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Rise of Openness in Higher Education


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eLearning Update Conference July 2014

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Rise of Openness in Higher Education

  1. 1. The Rise of Openness and Online Learning Greig Krull and Brenda Mallinson 22 July 2014 eLearning Update Conference Emperors Palace, Kempton Park
  2. 2. • Open education • Open learning • Open online courses • Open educational resources • Open licensing • Open access • Open source Open CC-BY-SA Adapted from Czerniewicz (2012) CC-BY-SA Openness???
  3. 3. What challenges are we facing? University of Ghana CC-BY-NC
  4. 4. Why the need for openness? Browning [CC-BY-NC]
  5. 5. • Free to Retain • Free to Reuse • Free to Revise • Free to Remix • Free to Redistribute Wiley 5Rs framework What does “openness” mean?
  6. 6. Open Education Teaching and Learning Research Open Educational Resources Open Access Open Courseware MOOCs Open Educational Systems and Technology
  7. 7. What is Open Learning? JISC CC-BY-NC-ND • Remove barriers to learning • Provide students reasonable chance for success • Centred on learner needs • Flexibility and choice
  8. 8. Principles for Open Learning • Opportunities and capacity for lifelong learning • Learner-centred • Flexibility: increasingly determine where, when, what & how • Recognise prior learning & experience • Conditions for fair chance of learner success Hartwell [CC-BY-SA]
  9. 9. Open Educational Resources (OER) “Teaching and learning materials in any medium that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others” Creative Commons
  10. 10. OER examples include textbooks, videos, podcasts, simulations, websites, course materials and more
  11. 11. Open Licenses Open licenses allow you to copy and distribute material, without requiring payment or permission
  12. 12. A Spectrum of Licenses
  13. 13. Mathieu Plourde CC-BY What are MOOCs?
  14. 14. The rise of Openness… “The real revolution is that universities, with scarcity at the heart of their business models, are embracing openness” Sir John Daniel (2012)
  15. 15. Introduce fields and support for undergraduates Develop skills and introduce topics for postgraduates Special interest topics for postgraduates Continuing education and qualifications Introduce topics with high-profile presenters Deacon, A, Small, J and Walji, S (2014) [CC-BY-SA]
  16. 16. Course Landscape in Higher Education Deacon, A, Small, J and Walji, S (2014) [CC-BY-SA]
  17. 17. MOOC Platforms & Portals
  18. 18. Free and Open Source Software Strandberg [CC-BY-SA] • Lower-cost technology options • Able to use and/or modify the code
  19. 19. Platforms RSS Content Curation Discussion Groups Blog and Microblog Social Networks Multi- media Sharing Virtual Meeting Rooms Free and Open Source Tools Adapted from: Cavazza, Social Media Landscape [CC-BY-NC-SA]
  20. 20. Open Access
  21. 21. McGill University [CC-BY]
  22. 22. Questions for Reflection…
  23. 23. 1. Do you have a plan or strategy for opening your education provision? JISC CC-BY-NC-ND
  24. 24. 2. Do you have a plan or strategy for learning technologies or new methods of delivery? Fryer CC-BY
  25. 25. 3. How do we teach and learn when learning becomes open and online? Vanguard Visions [CC-BY]
  26. 26. Thank You! This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License. and greigk_za Greig Krull and Brenda Mallinson
  27. 27. References • Bates, T and Sangra, A (2011) Managing Technology in Higher Education: Strategies for Transforming Teaching and Learning. John Wiley & Sons. • Butcher, N and Hoosen, S (2014). A Guide to Quality in Post-Traditional Online Higher Education. Academic Partnerships [CC-BY-SA] • Czerniewicz, L. 2012. Open Education: Why it matters to South Africa [CC-BY] • Daniel, J (2012). Making Sense of MOOCs: Musings in a Maze of Myth, Paradox and Possibility. Journal of Interactive Media in Education. [CC-BY] • Deacon, A, Small, J and Walji, S (2014). Developing World MOOCs: A workshop on MOOCs in Africa. e/merge Africa. [CC-BY-SA] • Downes, S (2014). Beyond Free: Open Learning in a Networked World. [CC-BY-NC-SA] • Saide (2012). Empowering Learners through Open Learning. [CC-BY] • Wiley, D (nd). The 5 Rs Framework • Van Valkenburg, W (2014). Open Education Workshop for the International Conference on E-learning. OpenEducation Consortium [CC-BY]