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Accessibility & Disability Rights

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Accessibility & Disability Rights

  1. 1. Accessibility & Disability Rights Dr. Kalyan C. Kankanala Copyright © Dr. Kalyan C. Kankanala | 2022 | License: CC by 4.0
  2. 2. Accessibility • Right to Accessibility • Physical Environment • Transportation • Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) Copyright © Dr. Kalyan C. Kankanala | 2022 | License: CC by 4.0
  3. 3. Examples Copyright © Dr. Kalyan C. Kankanala | 2022 | License: CC by 4.0
  4. 4. Physical Environment • 339 Restaurants/Hotel Places • Around 40 have Ramps • None have Accessible Menu’s • Around 25 have Accessible Restrooms Harmonized Guidelines & Standards for Universal Accessibility in India 2021 - https://cpwd.gov.in/Publication/HG2021_MOHUAN.pdf Copyright © Dr. Kalyan C. Kankanala | 2022 | License: CC by 4.0
  5. 5. Examples – Entrance Accessibility Copyright © Dr. Kalyan C. Kankanala | 2022 | License: CC by 4.0
  6. 6. Examples - Inaccessible restrooms Inaccessible restrooms are those that cannot be used by people with disabilities. They may be missing wheelchair ramps, grab bars, or other features that make them usable by people with disabilities. Copyright © Dr. Kalyan C. Kankanala | 2022 | License: CC by 4.0
  7. 7. Examples - Accessible restrooms Accessible restrooms are restrooms that are designed to be used by people with disabilities. They typically have wider doorways, grab bars, and wheelchair- accessible fixtures. Copyright © Dr. Kalyan C. Kankanala | 2022 | License: CC by 4.0
  8. 8. Examples – Transportation Issues Copyright © Dr. Kalyan C. Kankanala | 2022 | License: CC by 4.0
  9. 9. Example – Transportation Barriers Copyright © Dr. Kalyan C. Kankanala | 2022 | License: CC by 4.0
  10. 10. Transportation • Road - Draft Accessibility Guidelines for Road Transport - Read here • Railways- Harmonized Guidelines For Passenger With Disabilities, Over Indian Railways – Read here • Air Travel - Accessibility Standards and Provision in Civil Aviation – Read here • Travel Issues & Implementation Challenges. All the above mentioned documents are available for download here Copyright © Dr. Kalyan C. Kankanala | 2022 | License: CC by 4.0
  11. 11. Examples – Accessible Transportation Copyright © Dr. Kalyan C. Kankanala | 2022 | License: CC by 4.0
  12. 12. Examples – Accessible Transportation Copyright © Dr. Kalyan C. Kankanala | 2022 | License: CC by 4.0
  13. 13. Examples Copyright © Dr. Kalyan C. Kankanala | 2022 | License: CC by 4.0
  14. 14. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) • BIS Accessibility Standards -17802 • Accessibility Guidelines – Office of CGPDTM – Available here • Accessibility of Mobile Applications – Practo Case - Orders • Accessibility of Digital Screens – AdOnMo Case - Case Documents Copyright © Dr. Kalyan C. Kankanala | 2022 | License: CC by 4.0
  15. 15. Exercise X, Y, and Z live in EP Heights a large Apartment Complex. X is a person with blindness, Y, is a person using a wheelchair, and Z, a person with Autism. They have requested the Owners of the Association of EP Heights to make the Apartment accessible so that they can know what is happening in the community, use the common facilities such as the walking track, clubhouse, and gym, and participate in cultural and sports activities. EP Heights has about 200 apartments, with a yearly budget of about One (1) Crore rupees. About 90% of the budget is used for maintenance, and the rest is deposited in a bank for future use. The Board of Managers of the Owners Association has organized a meeting, and they wish to discuss if they should do anything about the request of X, Y, and Z. Copyright © Dr. Kalyan C. Kankanala | 2022 | License: CC by 4.0
  16. 16. Exercise - cont. The Board is divided into two groups, one in support of making EP Heights accessible, and another, against spending any money towards accessibility. The group supporting accessibility is of the view that EP Heights must be made fully accessible irrespective of the expense, and that extra money can be collected from all residents, if required, to make the community accessible. The group against accessibility expense argues that X, Y, and Z decided to stay here knowing the accessibility issues, and no additional expense must be incurred towards accessibility. Some basic accommodations can be provided, but other residents should not be made to pay for three individuals. The family of these individuals must help/assist them, and it is not the community’s responsibility. As of now, EP Heights does not have any physical accessibility facilities for use by persons with blindness or persons using wheelchairs, and most residents do not interact with persons having social interaction issues such as Z. Copyright © Dr. Kalyan C. Kankanala | 2022 | License: CC by 4.0
  17. 17. Exercise - cont. Possible Solutions? What do you think? What do you believe must be done? Please think from these perspectives: a. Sharing of information, notices, and communications; b. Making common facilities such as clubhouse, sports facility, and walking track accessible; and c. Arranging facilities so that X, Y, and Z can participate in cultural activities of the community. Note that each of their accessibility requirements is different, and arranging facilities may require financial resources. Copyright © Dr. Kalyan C. Kankanala | 2022 | License: CC by 4.0
  18. 18. Thank You Copyright © Dr. Kalyan C. Kankanala | 2022 | License: CC by 4.0

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