Human rights and democracy


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This presentation is re-purposed from various presentations as part of a class assignment in our third year Professional Studies subject at the University of Johannesburg. The design and layout of this presentation is my own work and the content is the work of the references, listed on the last slide.

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Human rights and democracy

  2. 2. This presentation is re-purposed from various presentations as part of a class assignment in our third year Professional Studies subject at the University of Johannesburg. The design and layout of this presentation is my own work and the content is the work of the references, listed on the last slide.
  3. 3. HUMAN RIGHTS •Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status DISCRIMINATION • the unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people, especially on the grounds of race, age, or sex DEMOCRACY •Democracy is a form of government in which the rulers are elected by the people. DEFINITIONS
  4. 4. HUMAN RIGHTS Human rights PROVIDE a STANDARD for how the Government SHOULD TREAT its CITIZENS and they are there to PROTECT INDIVIDUALS. However, because SOME CAN be LIMITED in CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES it means people can DISAGREE about HOW and WHEN they should be LIMITED or EXERCISED. But HUMAN RIGHTS provide a FRAMEWORK that can be USED to DISCUSS and DEBATE different ISSUES. HELPING EVERYONE TO LIVE TOGETHER SOMETIMES your human rights MIGHT CONFLICT with ANOTHER person’s human RIGHTS and may need to be BALANCED. When EVERYONE’S human rights are BALANCED and PROTECTED, it can HELP everyone to GET ALONG and LIVE together HAPPILY.
  5. 5. HUMAN RIGHTS ARE MORE THAN Values and behaviours that we think other countries don’t hold or implement, so we often claim they don’t value Human Rights as well as we do
  8. 8. HUMAN RIGHTS in a nutshell • 1. Belong to everyone – they can’t be taken away from marginalised individuals • 2. Are about the relationship between the state and individuals • 3. Provide a floor, not a ceiling, of basic standards, below which the state must not fall and which it must protect or fulfil • 4. KEY PRINCIPLES: • Fairness • Respect • Equality • Dignity In a democratic society
  9. 9. Limitinghuman rights • Sometimes our human rights need to be limited. • They can be limited if one person is using their rights in a way that threatens another person or wider society. • For example, if the police suspected that someone was carrying a gun, would it be ok to limit their right to respect for private and family life by searching them? In this instance, by limiting the suspect’s right to respect for private and family life, the police could help to protect public safety.
  10. 10. Absolute rights •Not every human right can be limited. Some must be upheld in all circumstances! • These are called absolute rights. • Is it ever ok to torture someone or hurt them badly? • The absolute right not to be tortured or treated in a way that is cruel or humiliating can never be limited or taken away. Cruelty can never be allowed!
  11. 11. Absolute rights • Is it ever ok to force children to work? • The right not to be required to do forced labour or be treated as a slave must always be protected! • No one can ever force you to work or to be a slave!
  12. 12. FROM WHERE THE WORD DEMOCRACY IS DERIVED • The word democracy is derived from the Greek word Demos- People Kratos- Power or rule
  13. 13. FEATURES OF DEMOCRACY • In a democracy the final decision making power must rest with those who elected by the people. • A democracy must be based on a free and fair election where those currently in power have a fair chance of losing. • In a democracy, each adult citizen must have one vote and each vote must have one value. • A democratic government rules within limits sets by constitutional law and citizen’s right • The opposition parties are allowed to function freely before and after the elections. • The democratic governments are based on fundamental principles of political equality.
  14. 14. MERITS OF DEMOCRACY • A democratic government is a better government because it is a more accountable form of government. • Democracy improves the quality of decision making. • Democracy provides a method to deal with differences and conflicts. It is suitable the countries like India. India having diversity of language, religion and cultures. Democracy in India made it possible to keep unity in diversity. • In a democracy no one is a permanent winner or loser.
  15. 15. DEMERITS OR DRAWBACKS OF DEMOCRACY • Leaders keep changing in a democracy. This leads to instability. • Democracy is all about political competition and power play. There is no scope for morality. • Elected leaders do not know the best interest of the people. It leads to bad decisions. • Democracy leads to corruption for it is based on electoral competition. • Ordinary people don’t know what is good for them; they should not decide anything.
  16. 16. Democratic Govt Non Democratic Govt  Democracy is the best form of government as the rulers are accountable to the people and have to fulfill their needs.  The rulers are not accountable to the people and their needs. Distinguish between Democratic and Non Democratic government
  17. 17. Democratic Non Democratic  In democratic govt people elect their rulers and have right in decision making.  The parliament is a separate body and has no interference of army.  People don not elect their rulers and have no right in decision making.  The parliament cannot pass a law about the army without the consent of the chief of army. Comparison
  18. 18. Democartic Non Democratic  Any citizen can aspire to contest election for any post irrespective of his or her caste, religion, socio- economic and educational background which means the right of vote is available to all citizens.  The citizens of the country have no right to vote. Comaparison
  19. 19. Democratic Non Demcratic  Democracy is based on consultation and in democratic govt people enjoy their right of discussion.  There are free and fair elections. Elections offer a choice and fair opportunity to the people to change the current rulers.  Non democratic govt is based on dictatorship. The ruler does what he wishes.  In a democratic government elections are either not held and if held they are not fair enough rather they are imposing. Comparison
  20. 20. Democratic Non Democratic  There is a freedom of expression and people enjoy their fundamental rights.  Example- India  There is no freedom of expression and people do not enjoy their fundamental rights.  Example- Saudi Arabia, Zimbabwe. Comparison
  21. 21. TWO TYPES OF DEMOCRACY- DIRECT &INDIRECT DIRECT DEMOCTACY It is a political setup, where the people themselves makes the laws and parliament directly in the functioning of the govt. Decisions are taken on the base of the majority of opinion. It is suitable for the geographically small countries with less population. Eg : Ancient Greek/ Rome and India Modern period- Switzerland INDIRECT DEMOCRACY In the modern world most of the countries are following the in direct democracy. It is system, in which the representatives are elected by the people and they act on behalf of the people. They are so sensitive to cater the needs and opinion of the people. Eg ; India/ France/ USA
  22. 22. IN DEMOCRACY MAJORITY OF PEOPLE RULE THROUGH THEIR ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES- WHY? • Modern democracies involves such a large number of people that it is physically impossible for them to sit together and take a collective decision. • Even if they could, the citizen does not have the time, the desire or the skills to take part in all the decisions.
  23. 23. AIMS OF GOOD DEMOCRACY • True democracy will come to this country only when no one goes hungry to bed. • In a democracy every citizen must be able to play equal role in decision making. For this you don’t need just an equal right to vote. Every citizen needs to have equal information, basic education, equal resources and a lot of commitment.
  24. 24. LIST OF RE-PURPOSED PRESENTATIONS REFERENCES • democracy • • rights-presentation • • • democracy?qid=565a63df-2be2-4791-987e- cdc7140c7ada&v=default&b=&from_search=1