BoroZyme Technologies ( Enzyme based soil stabilization)

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BoroZyme Technologies ( Enzyme based soil stabilization)

  1. 1. BOROŹYME TECHNOLOGiES Presents BOROŹYME ¦ R ‘DZ-1X’ Concept Presentation on : Enzyme Based Soil Stabilization Nucleation Center Marketed by Large-Scale Production
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION. BORON INNOVATIONS PVT. LTD., Bhavnagar is an identity created by panel of high qualified specialized scientists, whose aim is to protect and deliver the environment, with Nucleation Center at CHARUSAT University & Large - Scale production at DHARA BIOTECH, innovative Enzymes Technology has been developed for disposal of sewage wastes, making earthen roads and constructing low cost earthen mud houses. Company’s Vision is to make this technology reach ‘the common people’. Go Green With Bio-Enzymes
  3. 3. ENZYME BASED SOIL STABILIZATION?  A process of using multi-enzyme based formulation developed as an effective aid to the workability, mixibility, binding and compaction of SOILGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  4. 4. WHERE CAN ENZYMES BE USED IN CONSTRUCTION?  Making ROADS  DAMS Constructing earthen  Making of Bricks  MANY OTHER RELATED PROJECTSGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  5. 5. WHAT IS “BOROŹYME¦R – DZ-1X” ? IT IS THE FIRST GENERATION FORMULATION OF SOIL STABILIZATION ENZYMES FROM DHARA BIOTECHGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  6. 6. WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF USING BOROŹYME¦R – DZ-1X? A. Reduced construction costs B. Longer useful lives C. Minimal road maintenance costs D. Better wear qualities E. Increased transport capacity F. Greater passenger comfort G. Lower vehicle operating costs H. Reduced traffic accidents I. Excellent environmentally safetyGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  7. 7. WHAT ARE THE APPLICATIONS OF USING BOROŹYME¦R – DZ-1X? A. Load Support - SBC B. Stabilized Base for Asphalt & Concrete C. Slope Protection D. Channel Protection E. Earth Retention F. Erosion Control G. Dusting Control H. Soil Sealing I. Roadways Shoulder J. Surface Flow ProtectionGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  8. 8. PROPERTIES: A. Increased compressive strength B. Reduced compaction effort and improved soil workability C. Increased soil density D. Lowered water permeabilityGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  9. 9. ADVANTAGES: A. Environmentally safe B. Cost effective - Simple to use C. Maximum Use of Locally available materials. D. Reduces the swelling capacity E. Increase in CBR, MDD, SBC.Go Green With Bio-Enzymes
  10. 10. ‘BOROŹYME¦R – DZ-1X’ DELIVERS: For making sub-base for paved/unpaved roads with ‘BOROŹYME¦R – DZ-1X’: 1. IT IMPROVES THE SOIL STRUCTURE SUFFICIENTLY TO ACHIEVE CONFIRMED SAVINGS OF GREATER THAN 25%Go Green With Bio-Enzymes
  11. 11. ‘BOROŹYME¦R – DZ-1X’ DELIVERS: For making sub-base for paved/unpaved roads with ‘BOROŹYME¦R – DZ-1X’: 2. STRENGHTENS SUB-BASE LAYER IN PREPARATION FOR CHIP-SEAL OPERATIONSGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  12. 12. ‘BOROŹYME¦R – DZ-1X’ DELIVERS: For making sub-base for paved/unpaved roads with ‘BOROŹYME¦R – DZ-1X’: 3. INCREASES THE CBR OF SUB-BASE TO SUPPORT HEAVY TRAFFIC LOADS AT LOWER CRUST THICKNESS.Go Green With Bio-Enzymes
  13. 13. BOROŹYME¦R DELIVERS: For making sub-base for paved/unpaved roads with BOROŹYME¦R: 4. REDUCES SUCH COMMON ROAD SURFACE PROBLEMS AS CRACKING AND SURFACE LOOSENINGGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  14. 14. BOROŹYME¦R DELIVERS: For making sub-base for paved/unpaved roads with BOROŹYME¦R: 5. REDUCES THE COST OF PURCHASING AND TRANSPORTING CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS FOR ROAD RECONDITIONING BY REUSING IN- SITU MATERIALS AND IMPROVING POORERGo Green With QUALITY LOCAL SOILS Bio-Enzymes
