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Cubism Lecture 4/10/13

By Bridget Alaniva, Laura Neumann & Libby Gamble

Mr. Read's 4th Hour Mod Lit Class

Cubism Lecture 4/10/13

By Bridget Alaniva, Laura Neumann & Libby Gamble

Mr. Read's 4th Hour Mod Lit Class

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Cubism Lecture 4/10/13

  1. 1. Cubism Laura Neumann, Bridget Alaniva, and Libby Gamble
  2. 2. Scientific Advances • Theory of the atom introduced by Albert Einstein, Max Planck, Neils Bohr • Einstein's Theory of Relativity • Bohr’s Quantum Theory • As a result, all of the old theories of space, matter and time were shattered
  3. 3. Technological Advances • Inventions such as… -Cinematography -Photography -Sound recording
  4. 4. Technological Advances -Telephone -Airplane
  5. 5. Technological Advances Painting V. Photography
  6. 6. “Cubism is like standing at a certain point on a mountain and looking around. If you go higher, things will look different; if you go lower again they will look different. It is a point of view.” - Jacques Lapchitz
  7. 7. How Cubism got it’s name • French art critic Louis Vauxcelles said that geometric shapes in Braque's piece “House at L’ Estaque” looked like cubes.
  8. 8. Multiple view points
  9. 9. Kitties!
  10. 10. Cubist Kitty
  11. 11. African Sculpture Influence African Masks Les Demoiselles d’Avignon
  12. 12. Cezanne Influence “Everything in nature takes its form from the sphere, the cone, and the cylinder.”- Cezanne -Cezanne focused on the colors and the shapes that stood out in nature
  13. 13. Picasso & Léger • Pablo Picasso •Fernand Léger •1881 – 1973 •1881 – 1955 • Spanish painter, sculptor, • French painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramist, and stage filmmaker, designed mosaics designer • Involved in Cubism, Tubism, • Died at the age of 91 and Modernism • Cofounder of Cubism • Used mechanical forms
  14. 14. Child Holding a Dove – Picasso 1901
  15. 15. Family of Saltimbanques – Picasso 1905
  16. 16. Braque & Gris Georges Braque (1882-1963) Joan Gris (1887-1927)
  17. 17. View from the Hotel Mistral, L’ Estaque Braque 1907
  18. 18. Grand Nu Braque 1908
  19. 19. The Bowl of Grapes Braque 1926
  20. 20. Analytical Cubism 1909-1912 • More intellectual stage of cubism • Cubist painters broke down the surface of objects into basic geometrical shapes • Monochromatic (greys, blacks, browns) • Used planes, facets, and angles to create multiple perspectives
  21. 21. 3 principals of facets • Painted on a slight angle, vertical to canvas surface • Overlap and cast shadows over each other • Edges dissolve, allowed facets to leak into each other (influenced by Cezanne)
  22. 22. Les Demoiselles d’Avignon – Picasso 1914
  23. 23. Three Women – Picasso 1907-1908
  24. 24. Woman’s Head (Fernande) – Picasso 1909
  25. 25. Le Compotier Sur la Table – Léger 1909
  26. 26. Portrait of Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler – Picasso 1910
  27. 27. Seated Nude – Picasso 1909-1910
  28. 28. Nudes in the Forest – Léger 1909-1911
  29. 29. Portrait of Chess Players – Duchamp 1911
  30. 30. Bride – Duchamp 1912
  31. 31. Still Life – Picasso 1912
  32. 32. Nude Descending a Staircase No. 2 – Duchamp 1912
  33. 33. Violin and Grapes – Picasso 1912
  34. 34. Woman in Blue – Léger 1912
  35. 35. Road Near L’ Estaque Braque 1908
  36. 36. Violin and Candlestick Braque 1910
  37. 37. Man with Guitar Braque 1911-12
  38. 38. Glass on Table Braque 1909
  39. 39. Bottle and Fishes Braque 1910
  40. 40. Clarinet and Bottle of Rum on Mantlepiece Braque 1911
  41. 41. Houses at L’ Estaque Braque 1908
  42. 42. Le Portugais (The Emigrant) Braque 1911-12
  43. 43. Violin and Palatte Braque 1909
