Presentation of digitization of audiovisual material in the Public Library Cacak, Serbia, presented at the VI national congress of the public libraries of Spain and Europeana conference 2012, Burgos, October 9-11, 2012.
Bogdan TrifunovićDigital Projects LibrarianPublic Library “Vladislav Petković Dis” ČačakSerbiawww.firstname.lastname@example.org DIGITIZATION OF AUDIOVISUAL COLLECTIONS: EMPOWERING PUBLIC LIBRARIES THROUGH THE PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS EUROPEANA CONFERENCE / VI CONGRESO NACIONAL DE BIBLIOTECAS PÚBLICAS, Burgos, 9-11 October 2012
Introduction• Public Library “Vladislav Petković Dis” exists since 1848• Today it is the main library for the District of Morava• The network of 44 school libraries, 4 public and 3 special libraries and 4 library branches• Population of over 200.000• Various library services
Digitization Centre• Established in 2008, the first of its kind among Serbian public libraries• Charged with the digitization of library material, digital preservation, web archiving, IT services and support, automatization of library services• Two full-time librarians, 2-4 part-time• Funding: budget + projects
Digitization initiatives• Digitization of Local History Collections which belong to the public domain or without copyright issues from 2006• Projects of digitization of print and audiovisual collections; Europeana Awareness Best Practice Network 2012• Digital Library of Čačak – the best public library project in Serbia for the period 2006-2009
Preservation of AV heritage• The preservation of information on obsolete media and their digitization in an effort of preserving one important part of cultural legacy of the 20th century• Danger of loosing it due to technology advancement or human negligence• “Preservation for access”, through digitization (PRESTO Project)
Audiovisual (AV) material• “any recorded sound and/or moving and/or still image items” – IFLA’s “Guidelines for audiovisual and multimedia materials in libraries” (2004)• Mechanical carriers• Magnetic tape carriers (VHS, SVHS, Beta)• Magnetic disk carriers• Photochemical carriers• Optical carriers
Digitization of AV materials• From 2010 as a long-term initiative• Local media houses were primary target and their old archival collections of recorded and/or broadcasted material, but in relation to the local heritage• TV and radio stations were at first reluctant to allow us to digitize their material (copyright problems, non-existent partnership in the past, the future usage)
Public-private partnership• Proposition of a partnership based on an assumption that the Library will get the community valued content and cultural heritage for preservation, while the other party (the media) would have a clear economical benefit and an improvement of their services based on solutions proposed by the Library.
Digitization of radio material• In 2010 our library obtained rights to digitize valuable old archive of the most important radio station in the western part of Serbia.• 1961-1998• Outsourced by professional radio technician, for the process of sound remastering and providing better sound quality in digital format
Digitization of video archives• A groundbreaking contract of technical and business partnership was signed in January 2011 between the Library and a local TV• The library was granted permission to take tapes out, make the content digital and store it for long-term preservation, thus providing a copy of every tape on an optical medium (DVD) and permanent online access to the metadata generated in the process of digitization, for the television’s staff
Funding and resources• Thanks to successful project application in 2010 the Ministry of Culture provided funds for buying necessary equipment: computers, TV, DVD recorder, SVHS and VHS tape player and large hard drive storage• The TV station agreed to cover the costs of obtaining 50% of DVDs needed for digitization, as well as to lend us for free all specialized equipment which would be used in the process of digitization
In-house solution• The Digitization Centre has created procedures and rules for digitization of audio-video material, particularly for VHS and S-VHS video tapes• Internal document, “Procedure for digitization of VHS/SVHS tapes”• This procedure identifies twelve phases in digitization of VHS/SVHS tapes, starting from cleaning the tapes from dust and dirt, rewinding them, checking the quality of audio and video signals, digitization, metadata creation, disc burning and disc envelope printing, etc.
Technical details• Metadata – Dublin Core format• DVD Video (MPEG 2)• AVI format for long-term digital preservation• FreeNAS file server• DSpace digital repository for (restricted) online access to metadata and some content
Metadata The following metadata elements are obligatory for resource description: contributor, date, description, format, identifier, language, source, subject, title.If it is possible to identify, the metadataelement set also includes the following elements: creator/author, publisher, relation, rights (copyright).
Local Media Digital Archive and Repository• Over 500 hours of digitized video material originally recorded on analog media before 2005, more than 750 hours of born- digital material and some 430 hours of audio recordings made in the period 1961- 2000• The access to the repository is restricted• Registered users could browse and search records about digitized material and have full access to metadata
Conclusions – by benefits• The local media have by far better organization of their archives, generated metadata and digitized content – for free• The community have preservation of one part of its past and future possibility to access sources for local memory• What does Library have?
1. a collection of approximately 1.700 hours of digitized audio and video recordings, which is still growing2. fully developed skills, procedures and a system of digitization and digital preservation of audiovisual collections, usable in similarly sized cultural institutions3. better integration of various collections and metadata into Librarys Digital Library system4. further development in planning of Librarys long-term digital preservation strategy5. new experience in establishing partnerships with a non-public services and institutions6. and, finally, better positioning of one local cultural institution for the future preservation of cultural heritage
Bogdan TrifunovićDigital Projects LibrarianPublic Library “Vladislav Petković Dis” ČačakSerbiawww.email@example.com THANK YOU! EUROPEANA CONFERENCE / VI CONGRESO NACIONAL DE BIBLIOTECAS PÚBLICAS, Burgos, 9-11 October 2012