  15. 15. BOROŹYME¦R DELIVERS: For making sub-base for paved/unpaved roads with BOROŹYME¦R: 6. EXTENDSTHE USEFUL LIFE OF ASPHALT AND CONCRETE ROAD SURFACES AND STABILIZES ROAD SHOULDERSGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  16. 16. BOROŹYME¦R DELIVERS: For making sub-base for paved/unpaved roads with BOROŹYME¦R: 7. DUE TO THE HIGH LEVELS OF COMPACTION ACHIEVED, IT HELPS IN PREVENTING UPWARD CAPILLARY MOVEMENT OF WATER FROM BELOW THE SUB-BASE, THEREBY PROTECTING THE ROADS FROM COLLAPSING DUE TO WATER STRESSES.Go Green With Bio-Enzymes
  17. 17. Expected changes in soil CBR with the treatment of BoroŹyme¦R DZ-1X: Plasticity Corresponding Expected Expected Expected Plasticity Corresponding Expected Expected Expected index of % CBR of soil range of new % CBR ranged of index of % CBR of soil range of new % CBR ranged of soil variation after DZ-1X variation in soil variation after DZ-1X variation in in % CBR Treatment % CBR of soil in % CBR Treatment % CBR of soil of soil (±) after DZ-1X of soil (±) after DZ-1X treatment (+) treatment (+) 0 100 100 24 5.0 2 12.1 4 5 39.3 40.0 25 5.1 2 12.8 4 10 18.5 2 38.0 5 26 4.7 2 10.7 4 11 16.0 3 34.7 5 27 4.5 2 10.0 4 12 14.0 2 31.7 5 28 4.4 2 9.5 4 13 12.3 2 29.0 5 29 4.3 2 8.9 4 30 4.3 2 8.5 4 14 10.8 2 39.3 5 31 4.2 2 8.1 4 15 7.7 2 19.3 5 32 4.2 2 7.7 4 16 8.7 2 22.3 5 33 4.1 2 7.4 4 17 7.9 2 20.6 5 34 4.1 2 7.0 3 18 7.2 2 19.0 5 35 3.5 2 8.8 3 19 6.6 2 17.5 5 36 4.0 2 6.5 3 20 6.2 2 16.2 5 37 4.0 2 6.3 3 21 5.8 2 15.0 4 38 4.0 2 6.1 3 22 5.5 2 14.0 4 39 4.0 2 5.9 3 23 5.2 2 13.0 4 40 0.9 2 2.1 3
  18. 18. Graphical Representation:-100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 0 5 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Corresponding % CBR of soil Expected new % CBR after DZ-1X Treatment Power (Corresponding % CBR of soil) Power (Expected new % CBR after DZ-1X Treatment)
  19. 19. Financial Savings.. Quantity of DZ-1X required per square meter of constructed base CVPD (30MT)All values are All Values are inin mm depth liters required CVPD (30MT) required 0-15 15-45 45-150 150-450 CBR 0-15 15-45 45-150 150-450 2 275 365 370 455 2 0.06 0.08 0.08 0.10 3 200 265 330 320 3 0.04 0.06 0.07 0.07 4 125 200 260 315 4 0.03 0.04 0.06 0.07 5 100 165 210 260 5 0.02 0.04 0.05 0.06 6 60 115 150 175 6 0.01 0.03 0.03 0.04 7 60 115 150 175 7 0.01 0.03 0.03 0.04Corresponding 10 30 70 85 125 corresponding 10 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.03 CBR of base 15 30 50 75 CBR of base 15 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.02 soil 20 30 50 soil 20 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01
  20. 20. Cost of BoroŹyme¦R ‘DZ-1X’ required per square meter of constructed base CVPD (30MT) 0-15 15-45 45-150 150-450 2 60.00 80.00 80.00 100.00 3 40.00 60.00 70.00 70.00 4 30.00 40.00 60.00 70.00 5 20.00 40.00 50.00 60.00 6 10.00 30.00 30.00 40.00 7 10.00 30.00 30.00 40.00 10 10.00 20.00 20.00 30.00 Cost : Rs.1000/liter corresponding CBR of 15 0.00 10.00 10.00 20.00 base soil 20 0.00 0.00 10.00 10.00
  21. 21. Taking an example:- CBR value 2, CVPD of 15-45 vehicles:  Parameters used:  100 meter of road  6 meter width of road  Base depth of 365mm (0.365 mts)  Cost of enzyme: Rs.1000 per liter  Soil is used from on site, and a mixture of 20% metal stones are used.Go Green With Bio-Enzymes
