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Research Skills


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Research Skills

  1. 1. Research Skills WorkshopRSW 2012
  2. 2. Learning Outcomes To…• Develop the research skills you already have• Increase your understanding of where you can find information• Be able to assess the quality of the information you find• Reference what you find RSW 2012
  3. 3. What are Research Skills?Being able to find information and use it effectively RSW 2012
  4. 4. How do you plan an assignment? a) Think about what you havebeen asked to do c) List key d) Browse the LC b) Set catalogue & the words yourself a Internet timetable of work e) Keep a record of what g) Write up you have found an outline f) Look through RSW 2012 everything you have found
  5. 5. Where can you find the information for an assignment?The Internet is not the only way to research!!!!! RSW 2012
  6. 6. Where can you find the information for an assignment? (Continued)Books & e-books Newspapers Lesson Your Tutor Handouts City Bit Atlases Travel Guides TV Programmes Magazines/ Existing Learning Centre Journals Essays & Staff Reports RSW 2012
  7. 7. Where can you find the information for an assignment? (Continued)Click here for theInformation Station RSW 2012
  8. 8. Where can you find the information for an assignment? (Continued)RSW 2012 Information Station link.
  9. 9. How can I make the most of search engines? Country Specific. You can limit your search to the UK by searching your subject like this e.g. Building Regulations: UK You can also search for your topic and a country e.g. Colleges: Japan General Searches Type in exactly what it is you are looking for e.g. Southampton City College If that doesn‟t bring up what you want, try to think of different ways to find the same thingRSW 2012 e.g. Colleges in Southampton
  10. 10. How can I make the most of search engines? Quotation Marks, Question Marks & Dates If you still can‟t find what you want try using “ “, ? or a specific date e.g. “Southampton City College” / Where is Southampton City College? / Southampton City College in 1992 These narrow you search downRSW 2012
  11. 11. What websites can I use? The Big Thr3e Wikipedia Google Bing RSW 2012
  12. 12. What websites can I use? But did you know about… Google Scholar Kartoo Exalead Others include: RSW 2012
  13. 13. What do you do with the information once you‟ve got it?Is the information:Reliable?Who wrote it? - Are they an expert in the subject? Is the author wellknown? Has the information been published by an individual or acompany?Objective?Is it biased from a certain point of view? What motive does the authorhave for writing the information?Valid?Is it fact or opinion? Is it backed up by research or references?From this Country?This is particularly important in relation to law and regulations orhealth and safety. RSW 2012
  14. 14. What details will tell me if it‟s reliable, valid, objective and relevant? Books & JournalsAssess the quality of your book or journal•How old is the information?• Is there newer information you should be looking at?• Has the book/journal been published by an individual or acompany?• Is the author well-known? RSW 2012
  15. 15. What details will tell me if it‟s reliable, valid, objective and relevant? Websites•Assess the quality of the website•How old is the information?•When was it last updated?•Who designed the website & why?•Check the „URL‟ address•Check the „About Us‟ section•Check the „Contact Us‟ section RSW 2012
  16. 16. Activity• Given what you‟ve just been told, can you evaluate whether this information is reliable, objective and valid? Research Skills Activity RSW 2012
  17. 17. 8. What is Plagiarism? Plagiarism happens when you pass off someone else‟s work, ideas and words as your own.For example, if you copy and paste information from a website without referencing it you are committing plagiarism. The next section will explain how you can still use other people‟s work without plagiarising. RSW 2012
  18. 18. 9. Why should I reference my work? “Credit where credit‟s due”Referencing = Giving credit to the person who originally came up with the idea. To do this…Mention the name of the person that you are quoting as you go through your assignmentAt the end of your assignment, list all the books/websites etc you have used. This is called a „Bibliography‟. RSW 2012
  19. 19. 10. How do I reference?a) Referencing Within Your Writing If a quote fits naturally in your sentence, place the date of publication and page number of the book in brackets. Follow this with your quote in quotation marks. For example: According to Smith (2008, p18) you must “put things that you haven‟t said in quotation marks” If the author‟s name doesn‟t fit into your sentence, put the author‟s name in brackets before the date and page number. For example: “It would be better to use an author that is an expert on a subject.” (Jones 2006, p6) RSW 2012
  20. 20. How Do I Reference? b)The BibliographyBooksThe author‟s surname, followed by their initial(The year of publication in brackets)The title of the book in italicsThe book‟s editionThe place of publication: followed by the publisher‟s nameIt should look like this…Martin, A. (2011) The Research Skills Workshop, 2ndEdition, Southampton: SCC Publishers.Magazines and JournalsThe author‟s surname, followed by their initial(The year of publication in brackets)“The title of the article in quotation marks”The title of the journal or magazine in italics(The volume number/issue number in brackets)The pages on which the article is found.It should look like this…Barnett, M. (2010) „Enhancing the customer experience‟, ManagementToday, 37(2), pp.35-39. RSW 2012
  21. 21. How Do I Reference? b)The BibliographyWebsitesThe author‟s surname, followed by their initialDate of publicationThe title of the website in italicsThe full web address(The date that you accessed the website in brackets)It should look like this…Ireland, J. (2011) The Research Skills Workshop. Available (Accessed: 6 January 2011).TelevisionTitle of programme in italics(Year of transmission in brackets)Name of channelDate of transmissionIt should look like this…Torchwood (2011) BBC 1 Television, 16 September. RSW 2012
  22. 22. 11. Where do I find the information for referencing? Books WebsitesLook at… Look at…• The Second Page In Journals/Magazines • The Site Map• The Contents Page • The „About Us‟ Section Look at…• The Index • The Very Top or • The Front Cover Bottom of the Page • The Very First or Last Page • The Contents Page RSW 2012
  23. 23. Remember…• Plan your assignment• Keep a record of the things you look at• Quote directly or paraphrase• Information for reference can be found on the second page of most books & the inside page of journals And… RSW 2012
  24. 24. Most importantlyNot everything on the Internet is valid!!!!RSW 2012
  25. 25. Referencing Activity• Use your referencing guides to reference the following correctly:• Book• Journal article• Website RSW 2009/10
  26. 26. Any Questions?RSW 2012