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Disease Caused By Parasitic Worms

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Immunology
Disease Caused By Parasitic Worms

Disease Caused By Parasitic Worms

  1. 1. DISEASE CAUSED BY PARASITIC WORMS<br />BY<br />POURNIMA SHETTY<br />MANALI PATKAR<br />
  2. 2. Onchocerciasis<br />
  3. 3. introduction<br /><ul><li>Also called as River Blindness
  4. 4. Found in Africa and the Middle East
  5. 5. caused by Onchocercavolvulus</li></li></ul><li>SYMPTOMS<br />rashes<br />Intense itching<br />lesions<br />depigmentation<br />elephantiasis<br />blindness<br />
  6. 6. Prevention<br /><ul><li> Avoiding fly infested areas,
  7. 7. Wearing protective clothing
  8. 8. Using insect repellents</li></li></ul><li>Treatment<br />Ivermectin<br /><ul><li>Ivermectin is given as a single dose of </li></ul> 150 mg/kg orally and reduces the <br />microfilariae in the skin by 99.5 %<br /> after three months.<br /><ul><li> Should not give to pregnant women and children under</li></ul> 5 years<br />
  9. 9.
  10. 10. Dracunculiasis<br />
  11. 11. INTRODUCTION<br /><ul><li> Commonly known as Guinea worm disease, is a </li></ul> preventable infection caused by the parasite <br />Dracunculusmedinensis.<br />
  12. 12. SYMPTOMS <br />fever<br />diarrhea<br />vomitting<br />Chronic skin ulcers<br />Swelling & pain<br />Itching & burning sensations<br />nausea<br />
  13. 13. causes<br />
  14. 14. Prevention<br />Filter water fleas<br />Education<br />Prevent contaminated persons from entering into pod<br />Drink clean water<br />
  15. 15. treatment<br />wrapped around a small stick. <br />No medication is available.<br />Analgesics, such as aspirin or ibuprofen, can help reduce swelling; antibiotic ointment can help prevent bacterial infections.<br />
  16. 16. Ascariasis<br />
  17. 17. INTRODUCTION<br /><ul><li> Caused by the parasitic roundworm Ascaris</li></ul>lumbricoides.<br />
  18. 18. INTRODUCTION<br /><ul><li> Caused by the parasitic roundworm Ascaris</li></ul>lumbricoides.<br /><ul><li> Particularly prevalent in tropical regions</li></ul> and in areas of poor hygiene.<br /><ul><li> Other species of the genus Ascaris are </li></ul>parasitic and can cause disease in domestic<br />animals.<br />
  19. 19. SOURCES<br /><ul><li>From soil and vegetation on which fecal matter</li></ul> containing eggs has been deposited.<br /><ul><li> Ingestion of infective eggs from soil contaminated</li></ul> with human feces or transmission.<br /><ul><li> Contaminated vegetables and water
  20. 20. Intimate contact with pets in contact with soil.</li></li></ul><li>LIFE CYCLE<br />
  21. 21. SYMPTOMS<br />fever<br />coughing<br />vomitting<br />Disturbed sleep<br />Abdominal discomfort<br />restlessness<br />
  22. 22. DIAGNOSIS<br /><ul><li> The diagnosis is usually incidental when the host</li></ul> passes a worm in the stool or vomit<br /><ul><li> Stool samples for ova and parasites will</li></ul> demonstrate Ascaris eggs.<br /><ul><li> Larvae may be found in gastric or respiratory</li></ul> secretions in pulmonary disease.<br /><ul><li> Blood counts may demonstrate peripheral</li></ul> eosinophilia.<br />
  23. 23. DIAGNOSIS<br />On X-ray, 15–35 cm long filling defects, sometimes with whirled appearance (bolus of worms)<br />
  24. 24. PREVENTION<br />
  25. 25. PREVENTION<br />
  26. 26. TREATMENT<br />mebendazole<br />Piperazine<br />
  27. 27. Ancylotomiasis<br />
  28. 28. INTRODUCTION<br /><ul><li> Ancylostomiasis is the condition of infection by</li></ul>Ancylostomahookworms.<br /><ul><li>ancylos = crooked, bent</li></ul> stoma = mouth.<br /><ul><li>Caused when hookworms, present in large</li></ul> numbers, produce an iron deficiency anemia by<br /> sucking blood from the host's intestinal walls.<br />
  29. 29.
  30. 30. causes<br />
  31. 31. SYMPTOMS<br />severe diarrhea<br />abdominalpains<br />malnutrition<br />anemia<br />Intestinal bleeding<br />
  32. 32. TREATMENT<br />Mebendazole <br />
  33. 33. THANK <br /> YOU<br />

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