  22. 22.  THEN,  Conventional cost is estimated to be at: Rs. 345.99 per sq. meter  Enzyme based cost is estimated to be at: Rs. 186.92 per sq. meter  SAVING (IN INR): Rs. 159.07 per sq. meter  SAVINGS (IN %): 45.975% per sq. meterGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  23. 23. Environmental benefits:  Minimizes material loss of surface gravel on soil roadways due to erosion or abrasion by traffic.  Reduces the ongoing cost and environmental impact of the purchase, transport and spreading of replacement gravel.  Minimizes the harmful production and use of crushed rock and historical mineral stabilizers in road construction and maintenance.  Reduces fuel usage associated with frequent, short interval road repairs.  Lessens the impact of open gravel mines and pits. BoroŹyme¦R DZ-1X allows maximum leveraging of existing sources.Go Green With Bio-Enzymes
  24. 24. BoroŹyme¦R Delivers Stronger, Longer Lasting Roads At A Lower Cost Than Conventional Road DesignsGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  25. 25. MAKING SUB-BASE FOR ROAD CONSTRUCTIONGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  26. 26. Equipment Required.Go Green With Bio-Enzymes
  27. 27. STEPS INVOLVED IN MAKING A QUALITYENZYME STABILIZED ROAD IDENTIFY SOIL EXCAVATE/GRADING ENZYME CHARGING LEVELING AND CONSOLIDATION CURINGGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  28. 28. The activities to be undertaken while applying Soil Stabilization Enzymes: 1. Grading and side drain construction 2. Ripping the road surface 3. Pulverizing the broken soil 4. Formulation spraying 5. Rotovating 6. CompactingGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  29. 29. 1.) IDENTIFYING THE SOIL. 1(a). Identify The Soil Type 1(b). Determination Of The Optimal Moisture Content Required To Attain Best CompactionGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  30. 30. 2.) EXCAVATION/GRADING… Excavation/ Grading to required depth or application of soil raised to required heightGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  31. 31. …EXCAVATION/GRADING…Go Green With Bio-Enzymes
  32. 32. …EXCAVATION/GRADING.Go Green With Bio-Enzymes
  33. 33. 3.) ENZYME CHARGING… BOROŹYME¦R – ‘DZ-1X’ is mixed with necessary amount of water to attain OMCGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  34. 34. …ENZYME CHARGING… BOROŹYME¦R – ‘DZ-1X’ solution is applied to the soil at the siteGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  35. 35. …ENZYME CHARGING…Go Green With Bio-Enzymes
  36. 36. … ENZYME CHARGING… BOROŹYME¦R – ‘DZ-1X’ solution is thoroughly mixed into the soilGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  37. 37. …ENZYME CHARGING. REMEMBER: THROUGHLY MIXED THE ENZYME IS LEFT FOR 24 HOURS TO ACTIVATE THE SOILGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  38. 38. 4.) LEVELING AND CONSOLIDATION…Go Green With Bio-Enzymes
  39. 39. …LEVELING AND CONSOLIDATION…Go Green With Bio-Enzymes
  40. 40. …LEVELING AND CONSOLIDATION…Go Green With Bio-Enzymes
  41. 41. …LEVELING AND CONSOLIDATION.Go Green With HINT: Good construction practices Bio-Enzymes give longer lasting surfaces
  42. 42. 5.) CURING. A 24 hours curing periods allows for good cohesion between the soil particlesGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  43. 43. 5.) CURING
  44. 44. POST CURING  If the surface is to be paved with either Bitumen or concrete, a surface drying of 3-4 days is advisable  If surface is not to be sealed, i.e. rural roads (unpaved) is to be made, some gravel fines are to be added to the surface to aid vehicles gain traction in wet conditions.Go Green With Bio-Enzymes
