Orientation ppt samoan culture 21 01 2013


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Cultural Awareness - Samoa

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  • Quick facts about Samoa: Geography – 2 main islands. Upolu (where capital Apia is) and “Big Island” Savai’i. Other inhabited islands are Apolima and Manono Land ownership – majority is customary (owned by families) – 27% in Upolu and 54% in Savaii Weather – 2 main seasons – wet & dry (currently wet season until around April) Flag – on January 1, 1962 raised the flag of the Independent State of Samoa. This year we celebrate 50years of Independence from previous colonial administrations. Government – HOS, PM Currency – old currency no longer accepted for trading ($2 note, $1, 50c, 20c, 10c & 5c coins) Population – under 200K (~186K @ 2011 census – SBS)
  • Faa-Samoa is commonly understood to mean “the Samoan way” of doing things. In other words, our culture and traditions. Central to the faa-Samoa is family or community – i.e. extended family or aiga and the village community.
  • Every village has a central meeting place – this is the fale fono. It is also used for other community / cultural purposes
  • Pic taken of my family gathering for an ava ceremony
  • Old Samoa
  • Modern day interpretation of the traditional siva wear Pics taken of one of the performers during the welcome ceremony at last year’s Graduation in Apia (Left) and an ex student performing at Harmony Day (?) last year in March.
  • Traditional and traditionally prepared food – root crops, seafood and fresh produce all from the land. Most families live off their land/sea (subsistence)
  • Majority of Samoans are Congregational Christian (Protestant)
  • Make references to the Student Code of Conduct (Responsibilities) in the Student Handbook.
  • Makes references to the 2012 Student Handbook (student responsiblities)
  • Orientation ppt samoan culture 21 01 2013

    1. 1. Talofa!Welcome to Samoa
    2. 2. YOU ARE HEREApia – maintown area
    3. 3. Samoan FlagHead of State – SamoaPrime Minister - SamoaMAP OF SAMOASamoan CurrencyTupua Tamasese & MasiofoTuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi
    4. 4. Quick facts and numbers:• Around 186,000 people• 2 main islands - Upolu and “Big Island”Savai’i• 2 smaller islands - Apolima and Manono• 2 main seasons – wet & dry• 2 languages – Samoan and English• Land is mostly customary (owned byfamilies) – 27% in Upolu and 54% inSavaii
    5. 5. The two main pillars that direct howSamoan people live their lives:• Samoan Culture & Traditions(Fa’a-Samoa)• Religion
    6. 6. The family unit – extended family or aigaFa’a-Samoa: the Samoan way
    7. 7. Traditional Samoan meeting house
    8. 8. ‘Ava ceremony
    9. 9. Traditional DressPre-ChristianityPost-Christianitysiapo (tapa cloth)‘ie toga (fine mats)
    10. 10. Traditional Samoan Siva WearTaupou Manaia
    11. 11. Modern Day Siva Wear
    12. 12. Traditional Food
    13. 13. Religion
    14. 14. Sunday in Samoa is a day of worshipand rest• Main religion is Christianity• Other religions – Islam and Baha’i• Limited trading hours• No buses• Walk/drive through villagesquietly/slowly
    15. 15. Appropriate dress for ChurchPuletasi ordress/skirtNOT pants!‘Ie faitagaor pants
    16. 16. Principles of Fa’a-Samoa• Discipline• Responsibility• Hospitality• Respect
    17. 17. • Used within families to promoteresponsibility and respect.• As part of the APTC family, youractions are governed by the StudentCode of Conduct.Discipline
    18. 18. • Your actions• self-control• self-discipline• Your academic success• self-manage• self-reflectResponsibility
    19. 19. • Welcoming guests an important partof Samoan culture• Show respect to your host if you are aguestHospitalityIf invited to a meal: do not eat until afterthe prayer or unless you are invited to eatby your host.If invited to a meal: do not eat until afterthe prayer or unless you are invited to eatby your host.
    20. 20. Respect local culture & customsIn the villageAvoid walkingon the roadduring thecurfew (Sā)or being tooloud.On the busRespectelders. Giveup your seatfor anelderlyperson.AnywhereSay “tulou”whenpassingpeople atvery closedistance,even if theyare sitting.
    21. 21. Other useful tipsDO • Take off your shoesbefore enteringsomeone’s home.• Sit cross-legged whensitting on the floor.• Boil tap water fordrinking. Or buy bottledwater.DON’T • Eat whilestanding/walking. Finda place to sit and eat.• Talk with a mouthfulwhen at other peoples’homes or speaking toothers.• Point your finger atanyone.• Spit in public.
    22. 22. Refer to student flyerand “Say it Easy inSamoan” Booklet formore information
    23. 23. Samoan Song1. Savalivali means “Go for a Walk”Tautalatala means “Too much talk”Alofa ia te oe means “I love you”“Take it easy,” Faifai lemu2. Teine Aulelei means “Pretty girl”Ta’amilomilo means “Around the world”Whisper to me means “Musumusu maia”Oi aue, means “My, oh my”3. “Go for a ride,” ti’eti’e ta’avale“Stay at home” means nofo i le fale“Leai o se tupe” means no more money“Much trouble” means fa’alavelave