing & publishing
Lecturers
Phd students
34
27
Makerere University,
Uganda
Postgraduate Supervision Lecturers from
10 Ugandan
Unis
42 (33)
• In 2016-2017, 300 delegates participated in five SU-initiated Joint Doctoral Schools at partner
institutions (University of Makerere, Uganda; University of Malawi, University of Namibia)
• 2018:
Way forward
• Challenging context for scholarship and funding
thereof
• Currently reviewing and revising the curriculum and
funding models for the ADA
• Pursuing funding for programme
• Partnerships needed to support development of
scholarship and excellence in Africa
• Strong support infrastructure at universities makes the
difference in creating conducive environment for
scholarship to develop and thrive
Thank you Dankie Enkosi

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Prof. Wim de Villiers

  • 1. PhDs for Africa Prof Wim de Villiers, Rector and Vice-Chancellor, Stellenbosch University, South Africa 15 May 2019, at Going Global (Berlin), Session: ‘Building PhD Power in Sub-Saharan Africa’ © The content of this presentation is confidential.
  • 2. Contents 1. About Stellenbosch University 2. Challenges and opportunities for scholarship development 3. Africa Centre for Scholarship at SU 4. African Doctoral Academy (ADA) 5. Joint Schools in Africa 6. Way forward
  • 3. 1. Stellenbosch University (SU) • Located in the historic town of Stellenbosch, 50 km from Cape Town, in the Winelands region of South Africa’s Western Cape Province. • Achieved university status in 1918.
  • 5. 2. Challenges and opportunities for scholarship development South Africa: • 126/157 - Human Capital Index (World Development Report 2019) • 87/130 - Global Human Capital Report (World Economic Report, 2017) • 67/140 (down 5 places) - Global Competitiveness Index (World Competitiveness Report 2018) Africa: • 48% of population younger than 25 years of age • Graduate enrolment ratio lower than rest of world (30%) • Only 0.4% of the GDP is spent on R&D. • Only 0.7% of the world’s scientific research, • 1.1% of publications • 0.1% of global patents are produced in Africa. (UNESCO, 2011 & 2017; World Bank 2019; World Economic Forum 2017, 2018)
  • 6. 3. Africa Centre for Scholarship • Part of Stellenbosch University International • Led by Prof Sarah Howie Vision and Mission: To develop new and emerging scholars in Africa in order to contribute to the development of the continent and its people through connecting scholars globally and creating opportunities for research and HE teaching and learning development.
  • 7. African Centre for Scholarship (ACS) Current and new programmes under development
  • 8. 4. African Doctoral Academy • Celebrating 10 years in 2019 – Established in Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences in 2009 – Moved to SU International (institution-wide) in 2014 • Annual Summer (January) & Winter (July) Schools in Stellenbosch • 10 years: 210 workshops; 4 526 participants; 53 nationalities • 2019: First Spring School
  • 9. African Doctoral Academy (ADA) Objectives: Expand, diversify PhD capacity develop- ment offerings Capacitate super- visors on the African continent across disciplines Address strategic elements of the "leaky pipeline" Establish sustained collabora- tive networks & partner- ships to enhance African scholarship Produce high quality researchers on PhD education in Africa Firmly establish governance & management structure
  • 10. African Doctoral Academy (ADA) Generic and specialist skills training: Research Designs and Methods (from beginner to advanced) Proposal writing Grant writing Project management Academic writing for thesis and publication Postgraduate supervision Teaching and learning in HE Research Ethics Digital Technology
  • 11. Typical ADA School (Winter, Spring, Summer)Preparatorycourse (3days) e.g.: creating a successful dissertation Week1 e.g. Introduction to Quantitative Research Saturday1day e.g.: Project management Week2 e.g: Disseminating my research – writing an article
  • 12. ADA Summer School 2019 • Received 329 applications for 25 scholarships to attend ADA Summer School 2019 • 90% from outside South Africa • Most African applicants did not have sufficient funds to attend • South African delegates outside Stellenbosch battled with funding for travel and accommodation Origin of ADA Summer School 2019 delegates:
  • 13. Trends for ADA Schools
  • 14. Trends: Number of participants (2012-2018) 776 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Numberofparticipantsinworkshops Total No. of participants in workshops + 50% embarking on or already busy with PhD
  • 15. Trends: % of subsidised delegates (2015-2019) 0% 9% 19% 20% 24% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 2015 2016 2017 2018 SS2019 %ofdelegatessubsidised % of subsidised delegates
  • 16. Trends: Participants’ age & gender (2016-2019) 7.0% 5.0% 14.2% 20.4% 17.6% 15.4% 11.2% 6.5% 0.7% 1.5% 0.1% 0.4% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% ADA Attendees by Age, 2016 - 2019 80% mature students: 30+ years 61 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Gender distribution: 2014 - 2019 Male Femal e More female than male delegates
  • 17. Trends: Nationality of delegates (2016-2019) 19 45% outside SA Most from Southern and East Africa Nigeria, 5% Zimbabwe, 5% Namibia, 4% Kenya , 3% Ghana, 2% Uganda, 2% Malawia, 2% Zambia, 2% Tanzania, 1% Other, 11% Other - North America, Europe, the East and the Caribbean -11% of the delegates 55 % from within South Africa
  • 18. Trends: Participants’ disciplines (2016-2019) Areas of subject fields (2016-2019) Arts and Social Sciences 25% Economics and Management Sciences 18% Agrisciences 16% Medicine and Health Sciences 12% Science 11% Education 9% Engineering 5% Theology 2% Law 2% ¼ delegates from the Arts and Social Sciences – the traditional and original base 44% from STEM disciplines
  • 19. Trends: Presenters (2016-2019) Presenters 2014-2019 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Belgium Germany Netherlands Switzerland USA Canada Ireland SouthAfrica Tanzania Belgium Germany Netherlands Switzerland USA Canada Ireland SouthAfrica Tanzania Belgium Germany Netherlands Switzerland USA Canada Ireland SouthAfrica Tanzania 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 NumberofPresenters Origin of Presenters per year Mostly South African presenters (several Stellenbosch presenters) Belgium, Canada, Germany, Ireland, Switzerland, USA, Tanzania, Netherlands from mainly partner institutions
  • 20. 5. Joint Schools in Africa
  • 21. Joint Schools in Africa Institution Focus Target group Delegates Ardhi University, Tanzania PERIPERI_U/ Advanced Research methods Disaster Risk Management researchers & practitioners 7 (34) Makerere University, Uganda Workshop on publishing Lecturers 44 Strathmore University, Kenya Doctoral Supervision Writing & publishing Lecturers Phd students 34 27 Makerere University, Uganda Postgraduate Supervision Lecturers from 10 Ugandan Unis 42 (33) • In 2016-2017, 300 delegates participated in five SU-initiated Joint Doctoral Schools at partner institutions (University of Makerere, Uganda; University of Malawi, University of Namibia) • 2018:
  • 22. Way forward • Challenging context for scholarship and funding thereof • Currently reviewing and revising the curriculum and funding models for the ADA • Pursuing funding for programme • Partnerships needed to support development of scholarship and excellence in Africa • Strong support infrastructure at universities makes the difference in creating conducive environment for scholarship to develop and thrive