  44. 44. Still Life with Flowers Gris 1912
  45. 45. Houses In Paris Gris 1911
  46. 46. Still Life with Musical Instruments Braque 1908
  47. 47. Mandora Braque 1909-1910
  48. 48. The Church of Carriéres - Saint Denis Braque (1909)
  49. 49. Piano and Mandola Braque 1909-1910
  50. 50. Orphism 1910-1913 • Also called orphic cubism • Short-lived movement • Type of colorful abstract art • Founded by Robert Delaunay in response to monochromatic style of Analytic Cubism • Used overlapping planes of contrasting colors (Law of Simultaneous Contrast of Colors)
  51. 51. Orphism • Felt color was aesthetically powerful, and could show movement • Used recognizable subject matter • Relied on color to show meaning • End before WWI
  52. 52. Orphist paintings Simultaneous Contrast: Sun and Rhythm by Robert Delaunay Moon by Robert Delaunay
  53. 53. Contrast of Forms – Léger 1913
  54. 54. Synthetic Cubism 1912-1914 • 2nd stage • Wide variety of color • Papier Colle introduced -Pieces of newspaper, cloth and other materials • Mixed sand and sawdust into paint to give it texture • Image was built up from new elements and shapes
  55. 55. Still Life with Playing Cards – Picasso 1913
  56. 56. The Card Players – Léger 1917
  57. 57. Harlequin – Picasso 1918
  58. 58. Guitar – Picasso 1920
  59. 59. Le Petit Déjeuner (Breakfast) – Léger 1920
  60. 60. Three Woman at the Spring – Picasso 1921
  61. 61. Three Musicians – Picasso 1921
  62. 62. Le grand Déjeuner – Léger 1921
  63. 63. Nude on a Red Background – Léger 1927
  64. 64. The weeping Woman – Picasso 1937
  65. 65. Guernica – Picasso 1937
  66. 66. Bull – Picasso 1946
  67. 67. Las Meninas – Diego Velazquez 1656 Las Meninas – Picasso 1957
  68. 68. Portrait of Jorge Manuel – El Greco 1595-1600 Portrait of a Painter – Picasso 1950
  69. 69. Woman with Guitar Braque 1913
  70. 70. The Clarinet (Tenoroa) Braque 1913
  71. 71. Still Life with Open Window; Rue Ravignan Gris 1915
  72. 72. The Round Table Braque 1929
  73. 73. Glasses, Newspaper, and a Bottle of Wine Gris 1913
  74. 74. Bottle of Rum and Newspaper Gris 1914
  75. 75. Analytic v. Synthetic Analytic Synthetic • 1st stage • 2nd stage • Monochromatic • Variety of color • “analyzed” subject, broke • Papier Colle introduced down into fragments and • Image built up from new re-assembled them elements
  76. 76. Beyond 1914 • Many other artists took up the cubist movement • Led to new art movements like abstract expressionism and surrealism • Influenced sculpture, architecture, and literature • Movement peaked in 1915’s and by 1920’s severed off into several different movements
  77. 77. Summary • Picasso & Braque pioneers of movement • Broke down images into geometric shapes • 2 major phases -Analytic (monochromatic) -Synthetic(colorful & papier colle) - First abstract form of art
  78. 78. ohttp://www.google.com/search?q=nudes+in+the+forest&hl=en&rls=com.microsoft:en-US:IE- Address&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=rl5gUcPBJ8GG2wXGn4HAAw&ved=0CAoQ_AUoAQ&biw=1280&bih=9 29#hl=en&rls=com.microsoft:en-US%3AIE- Address&tbm=isch&sa=1&q=nudes+in+the+forest+leger&oq=nudes+in+the+forest+leger&gs_l=img.3...17888.184 79.0.18623.6.6.0.0.0.0.55.245.6.6.0...0.0...1c.1.8.img.xZaIPF2iiIc&bav=on.2,or.r_qf.&bvm=bv.44770516,d.b2I&fp= 70f6dee894a107b5&biw=1280&bih=929&imgrc=RJYscHGA75j3_M%3A%3BUUZACsvDiCVTqM%3Bhttp%253A%25 2F%252Fuploads8.wikipaintings.org%252Fimages%252Ffernand-leger%252Fnudes-in-the-forest- 1910.