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Biotechnology and IP


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Biotechnology and IP - A presentation by Dr. Kalyan C. Kankanala

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Biotechnology and IP

  1. 1. Biotechnology and IP By Dr. Kalyan C. Kankanala, Blog:
  2. 2. “Biotechnology can transform humanity provided humanity wishes to be transformed.” -Geoffry Carr
  3. 3. Arguments Ignore Deny Balance Advantage
  4. 4. A is accused of stealing diamonds from B Available evidence A was seen running from B's house at the time of theft. A was caught by police in possession of Diamonds. A had asked B to sell the diamonds about ten times before the theft.
  5. 5. What is Biotechnology?
  6. 6. What is Biotechnology? The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) defines biotechnology as any technology using living entities, in particular animals, plants, or microorganisms,
  7. 7. What is Biotechnology? Any technology that uses living organisms to make or modify a product, to improve plants or animals, or to develop microorganisms for specific uses. Office of Technology, U. S. Congress
  8. 8. What is Biotechnology? "The application of science and technology to living organisms as well as parts, products and models thereof, to alter living or non-living materials for the production of knowledge, goods and services." (OECD).
  9. 9. Why is Biotechnology Unique?
  10. 10. Why is Biotechnology Unique? Involves living organisms Diverse fields Long gestation period Morals and Ethics Fear of the unknown
  11. 11. Arguments Intellectual Property protection must not be afforded to biotechnology inventions involving living organisms because The modification may cause harm to them; The results of such inventions may prove to be harmful to human beings; and Man does not have the right to play god by modifying living organisms.
  12. 12. Arguments Biotechnology inventions and creations must be protected under the IP regime because research in the field requires very high investment and takes a long time.
  13. 13. Arguments Biotechnology inventions must not be protected under the IP regime because their protection would stifle research and prevent access to medical treatment.
  14. 14. What are Various types of IP? Rationale for their protection
  15. 15. Types of IP Patents Copyrights Trademarks Trade Secrets Plant Varieties Geographical Indications Traditional Knowledge Biodiversity
  16. 16. IP and Biotechnology What are the types of IP that can protect Biotechnology?
  17. 17. Rationales for protecting Biotechnology Economic Moral Utilitarian
  18. 18. What is the real issue? Is it human psychology?
  19. 19. Questions ??? For more information, please visit: