Elements of cinematography


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Elements of cinematography

  1. 1. Elements ofCinematography by Brian Turner
  2. 2.  This clip is shot without much previous planning or editing. http://youtu.be/d4IiRKv8Las (0:57-1:12) This film was shot with the same Canon 550D camera http://youtu.be/jBSXpbvjgVo (6:17-6:34)Examples shot with same camera
  3. 3. After listening to me speak today you should know a few more things about the equipment, strategies, and editing needed to create a video production.My goal today
  4. 4. I am a film producer and have worked on various projects from music videos to funeral/memorial videos. • In the last year I have made over $5,000 from the films I have produced. • I have over 1.5 million views and over 25k subscribers • I plan to pursue filmmaking as a career pathQualifications
  5. 5. Equipment Strategies Editing Produced videoI want to show you the threecomponents of video production
  6. 6. “Point-and-Shoot” Cameras • Are any device that can shoot a video (iPhone, webcam, etc.) • Cheap • Almost never used in production http://soldiersforthecause.org/wp- content/uploads/2011/11/iphone-cam.jpg DSLR 35mm Video Camera • Often used in music videos & short films • Uses a 35mm image sensor, which is the same size as theatrical film • ~$5.5-6.5k+ (Sony Electronics Inc., 2012) http://philipbloom.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/4Sony- • Shoots in 1920x1080 definition NEX-FS100-670x525.jpg Theatrical Camera • Also shoots with a 35mm image sensor • Shoots in 4k or 4096x2048 • Not available for purchase by public (Sony Electronics Inc., 2012) http://jonfordham.com/news/wp- • Sony F23 is estimated at ~$200k+ content/uploads/aaron_bacon_acv_thanks.jpgVideo Camera Equipment
  7. 7. Lapel Microphone • Used when the microphone does not need to be hidden (talk shows, infomercials, etc.) • Clip to subjects collar • ~$20-$400+ (Performance Audio, 2012) http://soldiersforthecause.org/wp- content/uploads/2011/11/iphone-cam.jpg Shotgun Microphones • Attach to top of camera • Picks up audio in the direction it is pointing • ~$100-$1000+ (Buy.com Inc., 2012). http://cachepe.zzounds.com/media/quality, 85/vmic_cmyk13cm- 9fd67e697cb8cd95dcf8f1be4edab485.jpg Handheld Microphone • Many different types but the most common is a boom microphone • Allows closer proximity to the subject • Most common in theatrical productions • ~$150-$10,000+ (Buy.com Inc., 2012). http://no-kancho.net/wp- content/uploads/2011/07/Boom-mic.jpgMicrophone
  8. 8. Umbrella Reflectors • Used to reflect light onto the subject or background • Eliminates shadows from the backdrop http://www.shortcourses.com/images/b5ch 2/umbrella.jpg Soft Boxes • Large & rectangular • Reflects soft light onto a subject to create a soft edge around them • Commonly used in interviews http://www.photoflexlightingschool.com/Product_Compari sons/SilverDome_vs._Westcott__Silver_Soft_Box/111688 1708_350x350_header.jpg Pointed Barndoor Lights • Have metal flaps the close or open to direct light • Brightest option available • Offers a spotlight effect http://ak.buy.com/PI/0/500/222753133.jp gLighting
  9. 9. • Used to amplify the emotion of the subject • The closer the camera is to the subject the more pronounced the emotion becomeshttp://i43.tinypic.com/123a5ch.jpgStrategies: Close-Up
  10. 10. • Used to display extreme clarity in a scene• Shot at 60 fps or higher• 1-2 seconds of regular time footage is usually slowed to 5-15 seconds of slow motion• Example: knock out blow in boxing sceneStrategies: Slow-Motion
  11. 11. • Used to direct viewers attention to a focal point • The lense on thehttp://www.digital-photography-school.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/1DS_9336-600x429.jpg front of the camera is turned to adjust the focus manuallyStrategies: Focus
  12. 12. • Narration is recorded with a microphone after the video is shot• The narration track is then laid over the video and it’s audio.• Allows pertinent information to be relayed to the viewer Video Track Audio from Video Narration Audio Photo taken myselfEditing: Narration
  13. 13. • Color filters change the color of the raw footage to whatever you desire• Common filters are black & white, sepia, red, and blue• The film “Sin City” used color filters often throughout http://www.usatoday.com/life/gallery/2005/%5Csincity /yellow-bastard.jpgEditing: Filters
  14. 14. • Cutting & splicing different camera angles of the same scene keeps the audience from growing tired of the same shot• Most often used in conversation scenes• Angles usually switch every ~.5-6 seconds• Example: (1:10-1:20) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mSR4S2oJ 2hkEditing: Cutting & Splicing
  15. 15. Next, I Finally, I went First I covered discussed the over some of the equipment techniques & the edits made used in filming strategies used after filming when filmingConclusion
  16. 16. Remember the Now you know two videos I why! showed you? They were both recorded with a Canon 550D yet looked so different
  17. 17. ReferencesBUY.COM INC. "Rode VideoMic Pro Compact Shotgun Microphone, 200 Ohms - VIDEOMICPRO" Buy.com. 2012 <http://www.buy.com/pr/product.aspx?sku=222437265&sellerid=10001650>BUY.COM INC. "AtlasSound SB-11WE Studio Boom Mic Stand with Air Suspension System - Steel - Ebony" Buy.com. 2012 <http://www.buy.com/pr/product.aspx?sku=226098421&sellerid=22583914>Performance Audio LLC. "Samson SWA3CS " Performance Audio. 2012 <http://www.performanceaudio.com/buy/Samson/SWA3CS/26147>Sony Electronics Inc. "NEXFS100UK " Sony. 2012 < http://pro.sony.com/bbsc/ssr/cat-broadcastcameras/cat-nxcam/product- NEXFS100UK/ >Sony Electronics Inc. "F23" Sony. 2012 < http://pro.sony.com/bbsc/ssr/product-F23/ >
  18. 18. Photographic Referenceshttp://soldiersforthecause.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/iphone-cam.jpghttp://philipbloom.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/4Sony-NEX-FS100-670x525.jpghttp://jonfordham.com/news/wp-content/uploads/aaron_bacon_acv_thanks.jpghttp://soldiersforthecause.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/iphone-cam.jpghttp://cachepe.zzounds.com/media/quality,85/vmic_cmyk13cm-9fd67e697cb8cd95dcf8f1be4edab485.jpghttp://no-kancho.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/Boom-mic.jpghttp://www.shortcourses.com/images/b5ch2/umbrella.jpghttp://www.photoflexlightingschool.com/Product_Comparisons/SilverDome_vs._Westcott__Silver_Soft_Box/1116881708_350x350_header.jpghttp://ak.buy.com/PI/0/500/222753133.jpghttp://i43.tinypic.com/123a5ch.jpghttp://www.digital-photography-school.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/1DS_9336-600x429.jpghttp://www.usatoday.com/life/gallery/2005/%5Csincity/yellow-bastard.jpg