Ik and food security amplified by ict 02 dec 2010


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Prof Joseph Francis, Dr M Mwale and Dr J Zuwarime presented this at the Indigenous Knowledge Awareness day held at Univen's Vuwani Science Centre on 2 Dec 2010

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Ik and food security amplified by ict 02 dec 2010

  1. 1. IK AND FOOD SECURITY, AMPLIFIED BY ICT POSSIBILITIES By Francis J., Mwale M. and Zuwarimwe J. Centre for Rural Development and Poverty Alleviation, UNIVEN IKS Awareness Day, Vuwani Science Centre December 10, 2010
  2. 2. OUTLINE OF THE PRESENTATION <ul><li>Definition of IK, food security and ICT </li></ul><ul><li>Interface between IK and food security </li></ul><ul><li>Why amplify IK and food security? </li></ul><ul><li>How ICT has been used to link IK and food security </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>December 10, 2010
  3. 3. DEFINITIONS <ul><li>IK-local knowledge unique to a given culture or society </li></ul><ul><li>Uses </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>facilitate communication and decision making to maintain and improve community livelihoods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Management of natural resources </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain and improve Agriculture and Food Security systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Animal husbandry e.g. ethnic veterinary medicine </li></ul></ul></ul>December 10, 2010
  4. 4. DEFINITIONS … <ul><li>Food Security-access to enough food all the time (World Food Summit, 1996; FAO, 2003 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Considered at Global, regional, National and intra-household level </li></ul><ul><li>Key pillars </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Availability, safety/health </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accessibility </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nutrient needs and food preferences </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Affordability and culturally acceptable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Threatened by poverty, war, technology, transportation, contamination, policies, unsustainable development, climate change </li></ul>December 10, 2010
  5. 5. DEFINITIONS … <ul><li>ICT-appropriate tools for knowledge harvesting, retrieving and storage and conveying or sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Should be relevant in amplifying IK and Food Security </li></ul><ul><li>Use of: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ipad Technology </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cell phones </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Smart cards </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GPS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wireless radios </li></ul></ul></ul>December 10, 2010
  6. 6. INTERFACE BETWEEN IK AND FOOD SECURITY <ul><li>Local knowledge in pest and parasite control </li></ul><ul><li>Seed and animal breeding </li></ul><ul><li>Post-harvest technology </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge on some local foodstuffs that could avert some food security challenges </li></ul><ul><li>IK for predicting drought - phenology </li></ul><ul><li>Local knowledge in pooling together of labour and resources </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel and natural resources management </li></ul><ul><li>IK for assuring food security </li></ul>December 10, 2010
  7. 7. NEED TO AMPLIFY IK AND FOOD SECURITY <ul><li>What is amplifying? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intensifying or magnifying the use of IK to a wider spectrum of stakeholders with respect to food security issues </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Why amplify? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Creating awareness and advocacy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing knowledge within and across communities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interrogation of IK to identify opportunities for further development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Change people’s perceptions, mindsets or attitudes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce possibility of extinction of IKS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Profile people with knowledge and safeguard it </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clarify that it’s not inferior to western knowledge systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Identify research opportunities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriate and timely targeting development relief </li></ul></ul></ul>December 10, 2010
  8. 8. NEED TO AMPLIFY IK AND FOOD SECURITY… <ul><li>For whom? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For local communities in which the bearers of IK reside </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Early warning system for the Government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government to make appropriate policies or review existing policies that address food insecurity and IKS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NGOs which deal with food security and disaster management </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Development agencies that deal with food security assurance programmes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>International organizations that deal with food security issues </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Higher education and research institutions </li></ul></ul></ul>December 10, 2010
  9. 9. HOW CAN ICTS LINK IK AND FOOD SECURITY? <ul><li>Permaculture project-training-website (Internet) </li></ul><ul><li>IPUF in South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>To what extent can IPad technology help amplify food security? </li></ul><ul><li>Can ICTs help improve coordination of government response and support through Multi-purpose Community Centres? </li></ul><ul><li>What role can ICTs play in enhancing early warning? </li></ul><ul><li>Use of cell phone by smallholder farmers to get prices for their produce, information to get food </li></ul>December 10, 2010
  10. 10. HOW CAN ICTS LINK IK AND FOOD SECURITY? <ul><li>Pay phones to get information about availability and prices of food stuffs between communities </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless system for communicating farmer activities </li></ul><ul><li>GIS: calculating and locating household vulnerability to food security (FANRPAN; World Vision and CRDPA) </li></ul><ul><li>Community granary (Dzunde) practice -link ICTs with support for the vulnerable </li></ul><ul><li>Community institutions-for managing IK </li></ul>December 10, 2010
  11. 11. CONCLUSIONS <ul><li>Considerable challenges in amplifying IK for food security programmes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving visibility and acceptance of IK </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to acknowledge IK bearers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognising and protecting intellectual property rights </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Need to improve dialogue among the players in food security (households, government, global) </li></ul><ul><li>Need for appropriate ICTs that amplify IK and Food security </li></ul>December 10, 2010
  12. 12. <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul>December 10, 2010