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.wikipaintings.org%252Fen%252Ffernand-leger%252Fnudes-in-the- forest-1910%3B1100%3B770 http://www.google.com/search?q=portrait+of+a+chess+player+duchamp&hl=en&rls =com.microsoft:en-US:IE-Address&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=Nl9gUY2xI- bm2AWUwIDIBA&ved=0CAoQ_AUoAQ&biw=1280&bih=929#imgrc=tQj4aRqy- PiuKM%3A%3B6V- dybovNv75RM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fen.wahooart.com%252FA55A04%252Fw. nsf%252FOPRA%252FBRUE- 7YLJ6F%252F%2524File%252FMarcel%252520Duchamp%252520- %252520Portrait%252520of%252520Chess%252520Players%252520.JPG%3Bhttp%2 53A%252F%252Fwahooart.com%252Fa55a04%252Fw.nsf%252FOpra%252FBRUE- 7YLJ6F%3B599%3B603 http://www.google.com/search?q=woman+in+blue+leger&hl=en&rls=com.microsoft :en-US:IE- Address&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=PWFgUbAizfzaBcW7gLgK&ved=0CAcQ_ AUoAQ&biw=1280&bih=929#imgrc=tnYsRo_xxJ3QXM%3A%3B85JqLhOBhlgNZM%3 Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.terminartors.com%252Ffiles%252Fartworks%252F1 %252F8%252F8%252F18807%252FLeger_Fernand- Woman_in_Blue.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.terminartors.com%252Fartw orkprofile%252FLeger_Fernand-Woman_in_Blue%3B263%3B400 http://www.google.com/search?q=bride+duchamp&hl=en&rls=com.microsoft:en- US:IE- Address&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=lF9gUZHDEcfD2QXvx4DIAQ&ved=0CAoQ _AUoAQ&biw=1280&bih=929#imgrc=qXhguT98ETrmhM%3A%3BkmzEXUU4oIOyiM %3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.toutfait.com%252Fimages%252FGalleryImage%2 52FBig_Gallery_Image_174.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.toutfait.com%252F imageoftheday.php%253F%2526pageNo%253D28%3B716%3B1214 http://www.canvas-eprints.co.uk/a-reprint-on-canvas-of-pablo-picassos-violin-and- grapes-1912-p-7471.html http://www.theartworlddaily.com/?attachment_id=1590 http://www.reproductiongallery.com/oil_painting/details/copy_artist/1043842569/masterpiece/Pablo_Picasso/m useum_quality/Seated_Nude__1909-10.xhtml
  79. 79. http://www.google.com/search?q=las+meninas+picasso&hl=en&rls=com.microsoft: http://www.google.com/search?q=the+weeping+woman&hl=en&rls=com.microsoft: en-US:IE- en-US:IE-Address&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=SmVgUa- Address&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=QmZgUd2JGMTY2gWju4G4Aw&sqi=2&v fG8fU2QWt6IHACA&ved=0CAoQ_AUoAQ&biw=1280&bih=929#imgrc=FOco- ed=0CAcQ_AUoAQ&biw=1280&bih=929#imgrc=sPilIYU_clXjsM%3A%3BLykAbmhfjs7 p5z4C9DQM%3A%3BrCaKt227w4OJqM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252F3.bp.blogspot.c I1M%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.artchive.com%252Fartchive%252Fp%252Fpic om%252F- asso%252Fmeninas.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.artchive.com%252Fartchiv uod8f_uCrjA%252FUPTwocKfnyI%252FAAAAAAAAC8I%252FP3pbwPLbuf8%252Fs16 e%252FP%252Fpicasso%252Fmeninas.jpg.html%3B1067%3B789 00%252F12-AK-Columns-Amazing-Kids-Adventures-Seattle-Art-Museum-Picasso- Weeping- http://www.google.com/search?q=the+card+players+leger&hl=en&rls=com.microso Woman.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Faliciosa.blogspot.com%252F2013%252F01% ft:en-US:IE- 252Fthe-weeping-women-of-picasso.html%3B768%3B1024 Address&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=2mJgUaYbzYDYBaGcgcAK&ved=0CAoQ_ AUoAQ&biw=1280&bih=929#imgrc=iKp9hhClkud2bM%3A%3Bsqld2lMh_hFDQM%3 http://www.google.com/search?q=harlequin+picasso&hl=en&rls=com.microsoft:en- Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.math.dartmouth.edu%252F~m5w13%252Fwklyimag US:IE- es%252FCard.Players.Leger.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.math.dartmouth.e Address&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=KGNgUfzyAsWR2gXYlYDABQ&ved=0CAo du%252F~m5w13%252Falbum05.html%3B994%3B685 Q_AUoAQ&biw=1280&bih=929#hl=en&rls=com.microsoft:en-US%3AIE- Address&tbm=isch&sa=1&q=guitar+picasso&oq=guitar+picasso&gs_l=img.3..0l2j0i5l http://www.google.com/search?q=the+woman+at+the+spring+picasso&hl=en&rls=c 8.55267.57190.2.57377.14.12.0.2.2.0.145.812.11j1.12.0...0.0...1c.1.8.img.6HeaE76B om.microsoft:en-US:IE- huI&bav=on.2,or.r_qf.