1 groups.pp tintroductionroles_hoffman

445 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Health & Medicine
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
445
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

1 groups.pp tintroductionroles_hoffman

  1. 1. The Nature of Groups
  2. 2. What defines a group? <ul><li>Adler and Rodman: a small collection of people who interact with each other, usually face to face, over time in order to reach goals. </li></ul><ul><li>p. 256 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Groups… <ul><li>Interact </li></ul><ul><li>Are interdependent </li></ul><ul><li>Last over time </li></ul><ul><li>Small- 3+ </li></ul><ul><li>goals </li></ul>
  4. 4. All the people in a group… <ul><li>1. Are aware of each other </li></ul><ul><li>2. Share an interdependent purpose </li></ul><ul><li>3. Have a sense of belonging </li></ul><ul><li>4. Interact with one another </li></ul><ul><li>5. Accept the norms </li></ul><ul><li>Norms are the expectations of the group </li></ul>
  5. 5. According to the previous definition, which are groups and which are not? <ul><li>7 people riding in a train? </li></ul><ul><li>No </li></ul><ul><li>3 boys playing with a softball? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes </li></ul><ul><li>Two police officers and a robber? </li></ul><ul><li>No </li></ul><ul><li>5 members in a family? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes </li></ul>
  6. 6. Group verses Individual <ul><li>Which is better? </li></ul><ul><li>It depends on the situation. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Problem solving </li></ul><ul><li>2. Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>3. Learning </li></ul><ul><li>4. Creativity </li></ul><ul><li>5. Motivation </li></ul>
  7. 7. Rule and Norms <ul><li>Formal rules- </li></ul><ul><li>Explicit: official, stated, guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Implicit: implied, but never stated. </li></ul><ul><li>Norms: shared values, beliefs, behaviors, and procedures that govern a groups operation. </li></ul><ul><li>Group Norms </li></ul><ul><li>Social norms (all groups) </li></ul><ul><li>Procedural norms </li></ul><ul><li>Task norms </li></ul><ul><li>--activity--think of a rule and a norm that exists in the classroom or with your family or friends. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Activity
  9. 9. Rolls <ul><li>Rolls: define patterns of behavior expected of members </li></ul><ul><li>Formal rolls – assigned by an organization or group partly to establish order. </li></ul><ul><li>Informal rolls- rarely acknowledged </li></ul><ul><li>Task rolls-help the group accomplish its goals </li></ul><ul><li>Social rolls- help the relationships among members run smoothly </li></ul><ul><li>Dysfunctional rolls- prevent a group from working effectively </li></ul>
  10. 10. Deviance <ul><li>Violation of norms </li></ul><ul><li>- norms and rules are maintained through group pressure </li></ul><ul><li>- little tolerance= remove member or punished. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Perception and Rolls <ul><li>Our perceptions will shape what roll we think we play as well as what rolls others play </li></ul><ul><li>Status: something that is perceived and given by other members </li></ul><ul><li>-communication skills effect how others perceive your status </li></ul>

×