Power and Influence Seminar


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Power and Influence are a part social interaction and group dynamics. When power and influence are deployed for progressive and pragmatic ends, society is the better for it.

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Power and Influence Seminar

  1. 1. Power and Group Dynamics Influence and Power Seminar Bolaji Okusaga
  2. 2. Background Political behavior pervades organizational life Focuses on developing and using power in an organization Often gives power to people who do not have it from their organizational position
  3. 3. Facets of power Potential power: Actual power: Potential for power: • one party perceives another party as having power and the ability to use it • the presence and use of power • person or group has control of resources from which to build power
  4. 4. Power Relationships Power relationships: moments of social interaction where power manifests itself Dimensions of power relationships • Relational: social interaction between people and groups • Dependence • Reliance of one party on another party • High power when valued results not available elsewhere • Sanctioning: use of rewards or penalties
  5. 5. Communication and Interaction Patterns “Whenever people are together in a group, they are communicating.” (T & R) Communication patterns can be helpful or harmful. *
  6. 6. Communication and Interaction Patterns Why people communicate: 1. Understanding other people 6. Provoking a reaction from others 7. Making an impression on others 2. Finding out where they stand in relation to other people 5. Defending themselves 8. Gaining and maintaining relationships 3. Persuading others 4. Gaining or maintaining power 9. Presenting a unified image to the group
  7. 7. Communication and Interaction Patterns Selective Perception influenced by: • 1. Life positions that result from experiences in early childhood • 2. Values • 3. The status and position of the communicator • 4. Previous experiences • 5. Assumptions • 6. Stereotypes Feedback
  8. 8. Communication and Interaction Patterns Interaction Patterns: Maypole – leader to member & member to leader Hot Seat – extended back and forth exchange between leader and a member Round Robin – members take turns Free Floating – all members take responsibility for communicating
  9. 9. Communication and Interaction Patterns Patterns of Interaction are influenced by: 1. Cues and Reinforcers 2. Emotional Bonds 4. Size and 5. Power and 3. Subgroups Physical Status Arrangements
  10. 10. Social Integration and Influence (Social Control Mechanisms) Groups are not able to function effectively unless there is a fairly high level of social integration among members Social Control Mechanisms – the processes by which the groupas-a-whole gains sufficient compliance and conformity from its members to enable it to function in an orderly manner. “Social order and stability are prerequisites for the formation and maintenance of a cohesive group.”
  11. 11. Social Integration and Influence Norms – shared expectations and beliefs about appropriate ways to act in a social situation such as a group. • increase predictability, stability, and security • result from what is valued, preferred, and accepted behavior • overt or covert
  12. 12. Group Presentations
  13. 13. Group Alpha • Identifying Power Plays – Discuss recent stand-off between NIMASA and the NLNG • Discuss the place of influence and politics in struggle between NIMASA and NLNG • Explain what should have been done to prevent the stand-off between these two bodies using Expert power
  14. 14. Team Beta • Communication and Interaction Patterns Discuss: – Communication and Interaction Patterns in the NNPC – Cohesion – Social Integration and Influence (Social Control Mechanisms) – Group Culture
  15. 15. Team Ceaser • Power and Politics – Describe the nature of power in the NNPC and ways to build power – Discuss the relationship between power and politics in NNPC – Describe the bases of power
  16. 16. Let’s Begin the Dialogue… 16