Background The medal of honor is the highest award for valor in action against an enemy force which can be bestowed upon an individual serving in the Armed Services of the United States It was passed as a law in July 12, 1862 when president Abraham Lincoln signed it
Guidelines July 25, 1948 3 guidelines were established under which the Medal of Honor can be rewarded 1. while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States 2. while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force 3. while serving with friendly forces engaged in armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which the U.S. is not a belligerent party
Mason Carter Indian War Campaigns First Lieutenant U.S. Army Bear Paw Mountain, Montana on September 30, 1877 Led a charge under fire, inflicted great loss upon the enemy
George Berg War with Spain Private U.S. Army El Caney, Cuba, July 1, 1898 Gallantly assisted in the rescue of wounded from in front of the lines and while under heavy enemy fire
Oscar F. Miller World War 1 Major U.S. Army Near Gesnes, France, September 28, 1918 Energetically reorganized his battalion and ordered an attack and inspired his men by personal courage. He was shot in the right leg, arm, and fell when shot in the abdomen but continued to urge his men on and leave him
Thomas E. Atkins World War II Private First Class U.S. Army Villa Verde Trail, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 10 March 1945 Held his position after getting a deep wound to hold off Japanese attacks, discovered an enemy group moving behind platoon lines and delivered heavy fire despite severe wounds
Maurice L. Britt World War II Captain U.S. Army North of Mignano, Italy, 10 November 1943 Disdaining enemy hand grenades, close range machine pistol, machinegun, and rifle, he inspired/led handful of his men in repelling a counterattack by about 100 Germans. Refused medical attention and took aggressive actions while disregarding superior enemy numbers.