  45. 45. FINISHED SURFACESGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  46. 46. FINISHED SURFACEGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  47. 47. FINISHED SURFACEGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  48. 48. FINISHED SURFACEGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  49. 49. FINISHED SURFACESGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  50. 50. Tar Finished Road
  51. 51. B O R O Ź Y M E ¦ R ‘DZ-1X’ (Recommendation of tests for earthen roads to be conducted after ‘DZ- 1X’ application): Step 1. Before road construction: Step 3. Post construction: A. Average plasticity index of soil: helps determine H. Approximately 24 hours later – MDD analysis by moisture content needed to attain “maximum dry sand replacement method or BS Core Cutter density” (MDD). Method. B. Optimal moisture content (OMC) to reach MDD. I. CBR of soil – after 7 days, field analysis by C. Laboratory MDD of soil. Dynamic Cone Penetration, lab analysis of undisturbed sample (as per IS-2720). D. Laboratory CBR. J. CBR of soil – after 30 days, field analysis by E. If required: enzyme modified MDD of soil and PI. Dynamic Cone Penetration, lab analysis of undisturbed sample (as per IS-2720). Step 2. At time of construction: Note: Light traffic is to be allowed after 3 F. Average moisture of soil on site, needed to offset hours of compaction, heavy (loaded) vehicles the quantity of water that will need to reach OMC. to be allowed after 48 hours. If there is a G. Field soil density of soil – helps determine quantity moisture problem, allow to evaporate then soil required to finish compacted road. allow vehicles.Go Green With Bio-Enzymes
  52. 52. Application Notes:- Day 1:1. Plan project with supervisory personnel. 9. Road barriers should be assembled and2. Assemble all required Equipment. checked.3. Make equipment maintenance checks. 10. Traffic diversion plan should be finalized.4. Verify fuel supply. 11. Traffic control personnel should be instructed according to the work plan.5. Verify and make arrangements for water and water supply. 12. Instructions should be given in case of rain.6. Verify BOROŹYME¦R ‘DZ-1X’ supply. 13. Security for equipment should be7. Meet with operator personnel and discuss arranged. procedure. 14. Contingency plans should be made in case8. If new soil is required, it should be brought of equipment break down or problems. in and put in place. Go Green With Bio-Enzymes
  53. 53. Application Notes:- Day 2:1. Mix BOROŹYME¦R ‘DZ-1X’ with water in water truck2. Break up soil with rippers on grader.3. Remove or crush large BOROŹYME¦R ‘DZ-1X’ in Water.4. Cut shoulders with grader on each side of road first.5. Mix soil with grader and (add aggregate if necessary).6. Moisten soil with water truck spray bar.7. Mix soil with grader blade from each side to the other.8. Repeat #5 – #6 all day.9. Wind row with grader blade on each side of road.10. Let wind row aerate over night. Go Green With Bio-Enzymes
  54. 54. Application Notes:- Day 3: 1. Moisten wind row soil with water truck spray bar. 2. Moisten soil in front of grader. 3. Grader blade 2” lifts/layer from wind row. 4. Sheep’s foot compactor follow grader blade. 5. Drum Compactor with vibrator on follows Sheep’s foot compactor. 6. Repeat #1 through #4 for 3/4 of expected depth or wind row. 7. Continue to moisten wind row. 8. Continue to use grader to blade 2” lifts. 9. Continue to use Drum compactor with vibrator off. 10. Repeat #6 - #8 for last 1/4 of expected depth. 11. Moisten surface in front of Pneumatic roller. Go Green With Bio-Enzymes 12. Use Pneumatic compaction for smoothing final finish.Allow to set for 3 – 5 Days with no traffic use. Traffic use too soon will cause rutting.
