An Introduction To China


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An Introduction To China

  1. 1. Geography, History, Politics, and Culture
  2. 3. <ul><li>Eastern Hemisphere </li></ul><ul><li>Continent – Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Land Area – 9,326,410 square Kilometers (slightly smaller than the United States) </li></ul><ul><li>Land Borders – North Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Nepal, Pakistan, Burma, Russia, Bhutta, Mongolia, and Kazakhstan </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Borders – Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea, Korea Bay </li></ul><ul><li>Major Rivers – Yellow, Yangtze, Mekong </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>Human Population – 1,321,851,888 (July 07) </li></ul><ul><li>Largest country in population and forth largest in land area on Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Climate – Tropical in South and Subarctic in North </li></ul><ul><li>Highest Elevation – Mt. Everest (between China and Nepal) 8850 meters </li></ul><ul><li>Terrain – Mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in the west and deltas in the east </li></ul>
  4. 7. <ul><li>Natural Hazards – Frequent typhoons, floods, tsunamis, earthquakes </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Issues – Air pollution, desertification, trade in endangered species, depletion of natural resources </li></ul>
  5. 8. Chinese Government Headquarters
  6. 9. <ul><li>Official Name – People’s Republic of China </li></ul><ul><li>Capital - Beijing </li></ul><ul><li>Ruling Government - Communism </li></ul><ul><li>Head of Government - Premier Wen Jiabo </li></ul><ul><li>Chief of State – President Hu Jintao </li></ul><ul><li>Elections – President and Vice President are elected by the People’s Republic Congress to a five year term, the Premier is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Congress </li></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><li>Gross National Product - $7.043 trillion </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty Rate – 8% of population below poverty level </li></ul><ul><li>Exports – Electrical products, machinery, data processing equipment, textiles, steel, and mobile phones </li></ul><ul><li>Imports – Medical Equipment, copper, oil, LED screens, machinery, organic chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>Currency – Renminbi (RMB) </li></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>People’s Liberation Army </li></ul><ul><li>Army – 2.3 million soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Navy – 250,000 sailors, 63 submarines, 18 destroyers, 35 frigates </li></ul><ul><li>Air Force – 470,000 pilots </li></ul>Army Navy Air Force
  9. 13. <ul><li>One of the world’s oldest civilizations </li></ul><ul><li>Inhabited by Homo Erectus more than one million years ago </li></ul><ul><li>Turtle shells with Chinese writing from the Shang Dynasty have been carbon dated to 1500 B.C </li></ul><ul><li>Civilization began with city-states in the Yellow River Valley </li></ul><ul><li>221 B.C. is accepted to be the year China became a unified empire </li></ul><ul><li>Qin Shi Huang first united China </li></ul>
  10. 14. Yellow River Valley Qin Shi Huang Huang’s Terracotta Army
  11. 15. <ul><li>The overland route used by Marco Polo and his father to travel to China. </li></ul><ul><li>His first visit to China was in 1271. </li></ul><ul><li>He returned to Italy with ivory, jade, silk, and porcelain. He also told of the Chinese use of paper money, compasses, </li></ul><ul><li>and coal. </li></ul>
  12. 17. <ul><li>Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Taoism </li></ul><ul><li>Islam </li></ul><ul><li>Catholicism </li></ul><ul><li>Protestantism </li></ul><ul><li>The first three are most predominant </li></ul>
  13. 18. <ul><li>Traditional or historical </li></ul>Yellow Bird – artist: Unknown Ming Vase
  14. 19. <ul><li>Chinese calligraphy is the writing style. </li></ul><ul><li>Many books were burned in 213 B.C at the command of Qin Shi Huang. </li></ul>
  15. 20. <ul><li>Confucius – Wise and accepted philosopher known for originating many Chinese Proverbs that are still used today. </li></ul><ul><li>To define the future, study the past. </li></ul><ul><li>Respect yourself if you want others </li></ul><ul><li>to respect you. </li></ul>
  16. 21. <ul><li>Chinese New Year - Based on a twelve year lunar cycle with each year represented by a particular animal. </li></ul><ul><li>Weddings </li></ul><ul><li>Dragon Festival </li></ul>
  17. 22. <ul><li>Automobiles </li></ul><ul><li>Boats </li></ul><ul><li>Bicycles </li></ul>
  18. 23. <ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Fashion </li></ul><ul><li>Toilets </li></ul>
  19. 24. <ul><li>Paper </li></ul><ul><li>Paper money </li></ul><ul><li>Compass </li></ul><ul><li>Gunpowder </li></ul><ul><li>Fireworks </li></ul><ul><li>Parasol </li></ul><ul><li>Parachute </li></ul><ul><li>Wood Block Printing </li></ul>
  20. 25. <ul><li>Original Wall was built around 2500 years ago by Qin Shi Huang. </li></ul><ul><li>The wall was built to protect the borders of Northern China around 700 B.C. from invaders like the Huns and Mongols. </li></ul><ul><li>The original length was around 2800 miles long, 25 feet high, and 30 feet thick. </li></ul><ul><li>The Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) enlarged the wall to more than 4000 miles in length with watch towers and canons as it is today. </li></ul>
  21. 26. <ul><li>The Great Wall is the only manmade structure on Earth than can be seen from the moon with the naked eye. </li></ul><ul><li>It is considered to be one of the seven wonders of the world. </li></ul>