&bvm=bv.44770516,d.b2I&fp=70f6dee894a107b5&biw=1280 Address&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=1WNgUb2XEsKb2wXht4C4Ag&ved=0CA &bih=929&imgrc=0jyrC7Vo_BgxRM%3A%3BsJPdiHqraxN9oM%3Bhttp%253A%252F oQ_AUoAQ&biw=1280&bih=929#hl=en&rls=com.microsoft:en-US%3AIE- %252Ftheartblog.org%252Fblog%252Fwp- Address&tbm=isch&sa=1&q=three+musicians+picasso&oq=three+musicians+picasso content%252Fuploaded%252Fcardboardguitar.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww &gs_l=img.3..0l2j0i24.120010.123495.0.123736.23.13.0.10.10.0.80.718.13.13.0...0.0 .theartblog.org%252F2011%252F02%252Fpicasso-music-and-negative-space-the- ...1c.1.8.img.H_HEuNSY4aE&bav=on.2,or.r_qf.&bvm=bv.44770516,d.b2I&fp=70f6de guitars-at-moma%252F%3B625%3B1131 e894a107b5&biw=1280&bih=929&imgrc=AZ92BX5PTrBGZM%3A%3B08386honpTCR http://www.google.com/search?q=portrait+of+a+painter+picasso&hl=en&rls=com. MM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252F1.bp.blogspot.com%252F_qm2wT0vqcX8%252FS9S microsoft:en-US:IE- 3Tf4Rz5I%252FAAAAAAAAAA8%252FUNbbTGX9pe8%252Fs1600%252Ftm.jpg%3Bht Address&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=y2ZgUYzoMIfY2QWTlYCgCg&ved=0CAo tp%253A%252F%252Fjhe-jack.blogspot.com%252F2010%252F04%252Fthree- Q_AUoAQ&biw=1280&bih=929#imgrc=4_PGaFyh4KmYkM%3A%3BSCCAVvHVlTytn musicians-1921.html%3B1000%3B900 M%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fmedia.liveauctiongroup.net%252Fi%252F12077%252 http://www.google.com/search?q=contrast+of+forms+leger&hl=en&rls=com.micros F12157954_1.jpg%253Fv%253D8CEDEC6E348AB60%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fww oft:en-US:IE- w.icollector.com%252FLimited-Edition-Picasso-Portrait-Of-A-Painter-After-El-Greco- Address&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=wmFgUaCyBfSl2AWlqYDgBg&ved=0CAo Collection-Domaine-Picasso_i12157954%3B1200%3B1200 Q_AUoAQ&biw=1280&bih=929#imgrc=ZIgouKlV54cD4M%3A%3Bbre31Vkfu_Q6iM% 3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fuploads6.wikipaintings.org%252Fimages%252Ffernand- leger%252Fcontrast-of-forms- 1914.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.wikipaintings.org%252Fen%252Ffernand- leger%252Fcontrast-of-forms-1914%3B1866%3B2358
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  81. 81. kkFsF03oxOo/UPNVOdEtZBI/AAAAAAAABO8/0 http://www.google.com/search?q=cubist+cat+ _I4inBy71I/s1600/tumblr_mbuypt8R0M1ri87b painting&hl=en&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X 4o1_1280.jpg &ei=7b9FUeTpJMe14AP7koDABA&ved=0CAcQ http://www.artchive.com/artchive/b/braque/ _AUoAQ&biw=1600&bih=799#imgrc=-l- man_guit.jpg FaNPFwrdvRM%3A%3B6- https://sites.google.com/site/geokerk/Simulta WZsEVBxqLwtM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252F2 neaousContrasts_SunandMoon2-full.jpg 4.media.tumblr.com%252Ftumblr_ls1nmfaUxq 1qzdwroo1_400.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%25 http://uploads2.wikipaintings.org/images/robe 2Fwww.tumblr.com%252Ftagged%252Fphilip% rt-delaunay/rythm-1.jpg 252520absolon%3B400%3B296 http://uploads8.wikipaintings.org/images/geor ges-braque/glass-carafe-and-newspapers- 1914.jpg http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/06/arts/de sign/snapshot-painters-and-photography-at- phillips-collection.html?_r=0
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Editor's Notes

  • MAYBE HERE IS WHERE WE COULD PUT THE BEFORE/AFTER OR IMPORTANT BUT MAY NOT BE CUBIST PAINTINGS OF P,L,B,&G? (early 1900s or really late 1900s)
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