  55. 55. Using Enzymes in soil stabilization Terms Used in Road Construction
  56. 56. Terms Used in Road Construction
  57. 57. The Challenge faced when dealing with site Engineers:  Existing pavement design methods cater to relatively high volumes of traffic with damaging effect quantified in terms of ESA (equivalent standard axles). In contrast, main factors controlling deterioration of LVRs (Low Volume Roads) are dominated by the local road environment and details of design (drainage), construction and maintenance practice.  Conventional specs apply to “ideal” materials  Standard methods of test do not always give a true assessment of performance of local materialsGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  58. 58. Primary Problem faced:  “ The art of the roads engineer consists for a good part in utilizing specifications that will make possible the use of materials he finds in the vicinity of the road works. Unfortunately, force of habit, inadequate specifications and lack of initiative have suppressed the use of local materials and innovative construction technologies”  Consider materials’ “fitness for purpose”  Make specification fit materials rather than materials fit specification (“resource based” specs)Go Green With Bio-Enzymes
  59. 59. Pavement Performance:
  60. 60. Selection of material for construction:  Material strength derived from combination of: - Cohesive effects - Soil suction - Physio-chemical (stab) forces - Inter-particle friction  Material selection influenced by: - Traffic loading - Environment - Material properties (plastic mod) - Pavement configurationGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  61. 61. Wide variety of chemical additives available including:  Wetting agents to improve compaction  Hygroscopic salts (e.g. calcium, magnesium or sodium chlorides)  Natural polymers (e.g. ligno sulphonates)  Synthetic polymer emulsions (e.g. acrylates)  Modified waxes  Sulphonated oils  Biological enzymesGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  62. 62. CBR versus stiffness
  63. 63. Stiffness versus density
  64. 64. Compaction/density/permeability
  65. 65. Dry density vs Permeability:
  66. 66. Dry density vs Stiffness:
  67. 67. Benefits of “Compaction to Refusal”
  68. 68. Effect of Surface Deflection on Seal Life:
  69. 69. Characteristics of Compaction equipment:
  70. 70. Road crosssection onbuiltup
  71. 71. Primary Certification:
  72. 72. Field trail of BoroŹyme¦R DZ-1X on Black cotton soil as a foundation for Road check DCP Instrument  The final layer was allowed to cure for 7 days, after which a 7 day CBR test was conducted using DCP method.  Determination of field CBR by dynamic cone penetration test at Shahol-Kim roadGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  73. 73. Resuts: Shahol-Kim Road BoroŹyme¦R- DZ-1X soil stabilization enzymes treatment trials Control (No Enzyme treatment) parallel to Enzyme treatment, subject to same rolling treatments as those in Enzyme treatmentGo Green With Bio-Enzymes
  74. 74. Expected Shift in your Soil CBR:-100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 0 5 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Corresponding % CBR of soil Expected new % CBR after DZ-1X Treatment Power (Corresponding % CBR of soil) Power (Expected new % CBR after DZ-1X Treatment)
  75. 75. Sub-base design chart as per IRC-37
  76. 76. The Economics of using BOROŹYME¦R – DZ-1X:  Road stabilization with BOROŹYME¦R – DZ-1X offers significant economic alternatives to standard road designs.  Note that design strength has been maintained while costs have been significantly reduced.Go Green With Bio-Enzymes
  77. 77. The Economics of using BOROŹYME¦R – DZ-1X: Enamel seal coat Grit asphalt mix Rubble-soil mix Box-Cut requiredCONVENTIONAL METHOD:STRUCTURAL STRENGHT ISMAINTAINED AT100% COST
  78. 78. Alternative# 1 Maintains the standard design strength while reducing or eliminating costly materials through stabilization of local materials BOROŹYME¦R – DZ-1X or economical material Box-Cut TREATED SUB- BASE, WITH SAME Not required blends for typical cost DEPTH OF STANDARD SUB-BASE reductions of 20% - 30%. Laboratory verification of soil blends can be performed ENZYME TREATMENT: STRUCTURAL STRENGHT IS MAINTAINED before project execution REDUCING THE COST BY 20-30%
  79. 79. Alternative# 2 Improves the standard design through stabilization of available materials blended to optimize gradation and plasticity. The result is a maximum 30% DEPTH INCREASE OF SUB-BASE increase in stabilized strength. Note TREATED WITH BOROŹYME¦R – DZ-1X that savings of 40% are possible by thinking outside of the standard design and road materials. Cost comparisons No Digging to matching structural upgrades using No Box-Cut traditional materials and designs No foreign soil required. generally favor stabilization. These same alternatives can be used ENZYME TREATMENT: for other surface coatings such as STRENGHT IS MAINTAINED RCC, or Tar based seal coats. REDUCING THE COST BY 40%
  80. 80. Go Green With Bio-Enzymes
  81. 81. PROJECT COLLABORATORS Go Green With Bio-Enzymes www.boroninnovations.comcontact@boroninnovations.com Skype: boroninnovations +91-990-451-4703 Thank You and have a pleasant GREEN-DAY ahead..!!

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