Phrasal verbs

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Short presentation about phrasal verbs

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Phrasal verbs

  1. 1. What’s a phrasal verb?  A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb alone.
  2. 2.  Phrasal verbs are part of a large group of verbs called “multi-part” or "multi-word” verbs.  The preposition or adverb that follows the verb is sometimes called a particle.
  3. 3.  Phrasal verbs and other multi-word verbs are an important part of the English language.  However, they are mainly used in spoken English and informal texts.
  4. 4.  They should be avoided in academic writing where it is preferable to use a formal verb such as “to postpone” rather than “to put off”.
  5. 5. Example given  To get = to obtain  I need to get a new battery for my camera.  To get together = to meet  Why don’t we all get together for lunch one day?
  6. 6. Types of phrasal verbs  Phrasal verbs can be either transitive or intransitive.
  7. 7. Transitive phrasal verbs  These phrasal verbs need an object in order to be used.  E.g. I made up an excuse. ('Excuse' is the object of the verb.)
  8. 8.  You can separate some of the transitive phrasal verbs, it means, you can place the object between the verb and the particle.  E.g. I looked the word up in the dictionary.
  9. 9.  However, some verbs can’t be separated and the object must be placed after the particle.  E.g. I will look into the matter as soon as possible.
  10. 10.  Some phrasal verbs can take an object either between the verb and the particle or after the particle.  E.g.  I picked up the book.  I picked the book up.
  11. 11.  Note: However, if the object is a pronoun, it must be placed between the verb and the preposition.  E.g. I picked it up
  12. 12. Intransitive phrasal verbs  Unlike the transitive ones, these verbs don’t need an object when used in a sentence.  E.g. My car broke down.

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