Director of the Institute f or Transfrontier co - operation , Ambassador (Uzhgorod, Ukraine)
The emblematic word of TBC -“effectiveness” The pragmatic side of transborder processes is at issue, with its ever increasing significance .
The transborder co-operation effectiveness is to a large extent equal to the quality of its management.
The father of the management theory Norbert Wiener: “The more reliable information about a process is, the higher is the quality of its management (its effectiveness)”. Hence, the main task is to receive maximal possible amount of information about transborder co-operation, while ensuring its authenticity, i.e. quality.
The paradigm of quantitative and qualitative assessment (indexing) of transborder co-operation at the new Eastern border of the European Union.
Project ”Border Dialogues: Promoting Cross-Border Co-operation in a Wider Europe” Project Implementing Partners: Barents Institute, Norway Barents Secretariat, Norway International Centre for Democratic Transition, Hungary Institute f or Transfrontier co - operation , Ukraine Jefferson Institute, USA and Serbia Kaliningrad Regional Development Agency, Russian Federation Belgrade Fund for Political Excellence, Serbia Project Coordinator: Institute for Stability and Development, Czech Republic & Western Balkans
SYSTEM OF INDEXATION AND MONITORING OF TRANS FRONTIER CO - OPERATION ON THE NEW EASTERN BORDER OF THE EU
SYSTEM’ DESCRIPTION ● The system of indexation and monitoring (SIM) of transfrontier co-operation on the new Eastern border of the EU is a bundle of theoretical and organizational-practical activities, ensuring the correct evaluation and comparison of general and unique traits, as well as development trends of transfrontier co-operation within the various regions of new eastern EU border, with the goal of increasing its effectiveness, primarily through optimizing its governance.
● SIM includes two sub-systems: Subsystem I. Theoretical Activities. Subsystem II. Practical Realization.
a) Definition of basic notions • Object of indexation and monitoring – transborder co-operation on the new Eastern border of the EU The European meaning of Transfrontier Co-operation (TFC) is also synonymous with Cross Border Co-operation (CBC), and denotes any joint actions aimed at strengthening and deepening neighborly relations between territorial communities and authorities, which exist under the jurisdictions of two or more parties and, to this end, the formation of necessary treaties and agreements (European Outline Convention on Trans-Frontier Co-operation Between Territorial Communities or Authorities from Madrid, 21.05.1980) The European Union has designated the following aspects of renewed transfrontier co-operation, including on the new Eastern border, as strategic: • Assisting the economic and social development of border territories; • Conducting joint efforts to resolve important issues such as environmental protection, health issues and the fight against organized crime; • Supporting the development of effective and secure borders, as well as combating illegal immigration; • Facilitating human interactions.
• Indexation of TFC is a tool of political analysis of transfrontier co-operation based on index construction method. • Index (from Latin indico – I indicate) of TFC is an indicator (relative value, expressed in unit fractions or percent's) that quantitatively characterizes dynamics of transborder co-operation as well as serves for its comparison in various regions of Europe. • General index of TFC – indicator of the level of object development in general • Special index of TFC – indicator of level of development of one or another group of characteristics (parameters) of an object • Single index of ТFС – indicator of level of development of specific (individual) characteristics of an object • Monitoring (from Latin monitor – warner) of TFC – process of tracking changes undergoing within the object during specific period
<ul><li>в) Index construction </li></ul><ul><li>- General index is constructed on the basis of parameter indices by way of their composition and calculation of average index. It is defined on a scale of 1 to 10. </li></ul><ul><li>- Special index is based on single indices by way of their composition and calculation of average parameter. It is defined on a scale of 1 to 10. In relation to general index the special indices are regarded as sub-indices. </li></ul><ul><li>The general index “Level of development of transfrontier co-operation on the new Eastern border of the European Union” includes following special indices: </li></ul><ul><li>geographic and demographic environment </li></ul><ul><li>historic, political and spiritual factors </li></ul><ul><li>legal basis </li></ul><ul><li>conflict-causing factors - risks and challenges </li></ul><ul><li>infrastructural characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>contacts between people </li></ul><ul><li>economic co-operation </li></ul><ul><li>integrated borders management and its safety </li></ul><ul><li>improvement of environment quality </li></ul><ul><li>- Single indices are constructed on the basis of quantity and quality measurements (assessments) of specific object features. Single indices are sub-indices in relation to general and special indices. Single indices are concretized by minimal amounts – indicators . </li></ul>
INDEXATION OF TRANSBORDER CO-OPERATION OF NEIGHBORING REGIONS OF HUNGARY, SLOVAKIA, ROMANIA AND UKRAINE (METHODOLOGIES AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR ITS PRACTICAL APPLICATION)
Programme area The programme area is located on the Hungarian-Slovak-Romanian-Ukrainian border. The programme area includes approximately 598.9 km joint border with Ukraine which covers fully the Slovak-Ukrainian (97.9 km) the Hungarian-Ukrainian (134.6 km) and partially the Romanian-Ukrainian (366.4 km) border lines. Area program includes more than 6 million people . Programme eligible area: In Hungary: In Slovakia: In Romania: In Ukraine: Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén (adjacent area with full participation) Košický, Prešovský Maramureş, Satu-Mare, Suceava (adjacent area with limited participation) Zakarpatska, Ivano–Frankivska, Chernivetska (adjacent area with limited participation)
<ul><li>Established and work four International working groups of experts: </li></ul><ul><li>Working group №1. Facilitating social and economic development </li></ul><ul><li>Working group №2. Improvement of the Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Working group №3. Rising efficiency of borders functioning </li></ul><ul><li>Working group №4. Issues of cross-border statistic </li></ul><ul><li>General number of high qualified project' experts with great experience of research and practical work on cross-border cooperation is about 40 persons that represent all the bordering regions of participating countries. </li></ul>