Dr Congo Emergency Response Presentation (Regional Consultation Dar Es Salaam 2009)


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LWF WS DR Congo Powerpoint Presentation on Emergency Response -Trends and Challenges
Regional Consultation,
Eastern & Central Africa,
8th-12th June 2009

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Dr Congo Emergency Response Presentation (Regional Consultation Dar Es Salaam 2009)

  1. 1. LWF/DWS in DRC
  2. 2. <ul><li>2345610 Km2 </li></ul><ul><li>66,000 people </li></ul><ul><li>40 years -life expectancy </li></ul><ul><li>Fertility: 6.5 child per woman </li></ul><ul><li>Mortality rate: (128/10000 (eastern DRC) </li></ul><ul><li>Education level: 65.5% (-20% women, especially in rural areas) </li></ul><ul><li>HIV/AIDS prevalence: </li></ul>DRC in Figures
  3. 3. Natural vegetation in Lubero
  4. 4. Typical farm in Lubero
  5. 5. Typical village in Lubero
  6. 6. <ul><li>During the last period of Mobutu’s power, the country was almost left alone === presence of Rwandan refugees + FDLR in DRC </li></ul><ul><li>2006 (uprise of rebel movement against Mobutu) === hundreds of thousands of IDPs + refugees </li></ul><ul><li>Neighboring countries enter DRC (support to government/rebel movement) === Mai-mai groups become active against invaders </li></ul><ul><li>1999 RW + Ug fight in DRC </li></ul>Recurrent Emergencies
  7. 7. <ul><li>January 2002: lava flow from volcanic eruption devastates Goma </li></ul><ul><li>November 2002: interethnic fighting in Ituri (extreme violence – EU intervention) </li></ul><ul><li>Multiplication of Mai-mai and militia groups === control of vast areas for exploitation of natural resources… </li></ul><ul><li>Government reinforces positions === clashes + fighting === more displacement </li></ul><ul><li>absence of legal authority===vacuum for crimes, rapes, insecurity of all kinds </li></ul>Emergencies…
  8. 8. Emergencies … <ul><li>End October 2008: FDLR attacks Goma after Rutshuru === big influx of IDPs toward Goma town (+200,000 people) </li></ul><ul><li>January 2009: joint military operation DRC-Rwanda against FDLR === FDLR revenge on civil population (terrorize by burning houses…) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Consequences <ul><li>Millions of people displaced </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands of broken homes </li></ul><ul><li>Rampant malnutrition in children </li></ul><ul><li>Normal life disrupted </li></ul><ul><li>Dependency on humanitarian aid </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of dignity </li></ul><ul><li>Exploitation of human beings </li></ul><ul><li>Insecurity, rape … </li></ul>
  10. 10. LWF’s presence in DRC <ul><li>1994: support to Rwandan refugees in DRC </li></ul><ul><li>1999: support to refugees in Kisangani region </li></ul><ul><li>2001: war victims in Kisangani </li></ul><ul><li>2002: volcanic eruption in Goma </li></ul><ul><li>2003: Ituri IDPs in Beni </li></ul><ul><li>2006: IDPs in Lubero and Masisi </li></ul><ul><li>(Field offices in Beni, Bunia, Kisangani + 1 Coord office in Goma) </li></ul>
  11. 11. LWF’s offices in DRC <ul><li>1National Coordination office in Goma </li></ul><ul><li>1 Field office in Beni </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Sub field office in Lubero </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1 Flield Office in Bunia </li></ul><ul><li>1 Field Office in Kisangani </li></ul>
  12. 12. Main challenges <ul><li>Travel between field offices is done by air (due to insecurity ad bad road conditions) </li></ul><ul><li>Most flying companies have been blacklisted </li></ul><ul><li>Fierce competition between NGOs to assess funds locally </li></ul>
  13. 13. Opportunities <ul><li>LWF’s is active member of the cluster (food security, nutrition, logistics, educations) </li></ul><ul><li>LWF is well accepted in the areas where we work and built up confidence with the communities </li></ul><ul><li>LWF’s has competent staff and proven experience </li></ul><ul><li>LWF is respected among the humanitarian actors (there are over 60 NGOs in Goma) </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Priority needs for IDPs are Food and non food items (shelter, mosquito nets, blankets, cooking/water utensils…) </li></ul><ul><li>Many people have been displaced more than once </li></ul><ul><li>IDPs are desperate when they can not produce their own food </li></ul><ul><li>In many circumstances, international pressure has succeeded in stopping fighting </li></ul>From our experience
  15. 15. Activities <ul><li>By the coordination office in Goma </li></ul><ul><li>- Overall supervision of the program in the DRC </li></ul><ul><li>- Supervision of the operation of field offices </li></ul><ul><li>- Contact with government authorities at the provincial/ministerial levels </li></ul><ul><li>Contact with agencies and NGOs at the coordination level </li></ul><ul><li>Contact with donors </li></ul>
  16. 16. Activities … <ul><li>2. By Kisangani Field office </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture (seeds and tools + technical agricultural advice) for vulnerable households </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition for malnourished children + food security for their families </li></ul><ul><li>Construction of water facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Construction of social facilities (mainly maternities and schools) </li></ul><ul><li>School gardening </li></ul>
  17. 17. Activities <ul><li>3. By Beni Field Office </li></ul><ul><li>- Therapeutic and supplementary nutrition for malnourished children in Kayna </li></ul><ul><li>Food security (seeds and tools + agricultural technical advice for the families of malnourished children) </li></ul><ul><li>Food security (seeds, tools, petty livestock + agricultural technical advice) for IDPs and returnees </li></ul>
  18. 18. Activities … <ul><li>4. By Bunia Field Office </li></ul><ul><li>Food security (Seeds and tools + agricultural technical advice) for IDPs and returnee households </li></ul><ul><li>Construction of water facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Construction of school facilities </li></ul>
  19. 19. In addition to these activities, LWF works on <ul><li>specific project such as school feeding (Food For Education) with WFP </li></ul><ul><li>Psychosocial activities for the war victims </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental awareness raising </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness raising on Gender and Sex Based Violence + HIV/AIDS </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Responses are carried out with funds from : </li></ul><ul><li>- ACT International </li></ul><ul><li>- Related agencies and their back donors (FCA and the Finnish Gvt, DEA and the German Gvt, DCA and the Danish Gvt, Cos and the Swedish Gvt…) </li></ul><ul><li>- The Pooled Fund </li></ul><ul><li>- UN Agencies </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>The main activities are carried out with a longer term perspective, i.e. teaching the communities the necessary skills to continue the activities beyond the project duration </li></ul>
  22. 22. LWF’s DRC first experiences <ul><li>First experience with ECHO for a project in agriculture (joint DKH/LWF) </li></ul><ul><li>First longer term project under preparation for Kubagu </li></ul><ul><li>First agreement with UNHCR under way </li></ul><ul><li>First attempt to access funds from the Spanish Government (Through DCA) </li></ul>
  23. 23. Present situation <ul><li>Kisangani region much more stable </li></ul><ul><li>Ituri region partially stable but tension persists in some areas </li></ul><ul><li>Lubero: terrorized population, limited access to plantations, armed people harvest what has been planted </li></ul>
  24. 24. Conclusion <ul><li>ASANTE </li></ul>