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Democratic rights

Its all about Democratic rights

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Democratic rights

  1. 1. Democratic Rights Presented by Bragadeeswar Sidharth Anirudh Mithun Amrit Shanu
  2. 2. Introduction Elections and Institutions need to be combined with a third element enjoyment of rights - to make a government democratic.
  3. 3. Life Without Rights Rights provide the foundation upon which civilized human society functions. Without rights, a society will be reduced a situation where the mighty and the strong gain precedence and those power would have course of redressal in case of personal injury, threat or harm to their life and liberty.
  4. 4. Prison in Guantanamo Bay
  5. 5. Citizen’s Rights in Saudi Arabia
  6. 6. Rights In A Democracy
  7. 7. What are rights? Rights are claims of a person over other follow beings, over the society and over the government. So a right is possible when you make a claim that is equally possible for others. Right acquire meaning only in society. Every society makes certain rules to regulate our conduct, they tell us what is right and what is wrong. What is recognized by the society as rightful become the bases of rights.
  8. 8. Why do we need rights in a democracy?  Rights are necessary for the very existence of democracy. Every citizen has the right to participate in the democratic process. Additionally, every citizen has the right to become the part of the democratic government. part of the democratic government.  Rights protect the rights of the minorities against the majority. Things can go wrong when some citizens try to take away the rights of others.
  9. 9. Rights In The Indian Constitution Certain rights are fundamental to our life and hence they are given special status in the Constitution. Such rights are called Fundamental Rights. Fundamental Rights Right to Equality Right to Freedom Right Against Exploitation Right to Freedom of Religion Cultural and Educational Rights
  10. 10. Right to Equality  The government shall not deny the right to equality before the law to any person in India. Every Indian citizen; right from a poor landless labourer to the Prime Minister; is equal in the eyes of the law of the land. The law of the land does not discriminate between two persons on the basis of socio- economic status or power.  Every citizen has equal access to public places and public facilities; like temples, bathing ghats, road, public toilets, community well, etc.  Every person gets the equal opportunity to compete for public jobs; like Civil Services, defense services, etc. However, some provisions have been made to give special preference to people from the SCs, STs, Women and OBCs. Similarly, physically disabled are also given reservation in government jobs.  Untouchability; in any form has been banned and has been made a punishable offence.
  11. 11. Right to Freedom  The Right to Freedom means, we can do whatever we want to do; without interference from others; especially the government. Right to Freedom Freedom of speech and expression Freedom of assembly in a peaceful manner Freedom to form associations and unions Freedom to move to and reside in any part of country Freedom to carry out any profession or business
  12. 12. Right Against Exploitation This right mainly focuses on three issues which are as follows: Traffic in human beings: This means the human beings cannot be traded to be used as slaves or to be used for immoral purposes. Bonded Labour: The constitution has banned the forced labour or beggar. If a person is forced to work without pay or at nominal pay, this is termed as beggar. If the beggar continues for a long period then it is known as bonded labour. Child Labour: Child labour has been banned in the country. A child below 14 years of age cannot be employed in hazardous works; like factories, railway stations, highway eateries, etc. Due to constant efforts by the government, there are now very few instances of children working in hazardous occupations; firecracker factory, bangle factory, etc.
  13. 13. Right to Freedom of Religion The constitution gives the right to freedom of religion. As per this right, a person is free to follow a religion of his or her choice. The government does not interfere in the religious matter of its citizens. Every person has the right to profess, practice and propagate his religion. Every religious group or sect is free to manage its religious affairs. But a person cannot compel another person to agree to a particular religion by any means. However, a person is free to convert to any religion of his choice. Freedom of religion does not mean doing anything in the name of religion.
  14. 14. Cultural and Educational Rights Every minority group has the right to protect its unique culture and to propagate its unique culture. If a minority group wants to impart education in its own language, it is free to do so; in order to preserve the uniqueness of that language and the related culture. The government run institutions cannot deny admission to anybody on the grounds of religion or language.
  15. 15. How can we secure these rights?  Right to Constitutional Remedies: When any of the fundamental rights is violated, the affected person has the right to seek constitutional remedies. The person can go to the court where his grievances could be addressed. No government organ; like the executive, legislature or any government functionary; cannot violate the fundamental rights of the citizens. In case of any violation of the fundamental rights, a person can file Public Interest Litigation (PIL). PIL is an instrument which allows anybody to knock at the doors of the judiciary.
  16. 16. Expanding Scope of Rights Times have changed drastically since the days when our Constitution was written. Demands for many new fundamental rights have been coming up time and again. Some of these demands have been included under the scope of fundamental rights. For example; the Right to Education has been included in the list recently. As per this right, every child has the right to get elementary education. Similarly, RTI (Right to Information) was enacted recently. Under RTI, anybody can demand information regarding the functions of a government department or official. The RTI has helped in bringing transparency in working of government departments.